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It's Elemental
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 87
Fr
Francium
223
Francium
Atomic Number:87
Atomic Weight:223
Melting Point:300 K (27°C or 81°F)
Boiling Point:Unknown
Density:Unknown
Phase at Room Temperature:Solid
Element Classification:Metal
Radioactive
Period Number:7Group Number:1Group Name:Alkali Metal
What's in a name?Named for the country of France.
Say what?Francium is pronounced as FRAN-si-em.
History and Uses:

Francium was discovered by Marguerite Catherine Perey, a French chemist, in 1939 while analyzing actinium's decay sequence. Although considered a natural element, scientists estimate that there is no more than one ounce of francium in the earth's crust at one time. Since there is so little naturally occurring francium on earth, scientists must produce francium in order to study it. Francium can be produced by bombarding thorium with protons or by bombarding radium with neutrons.

Francium's most stable isotope, francium-223, has a half-life of about 22 minutes. It decays into radium-223 through beta decay or into astatine-219 through alpha decay.

Due to the small amounts produced and its short half-life, there are currently no uses for francium outside of basic scientific research.

Estimated Crustal Abundance:No Data Available
Estimated Oceanic Abundance:No Data Available
Number of Stable Isotopes:0(View all isotope data)
Ionization Energy:3.9 eV
Oxidation State:+1
Electron Shell Configuration:
1s2
2s22p6
3s23p63d10
4s24p64d104f14
5s25p65d10
6s26p6
7s1

This page is maintained by Steve Gagnon.

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