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Baker Library Bell Tower




Ernest Martin Hopkins, Dartmouth College President 1916-1945, Class of 1901, had visited Oxford and Cambridge and was much impressed with the bell-ringing on those campuses. When Baker Library was constructed, a trustee, Clarence B. Little, Class of 1881, donated $40,000 for a set of bells to be placed in the tower of the library, in order to please President Hopkins.

Meneely Bell Company of Troy, New York custom-built a 15-bell set. The bells vary in size from 200 to 5,300 pounds. They range an octave and a half on the scale, playing every note in that range, except E flat.

The bells first rang in 1928. They were rung manually for the first year. The following year, William Durrschmidt, an instrument maker and Professor of Music, invented an automation system from three machines and a clock. It was similar to the mechanism of a player piano, where holes are punched into a roll of paper and the locations of the holes triggered the bell mechanism. There was also a keyboard in the tower, so people could play "instantaneous music" on the bells.

In 1979, the bells were computerized. Two students designed a system to run the bells, as the system and the paper rolls used for the first 50 years were starting to wear out.

A 16th bell was donated in 1981 in memory of Donal F. Morse '51. Money was also provided for the maintenance of the system and pay for the bell ringer.

The bells currently run via wireless access. An iMac computer in the tower runs custom-designed software that a graduate student in electro-acoustic music programs.

Bells ring the time on the hour and half hour. Songs are played three times a day - the alma mater at 6pm, and varying pieces during intervals between classes. Songs can be requested by blitzing "Bells". Requests aren't guaranteed, but are most welcome. If you are requesting a song that is already in the song database, it takes a day or two to program it. Songs can be scheduled for any time except on the hour.

Some current favorites:

Barbie Girl, My Old Kentucky Home, Pomp and Circumstance, Tired of Being Alone, Happy Birthday, Hey Jude, Hi Ho Hi Ho, In Your Eyes, Indiana Jones Theme, Jeopardy Theme, Lean on Me, Lullabye, Maria, Smurfs, Stand by Me, Yellow Submarine, You are My Sunshine, Bright Sunshiney Day, Feeling Groovy

Dartmouth College is one of the last few places that still uses real bells instead of recordings or synthesizers. Bells are turned each year so that the hammers don't wear out the same spot on each bell, and we can be guaranteed the enjoyment of these real bells for years to come.


Early architectural sketches of Baker Library included a weathervane. President Hopkins decided that the weathervane would feature a Dartmouth theme.

The architect, Jens Fredrick Larson, was busy with the rest of the Baker Library construction project, and so held a contest among his assistants for a weathervane design. The prize was a Dunhill pipe, brought to Hanover from Montreal.

A Trustee, the College Librarian, and the Research Professor of Physiological Optics were the jury entrusted to decide on the best design. Stanley Orcutt's design, "Wheelock and an Indian under the Pine" was the winner and is the weathervane topping Baker Library today.

The weathervane was built from copper by A.N. Merryman. It is 8'9" long, 6'8" tall, weights 600 pounds, and stands 200 feet above campus.

The "keg" sitting behind Wheelock has been rumored to be a keg of 500 gallons of New England rum, referred to in the first stanza of the famous drinking song by Richard Hovey 1885:

Oh, E-le-a-zar Wheelock was a very pious man;
He went into the wilderness to teach the In-di-an
with a Gradus ad Parnassum, a Bible and a drum
And five hundred gallons of New England rum.

Some say it is a keg of rum, some say it is the pivot point for the weathervane.


Every now and then, a green light shines from the tower on Baker Library. The green comes from eight 500 watt floodlights with green shades that shine on the glass windows in the bell tower.

This green light is often referred to as the "money light" because it is lit on occasions that attract College alumni and trustees.

In October 1975, Jack Skewes, then Director of Business Affairs, wrote a memo listing the events during which the "green lantern" would be lit. The same events trigger the green lights today. The memo reads:

Green lantern lit in Baker Tower:
Convocation (when held in the evening)
Dartmouth Night
Winter Carnival Weekend
Class Officers Weekend
Freshman Parents Night
Greenkey Weekend
Club Officers Weekend
Alumni Council Weekend
Trustees Meetings
Fall House Parties

Schedule of Bell Tower Visits for 2006 - 2007

* Dates and times are subject to change, due to weather.

Second Year Family Weekend (2006)
Friday, July 28, Noon-4pm
Saturday, July 29th, Noon-4pm

Family Orientation (2006)
Tuesday, September 12, 10am -1pm

Homecoming (2006)
Saturday, October 14th , 10am-2pm
Sunday, October 15th, Noon-4pm

Winter Carnival (2007)

Saturday, February 10th, Noon-4pm
Sunday, February 11th, Noon-4pm

First Year Family Weekend (2007)
Friday, April 27th , 3 - 6pm
Saturday, April 28th, Noon-4pm

Green Key Weekend (2007) - TBA

Commencement (2007)
Saturday, June 9th, Noon-4pm
Sunday, June 10th, 1-4pm

Reunions (2007)
Wednesday, June 13, 2-4pm
Saturday, June 16, Noon-4pm

Commencement (2007)
Saturday, June 9th, Noon-4pm
Sunday, June 10th, 1-4pm

Reunions (2007)
Wednesday, June 13, 2-4pm
Saturday, June 16, Noon-4pm

Second Year Family Weekend (2007) - TBA




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Last updated 7/21/06