Amazing Coincidences
Arabic akh 'brother' Mongolian akh 'brother'
Bikol aki 'child' Korean aki 'child'
Blackfoot aki 'woman' Even akhi 'woman'
Arabic ana 'I' Gondi ana 'I'
Arabic anta 'thou' Japanese anta 'thou'
Arabic ard 'earth' Dutch aard 'earth'
Hebrew ari 'lion' Tamil ari 'lion'
Hebrew awir 'air' Welsh awyr 'air'
Kyrgyz ayal 'woman' Parji ayal 'woman'
Ga ba 'come' Hebrew ba 'come'
English bad Persian bad 'bad'
Kazakh bala 'child' Sanskrit bala 'child'
Arabic bay‘ 'sale' Japanese bai 'sale'
Hungarian béka 'frog' Sanskrit bheka 'frog'
Guro buri 'vulva' Sanskrit buri 'vulva'
English chop Uzbek chop- 'chop'
Etruscan clan 'son' Gaelic clann 'sons'
Irish daoine 'people' Navajo dine 'people'
English dog Mbabaram dog 'dog'
Lau dori 'to wish for, desire' Romanian dori 'to wish for, desire'
Japanese haha 'my mother' Onondaga haha 'my mother'
Egyptian hati 'heart' Malay hati 'heart'
Elamite hih 'fire' Japanese hi 'fire'
English hole Yucatecan Maya hol 'hole'
English I Brahui i 'I', Onondaga i 'I'
Japanese i- 'go' Latin i- 'go'
Japanese ii 'good' Turkish iyi 'good'
Arabic kana 'to be' Santal kana 'to be'
Hindustani kutya 'dog' Hungarian kutya 'dog'
French lai 'song' Urdu lai 'song'
French le 'the' Samoan le 'the'
Burmese lu 'human person' Sumerian lu 'human person'
Arabic ma 'what' Chinese ma 'what'
Hawaiian mahina 'month' Urdu mahina 'month'
English many Korean mani 'many'
Chinese mei 'beauty' Tamil mey 'truth'
(Cf. Keats, "Beauty is Truth, Truth Beauty")
Hungarian mell 'breast' Kota mel 'breast'
Estonian mina 'I' Zulu mina 'I'
Arabic muna 'wish' Quechua muna 'wish'
Khmer ñam 'eat' Wolof ñam 'eat'
German nass 'wet' Zuñi nas 'wet'
German nehme- 'take' Manchu neme- 'take'
Chinese ni 'thou' Tamil ni 'thou'
Basque ni-k 'I' Berber nik 'I'
Cantonese nöi 'female' Hungarian nöi 'female'
Urdu nosh 'eating' Yiddish nosh 'eating'
Greek paid- 'child' Telugu paida 'child'
Greek palai- 'old' Tamil palai- 'old'
English pay Chinese pei 'pay'
Mordvin pey 'head' Nahali pey 'head'
English post Turkish post 'post'
Georgian puri 'bread' Hindustani puri a type of bread
Egyptian ra 'sun' Maori ra 'sun'
Italian sala 'hall' Sanskrit Sala 'hall'
Malay se- 'one' Nahuatl se 'one'
Korean se- 'three' Persian seh 'three'
Italian sette 'seven' Sakha (Yakut) sette 'seven'
English show Pashto Show- 'to show'
English sign Hindi sain 'sign'
English slick Uyghur s'liq 'slick'
English so Japanese 'so'
English soup Hindi sûp 'soup'
Finnish tippa 'drop' Hebrew tippa 'drop'
Toda tal 'head' Welsh tal 'forehead'
English two Ainu tu 'two' — Korean tu- 'two'
Hebrew ur 'town, village' Tamil ur 'village'
Sumerian uru 'town, village' Telugu uru 'village'
English well Nahuatl huel 'well'
Czech 'I' Old Tamil 'I'
Hebrew yam 'sea' Samoyed yam 'sea'

Near Misses
Hebrew avir 'air' Tamil avi 'breath'
English better Persian behtar 'better'
Turkish bir 'one' Tarahumara biré 'one'
French ça y est 'that's right!' Urdu sahih hai 'that's right!'
English curl Tamil kuruL 'curl'
Greek, Latin duo 'two', Pushto dwa 'two' Malay dua 'two'
Amharic gara 'mountain' Georgian gora 'hill'
Konda goro 'hill, mountain' Russian gora 'mountain, hill'
English haunt Malay hantu 'ghost'
Arabic kalafa 'to be reddish-brown' Sanskrit kapila 'reddish-brown'
Tamil karu 'black' Turkish kara 'black'
Finnish maa 'earth' Tamil maN 'earth'
Arabic malad 'youth' Czech mlada 'young'
Arabic mata 'to die' Malay mati 'to die'
Scottish mickle 'much' Tamil mika 'much'
Cree mot(w) 'moose' Evenki (Tungus) moti 'moose'
English occur Japanese okoru 'occur'
Finnish pää 'head' — Lakota pa 'head' Hawaiian poo 'head'
Tamil pillai, Kannada pille 'child' Nahuatl pilli 'child'
Greek pneu- 'to breathe, blow' Klamath pniw- 'to blow'
Hawaiian pua 'flower' Tamil pu 'flower'
Eskimo qayaq 'small boat' Turkish qayiq 'small boat'
English receipt Persian resid 'receipt'
Lithuanian rumai 'house' Malay rumah 'house'
Etruscan sek 'daughter' Tlingit sik 'daughter'
Arabic shakala 'to shackle' English shackle
Urdu shadi 'wedding' Zulu -shado 'wedding'
English sun Manchu shun 'sun'
Arabic suwar 'walls' Tamil cuvar 'wall'
Nahuatl tepec 'hill' Turkish tepe 'hill'
Greek theos 'god' Nahuatl teo 'god'
Irish tine 'fire' Lenape (Delaware) tindey 'fire'
English tone Tamil toni 'tone'
English whole Greek holos 'whole'
Old English ure 'our' Korean uri 'our'
English woman Old Japanese womina 'woman'
Japanese yabanjin 'person from the wilderness' Turkish yabanci 'person from the wilderness'

Yin/Yang reversals
Catalan alt 'high' Turkish alt 'low'
Dutch beter 'better' Turkish beter 'worse'
English black Old Chinese bhlak 'white'
Mongolian bog 'demon' Russian bog 'god'
Kashmiri ded 'grandmother' Russian ded 'grandfather'
English he Hebrew hi 'she'
Coptic i 'come' Japanese i-, Latin i- 'go'
Mongolian ir- 'come' Spanish ir 'go'
Hebrew ish 'man' Jacaltec Mayan ish 'woman'
English lumbar (back) Pashto lumbaR 'front'
English mama 'mother' Georgian mama 'father'
English nay 'no' Greek nai 'yes', Korean ne 'yes'
Basque ni 'I' Chinese ni, Tamil ni 'thou'
English no Hawaiian no affirmative
English papa 'father' Old Japanese papa 'mother'
Arabic dialect rah 'go' Hindustani rah 'stay'
Hindustani rog 'disease' Pashto rogh 'healthy'
English sad Turkish sad 'happy'
English server 'one who serves' Ottoman Turkish server 'one who rules'
Italian si 'yes' Swahili si negative
Arabic su’ 'evil' Sanskrit su- 'good'
Basque su 'fire' Turkish su 'water'
Malay tak 'no' Polish tak 'yes'
French toi 'thee' Vietnamese tôi 'me'
Mordvin tol 'fire' Nivkh tol 'water'
Mayan yum 'father' Tibetan yum 'mother'
Italian va 'go!' Tamil va 'come!'

A discussion on the Linguist List, prompted by this page

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