Zebulon Brockway


Zebulon Brockway was the superintendent of the New York State Reformatory at Elmira from May, 1876 to August, 1900.  Brockway is considered by many to be the father of prison reform.  The Elmira Reformatory was the first reformatory built in the United States.  Under the leadership of Brockway, the Reformatory pioneered some grand programs that were aimed more at reforming youthful first time offenders rather than punishing and incapacitating them.  Among the initiatives that Brockway began were programs aimed at educating and reforming all inmates.  Brockway and his contemporaries began their work long before The Jungle was authored by Sinclair, but Sinclair's expositions kept them active in their reform efforts.
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