The Royal Dragoons (1st Dragoons) [UK]
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Authors and Contributors this page: T.F. Mills
Page created 15 July 2000. Corrected and updated 14.07.2006
 
crest and tie
 The Royal Dragoons
(1st Dragoons)
crest and tie
by A. Melville-Brown
United Kingdom 
  Titles & Lineage
  History
  Battle Honours
  Colours, Standards & Guidons
  Uniforms & Badges
  Colonels-in-Chief
  Colonels

  Biography & Gallantry Awards
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  Alliances
  Associations, Forums, Re-Enactors
  Museums, Monuments, Memorials
  Bibliography

How to find information about individuals who served in this corps
 
1661.10.21 single troop raised from veterans of Parliamentary Army and Monmouth's Horse
166u The Tangier Horse
expanded to four troops; also known until 1751 by names of colonels
<1674> ranked as 1st Dragoons
1683 The King's Own Royal Regiment of Dragoons
three new troops united with three troops of Tangier Horse; named for King Charles II
1690 The Royal Regiment of Dragoons
1751.07.01 1st (Royal) Regiment of Dragoons
1877 1st (Royal) Dragoons
1921.01.01 1st The Royal Dragoons
1940 transferred to Royal Armoured Corps
1961.05.15 The Royal Dragoons (1st Dragoons)
1969.03.23 amalgamated with Royal Horse Guards (The Blues), to form The Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons)
pip Deployment and Service
pip The Royal Dragoons during the Seven Years War (Nec Pluribus Impar, no. 3)
pip The Dragoons, by Chris Baker (The British Army in the Great War)
pip British Cavalry Regiments, by Brad Chappell (The Regimental Warpath 1914-1918)
   
RHQ and Depot:
  Home HQ: Hill House, Bromley, Kent (1958-1969)
  Depot:
Recruiting Area: Home Counties? (1958-1969)
   
 
Tangier 1662-80, Dettingen, Warburg, Beaumont, Willems, Fuentes d'Onor, Peninsula, Waterloo, Balaklava, Sevastopol, Relief of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899-1902

The Great War:  Ypres 1914 '15, Langemarck 1914, Gheluvelt, Nonne Bosschen, Frezenberg, Loos, Arras 1917, Scarpe 1917, Somme 1918, St. Quentin, Avre, Amiens, Hindenburg Line, Beaurevoir, Cambrai 1918, Pursuit to Mons, France and Flanders 1914-18

The Second World War:  Nederrijn, Veghel, Rhine, North-West Europe 1944-45, Syria 1941, Msus, Gazala, Knightsbridge, Defence of Alamein Line, El Alamein, El Agheila, Advance on Tripoli, North Africa 1941-43, Sicily 1943, Italy 1943

flag construction sign
   
Badges: The Crest of England within the Garter. 'Spectemur Agendo'. An eagle.
Uniform: scarlet; facings: blue
   
   
     
   
1894.05.05 HIM Wilhelm II, German Emperor and King of Prussia, KG [terminated 1914]
1922 F.M. HM King George V
1936.12.10 F.M. HM King George VI
  1683.11.19 Gen. John (Churchill), 1st Duke of Marlborough, KG
  1685.08.01 Col. Edward (Hyde), 3rd Earl of Clarendon (Viscount Cornbury)
  1688.11.24 Col. Robert Clifford
  1688.12.31 Col. Edward (Hyde), 3rd Earl of Clarendon (Viscount Cornbury) [reappointed]
  1689.07.01 Col. Anthony Heyford
  1690.06.21 Brig-Gen. Edward Matthews
  1697.05.30 Lt-Gen. Thomas (Wentworth), 1st Earl of Strafford, KG (Lord Raby)
  1715.06.13 F.M. Sir Richard (Temple), Bt., 1st Viscount Cobham
  1721.04.10 Brig-Gen. Sir Charles Hotham, 4th Bt. [also 1st Dgns, 16th Dgns, 8th Foot, 36th Foot, Hotham's Foot]
  1723.01.12 Lt-Gen. Humphrey Gore
  1739.09.01 Gen. Charles (Spencer), 3rd Duke of Marlborough, KG
  1740.05.12 Lt-Gen. Henry Hawley [also 13th Dgns, 33rd Foot]
  1759.04.05 F.M. Hon. Henry Seymour Conway
  1764.05.09 Gen. Henry (Herbert), 10th Earl of Pembroke
  1794.01.28 Lt-Gen. Philip Goldsworthy
  1801.01.07 Gen. Thomas Garth [also 22nd Lt Dgns]
  1829.11.23 Gen. Lord Robert Edward Henry Somerset, GCB
  1836.03.31 Maj-Gen. Hon. Sir Frederick Cavendish Ponsonby, GCMG, KCB, KCH [also 86th Foot]
  1837.01.20 Lt-Gen. Sir Richard Hussey (Vivian), 1st Baron Vivian, GCB, GCH
  1842.08.30 Gen. Sir Arthur Benjamin Clifton, GCB, KCH
  1869.03.08 Gen. Charles Philip de Ainslie
  1889.03.24 Gen. John Yorke, CB
  1890.03.29 Lt-Gen. Sir Frederick Marshall, KCMG
  1900.06.09 Maj-Gen. Francis Shirley Russell, CMG
  1912.03.22 Maj-Gen. Hon. John Edward Lindley
1919.04.16 Maj-Gen. Sir John Francis Burn-Murdoch, KCVO, CB, CMG, CBE
1931.01.22 Brig-Gen. Sir Ernest Makins, KBE, CB, DSO
1946.10.13 Col. Francis William Wilson-Fitzgerald, DSO, MC
1954.12.09 Brig. Anthony Hilton Pepys, DSO
1964.12.09 Gen. Sir Geoffrey Richard Desmond Fitzpatrick, KCB, DSO, MBE, MC [continued 1969 as Dep. Col. Blues & Royals]
vc Victoria Crosses, by Mike Chapman (VC Reference).
vc VCs in the Household Cavalry Regimental Museum, by Iain Stewart.
 
Motto: Spectemur Agendo
Nicknames:
Anniversaries:
Freedoms: City of London (1962?)
Marches: quick: The Soldiers' Chorus from Faust (Charles François Gounod)
slow: The Royal Dragoons Slow March (attributed to Capt. Frisch)
other: The Royal Dragoons (Hermann Ludwig Blankenburg, written for the Colonel-in-Chief, Kaiser Wilhelm II)
Musicians:
Mascot:
Miscellaneous Tradition Links:
Canada flag

The Royal Canadian Dragoons

-1969
Pakistan flag

Probyn's Horse

Associated Yeomanry:  
UK flag The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry 1947-1956
UK flag The Kent and County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters)
1961-1969
swords [no external sites have been found]
   
   
monument The Household Cavalry Museum, Windsor (Regimental site)
monument The Household Cavalry Museum, Windsor (Army Museums Ogilby Trust)
monument The Household Cavalry Museum, Windsor (Simonides listing)
   
   
Regimental Journal:
book The eagle. Quarterly.
Full Histories:
book Cannon, Richard. Historical record of the First, or The Royal Regiment of Dragoons. London : Clowes, 1837. (Historical records of the British army)
book Cannon, Richard. Historical record of the First, or The Royal Regiment of Dragoons : containing an account of its formation in the reign of King Charles the Second, and of its subsequent services to 1839. [new ed.] London : Longman, Orme, and Co., 1840. (Historical records of the British army)
book De Ainslie, [Charles Philip]. Historical record of the First or the Royal Regiment of Dragoons : containing an account of its formation in the reign of King Charles the Second, and of its subsequent services to the present time. London : Chapman and Hall, 1887.
book Atkinson, Christopher Thomas. History of the Royal Dragoons : 1661-1934. Glasgow : Printed for the Regiment by R. Maclehose and Co. Ltd. at the University Press, 1934.
book Hills, R .J. T. (Reginald John Taylor). The Royal Dragoons. London : Leo Cooper, 1972. (Famous regiments) ISBN: 0850521203
book Watson, J. N. P. (John N. P.). The story of The Blues and Royals : Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons. London : Leo Cooper, 1993. ISBN: 0850522382
book Mays, Spike. The last of the first. London : Janus Pub. Co., 1997. ISBN: 1857563255
   
Second World War:
book Pitt-Rivers, J. A. (Julian Alfred). The story of The Royal Dragoons, 1938-1945; being the history of the Royal Dragoons in the campaigns of North Africa, the Middle East, Italy and North-West Europe. London : Published for the Royal Dragoons by W. Clowes,1945.
book Pitt-Rivers, J. A. (Julian Alfred). The story of The Royal Dragoons, 1938-1945; being the history of the Royal Dragoons in the campaigns of North Africa, the Middle East, Italy and North-West Europe. [new ed.] London : Published for the Royal Dragoons by W. Clowes 1956
book Pitt-Rivers, J. A. (Julian Alfred). The story of The Royal Dragoons, 1938-1945; being the history of the Royal Dragoons in the campaigns of North Africa, the Middle East, Italy and North-West Europe. [new ed.] London : William Clowes and Sons, 1993.
   
Other Wars:
book Atkinson, Christopher Thomas. A Royal Dragoon in the Spanish Succession War : a contemporary narrative. London : Printed for the Society for Army Historical Research by Gale and Polden, 1938. (Special publication (Society for Army Historical Research (London, England)) ; no. 5)
book Clark-Kennedy, A. E. (Archibald Edmund). Attack the colour : the Royal Dragoons in the Peninsula and at Waterloo. London : Research Pub., 1975. ISBN: 0705000206
book Makins, Ernest (ed.). The Royals in South Africa, 1899-1902. [s.l.] : Published by the editor of The eagle, The Royal Dragoons, 1914.
 
Short Histories:
book Makins, Ernest. A short history of The Royal Dragoons. Potchefstrom, S. Africa : Het Westen Printing Works, 1914.
book Short history of The Royal Dragoons. Aldershot : Gale & Polden, 1954.
book Short history of The Royal Dragoons. Ipoh : Granier, 1960.
 
Fiction:
book Lowthin, Gerald. The eagle. London : Minerva, 1997. ISBN: 1861065043 [Napoleonic wars]
 
Special Topics:
book Sumner, Percy. Uniform and equipment of cavalry regiments, from 1685 to 1811. II. Dragoon regiments : The 1st Royal Dragoons. Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research. v. 14 (1935), p. 82-101, 125-142; v. 16 (1937), p. 100-108.
book Dawnay, N. P. (Nicolas Payan). The standards of the household cavalry, 1660-1967. Aldershot : Gale & Polden, [ca. 1970] [2 v.]