This name appears to be derived from rous, meaning red.
This was commonly found among the Normans or French in the personal
name Rufus. Walter Russel witnessed a charter in favour of the Abbey
of Paisley between 1164 and 1177. John, son of Robert Russel of Duncanlaw,
is mentioned in a charter of around 1180. Robert Russel witnessed a
deed relating to the lands of Threipland in 1259, and Robert Russel
appears on the Ragman Roll, doing homage to Edward I of England in 1296.
Anderson relates that the name of Russel came to Aberdeenshire in one
Rozel, an English baron who fought at the siege of Berwick and in the
Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333. He subsequently settled in Scotland,
obtaining the estate of Aden; his family was to be styled Russel
of that Ilk. In 1680 Patrick Russel, married to a sister of Archbishop
Sharp, purchased the lands of Moncoffer in Banffshire. The Russels of
Ashiesteel in Selkirkshire were a prominent local family, particularly
distinguished in military service. Colonel William Russel of Ashiesteel