Project facts. Large passenger vessels, intended for work on cruise
routes, capable of short coastal sea marches. The highly modified continuation
of the project 301 series. The project included
single, double and 4-bed cabins, equipped with personal WCs, "luxe"
cabins, restaurant, cafe, saloons, cinema, sauna. Air condition system was installed.
Serial building. Since 1983 till 1991 27 units in four series were built:
bld. Nos. 1 - 7 and 8 - 21 (project 302); 22 - 23 (project 302M); 24 - 27 (project
302MK). By 1992 the ship No. 28 was not completed due to crisis and collapse of
the USSR which was the single customer. It existed for a long time as a hull without
a superstructure. Maximum building speed: 4 units a year.
Modifications. Later ships differ from those of the first series by
the outward design elements (anti-sun glass in windows, plastic rather than wooden
banisters on the falschbords, aluminium rather than wooden outer doors, other
number of windows in the forward saloons). Ships of the projects 302M and 302MK
are capable of operation as floating hotels during winter when the navigation
is closed (in low air temperatures); outwardly they are distinguished by the wheel-house
placed forward (the additional cabins are in the premises on the upper deck) and
the small windows in the cinema hall. The project 302MK has smaller passenger
capacity and a number of "semi-luxe" cabins. As believed, the last keel
laid was to become the first ship of the new series, more seaworthy (the
Designations. Project 302, 302M, 302MK (abroad
known as 302M+H), type "Dmitriy Furmanov". The shipyard's
designation: BiFa 129М, Binnenfahrgastschiff - 129 meter river
Distribution. The ships were delivered to the shipping companies: Kama,
Dnieper, Volga-Don, North-Western, Volga, Moscow. Due to the customer's problems
with payment after the collapse of the USSR the three last ships built were sold
by the shipyard to Yantze river (China). The uncomplete hull of the last unit
had no use till the beginning of 2000's, after that the stern part was cut away
and completed as a floating club in Nederlands. By the beginning of 2000's several
ships from Ukraine were transferred to Russia. By 2004 russian ships are operated,
as a rule, on cruise line between Moscow and Saint Petersburg (Volga-Balt waterway,
Ladoga and Onega lakes), sometimes: on Volga, Kama, Don cruises; ukrainian ships
are operated on Dnieper cruises from Kiev to Odessa and Black sea ports in Crimea,
Romania and Bulgaria; the episodic cruises from Dnieper to inland waterways of
Russia are made; chineese ships are operated on mid-Yantze cruises.
Modernizations. Since 90's most ships are undergoing regular renovations
to increase the comfort for the passengers. The forward saloons of the second and the
third decks are converted into bars; the cinema is also converted into a bar;
the reception halls are widened (on some ships); the equipment and internal decorations
of the restaurant and cafe-bar are replaced (on some ships). Some passenger cabins
are converted into the "luxe" and "semi-luxe" class (by uniting
of several cabins into one bigger); the equipment of the cabins and WCs is partially
replacing (these vary on different ships). The navigation equipment is added by
the GPS, modern locators, etc. The ships operated in the Black sea regions have
appropriate navigation and safe equipment.
The photo shows the difference between the projects 302 and 301 (in the
middle). Right is the ship of the 1st series of the project 302; left is the ship
of the 2nd series.