MARC Creator Henriette Avram Dies
Henriette Avram, credited with the development and implementation of the MARC (Machine Readable Cataloging) format, died April 22 at age 86. The vehicle for the communication of bibliographic data was adopted as a national and international standard in 1971 and 1973, respectively.
Avram, who retired from the Library of Congress in 1992 after 26 years of service, was named LC’s first director for processing systems, networks, and automation planning in 1980. She became assistant librarian for processing service in 1983 and associate librarian for collection services in 1989.
She received numerous honors, including the American Library Association’s 1971 Margaret Mann Citation in Cataloging and Classification, the 1988 Joseph W. Lippincott Award, and the 1990 John Humphry/Forest Press Award. She also was named an honorary fellow in 1987 by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions and was awarded Honorary Life Membership in ALA at the Association’s 1997 Annual Conference.
Posted April 26, 2006.