GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION

Geographically Solapur is located between 17.10 to 18.32 degrees north latutude and 74.42 to 76.15 degrees east longitude. The district is situated on the south east fringe of Maharashtra State and lies entirely in the Bhima and Seena basins. Whole of the district is drain either by Bhima river or its tributories.

The district is bounded on the north by Ahmednagar and Osmanabad distritcs, on the east by Osmanabad and Gulbarga (Karnataka State) districts, on the south by Sangli and Bijapur (Karnataka State) and on the west by Satara and Pune districts.

There is no important hill system in the district. Only in the north of Barshi Taluka several spurs of Balaghat range pass south for a few kilometres. There are also a few scattered hills in Karmala, Madha and Malshiras Talukas. The district in general has flat or undulating terrain. The low table land and small separate hills in Karmala and Madha Talukas act as a Watershed between Bhima and Sina rivers

The district covers geographical area of 14844.6 sq.kms. which is 4.82% of the total area of Maharashtra State. Out of the total area of the district 338.8 sq.kms (2.28%) is Urban area whereas remaining 14505.8 sq.kms. (97.72%) is Rural area.

Areawise Karmala taluka is biggest covering an area of 1609.7 sq.kms and North Solapur is smallest covering an area of 736..3 sq.kms.                       

The talukawise area is as below.

Name of Taluka

No. of Villages

Area in Sq.Kms.

North Solapur

54

736.3

South Solapur

90

1195.3

Akkalkot

135

1390.3

Barshi

138

1483.1

Mangalwedha

81

1140.9

Pandharpur

95

1303.6

Sangola

103

1549.9

Malshiras

112

1522.2

Mohol

104

1408.4

Madha

117

1544.9

Karmala

118

1609.7

The soils of the district can broadly be classified into three types.

According to topography the dirtsict is divided in three natural zones.

LAND USE PATTERN

    Agricultural Area                                                 11480 sq.kms.

    Cultivable not in use                                            380 sq.kms.

    Non-agricultural                                                   690 sq.kms.

    Grass Lands and Herbs                                     720 sq.kms.

    Forest Cover                                                       350 sq.kms.

    Wastelands                                                          1260 sq.kms.

    Draught prone areas (All eleven talukas)         14844.6 sq.kms.

Agroclimatically entire district comes under rain  shadow area. Rainfall is uncertain and scanty. The monsoon period is from second fortinght of June to end of September bringing rains from south-west monsoon. The average rainfall for the district is 545.4 mms.

The talukawise average rainfall is as below.                               

Name of Taluka

Rainfall in mms.

North Solapur

617.3

South Solapur

617.3

Akkalkot

643.6

Barshi

594.8

Mangalwedha

519.8

Pandharpur

523.0

Sangola

462.4

Malshiras

422.8

Mohol

573.9

Madha

519.0

Karmala

506.0

Due to scanty and nonuniform rains scarcity conditions prevail in the district. This has adversely affected the socio-economic condition of peoples. In order to face this situation, the Ujani dam is built to provide water to the draught prone areas. 

The major river in the district is Bhima and Sina, Nira, Mann and Bhogawati are its tributories. The Bhima and Sina run south-east. The Nira and Mann nearly east. During the dry season all the rivers are nearly dry. The length of Bhima river in Solapur district is 289 kms.

An area of 296107 hectares is under irrigation in the district from various sources.

The distance (in kms) chart of Solapur to other cities is as follows.

CITY

DISTANCE

CITY

DISTANCE

CITY

DISTANCE

AGARTALA

3300

GUNTUR

597

NELLORE

854

AGRA

1330

GURGAON

1526

PANAJI

473

AHMEDABAD

903

GUWAHATI

2547

PARADWIP

1504

AIZAWL

3039

GWALIOR

1212

PATHANKOT

2008

AJMER

1332

HALDIA

1774

PATNA

1603

AKOLA

499

HASAN

624

PONDICHERRY

885

ALIGARH

1413

HISSAR

1715

PORBANDAR

1297

ALLAHABAD

1269

HUBLI

286

PUNE

243

AMBALA

1724

HYDERABAD

305

PURULIA

1690

AMRITSAR

1979

IMPHAL

3031

RAIPUR

942

ASANSOL

1953

INDORE

726

RAJKOT

1119

AURANGABAD

324

JABALPUR

928

RAMESHWARAM

1190

BHAKTIYARPUR

1651

JAIPUR

1373

RANCHI

1571

BANGALORE

589

JAISALMER

1505

RANIPETTAI

808

BARAUNI

1714

JALANDHAR

1896

RAURKELA

1377

BARDDHAMAN

1971

JAMMU

2115

ROHTAK

1594

BAREILLY

1542

JAMNAGAR

1205

SAGAR

1129

BELGAUM

350

JHAMSHEDPUR

1611

SAHARANPUR

1663

BELLARY

410

JHANSI

1201

SALEM

792

BHAGALPUR

1838

JODHPUR

1342

SAMBALPURI

1204

BHAVNAGAR

1090

JORHAT

2850

SHAHJAHANPUR

1616

BHOPAL

912

KAKINADA

828

SILIGURI

2072

BHUBANESHWAR

1380

KANDLA

1268

SHILLONG

2647

BIKANER

1565

KANNIYAKUMARI

1371

SHIMLA

1875

BILASPUR

1053

KANPUR

1466

SHIVPURI

1100

CALCUTTA

1788

KOCHI

1052

SILCHAR

2873

CHANDIGARH

1770

KOHIMA

2886

SRINAGAR

2408

CHENNAI

936

KOHLAPUR

247

SURAT

605

CHITTARDURGA

488

KOTA

1131

THANE

385

COIMBATORE

1000

KOZHIKODE

871

THANJAVUR

980

CUTTACK

1405

KRISHNAGIRI

680

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM

1253

DEHRU DUN

1711

KURNOOL

469

THRISSUR

1015

DELHI

1553

LUCKNOW

1498

TIRUCHCHIRAPPALLI

926

DHANBAD

1776

LUDHIANA

1837

TIRUNELVELI

1189

DHULE

467

MADURAI

1035

TIRUPATI

822

DIBRUGARH

2986

MANGALORE

647

TUTICORIN

1170

DIMAPUR

2821

MEERUT

1541

UDAIPUR

1155

DINDIGUL

1091

MORADABAD

1597

UJJAIN

781

DURGAPUR

1902

MOTIHARI

1769

ULHASNAGAR

379

GANGANAGAR

1530

MUMBAI

406

VADODARA

790

GANGTOK

2186

MUZAFFARNAGAR

1592

VARANASI

1394

GAYA

1618

MUZAFFARPUR

1817

VIJAYAWADA

572

GHAZIABAD

1551

MYSORE

757

VISHAKHAPATNAM

955

GHAZIPUR

1466

NAGPUR

664

WARANGAL

445

GORAKHPUR

1567

NANDED

286

 

 

GULBARGA

158

NASHIK

445