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The A.O.U. Check-list of North American Birds, Seventh Edition

The A.O.U. Check-list of North American Birds is the official source on the taxonomy of birds found in North and Middle America, including adjacent islands. The volume is hardbound and includes the list of species posted here plus the 829-page check-list proper.

The geographic area covered includes North and Central America from the North Pole to the boundary of Panama and Colombia, including the adjacent islands under the jurisdiction of the included nations; the Hawaiian Islands; Clipperton Island; Bermuda; The West Indies, including the Bahama Islands, the Greater Antilles, Leeward and Windward Islands in the Lesser Antilles (ending with Grenada); and Swan, Providencia, and San Andrés Islands in the Gulf of Mexico. Greenland is not included in the coverage of the Seventh Edition of the Check-list, although it was included in earlier editions and will be in the next edition.

Cost is $49.95 ($39.95 for A.O.U. members).
For information on purchasing this, or other AOU publications click here.


The check-list is also available in PDF format (file size up to 13 MB) :

LIST OF THE 2,041 BIRD SPECIES (WITH SCIENTIFIC AND ENGLISH NAMES) KNOWN FROM THE A.O.U. CHECK-LIST AREA.


This list incorporates changes made in the 42nd, 43rd, 44th, 45th, 46th, and 47th Supplements to the Check-list, as published in The Auk 117: 847-858 (2000); 119:897-906 (2002); 120:923-932 (2003); 121:985-995 (2004); 122:1026-1031 (2005); 123:926-936 (2006). Copies of these Supplements in PDF format may be viewed or printed using Adobe Acrobat Reader by clicking on the appropriate number above.

The Check-list is also available in PDF format, which can be viewed or printed using Adobe Acrobat Reader, or you may download a copy as an Excel spreadsheet for importation into most data base or spreadsheet programs. A PDF file containing a list of accepted French names is also available. Please click on the links below to open files, or right click on the links to download them.

PDF version Excel version Noms français


ORDERS:
ANSERIFORMES
APODIFORMES
CAPRIMULGIFORMES
CHARADRIIFORMES
CICONIIFORMES
COLUMBIFORMES
CORACIIFORMES
CUCULIFORMES
FALCONIFORMES
GALLIFORMES
GAVIIFORMES
GRUIFORMES
PASSERIFORMES
PELECANIFORMES
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES
PICIFORMES
PODICIPEDIFORMES
PROCELLARIIFORMES
PSITTACIFORMES
STRIGIFORMES
TINAMIFORMES
TROGONIFORMES
UPUPIFORMES

Notes: "(A)" = accidental/casual in AOU area; "(H)" = recorded in AOU area only from Hawaii; "(I)" = introduced into AOU area; "(N)" = has not bred in AOU area, but occurs regularly as nonbreeding visitor; "" preceding name = extinct. Species without symbols are non-introduced species that have nested at least once in non-Hawaiian portion of the AOU area. The symbol "*" preceding name indicates a species that is probably misplaced in the current phylogenetic listing but for which data indicating proper placement are not yet available.




TINAMIFORMES
TINAMIDAE
ANSERIFORMES
ANATIDAE
GALLIFORMES
CRACIDAE
PHASIANIDAE
ODONTOPHORIDAE
GAVIIFORMES
GAVIIDAE
PODICIPEDIFORMES
PODICIPEDIDAE
PROCELLARIIFORMES
DIOMEDEIDAE
PROCELLARIIDAE
HYDROBATIDAE
PELECANIFORMES
PHAETHONTIDAE
SULIDAE
PELECANIDAE
PHALACROCORACIDAE
ANHINGIDAE
IDAE
CICONIIFORMES
ARDEIDAE
THRESKIORNITHIDAE
CICONIIDAE
CATHARTIDAE
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES
PHOENICOPTERIDAE
FALCONIFORMES
ACCIPITRIDAE
FALCONIDAE
GRUIFORMES
RALLIDAE
HELIORNITHIDAE
EURYPYGIDAE
ARAMIDAE
GRUIDAE
CHARADRIIFORMES
BURHINIDAE
CHARADRIIDAE
HAEMATOPODIDAE
RECURVIROSTRIDAE
JACANIDAE
SCOLOPACIDAE
GLAREOLIDAE
LARIDAE
STERCORARIIDAE
ALCIDAE
PTEROCLIDIDAE
COLUMBIFORMES
COLUMBIDAE
PSITTACIFORMES
PSITTACIDAE
CUCULIFORMES
CUCULIDAE
STRIGIFORMES
TYTONIDAE
STRIGIDAE
CAPRIMULGIFORMES
CAPRIMULGIDAE
NYCTIBIIDAE
STEATORNITHIDAE
APODIFORMES
APODIDAE
TROCHILIDAE
TROGONIFORMES
TROGONIDAE
UPUPIFORMES
UPUPIDAE
CORACIIFORMES
TODIDAE
MOMOTIDAE
ALCEDINIDAE
PICIFORMES
BUCCONIDAE
GALBULIDAE
RAMPHASTIDAE
PICIDAE
PASSERIFORMES
FURNARIIDAE
THAMNOPHILIDAE
FORMICARIIDAE
RHINOCRYPTIDAE
TYRANNIDAE
COTINGIDAE
PIPRIDAE
OXYRUNCIDAE
MELIPHAGIDAE
LANIIDAE
VIREONIDAE
CORVIDAE
MONARCHIDAE
ALAUDIDAE
HIRUNDINIDAE
PARIDAE
REMIZIDAE
AEGITHALIDAE
SITTIDAE
CERTHIIDAE
TROGLODYTIDAE
CINCLIDAE
PYCNONOTIDAE
REGULIDAE
SYLVIIDAE
MUSCICAPIDAE
TURDIDAE
TIMALIIDAE
ZOSTEROPIDAE
MIMIDAE
STURNIDAE
PRUNELLIDAE
MOTACILLIDAE
BOMBYCILLIDAE
PTILOGONATIDAE
DULIDAE
PEUCEDRAMIDAE
PARULIDAE
THRAUPIDAE
EMBERIZIDAE
CARDINALIDAE
ICTERIDAE
FRINGILLIDAE
PASSERIDAE
PLOCEIDAE
ESTRILDIDAE


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TINAMIFORMES

TINAMIDAE

Tinamus major Great Tinamou.
Nothocercus bonapartei Highland Tinamou.
Crypturellus soui Little Tinamou.
Crypturellus cinnamomeus Thicket Tinamou.
Crypturellus boucardi Slaty-breasted Tinamou.
Crypturellus kerriae Choco Tinamou.

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ANSERIFORMES

ANATIDAE
Dendrocygninae
Dendrocygna viduata White-faced Whistling-Duck.
Dendrocygna autumnalis Black-bellied Whistling-Duck.
Dendrocygna arborea West Indian Whistling-Duck.
Dendrocygna bicolor Fulvous Whistling-Duck.
Anserinae
Anser fabalis Bean Goose. (A)
Anser brachyrhynchus Pink-footed Goose. (A)
Anser albifrons Greater White-fronted Goose.
Anser erythropus Lesser White-fronted Goose. (A)
Chen canagica Emperor Goose.
Chen caerulescens Snow Goose.
Chen rossii Ross's Goose.
Branta bernicla Brant.
Branta leucopsis Barnacle Goose. (A)
Branta hutchinsii Cackling Goose.
Branta canadensis Canada Goose.
Branta sandvicensis Hawaiian Goose. (H)
Cygnus olor Mute Swan. (I)
Cygnus buccinator Trumpeter Swan.
Cygnus columbianus Tundra Swan.
Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan.
Tadorninae
Sarkidiornis melanotos Comb Duck.
Neochen jubata Orinoco Goose. (A)
Anatinae
Cairina moschata Muscovy Duck.
Aix sponsa Wood Duck.
Anas strepera Gadwall.
Anas falcata Falcated Duck. (A)
Anas penelope Eurasian Wigeon. (N)
Anas americana American Wigeon.
Anas rubripes American Black Duck.
Anas platyrhynchos Mallard.
Anas fulvigula Mottled Duck.
Anas wyvilliana Hawaiian Duck. (H)
Anas laysanensis Laysan Duck. (H)
Anas poecilorhyncha Spot-billed Duck. (A)
Anas discors Blue-winged Teal.
Anas cyanoptera Cinnamon Teal.
Anas clypeata Northern Shoveler.
Anas bahamensis White-cheeked Pintail.
Anas acuta Northern Pintail.
Anas querquedula Garganey. (N)
Anas formosa Baikal Teal. (A)
Anas crecca Green-winged Teal.
Aythya valisineria Canvasback.
Aythya americana Redhead.
Aythya ferina Common Pochard. (A)
Aythya collaris Ring-necked Duck.
Aythya fuligula Tufted Duck.
Aythya marila Greater Scaup.
Aythya affinis Lesser Scaup.
Polysticta stelleri Steller's Eider.
Somateria fischeri Spectacled Eider.
Somateria spectabilis King Eider.
Somateria mollissima Common Eider.
Histrionicus histrionicus Harlequin Duck.
Camptorhynchus labradorius Labrador Duck.
Melanitta perspicillata Surf Scoter.
Melanitta fusca White-winged Scoter.
Melanitta nigra Black Scoter.
Clangula hyemalis Long-tailed Duck.
Bucephala albeola Bufflehead.
Bucephala clangula Common Goldeneye.
Bucephala islandica Barrow's Goldeneye.
Mergellus albellus Smew. (N)
Lophodytes cucullatus Hooded Merganser.
Mergus merganser Common Merganser.
Mergus serrator Red-breasted Merganser.
Nomonyx dominicus Masked Duck.
Oxyura jamaicensis Ruddy Duck.

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GALLIFORMES

CRACIDAE

Ortalis vetula Plain Chachalaca.
Ortalis cinereiceps Gray-headed Chachalaca.
Ortalis ruficauda Rufous-vented Chachalaca.
Ortalis wagleri Rufous-bellied Chachalaca.
Ortalis poliocephala West Mexican Chachalaca.
Ortalis leucogastra White-bellied Chachalaca.
Penelope purpurascens Crested Guan.
Chamaepetes unicolor Black Guan.
Penelopina nigra Highland Guan.
Oreophasis derbianus Horned Guan.
Crax rubra Great Curassow.
PHASIANIDAE
Phasianinae
Alectoris chukar Chukar. (I)
Francolinus pondicerianus Gray Francolin. (H, I)
Francolinus francolinus Black Francolin. (H, I)
Francolinus erckelii Erckel's Francolin. (H, I)
Tetraogallus himalayensis Himalayan Snowcock. (I)
Perdix perdix Gray Partridge. (I)
Coturnix japonica Japanese Quail. (H, I)
Gallus gallus Red Junglefowl. (H, I)
Lophura leucomelanos Kalij Pheasant. (H, I)
Phasianus colchicus Ring-necked Pheasant. (I)
Pavo cristatus Common Peafowl. (I)
Tetraoninae
Bonasa umbellus Ruffed Grouse.
Centrocercus urophasianus Greater Sage-Grouse.
Centrocercus minimus Gunnison Sage-Grouse.
Falcipennis canadensis Spruce Grouse.
Lagopus lagopus Willow Ptarmigan.
Lagopus muta Rock Ptarmigan.
Lagopus leucura White-tailed Ptarmigan.
Dendragapus obscurus Dusky Grouse.
Dendragapus fuliginosus Sooty Grouse.
Tympanuchus phasianellus Sharp-tailed Grouse.
Tympanuchus cupido Greater Prairie-Chicken.
Tympanuchus pallidicinctus Lesser Prairie-Chicken.
Meleagridinae
Meleagris gallopavo Wild Turkey.
Meleagris ocellata Ocellated Turkey.
Numidinae
Numida meleagris Helmeted Guineafowl. (I)
ODONTOPHORIDAE

Dendrortyx barbatus Bearded Wood-Partridge.
Dendrortyx macroura Long-tailed Wood-Partridge.
Dendrortyx leucophrys Buffy-crowned Wood-Partridge.
Oreortyx pictus Mountain Quail.
Callipepla squamata Scaled Quail.
Callipepla douglasii Elegant Quail.
Callipepla californica California Quail.
Callipepla gambelii Gambel's Quail.
Philortyx fasciatus Banded Quail.
Colinus virginianus Northern Bobwhite.
Colinus nigrogularis Black-throated Bobwhite.
Colinus cristatus Crested Bobwhite.
Odontophorus gujanensis Marbled Wood-Quail.
Odontophorus melanotis Black-eared Wood-Quail.
Odontophorus dialeucos Tacarcuna Wood-Quail.
Odontophorus leucolaemus Black-breasted Wood-Quail.
Odontophorus guttatus Spotted Wood-Quail.
Dactylortyx thoracicus Singing Quail.
Cyrtonyx montezumae Montezuma Quail.
Cyrtonyx ocellatus Ocellated Quail.
Rhynchortyx cinctus Tawny-faced Quail.

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GAVIIFORMES

GAVIIDAE

Gavia stellata Red-throated Loon.
Gavia arctica Arctic Loon.
Gavia pacifica Pacific Loon.
Gavia immer Common Loon.
Gavia adamsii Yellow-billed Loon.

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PODICIPEDIFORMES

PODICIPEDIDAE

Tachybaptus dominicus Least Grebe.
Podilymbus podiceps Pied-billed Grebe.
Podilymbus gigas Atitlan Grebe.
Podiceps auritus Horned Grebe.
Podiceps grisegena Red-necked Grebe.
Podiceps nigricollis Eared Grebe.
Aechmophorus occidentalis Western Grebe.
Aechmophorus clarkii Clark's Grebe.

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PROCELLARIIFORMES

DIOMEDEIDAE

Thalassarche chlororhynchos Yellow-nosed Albatross. (A)
Thalassarche cauta Shy Albatross. (A)
Thalassarche melanophris Black-browed Albatross. (A)
Phoebetria palpebrata Light-mantled Albatross. (A)
Diomedea exulans Wandering Albatross. (A)
Phoebastria immutabilis Laysan Albatross.
Phoebastria nigripes Black-footed Albatross.
Phoebastria albatrus Short-tailed Albatross. (N)
PROCELLARIIDAE

Fulmarus glacialis Northern Fulmar.
Pterodroma macroptera Great-winged Petrel. (A)
Pterodroma neglecta Kermadec Petrel. (A)
Pterodroma arminjoniana Herald Petrel. (A)
Pterodroma ultima Murphy's Petrel. (N)
Pterodroma inexpectata Mottled Petrel. (A)
Pterodroma cahow Bermuda Petrel.
Pterodroma hasitata Black-capped Petrel.
Pterodroma externa Juan Fernandez Petrel. (N)
Pterodroma phaeopygia Galapagos Petrel. (N)
Pterodroma sandwichensis Hawaiian Petrel. (H)
Pterodroma cervicalis White-necked Petrel. (H)
Pterodroma hypoleuca Bonin Petrel. (H)
Pterodroma nigripennis Black-winged Petrel. (H, A)
Pterodroma cookii Cook's Petrel. (N)
Pterodroma longirostris Stejneger's Petrel. (A)
Bulweria bulwerii Bulwer's Petrel.
Bulweria fallax Jouanin's Petrel. (H, A)
Procellaria parkinsoni Parkinson's Petrel. (N)
Calonectris leucomelas Streaked Shearwater. (A)
Calonectris diomedea Cory's Shearwater. (N)
Calonectris edwardsii Cape Verde Shearwater. (A)
Puffinus creatopus Pink-footed Shearwater. (N)
Puffinus carneipes Flesh-footed Shearwater. (N)
Puffinus gravis Greater Shearwater. (N)
Puffinus pacificus Wedge-tailed Shearwater.
Puffinus bulleri Buller's Shearwater. (N)
Puffinus griseus Sooty Shearwater. (N)
Puffinus tenuirostris Short-tailed Shearwater. (N)
Puffinus nativitatis Christmas Shearwater. (H)
Puffinus puffinus Manx Shearwater.
Puffinus auricularis Townsend's Shearwater.
Puffinus opisthomelas Black-vented Shearwater.
Puffinus lherminieri Audubon's Shearwater.
Puffinus assimilis Little Shearwater. (A)
HYDROBATIDAE

Oceanites oceanicus Wilson's Storm-Petrel. (N)
Pelagodroma marina White-faced Storm-Petrel. (A)
Hydrobates pelagicus European Storm-Petrel. (A)
Fregetta tropica Black-bellied Storm-Petrel. (A)
Oceanodroma furcata Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel.
Oceanodroma leucorhoa Leach's Storm-Petrel.
Oceanodroma homochroa Ashy Storm-Petrel.
Oceanodroma castro Band-rumped Storm-Petrel. (N)
Oceanodroma tethys Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel. (N)
Oceanodroma melania Black Storm-Petrel.
Oceanodroma macrodactyla Guadalupe Storm-Petrel.
Oceanodroma markhami Markham's Storm-Petrel. (A)
Oceanodroma tristrami Tristram's Storm-Petrel. (H)
Oceanodroma microsoma Least Storm-Petrel.

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PELECANIFORMES

PHAETHONTIDAE

Phaethon lepturus White-tailed Tropicbird.
Phaethon aethereus Red-billed Tropicbird.
Phaethon rubricauda Red-tailed Tropicbird.
SULIDAE

Sula dactylatra Masked Booby.
Sula granti Nazca Booby.
Sula nebouxii Blue-footed Booby.
Sula variegata Peruvian Booby. (A)
Sula leucogaster Brown Booby.
Sula sula Red-footed Booby.
Morus bassanus Northern Gannet.
PELECANIDAE

Pelecanus erythrorhynchos American White Pelican.
Pelecanus occidentalis Brown Pelican.
PHALACROCORACIDAE

Phalacrocorax penicillatus Brandt's Cormorant.
Phalacrocorax brasilianus Neotropic Cormorant.
Phalacrocorax auritus Double-crested Cormorant.
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant.
Phalacrocorax urile Red-faced Cormorant.
Phalacrocorax pelagicus Pelagic Cormorant.
ANHINGIDAE

Anhinga anhinga Anhinga.
FREGATIDAE

Fregata magnificens Magnificent Frigatebird.
Fregata minor Great Frigatebird.
Fregata ariel Lesser Frigatebird. (A)

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CICONIIFORMES

ARDEIDAE

Botaurus pinnatus Pinnated Bittern.
Botaurus lentiginosus American Bittern.
Ixobrychus sinensis Yellow Bittern. (A)
Ixobrychus exilis Least Bittern.
Tigrisoma lineatum Rufescent Tiger-Heron.
Tigrisoma fasciatum Fasciated Tiger-Heron.
Tigrisoma mexicanum Bare-throated Tiger-Heron.
Ardea herodias Great Blue Heron.
Ardea cinerea Gray Heron. (A)
Ardea cocoi Cocoi Heron.
Ardea alba Great Egret.
Egretta eulophotes Chinese Egret. (A)
Egretta garzetta Little Egret. (A)
Egretta gularis Western Reef-Heron. (A)
Egretta thula Snowy Egret.
Egretta caerulea Little Blue Heron.
Egretta tricolor Tricolored Heron.
Egretta rufescens Reddish Egret.
Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret.
Ardeola bacchus Chinese Pond-Heron.
Butorides virescens Green Heron.
Butorides striata Striated Heron.
Agamia agami Agami Heron.
Pilherodius pileatus Capped Heron.
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-Heron.
Nyctanassa violacea Yellow-crowned Night-Heron.
Cochlearius cochlearius Boat-billed Heron.
THRESKIORNITHIDAE
Threskiornithinae
Eudocimus albus White Ibis.
Eudocimus ruber Scarlet Ibis. (A)
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis.
Plegadis chihi White-faced Ibis.
Mesembrinibis cayennensis Green Ibis.
Theristicus caudatus Buff-necked Ibis. (A)
Plataleinae
Platalea ajaja Roseate Spoonbill.
CICONIIDAE

Jabiru mycteria Jabiru.
Mycteria americana Wood Stork.
CATHARTIDAE

Coragyps atratus Black Vulture.
Cathartes aura Turkey Vulture.
Cathartes burrovianus Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture.
Gymnogyps californianus California Condor.
Sarcoramphus papa King Vulture.

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PHOENICOPTERIFORMES

PHOENICOPTERIDAE

Phoenicopterus ruber Greater Flamingo.

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FALCONIFORMES

ACCIPITRIDAE
Pandioninae
Pandion haliaetus Osprey.
Accipitrinae
Leptodon cayanensis Gray-headed Kite.
Chondrohierax uncinatus Hook-billed Kite.
Elanoides forficatus Swallow-tailed Kite.
Gampsonyx swainsonii Pearl Kite.
Elanus leucurus White-tailed Kite.
Rostrhamus sociabilis Snail Kite.
Rostrhamus hamatus Slender-billed Kite.
Harpagus bidentatus Double-toothed Kite.
Ictinia mississippiensis Mississippi Kite.
Ictinia plumbea Plumbeous Kite.
Milvus migrans Black Kite. (H, A)
Haliaeetus leucocephalus Bald Eagle.
Haliaeetus albicilla White-tailed Eagle.
Haliaeetus pelagicus Steller's Sea-Eagle. (A)
Busarellus nigricollis Black-collared Hawk.
Circus cyaneus Northern Harrier.
Circus aeruginosus Western Marsh Harrier.
Accipiter soloensis Gray Frog-Hawk. (H, A)
Accipiter superciliosus Tiny Hawk.
Accipiter striatus Sharp-shinned Hawk.
Accipiter cooperii Cooper's Hawk.
Accipiter gundlachi Gundlach's Hawk.
Accipiter bicolor Bicolored Hawk.
Accipiter gentilis Northern Goshawk.
Geranospiza caerulescens Crane Hawk.
Leucopternis plumbeus Plumbeous Hawk.
Leucopternis princeps Barred Hawk.
Leucopternis semiplumbeus Semiplumbeous Hawk.
Leucopternis albicollis White Hawk.
Buteogallus anthracinus Common Black-Hawk.
Buteogallus subtilis Mangrove Black-Hawk.
Buteogallus urubitinga Great Black-Hawk.
Buteogallus meridionalis Savanna Hawk.
Parabuteo unicinctus Harris's Hawk.
Harpyhaliaetus solitarius Solitary Eagle.
Buteo magnirostris Roadside Hawk.
Buteo lineatus Red-shouldered Hawk.
Buteo ridgwayi Ridgway's Hawk.
Buteo platypterus Broad-winged Hawk.
Buteo nitidus Gray Hawk.
Buteo brachyurus Short-tailed Hawk.
Buteo swainsoni Swainson's Hawk.
Buteo albicaudatus White-tailed Hawk.
Buteo albonotatus Zone-tailed Hawk.
Buteo solitarius Hawaiian Hawk. (H)
Buteo jamaicensis Red-tailed Hawk.
Buteo regalis Ferruginous Hawk.
Buteo lagopus Rough-legged Hawk.
Morphnus guianensis Crested Eagle.
Harpia harpyja Harpy Eagle.
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle.
Spizastur melanoleucus Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle.
Spizaetus tyrannus Black Hawk-Eagle.
Spizaetus ornatus Ornate Hawk-Eagle.
FALCONIDAE
Micrasturinae
Micrastur ruficollis Barred Forest-Falcon.
Micrastur mirandollei Slaty-backed Forest-Falcon.
Micrastur semitorquatus Collared Forest-Falcon.
Caracarinae
Ibycter americanus Red-throated Caracara.
Caracara cheriway Crested Caracara.
Caracara lutosa Guadalupe Caracara.
Milvago chimachima Yellow-headed Caracara.
Falconinae
Herpetotheres cachinnans Laughing Falcon.
Falco tinnunculus Eurasian Kestrel. (A)
Falco sparverius American Kestrel.
Falco columbarius Merlin.
Falco subbuteo Eurasian Hobby. (A)
Falco femoralis Aplomado Falcon.
Falco rufigularis Bat Falcon.
Falco deiroleucus Orange-breasted Falcon.
Falco rusticolus Gyrfalcon.
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon.
Falco mexicanus Prairie Falcon.

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GRUIFORMES

RALLIDAE

Coturnicops noveboracensis Yellow Rail.
Micropygia schomburgkii Ocellated Crake. (A)
Laterallus ruber Ruddy Crake.
Laterallus albigularis White-throated Crake.
Laterallus exilis Gray-breasted Crake.
Laterallus jamaicensis Black Rail.
Crex crex Corn Crake. (A)
Rallus longirostris Clapper Rail.
Rallus elegans King Rail.
Rallus limicola Virginia Rail.
Aramides axillaris Rufous-necked Wood-Rail.
Aramides cajanea Gray-necked Wood-Rail.
Amaurolimnas concolor Uniform Crake.
Porzana palmeri Laysan Rail. (H)
Porzana porzana Spotted Crake. (A)
Porzana carolina Sora.
Porzana sandwichensis Hawaiian Rail. (H)
Porzana flaviventer Yellow-breasted Crake.
Neocrex colombiana Colombian Crake.
Neocrex erythrops Paint-billed Crake.
Cyanolimnas cerverai Zapata Rail.
Pardirallus maculatus Spotted Rail.
Porphyrio martinica Purple Gallinule.
Porphyrio flavirostris Azure Gallinule. (A)
Gallinula chloropus Common Moorhen.
Fulica atra Eurasian Coot. (A)
Fulica alai Hawaiian Coot. (H)
Fulica americana American Coot.
Fulica caribaea Caribbean Coot.
HELIORNITHIDAE

Heliornis fulica Sungrebe.
EURYPYGIDAE

Eurypyga helias Sunbittern.
ARAMIDAE

Aramus guarauna Limpkin.
GRUIDAE
Gruinae
Grus canadensis Sandhill Crane.
Grus grus Common Crane. (A)
Grus americana Whooping Crane.

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CHARADRIIFORMES

BURHINIDAE

Burhinus bistriatus Double-striped Thick-knee.
CHARADRIIDAE
Vanellinae
Vanellus vanellus Northern Lapwing. (A)
Vanellus chilensis Southern Lapwing. (N)
Charadriinae
Pluvialis squatarola Black-bellied Plover.
Pluvialis apricaria European Golden-Plover. (A)
Pluvialis dominica American Golden-Plover.
Pluvialis fulva Pacific Golden-Plover.
Charadrius mongolus Lesser Sand-Plover. (N)
Charadrius leschenaultii Greater Sand-Plover. (A)
Charadrius collaris Collared Plover.
Charadrius alexandrinus Snowy Plover.
Charadrius wilsonia Wilson's Plover.
Charadrius hiaticula Common Ringed Plover.
Charadrius semipalmatus Semipalmated Plover.
Charadrius melodus Piping Plover.
Charadrius dubius Little Ringed Plover. (A)
Charadrius vociferus Killdeer.
Charadrius montanus Mountain Plover.
Charadrius morinellus Eurasian Dotterel.
HAEMATOPODIDAE

Haematopus ostralegus Eurasian Oystercatcher. (A)
Haematopus palliatus American Oystercatcher.
Haematopus bachmani Black Oystercatcher.
RECURVIROSTRIDAE

Himantopus himantopus Black-winged Stilt. (A)
Himantopus mexicanus Black-necked Stilt.
Recurvirostra americana American Avocet.
JACANIDAE

Jacana spinosa Northern Jacana.
Jacana jacana Wattled Jacana.
SCOLOPACIDAE
Scolopacinae
Xenus cinereus Terek Sandpiper. (N)
Actitis hypoleucos Common Sandpiper. (N)
Actitis macularius Spotted Sandpiper.
Tringa ochropus Green Sandpiper. (A)
Tringa solitaria Solitary Sandpiper.
Tringa brevipes Gray-tailed Tattler. (N)
Tringa incana Wandering Tattler.
Tringa erythropus Spotted Redshank. (N)
Tringa melanoleuca Greater Yellowlegs.
Tringa nebularia Common Greenshank. (N)
Tringa semipalmata Willet.
Tringa flavipes Lesser Yellowlegs.
Tringa stagnatilis Marsh Sandpiper. (A)
Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper.
Tringa totanus Common Redshank. (A)
Bartramia longicauda Upland Sandpiper.
Numenius minutus Little Curlew. (A)
Numenius borealis Eskimo Curlew.
Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel.
Numenius tahitiensis Bristle-thighed Curlew.
Numenius madagascariensis Far Eastern Curlew. (N)
Numenius tenuirostris Slender-billed Curlew. (A)
Numenius arquata Eurasian Curlew. (A)
Numenius americanus Long-billed Curlew.
Limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit. (N)
Limosa haemastica Hudsonian Godwit.
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit.
Limosa fedoa Marbled Godwit.
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone.
Arenaria melanocephala Black Turnstone.
Aphriza virgata Surfbird.
Calidris tenuirostris Great Knot. (A)
Calidris canutus Red Knot.
Calidris alba Sanderling.
Calidris pusilla Semipalmated Sandpiper.
Calidris mauri Western Sandpiper.
Calidris ruficollis Red-necked Stint.
Calidris minuta Little Stint. (N)
Calidris temminckii Temminck's Stint. (A)
Calidris subminuta Long-toed Stint. (N)
Calidris minutilla Least Sandpiper.
Calidris fuscicollis White-rumped Sandpiper.
Calidris bairdii Baird's Sandpiper.
Calidris melanotos Pectoral Sandpiper.
Calidris acuminata Sharp-tailed Sandpiper. (N)
Calidris maritima Purple Sandpiper.
Calidris ptilocnemis Rock Sandpiper.
Calidris alpina Dunlin.
Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper.
Calidris himantopus Stilt Sandpiper.
Eurynorhynchus pygmeus Spoon-billed Sandpiper. (A)
Limicola falcinellus Broad-billed Sandpiper. (A)
Tryngites subruficollis Buff-breasted Sandpiper.
Philomachus pugnax Ruff.
Limnodromus griseus Short-billed Dowitcher.
Limnodromus scolopaceus Long-billed Dowitcher.
Lymnocryptes minimus Jack Snipe. (A)
Gallinago delicata Wilson's Snipe.
Gallinago gallinago Common Snipe.
Gallinago stenura Pin-tailed Snipe. (A)
Scolopax rusticola Eurasian Woodcock. (A)
Scolopax minor American Woodcock.
Phalaropodinae
Phalaropus tricolor Wilson's Phalarope.
Phalaropus lobatus Red-necked Phalarope.
Phalaropus fulicarius Red Phalarope.
GLAREOLIDAE
Glareolinae
Glareola maldivarum Oriental Pratincole. (A)
LARIDAE
Larinae
Larus atricilla Laughing Gull.
Larus pipixcan Franklin's Gull.
Larus minutus Little Gull.
Larus ridibundus Black-headed Gull.
Larus philadelphia Bonaparte's Gull.
Larus heermanni Heermann's Gull.
Larus cirrocephalus Gray-hooded Gull. (A)
Larus modestus Gray Gull. (A)
Larus belcheri Belcher's Gull. (A)
Larus crassirostris Black-tailed Gull. (A)
Larus canus Mew Gull.
Larus delawarensis Ring-billed Gull.
Larus californicus California Gull.
Larus argentatus Herring Gull.
Larus cachinnans Yellow-legged Gull. (A)
Larus thayeri Thayer's Gull.
Larus glaucoides Iceland Gull.
Larus fuscus Lesser Black-backed Gull. (N)
Larus schistisagus Slaty-backed Gull.
Larus livens Yellow-footed Gull.
Larus occidentalis Western Gull.
Larus glaucescens Glaucous-winged Gull.
Larus hyperboreus Glaucous Gull.
Larus marinus Great Black-backed Gull.
Larus dominicanus Kelp Gull.
Xema sabini Sabine's Gull.
Rissa tridactyla Black-legged Kittiwake.
Rissa brevirostris Red-legged Kittiwake.
Rhodostethia rosea Ross's Gull.
Pagophila eburnea Ivory Gull.
Sterninae
Anous stolidus Brown Noddy.
Anous minutus Black Noddy.
Procelsterna cerulea Blue-gray Noddy. (H)
Gygis alba White Tern.
Onychoprion fuscatus Sooty Tern.
Onychoprion lunatus Gray-backed Tern. (H)
Onychoprion anaethetus Bridled Tern.
Onychoprion aleuticus Aleutian Tern.
Sternula albifrons Little Tern. (H, A)
Sternula antillarum Least Tern.
Sternula superciliaris Yellow-billed Tern. (A)
Phaetusa simplex Large-billed Tern. (A)
Gelochelidon nilotica Gull-billed Tern.
Hydroprogne caspia Caspian Tern.
Larosterna inca Inca Tern. (A)
Chlidonias niger Black Tern.
Chlidonias leucopterus White-winged Tern. (A)
Chlidonias hybrida Whiskered Tern. (A)
Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern.
Sterna hirundo Common Tern.
Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern.
Sterna forsteri Forster's Tern.
Thalasseus maximus Royal Tern.
Thalasseus bergii Great Crested Tern. (H, A)
Thalasseus sandvicensis Sandwich Tern.
Thalasseus elegans Elegant Tern.
Rynchopinae
Rynchops niger Black Skimmer.
STERCORARIIDAE
Stercorarius skua Great Skua. (N)
Stercorarius maccormicki South Polar Skua. (N)
Stercorarius pomarinus Pomarine Jaeger.
Stercorarius parasiticus Parasitic Jaeger.
Stercorarius longicaudus Long-tailed Jaeger.
ALCIDAE

Alle alle Dovekie.
Uria aalge Common Murre.
Uria lomvia Thick-billed Murre.
Alca torda Razorbill.
Pinguinus impennis Great Auk.
Cepphus grylle Black Guillemot.
Cepphus columba Pigeon Guillemot.
Brachyramphus perdix Long-billed Murrelet. (A)
Brachyramphus marmoratus Marbled Murrelet.
Brachyramphus brevirostris Kittlitz's Murrelet.
Synthliboramphus hypoleucus Xantus's Murrelet.
Synthliboramphus craveri Craveri's Murrelet.
Synthliboramphus antiquus Ancient Murrelet.
Ptychoramphus aleuticus Cassin's Auklet.
Aethia psittacula Parakeet Auklet.
Aethia pusilla Least Auklet.
Aethia pygmaea Whiskered Auklet.
Aethia cristatella Crested Auklet.
Cerorhinca monocerata Rhinoceros Auklet.
Fratercula arctica Atlantic Puffin.
Fratercula corniculata Horned Puffin.
Fratercula cirrhata Tufted Puffin.
Family INCERTAE SEDIS
PTEROCLIDIDAE

Pterocles exustus Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse. (H, I)

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COLUMBIFORMES

COLUMBIDAE

Columba livia Rock Pigeon. (I)
Patagioenas cayennensis Pale-vented Pigeon.
Patagioenas speciosa Scaled Pigeon.
Patagioenas squamosa Scaly-naped Pigeon.
Patagioenas leucocephala White-crowned Pigeon.
Patagioenas flavirostris Red-billed Pigeon.
Patagioenas inornata Plain Pigeon.
Patagioenas fasciata Band-tailed Pigeon.
Patagioenas caribaea Ring-tailed Pigeon.
Patagioenas subvinacea Ruddy Pigeon.
Patagioenas nigrirostris Short-billed Pigeon.
Streptopelia orientalis Oriental Turtle-Dove. (A)
Streptopelia roseogrisea African Collared-Dove. (I)
Streptopelia turtur European Turtle-Dove. (A)
Streptopelia decaocto Eurasian Collared-Dove. (I)
Streptopelia chinensis Spotted Dove. (I)
Geopelia striata Zebra Dove. (H, I)
Zenaida asiatica White-winged Dove.
Zenaida aurita Zenaida Dove.
Zenaida auriculata Eared Dove.
Zenaida macroura Mourning Dove.
Zenaida graysoni Socorro Dove.
Ectopistes migratorius Passenger Pigeon.
Columbina inca Inca Dove.
Columbina passerina Common Ground-Dove.
Columbina minuta Plain-breasted Ground-Dove.
Columbina talpacoti Ruddy Ground-Dove.
Claravis pretiosa Blue Ground-Dove.
Claravis mondetoura Maroon-chested Ground-Dove.
Leptotila verreauxi White-tipped Dove.
Leptotila plumbeiceps Gray-headed Dove.
Leptotila wellsi Grenada Dove.
Leptotila jamaicensis Caribbean Dove.
Leptotila cassini Gray-chested Dove.
Geotrygon veraguensis Olive-backed Quail-Dove.
Geotrygon chrysia Key West Quail-Dove.
Geotrygon mystacea Bridled Quail-Dove.
Geotrygon albifacies White-faced Quail-Dove.
Geotrygon chiriquensis Chiriqui Quail-Dove.
Geotrygon carrikeri Tuxtla Quail-Dove.
Geotrygon lawrencii Purplish-backed Quail-Dove.
Geotrygon costaricensis Buff-fronted Quail-Dove.
Geotrygon goldmani Russet-crowned Quail-Dove.
Geotrygon caniceps Gray-fronted Quail-Dove.
Geotrygon leucometopia White-fronted Quail-Dove.
Geotrygon versicolor Crested Quail-Dove.
Geotrygon violacea Violaceous Quail-Dove.
Geotrygon montana Ruddy Quail-Dove.
Starnoenas cyanocephala Blue-headed Quail-Dove.

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PSITTACIFORMES

PSITTACIDAE
Platycercinae
Melopsittacus undulatus Budgerigar. (I)
Psittacinae
Psittacula krameri Rose-ringed Parakeet. (I)
Arinae
Pyrrhura picta Painted Parakeet.
Pyrrhura hoffmanni Sulphur-winged Parakeet.
Myiopsitta monachus Monk Parakeet. (I)
Conuropsis carolinensis Carolina Parakeet.
Aratinga holochlora Green Parakeet.
Aratinga strenua Pacific Parakeet.
Aratinga finschi Crimson-fronted Parakeet.
Aratinga mitrata Mitred Parakeet. (I)
Aratinga chloroptera Hispaniolan Parakeet.
Aratinga euops Cuban Parakeet.
Aratinga nana Olive-throated Parakeet.
Aratinga canicularis Orange-fronted Parakeet.
Aratinga pertinax Brown-throated Parakeet.
Ara severus Chestnut-fronted Macaw.
Ara militaris Military Macaw.
Ara ambiguus Great Green Macaw.
Ara chloropterus Red-and-green Macaw.
Ara macao Scarlet Macaw.
Ara tricolor Cuban Macaw.
Ara ararauna Blue-and-yellow Macaw.
Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha Thick-billed Parrot.
Rhynchopsitta terrisi Maroon-fronted Parrot.
Bolborhynchus lineola Barred Parakeet.
Forpus passerinus Green-rumped Parrotlet.
Forpus cyanopygius Mexican Parrotlet.
Forpus conspicillatus Spectacled Parrotlet.
Brotogeris jugularis Orange-chinned Parakeet.
Brotogeris versicolurus White-winged Parakeet. (I)
Touit costaricensis Red-fronted Parrotlet.
Touit dilectissimus Blue-fronted Parrotlet.
Pionopsitta pyrilia Saffron-headed Parrot.
Pionopsitta haematotis Brown-hooded Parrot.
Pionus menstruus Blue-headed Parrot.
Pionus senilis White-crowned Parrot.
Amazona albifrons White-fronted Parrot.
Amazona xantholora Yellow-lored Parrot.
Amazona leucocephala Cuban Parrot.
Amazona collaria Yellow-billed Parrot.
Amazona ventralis Hispaniolan Parrot.
Amazona vittata Puerto Rican Parrot.
Amazona agilis Black-billed Parrot.
Amazona viridigenalis Red-crowned Parrot.
Amazona finschi Lilac-crowned Parrot.
Amazona autumnalis Red-lored Parrot.
Amazona farinosa Mealy Parrot.
Amazona oratrix Yellow-headed Parrot.
Amazona auropalliata Yellow-naped Parrot.
Amazona ochrocephala Yellow-crowned Parrot.
Amazona arausiaca Red-necked Parrot.
Amazona versicolor St. Lucia Parrot.
Amazona guildingii St. Vincent Parrot.
Amazona imperialis Imperial Parrot.

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CUCULIFORMES

CUCULIDAE
Cuculinae
Cuculus canorus Common Cuckoo. (A)
Cuculus optatus Oriental Cuckoo. (A)
Coccycua minuta Little Cuckoo.
Piaya cayana Squirrel Cuckoo.
Coccyzus melacoryphus Dark-billed Cuckoo. (A)
Coccyzus americanus Yellow-billed Cuckoo.
Coccyzus euleri Pearly-breasted Cuckoo. (A)
Coccyzus minor Mangrove Cuckoo.
Coccyzus ferrugineus Cocos Cuckoo.
Coccyzus erythropthalmus Black-billed Cuckoo.
Coccyzus pluvialis Chestnut-bellied Cuckoo.
Coccyzus rufigularis Bay-breasted Cuckoo.
Coccyzus vetula Jamaican Lizard-Cuckoo.
Coccyzus vieilloti Puerto Rican Lizard-Cuckoo.
Coccyzus merlini Great Lizard-Cuckoo.
Coccyzus longirostris Hispaniolan Lizard-Cuckoo.
Neomorphinae
Tapera naevia Striped Cuckoo.
Dromococcyx phasianellus Pheasant Cuckoo.
Morococcyx erythropygus Lesser Ground-Cuckoo.
Geococcyx velox Lesser Roadrunner.
Geococcyx californianus Greater Roadrunner.
Neomorphus geoffroyi Rufous-vented Ground-Cuckoo.
Crotophaginae
Crotophaga major Greater Ani.
Crotophaga ani Smooth-billed Ani.
Crotophaga sulcirostris Groove-billed Ani.

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STRIGIFORMES

TYTONIDAE

Tyto alba Barn Owl.
Tyto glaucops Ashy-faced Owl.
STRIGIDAE

Otus flammeolus Flammulated Owl.
Otus sunia Oriental Scops-Owl. (A)
Megascops kennicottii Western Screech-Owl.
Megascops asio Eastern Screech-Owl.
Megascops seductus Balsas Screech-Owl.
Megascops cooperi Pacific Screech-Owl.
Megascops trichopsis Whiskered Screech-Owl.
Megascops choliba Tropical Screech-Owl.
Megascops barbarus Bearded Screech-Owl.
Megascops guatemalae Vermiculated Screech-Owl.
Megascops clarkii Bare-shanked Screech-Owl.
Megascops nudipes Puerto Rican Screech-Owl.
Gymnoglaux lawrencii Bare-legged Owl.
Lophostrix cristata Crested Owl.
Pulsatrix perspicillata Spectacled Owl.
Bubo virginianus Great Horned Owl.
Bubo scandiacus Snowy Owl.
Surnia ulula Northern Hawk Owl.
Glaucidium gnoma Northern Pygmy-Owl.
Glaucidium costaricanum Costa Rican Pygmy-Owl.
Glaucidium griseiceps Central American Pygmy-Owl.
Glaucidium sanchezi Tamaulipas Pygmy-Owl.
Glaucidium palmarum Colima Pygmy-Owl.
Glaucidium brasilianum Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl.
Glaucidium siju Cuban Pygmy-Owl.
Micrathene whitneyi Elf Owl.
Athene cunicularia Burrowing Owl.
Ciccaba virgata Mottled Owl.
Ciccaba nigrolineata Black-and-white Owl.
Strix occidentalis Spotted Owl.
Strix varia Barred Owl.
Strix fulvescens Fulvous Owl.
Strix nebulosa Great Gray Owl.
Asio otus Long-eared Owl.
Asio stygius Stygian Owl.
Asio flammeus Short-eared Owl.
Pseudoscops clamator Striped Owl.
Pseudoscops grammicus Jamaican Owl.
Aegolius funereus Boreal Owl.
Aegolius acadicus Northern Saw-whet Owl.
Aegolius ridgwayi Unspotted Saw-whet Owl.

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CAPRIMULGIFORMES

CAPRIMULGIDAE
Chordeilinae
Lurocalis semitorquatus Short-tailed Nighthawk.
Chordeiles acutipennis Lesser Nighthawk.
Chordeiles minor Common Nighthawk.
Chordeiles gundlachii Antillean Nighthawk.
Caprimulginae
Nyctidromus albicollis Common Pauraque.
Phalaenoptilus nuttallii Common Poorwill.
Siphonorhis americanua Jamaican Pauraque.
Siphonorhis brewsteri Least Pauraque.
Nyctiphrynus mcleodii Eared Poorwill.
Nyctiphrynus yucatanicus Yucatan Poorwill.
Nyctiphrynus ocellatus Ocellated Poorwill.
Caprimulgus carolinensis Chuck-will's-widow.
Caprimulgus rufus Rufous Nightjar.
Caprimulgus cubanensis Greater Antillean Nightjar.
Caprimulgus salvini Tawny-collared Nightjar.
Caprimulgus badius Yucatan Nightjar.
Caprimulgus ridgwayi Buff-collared Nightjar.
Caprimulgus vociferus Whip-poor-will.
Caprimulgus noctitherus Puerto Rican Nightjar.
Caprimulgus saturatus Dusky Nightjar.
Caprimulgus cayennensis White-tailed Nightjar.
Caprimulgus maculicaudus Spot-tailed Nightjar.
Caprimulgus indicus Gray Nightjar. (A)
NYCTIBIIDAE

Nyctibius grandis Great Potoo.
Nyctibius griseus Common Potoo.
Nyctibius jamaicensis Northern Potoo.
STEATORNITHIDAE

Steatornis caripensis Oilbird. (A)

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APODIFORMES

APODIDAE
Cypseloidinae
Cypseloides niger Black Swift.
Cypseloides storeri White-fronted Swift.
Cypseloides cryptus White-chinned Swift.
Cypseloides cherriei Spot-fronted Swift.
Streptoprocne rutila Chestnut-collared Swift.
Streptoprocne zonaris White-collared Swift.
Streptoprocne semicollaris White-naped Swift.
Chaeturinae
Chaetura pelagica Chimney Swift.
Chaetura vauxi Vaux's Swift.
Chaetura chapmani Chapman's Swift. (A)
Chaetura brachyura Short-tailed Swift.
Chaetura andrei Ashy-tailed Swift. (A)
Chaetura spinicaudus Band-rumped Swift.
Chaetura fumosa Costa Rican Swift.
Chaetura cinereiventris Gray-rumped Swift.
Chaetura martinica Lesser Antillean Swift.
Hirundapus caudacutus White-throated Needletail. (A)
Aerodramus bartschi Mariana Swiftlet. (H, I)
Apodinae
Apus apus Common Swift. (A)
Apus pacificus Fork-tailed Swift. (A)
Apus melba Alpine Swift. (A)
Aeronautes saxatalis White-throated Swift.
Panyptila cayennensis Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift.
Panyptila sanctihieronymi Great Swallow-tailed Swift.
Tachornis phoenicobia Antillean Palm-Swift.
TROCHILIDAE
Phaethornithinae
Glaucis aeneus Bronzy Hermit.
Glaucis hirsutus Rufous-breasted Hermit.
Threnetes ruckeri Band-tailed Barbthroat.
Phaethornis guy Green Hermit.
Phaethornis longirostris Long-billed Hermit.
Phaethornis anthophilus Pale-bellied Hermit.
Phaethornis striigularis Stripe-throated Hermit.
Eutoxeres aquila White-tipped Sicklebill.
Trochilinae
Androdon aequatorialis Tooth-billed Hummingbird.
Doryfera ludovicae Green-fronted Lancebill.
Phaeochroa cuvierii Scaly-breasted Hummingbird.
Campylopterus curvipennis Wedge-tailed Sabrewing.
Campylopterus excellens Long-tailed Sabrewing.
Campylopterus rufus Rufous Sabrewing.
Campylopterus hemileucurus Violet Sabrewing.
Florisuga mellivora White-necked Jacobin.
Colibri delphinae Brown Violet-ear.
Colibri thalassinus Green Violet-ear.
Anthracothorax prevostii Green-breasted Mango.
Anthracothorax nigricollis Black-throated Mango.
Anthracothorax veraguensis Veraguan Mango.
Anthracothorax dominicus Antillean Mango.
Anthracothorax viridis Green Mango.
Anthracothorax mango Jamaican Mango.
Eulampis jugularis Purple-throated Carib.
Eulampis holosericeus Green-throated Carib.
Chrysolampis mosquitus Ruby-topaz Hummingbird.
Orthorhyncus cristatus Antillean Crested Hummingbird.
Klais guimeti Violet-headed Hummingbird.
Abeillia abeillei Emerald-chinned Hummingbird.
Lophornis brachylophus Short-crested Coquette.
Lophornis delattrei Rufous-crested Coquette.
Lophornis helenae Black-crested Coquette.
Lophornis adorabilis White-crested Coquette.
Discosura conversii Green Thorntail.
Chlorostilbon auriceps Golden-crowned Emerald.
Chlorostilbon forficatus Cozumel Emerald.
Chlorostilbon canivetii Canivet's Emerald.
Chlorostilbon assimilis Garden Emerald.
Chlorostilbon ricordii Cuban Emerald.
Chlorostilbon bracei Brace's Emerald.
Chlorostilbon swainsonii Hispaniolan Emerald.
Chlorostilbon maugaeus Puerto Rican Emerald.
Cynanthus sordidus Dusky Hummingbird.
Cynanthus latirostris Broad-billed Hummingbird.
Cyanophaia bicolor Blue-headed Hummingbird.
Thalurania ridgwayi Mexican Woodnymph.
Thalurania colombica Violet-crowned Woodnymph.
Thalurania fannyi Green-crowned Woodnymph.
Panterpe insignis Fiery-throated Hummingbird.
Damophila julie Violet-bellied Hummingbird.
Lepidopyga coeruleogularis Sapphire-throated Hummingbird.
Hylocharis humboldtii Humboldt's Sapphire.
Hylocharis eliciae Blue-throated Goldentail.
Hylocharis leucotis White-eared Hummingbird.
Hylocharis xantusii Xantus's Hummingbird.
Goldmania violiceps Violet-capped Hummingbird.
Goethalsia bella Rufous-cheeked Hummingbird.
Trochilus polytmus Streamertail.
Amazilia candida White-bellied Emerald.
Amazilia luciae Honduran Emerald.
Amazilia amabilis Blue-chested Hummingbird.
Amazilia decora Charming Hummingbird.
Amazilia boucardi Mangrove Hummingbird.
Amazilia cyanocephala Azure-crowned Hummingbird.
Amazilia beryllina Berylline Hummingbird.
Amazilia cyanura Blue-tailed Hummingbird.
Amazilia saucerrottei Steely-vented Hummingbird.
Amazilia edward Snowy-bellied Hummingbird.
Amazilia tzacatl Rufous-tailed Hummingbird.
Amazilia yucatanensis Buff-bellied Hummingbird.
Amazilia rutila Cinnamon Hummingbird.
Amazilia violiceps Violet-crowned Hummingbird.
Amazilia viridifrons Green-fronted Hummingbird.
Eupherusa eximia Stripe-tailed Hummingbird.
Eupherusa cyanophrys Blue-capped Hummingbird.
Eupherusa poliocerca White-tailed Hummingbird.
Eupherusa nigriventris Black-bellied Hummingbird.
Elvira chionura White-tailed Emerald.
Elvira cupreiceps Coppery-headed Emerald.
Microchera albocoronata Snowcap.
Chalybura buffonii White-vented Plumeleteer.
Chalybura urochrysia Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer.
Lampornis viridipallens Green-throated Mountain-gem.
Lampornis sybillae Green-breasted Mountain-gem.
Lampornis amethystinus Amethyst-throated Hummingbird.
Lampornis clemenciae Blue-throated Hummingbird.
Lampornis hemileucus White-bellied Mountain-gem.
Lampornis calolaemus Purple-throated Mountain-gem.
Lampornis castaneoventris White-throated Mountain-gem.
Lamprolaima rhami Garnet-throated Hummingbird.
Heliodoxa jacula Green-crowned Brilliant.
Eugenes fulgens Magnificent Hummingbird.
Haplophaedia aureliae Greenish Puffleg.
Heliothryx barroti Purple-crowned Fairy.
Heliomaster longirostris Long-billed Starthroat.
Heliomaster constantii Plain-capped Starthroat.
Calliphlox evelynae Bahama Woodstar.
Calliphlox bryantae Magenta-throated Woodstar.
Calliphlox mitchellii Purple-throated Woodstar.
Doricha enicura Slender Sheartail.
Doricha eliza Mexican Sheartail.
Tilmatura dupontii Sparkling-tailed Hummingbird.
Calothorax lucifer Lucifer Hummingbird.
Calothorax pulcher Beautiful Hummingbird.
Archilochus colubris Ruby-throated Hummingbird.
Archilochus alexandri Black-chinned Hummingbird.
Mellisuga minima Vervain Hummingbird.
Mellisuga helenae Bee Hummingbird.
Calypte anna Anna's Hummingbird.
Calypte costae Costa's Hummingbird.
Stellula calliope Calliope Hummingbird.
Atthis heloisa Bumblebee Hummingbird.
Atthis ellioti Wine-throated Hummingbird.
Selasphorus platycercus Broad-tailed Hummingbird.
Selasphorus rufus Rufous Hummingbird.
Selasphorus sasin Allen's Hummingbird.
Selasphorus flammula Volcano Hummingbird.
Selasphorus ardens Glow-throated Hummingbird.
Selasphorus scintilla Scintillant Hummingbird.

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TROGONIFORMES

TROGONIDAE
Trogoninae
Priotelus temnurus Cuban Trogon.
Priotelus roseigaster Hispaniolan Trogon.
Trogon melanocephalus Black-headed Trogon.
Trogon citreolus Citreoline Trogon.
Trogon viridis White-tailed Trogon.
Trogon bairdii Baird's Trogon.
Trogon violaceus Violaceous Trogon.
Trogon mexicanus Mountain Trogon.
Trogon elegans Elegant Trogon.
Trogon collaris Collared Trogon.
Trogon aurantiiventris Orange-bellied Trogon.
Trogon rufus Black-throated Trogon.
Trogon melanurus Black-tailed Trogon.
Trogon massena Slaty-tailed Trogon.
Trogon clathratus Lattice-tailed Trogon.
Euptilotis neoxenus Eared Quetzal.
Pharomachrus auriceps Golden-headed Quetzal.
Pharomachrus mocinno Resplendent Quetzal.

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UPUPIFORMES

UPUPIDAE

Upupa epops Eurasian Hoopoe. (A)

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CORACIIFORMES

TODIDAE

Todus multicolor Cuban Tody.
Todus subulatus Broad-billed Tody.
Todus angustirostris Narrow-billed Tody.
Todus todus Jamaican Tody.
Todus mexicanus Puerto Rican Tody.
MOMOTIDAE

Hylomanes momotula Tody Motmot.
Aspatha gularis Blue-throated Motmot.
Momotus mexicanus Russet-crowned Motmot.
Momotus momota Blue-crowned Motmot.
Baryphthengus martii Rufous Motmot.
Electron carinatum Keel-billed Motmot.
Electron platyrhynchum Broad-billed Motmot.
Eumomota superciliosa Turquoise-browed Motmot.
ALCEDINIDAE
Cerylinae
Ceryle torquatus Ringed Kingfisher.
Ceryle alcyon Belted Kingfisher.
Chloroceryle amazona Amazon Kingfisher.
Chloroceryle americana Green Kingfisher.
Chloroceryle inda Green-and-rufous Kingfisher.
Chloroceryle aenea American Pygmy Kingfisher.

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PICIFORMES

BUCCONIDAE

Nystalus radiatus Barred Puffbird.
Notharchus macrorhynchos White-necked Puffbird.
Notharchus pectoralis Black-breasted Puffbird.
Notharchus tectus Pied Puffbird.
Malacoptila panamensis White-whiskered Puffbird.
Micromonacha lanceolata Lanceolated Monklet.
Nonnula ruficapilla Gray-cheeked Nunlet.
Monasa morphoeus White-fronted Nunbird.
GALBULIDAE

Brachygalba salmoni Dusky-backed Jacamar.
Galbula ruficauda Rufous-tailed Jacamar.
Jacamerops aureus Great Jacamar.
RAMPHASTIDAE
Capitoninae
Capito maculicoronatus Spot-crowned Barbet.
Eubucco bourcierii Red-headed Barbet.
Semnornithinae
Semnornis frantzii Prong-billed Barbet.
Ramphastinae
Aulacorhynchus prasinus Emerald Toucanet.
Pteroglossus torquatus Collared Aracari.
Pteroglossus frantzii Fiery-billed Aracari.
Selenidera spectabilis Yellow-eared Toucanet.
Ramphastos sulfuratus Keel-billed Toucan.
Ramphastos swainsonii Chestnut-mandibled Toucan.
PICIDAE
Jynginae
Jynx torquilla Eurasian Wryneck. (A)
Picumninae
Picumnus olivaceus Olivaceous Piculet.
Nesoctites micromegas Antillean Piculet.
Picinae
Melanerpes lewis Lewis's Woodpecker.
Melanerpes herminieri Guadeloupe Woodpecker.
Melanerpes portoricensis Puerto Rican Woodpecker.
Melanerpes erythrocephalus Red-headed Woodpecker.
Melanerpes formicivorus Acorn Woodpecker.
Melanerpes chrysauchen Golden-naped Woodpecker.
Melanerpes pucherani Black-cheeked Woodpecker.
Melanerpes striatus Hispaniolan Woodpecker.
Melanerpes radiolatus Jamaican Woodpecker.
Melanerpes chrysogenys Golden-cheeked Woodpecker.
Melanerpes hypopolius Gray-breasted Woodpecker.
Melanerpes pygmaeus Yucatan Woodpecker.
Melanerpes rubricapillus Red-crowned Woodpecker.
Melanerpes uropygialis Gila Woodpecker.
Melanerpes hoffmannii Hoffmann's Woodpecker.
Melanerpes aurifrons Golden-fronted Woodpecker.
Melanerpes carolinus Red-bellied Woodpecker.
Melanerpes superciliaris West Indian Woodpecker.
Sphyrapicus thyroideus Williamson's Sapsucker.
Sphyrapicus varius Yellow-bellied Sapsucker.
Sphyrapicus nuchalis Red-naped Sapsucker.
Sphyrapicus ruber Red-breasted Sapsucker.
Xiphidiopicus percussus Cuban Green Woodpecker.
Dendrocopos major Great Spotted Woodpecker. (A)
Picoides scalaris Ladder-backed Woodpecker.
Picoides nuttallii Nuttall's Woodpecker.
Picoides pubescens Downy Woodpecker.
Picoides villosus Hairy Woodpecker.
Picoides arizonae Arizona Woodpecker.
Picoides stricklandi Strickland's Woodpecker.
Picoides borealis Red-cockaded Woodpecker.
Picoides albolarvatus White-headed Woodpecker.
Picoides dorsalis American Three-toed Woodpecker.
Picoides arcticus Black-backed Woodpecker.
Veniliornis fumigatus Smoky-brown Woodpecker.
Veniliornis kirkii Red-rumped Woodpecker.
Piculus simplex Rufous-winged Woodpecker.
Piculus callopterus Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker.
Piculus chrysochloros Golden-green Woodpecker.
Piculus rubiginosus Golden-olive Woodpecker.
Piculus auricularis Gray-crowned Woodpecker.
Colaptes punctigula Spot-breasted Woodpecker.
Colaptes auratus Northern Flicker.
Colaptes chrysoides Gilded Flicker.
Colaptes fernandinae Fernandina's Flicker.
Celeus loricatus Cinnamon Woodpecker.
Celeus castaneus Chestnut-colored Woodpecker.
Dryocopus lineatus Lineated Woodpecker.
Dryocopus pileatus Pileated Woodpecker.
Campephilus haematogaster Crimson-bellied Woodpecker.
Campephilus melanoleucos Crimson-crested Woodpecker.
Campephilus guatemalensis Pale-billed Woodpecker.
Campephilus principalis Ivory-billed Woodpecker.
Campephilus imperialis Imperial Woodpecker.

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PASSERIFORMES

FURNARIIDAE

Synallaxis albescens Pale-breasted Spinetail.
Synallaxis brachyura Slaty Spinetail.
Synallaxis erythrothorax Rufous-breasted Spinetail.
Cranioleuca erythrops Red-faced Spinetail.
Cranioleuca vulpina Rusty-backed Spinetail.
Xenerpestes minlosi Double-banded Graytail.
Premnoplex brunnescens Spotted Barbtail.
Margarornis bellulus Beautiful Treerunner.
Margarornis rubiginosus Ruddy Treerunner.
Pseudocolaptes lawrencii Buffy Tuftedcheek.
Hyloctistes subulatus Striped Woodhaunter.
Syndactyla subalaris Lineated Foliage-gleaner.
Anabacerthia variegaticeps Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner.
Philydor fuscipenne Slaty-winged Foliage-gleaner.
Philydor rufum Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner.
Automolus ochrolaemus Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner.
Automolus rubiginosus Ruddy Foliage-gleaner.
Thripadectes rufobrunneus Streak-breasted Treehunter.
Xenops minutus Plain Xenops.
Xenops rutilans Streaked Xenops.
Sclerurus mexicanus Tawny-throated Leaftosser.
Sclerurus albigularis Gray-throated Leaftosser.
Sclerurus guatemalensis Scaly-throated Leaftosser.
Lochmias nematura Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper.
Dendrocincla fuliginosa Plain-brown Woodcreeper.
Dendrocincla anabatina Tawny-winged Woodcreeper.
Dendrocincla homochroa Ruddy Woodcreeper.
Sittasomus griseicapillus Olivaceous Woodcreeper.
Deconychura longicauda Long-tailed Woodcreeper.
Glyphorynchus spirurus Wedge-billed Woodcreeper.
Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus Strong-billed Woodcreeper.
Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae Northern Barred-Woodcreeper.
Dendrocolaptes picumnus Black-banded Woodcreeper.
Xiphorhynchus picus Straight-billed Woodcreeper.
Xiphorhynchus susurrans Cocoa Woodcreeper.
Xiphorhynchus flavigaster Ivory-billed Woodcreeper.
Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus Black-striped Woodcreeper.
Xiphorhynchus erythropygius Spotted Woodcreeper.
Lepidocolaptes leucogaster White-striped Woodcreeper.
Lepidocolaptes souleyetii Streak-headed Woodcreeper.
Lepidocolaptes affinis Spot-crowned Woodcreeper.
Campylorhamphus trochilirostris Red-billed Scythebill.
Campylorhamphus pusillus Brown-billed Scythebill.
THAMNOPHILIDAE

Cymbilaimus lineatus Fasciated Antshrike.
Taraba major Great Antshrike.
Thamnophilus doliatus Barred Antshrike.
Thamnophilus nigriceps Black Antshrike.
Thamnophilus bridgesi Black-hooded Antshrike.
Thamnophilus atrinucha Western Slaty-Antshrike.
Xenornis setifrons Spiny-faced Antshrike.
Thamnistes anabatinus Russet Antshrike.
Dysithamnus mentalis Plain Antvireo.
Dysithamnus striaticeps Streak-crowned Antvireo.
Dysithamnus puncticeps Spot-crowned Antvireo.
Myrmotherula ignota Moustached Antwren.
Myrmotherula pacifica Pacific Antwren.
Myrmotherula fulviventris Checker-throated Antwren.
Myrmotherula axillaris White-flanked Antwren.
Myrmotherula schisticolor Slaty Antwren.
Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus Rufous-winged Antwren.
Microrhopias quixensis Dot-winged Antwren.
Formicivora grisea White-fringed Antwren.
Terenura callinota Rufous-rumped Antwren.
Cercomacra tyrannina Dusky Antbird.
Cercomacra nigricans Jet Antbird.
Gymnocichla nudiceps Bare-crowned Antbird.
Myrmeciza longipes White-bellied Antbird.
Myrmeciza exsul Chestnut-backed Antbird.
Myrmeciza laemosticta Dull-mantled Antbird.
Myrmeciza immaculata Immaculate Antbird.
Hylophylax naevioides Spotted Antbird.
Myrmornis torquata Wing-banded Antbird.
Gymnopithys leucaspis Bicolored Antbird.
Phaenostictus mcleannani Ocellated Antbird.
FORMICARIIDAE

Formicarius analis Black-faced Antthrush.
Formicarius nigricapillus Black-headed Antthrush.
Formicarius rufipectus Rufous-breasted Antthrush.
Pittasoma michleri Black-crowned Antpitta.
Grallaria guatimalensis Scaled Antpitta.
Hylopezus perspicillatus Streak-chested Antpitta.
Hylopezus dives Thicket Antpitta.
Grallaricula flavirostris Ochre-breasted Antpitta.
RHINOCRYPTIDAE

Scytalopus panamensis Tacarcuna Tapaculo.
Scytalopus chocoensis Choco Tapaculo.
Scytalopus argentifrons Silvery-fronted Tapaculo.
TYRANNIDAE
Elaeniinae
Ornithion semiflavum Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet.
Ornithion brunneicapillus Brown-capped Tyrannulet.
Camptostoma imberbe Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet.
Camptostoma obsoletum Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet.
Phaeomyias murina Mouse-colored Tyrannulet.
Nesotriccus ridgwayi Cocos Flycatcher.
Capsiempis flaveola Yellow Tyrannulet.
Tyrannulus elatus Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet.
Myiopagis gaimardii Forest Elaenia.
Myiopagis caniceps Gray Elaenia.
Myiopagis cotta Jamaican Elaenia.
Myiopagis viridicata Greenish Elaenia.
Elaenia martinica Caribbean Elaenia.
Elaenia flavogaster Yellow-bellied Elaenia.
Elaenia chiriquensis Lesser Elaenia.
Elaenia frantzii Mountain Elaenia.
Elaenia fallax Greater Antillean Elaenia.
Serpophaga cinerea Torrent Tyrannulet.
Mionectes olivaceus Olive-striped Flycatcher.
Mionectes oleagineus Ochre-bellied Flycatcher.
Leptopogon amaurocephalus Sepia-capped Flycatcher.
Leptopogon superciliaris Slaty-capped Flycatcher.
Phylloscartes flavovirens Yellow-green Tyrannulet.
Phylloscartes superciliaris Rufous-browed Tyrannulet.
Phyllomyias burmeisteri Rough-legged Tyrannulet.
Phyllomyias griseiceps Sooty-headed Tyrannulet.
Zimmerius vilissimus Paltry Tyrannulet.
Sublegatus arenarum Northern Scrub-Flycatcher.
Pseudotriccus pelzelni Bronze-olive Pygmy-Tyrant.
Platyrinchinae
Myiornis atricapillus Black-capped Pygmy-Tyrant.
Lophotriccus pileatus Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant.
Lophotriccus pilaris Pale-eyed Pygmy-Tyrant.
Oncostoma cinereigulare Northern Bentbill.
Oncostoma olivaceum Southern Bentbill.
Poecilotriccus sylvia Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher.
Todirostrum cinereum Common Tody-Flycatcher.
Todirostrum nigriceps Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher.
Cnipodectes subbrunneus Brownish Flycatcher.
Rhynchocyclus brevirostris Eye-ringed Flatbill.
Rhynchocyclus olivaceus Olivaceous Flatbill.
Tolmomyias sulphurescens Yellow-olive Flycatcher.
Tolmomyias assimilis Yellow-margined Flycatcher.
Platyrinchus cancrominus Stub-tailed Spadebill.
Platyrinchus mystaceus White-throated Spadebill.
Platyrinchus coronatus Golden-crowned Spadebill.
Fluvicolinae
Onychorhynchus coronatus Royal Flycatcher.
Terenotriccus erythrurus Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher.
Myiobius villosus Tawny-breasted Flycatcher.
Myiobius sulphureipygius Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher.
Myiobius atricaudus Black-tailed Flycatcher.
Myiophobus fasciatus Bran-colored Flycatcher.
Lathrotriccus euleri Euler's Flycatcher.
Aphanotriccus capitalis Tawny-chested Flycatcher.
Aphanotriccus audax Black-billed Flycatcher.
Xenotriccus callizonus Belted Flycatcher.
Xenotriccus mexicanus Pileated Flycatcher.
Mitrephanes phaeocercus Tufted Flycatcher.
Contopus cooperi Olive-sided Flycatcher.
Contopus pertinax Greater Pewee.
Contopus lugubris Dark Pewee.
Contopus ochraceus Ochraceous Pewee.
Contopus sordidulus Western Wood-Pewee.
Contopus virens Eastern Wood-Pewee.
Contopus cinereus Tropical Pewee.
Contopus caribaeus Cuban Pewee.
Contopus pallidus Jamaican Pewee.
Contopus hispaniolensis Hispaniolan Pewee.
Contopus latirostris Lesser Antillean Pewee.
Empidonax flaviventris Yellow-bellied Flycatcher.
Empidonax virescens Acadian Flycatcher.
Empidonax alnorum Alder Flycatcher.
Empidonax traillii Willow Flycatcher.
Empidonax albigularis White-throated Flycatcher.
Empidonax minimus Least Flycatcher.
Empidonax hammondii Hammond's Flycatcher.
Empidonax wrightii Gray Flycatcher.
Empidonax oberholseri Dusky Flycatcher.
Empidonax affinis Pine Flycatcher.
Empidonax difficilis Pacific-slope Flycatcher.
Empidonax occidentalis Cordilleran Flycatcher.
Empidonax flavescens Yellowish Flycatcher.
Empidonax fulvifrons Buff-breasted Flycatcher.
Empidonax atriceps Black-capped Flycatcher.
Sayornis nigricans Black Phoebe.
Sayornis phoebe Eastern Phoebe.
Sayornis saya Say's Phoebe.
Pyrocephalus rubinus Vermilion Flycatcher.
Fluvicola pica Pied Water-Tyrant.
Colonia colonus Long-tailed Tyrant.
Machetornis rixosa Cattle Tyrant. (A)
Tyranninae
Attila spadiceus Bright-rumped Attila.
Sirystes sibilator Sirystes.
Rhytipterna holerythra Rufous Mourner.
Myiarchus yucatanensis Yucatan Flycatcher.
Myiarchus barbirostris Sad Flycatcher.
Myiarchus tuberculifer Dusky-capped Flycatcher.
Myiarchus panamensis Panama Flycatcher.
Myiarchus cinerascens Ash-throated Flycatcher.
Myiarchus nuttingi Nutting's Flycatcher.
Myiarchus crinitus Great Crested Flycatcher.
Myiarchus tyrannulus Brown-crested Flycatcher.
Myiarchus nugator Grenada Flycatcher.
Myiarchus validus Rufous-tailed Flycatcher.
Myiarchus sagrae La Sagra's Flycatcher.
Myiarchus stolidus Stolid Flycatcher.
Myiarchus antillarum Puerto Rican Flycatcher.
Myiarchus oberi Lesser Antillean Flycatcher.
Deltarhynchus flammulatus Flammulated Flycatcher.
Pitangus lictor Lesser Kiskadee.
Pitangus sulphuratus Great Kiskadee.
Megarynchus pitangua Boat-billed Flycatcher.
Myiozetetes cayanensis Rusty-margined Flycatcher.
Myiozetetes similis Social Flycatcher.
Myiozetetes granadensis Gray-capped Flycatcher.
Conopias albovittatus White-ringed Flycatcher.
Myiodynastes hemichrysus Golden-bellied Flycatcher.
Myiodynastes chrysocephalus Golden-crowned Flycatcher.
Myiodynastes maculatus Streaked Flycatcher.
Myiodynastes luteiventris Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher.
Legatus leucophaius Piratic Flycatcher.
Empidonomus varius Variegated Flycatcher. (A)
Tyrannus melancholicus Tropical Kingbird.
Tyrannus couchii Couch's Kingbird.
Tyrannus vociferans Cassin's Kingbird.
Tyrannus crassirostris Thick-billed Kingbird.
Tyrannus verticalis Western Kingbird.
Tyrannus tyrannus Eastern Kingbird.
Tyrannus dominicensis Gray Kingbird.
Tyrannus caudifasciatus Loggerhead Kingbird.
Tyrannus cubensis Giant Kingbird.
Tyrannus forficatus Scissor-tailed Flycatcher.
Tyrannus savana Fork-tailed Flycatcher.
Genera INCERTAE SEDIS
Sapayoa aenigma Sapayoa.
Schiffornis turdina Thrush-like Schiffornis.
Piprites griseiceps Gray-headed Piprites.
Lipaugus unirufus Rufous Piha.
Laniocera rufescens Speckled Mourner.
Pachyramphus versicolor Barred Becard.
Pachyramphus rufus Cinereous Becard.
Pachyramphus cinnamomeus Cinnamon Becard.
Pachyramphus polychopterus White-winged Becard.
Pachyramphus albogriseus Black-and-white Becard.
Pachyramphus major Gray-collared Becard.
Pachyramphus aglaiae Rose-throated Becard.
Pachyramphus homochrous One-colored Becard.
Pachyramphus niger Jamaican Becard.
Tityra semifasciata Masked Tityra.
Tityra inquisitor Black-crowned Tityra.
COTINGIDAE

Cotinga amabilis Lovely Cotinga.
Cotinga ridgwayi Turquoise Cotinga.
Cotinga nattererii Blue Cotinga.
Carpodectes hopkei Black-tipped Cotinga.
Carpodectes antoniae Yellow-billed Cotinga.
Carpodectes nitidus Snowy Cotinga.
Querula purpurata Purple-throated Fruitcrow.
Cephalopterus glabricollis Bare-necked Umbrellabird.
Procnias tricarunculatus Three-wattled Bellbird.
PIPRIDAE

Chloropipo holochlora Green Manakin.
Manacus candei White-collared Manakin.
Manacus aurantiacus Orange-collared Manakin.
Manacus vitellinus Golden-collared Manakin.
Corapipo altera White-ruffed Manakin.
Chiroxiphia lanceolata Lance-tailed Manakin.
Chiroxiphia linearis Long-tailed Manakin.
Pipra pipra White-crowned Manakin.
Pipra coronata Blue-crowned Manakin.
Pipra erythrocephala Golden-headed Manakin.
Pipra mentalis Red-capped Manakin.
OXYRUNCIDAE

Oxyruncus cristatus Sharpbill.
MELIPHAGIDAE

Moho braccatus Kauai Oo. (H)
Moho apicalis Oahu Oo. (H)
Moho bishopi Bishop's Oo. (H)
Moho nobilis Hawaii Oo. (H)
Chaetoptila angustipluma Kioea. (H)
LANIIDAE

Lanius cristatus Brown Shrike. (A)
Lanius ludovicianus Loggerhead Shrike.
Lanius excubitor Northern Shrike.
VIREONIDAE

Vireo brevipennis Slaty Vireo.
Vireo griseus White-eyed Vireo.
Vireo crassirostris Thick-billed Vireo.
Vireo pallens Mangrove Vireo.
Vireo bairdi Cozumel Vireo.
Vireo caribaeus St. Andrew Vireo.
Vireo modestus Jamaican Vireo.
Vireo gundlachii Cuban Vireo.
Vireo latimeri Puerto Rican Vireo.
Vireo nanus Flat-billed Vireo.
Vireo bellii Bell's Vireo.
Vireo atricapilla Black-capped Vireo.
Vireo nelsoni Dwarf Vireo.
Vireo vicinior Gray Vireo.
Vireo osburni Blue Mountain Vireo.
Vireo flavifrons Yellow-throated Vireo.
Vireo plumbeus Plumbeous Vireo.
Vireo cassinii Cassin's Vireo.
Vireo solitarius Blue-headed Vireo.
Vireo carmioli Yellow-winged Vireo.
Vireo huttoni Hutton's Vireo.
Vireo hypochryseus Golden Vireo.
Vireo gilvus Warbling Vireo.
Vireo leucophrys Brown-capped Vireo.
Vireo philadelphicus Philadelphia Vireo.
Vireo olivaceus Red-eyed Vireo.
Vireo flavoviridis Yellow-green Vireo.
Vireo altiloquus Black-whiskered Vireo.
Vireo magister Yucatan Vireo.
Hylophilus flavipes Scrub Greenlet.
Hylophilus ochraceiceps Tawny-crowned Greenlet.
Hylophilus aurantiifrons Golden-fronted Greenlet.
Hylophilus decurtatus Lesser Greenlet.
Vireolanius melitophrys Chestnut-sided Shrike-Vireo.
Vireolanius pulchellus Green Shrike-Vireo.
Vireolanius eximius Yellow-browed Shrike-Vireo.
Cyclarhis gujanensis Rufous-browed Peppershrike.
CORVIDAE

Perisoreus canadensis Gray Jay.
Cyanocitta stelleri Steller's Jay.
Cyanocitta cristata Blue Jay.
Calocitta colliei Black-throated Magpie-Jay.
Calocitta formosa White-throated Magpie-Jay.
Cyanocorax dickeyi Tufted Jay.
Cyanocorax affinis Black-chested Jay.
Cyanocorax yncas Green Jay.
Cyanocorax morio Brown Jay.
Cyanocorax melanocyaneus Bushy-crested Jay.
Cyanocorax sanblasianus San Blas Jay.
Cyanocorax yucatanicus Yucatan Jay.
Cyanocorax beecheii Purplish-backed Jay.
Cyanolyca cucullata Azure-hooded Jay.
Cyanolyca pumilo Black-throated Jay.
Cyanolyca nana Dwarf Jay.
Cyanolyca argentigula Silvery-throated Jay.
Cyanolyca mirabilis White-throated Jay.
Aphelocoma coerulescens Florida Scrub-Jay.
Aphelocoma insularis Island Scrub-Jay.
Aphelocoma californica Western Scrub-Jay.
Aphelocoma ultramarina Mexican Jay.
Aphelocoma unicolor Unicolored Jay.
Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus Pinyon Jay.
Nucifraga columbiana Clark's Nutcracker.
Pica hudsonia Black-billed Magpie.
Pica nuttalli Yellow-billed Magpie.
Corvus monedula Eurasian Jackdaw. (A)
Corvus brachyrhynchos American Crow.
Corvus caurinus Northwestern Crow.
Corvus palmarum Palm Crow.
Corvus nasicus Cuban Crow.
Corvus leucognaphalus White-necked Crow.
Corvus jamaicensis Jamaican Crow.
Corvus imparatus Tamaulipas Crow.
Corvus sinaloae Sinaloa Crow.
Corvus ossifragus Fish Crow.
Corvus hawaiiensis Hawaiian Crow. (H)
Corvus cryptoleucus Chihuahuan Raven.
Corvus corax Common Raven.
MONARCHIDAE

Chasiempis sandwichensis Elepaio. (H)
ALAUDIDAE

Alauda arvensis Sky Lark.
Eremophila alpestris Horned Lark.
HIRUNDINIDAE
Hirundininae
Progne subis Purple Martin.
Progne cryptoleuca Cuban Martin.
Progne dominicensis Caribbean Martin.
Progne sinaloae Sinaloa Martin.
Progne chalybea Gray-breasted Martin.
Progne elegans Southern Martin.
Progne tapera Brown-chested Martin.
Tachycineta bicolor Tree Swallow.
Tachycineta albilinea Mangrove Swallow.
Tachycineta euchrysea Golden Swallow.
Tachycineta thalassina Violet-green Swallow.
Tachycineta cyaneoviridis Bahama Swallow.
Pygochelidon cyanoleuca Blue-and-white Swallow.
Notiochelidon pileata Black-capped Swallow.
Neochelidon tibialis White-thighed Swallow.
Stelgidopteryx serripennis Northern Rough-winged Swallow.
Stelgidopteryx ruficollis Southern Rough-winged Swallow.
Riparia riparia Bank Swallow.
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Cliff Swallow.
Petrochelidon fulva Cave Swallow.
Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow.
Delichon urbicum Common House-Martin. (A)
PARIDAE

Poecile carolinensis Carolina Chickadee.
Poecile atricapillus Black-capped Chickadee.
Poecile gambeli Mountain Chickadee.
Poecile sclateri Mexican Chickadee.
Poecile rufescens Chestnut-backed Chickadee.
Poecile hudsonica Boreal Chickadee.
Poecile cincta Gray-headed Chickadee.
Baeolophus wollweberi Bridled Titmouse.
Baeolophus inornatus Oak Titmouse.
Baeolophus ridgwayi Juniper Titmouse.
Baeolophus bicolor Tufted Titmouse.
Baeolophus atricristatus Black-crested Titmouse.
REMIZIDAE

Auriparus flaviceps Verdin.
AEGITHALIDAE

Psaltriparus minimus Bushtit.
SITTIDAE
Sittinae
Sitta canadensis Red-breasted Nuthatch.
Sitta carolinensis White-breasted Nuthatch.
Sitta pygmaea Pygmy Nuthatch.
Sitta pusilla Brown-headed Nuthatch.
CERTHIIDAE
Certhiinae
Certhia americana Brown Creeper.
Genus INCERTAE SEDIS
*Donacobius atricapilla Black-capped Donacobius.
TROGLODYTIDAE

Campylorhynchus albobrunneus White-headed Wren.
Campylorhynchus zonatus Band-backed Wren.
Campylorhynchus megalopterus Gray-barred Wren.
Campylorhynchus chiapensis Giant Wren.
Campylorhynchus rufinucha Rufous-naped Wren.
Campylorhynchus gularis Spotted Wren.
Campylorhynchus jocosus Boucard's Wren.
Campylorhynchus yucatanicus Yucatan Wren.
Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus Cactus Wren.
Salpinctes obsoletus Rock Wren.
Catherpes mexicanus Canyon Wren.
Hylorchilus sumichrasti Sumichrast's Wren.
Hylorchilus navai Nava's Wren.
Thryothorus spadix Sooty-headed Wren.
Thryothorus atrogularis Black-throated Wren.
Thryothorus fasciatoventris Black-bellied Wren.
Thryothorus nigricapillus Bay Wren.
Thryothorus semibadius Riverside Wren.
Thryothorus leucopogon Stripe-throated Wren.
Thryothorus thoracicus Stripe-breasted Wren.
Thryothorus rutilus Rufous-breasted Wren.
Thryothorus maculipectus Spot-breasted Wren.
Thryothorus rufalbus Rufous-and-white Wren.
Thryothorus sinaloa Sinaloa Wren.
Thryothorus pleurostictus Banded Wren.
Thryothorus ludovicianus Carolina Wren.
Thryothorus felix Happy Wren.
Thryothorus leucotis Buff-breasted Wren.
Thryothorus modestus Plain Wren.
Thryomanes bewickii Bewick's Wren.
Ferminia cerverai Zapata Wren.
Troglodytes aedon House Wren.
Troglodytes sissonii Socorro Wren.
Troglodytes tanneri Clarion Wren.
Troglodytes rufociliatus Rufous-browed Wren.
Troglodytes ochraceus Ochraceous Wren.
Troglodytes troglodytes Winter Wren.
Cistothorus platensis Sedge Wren.
Cistothorus palustris Marsh Wren.
Uropsila leucogastra White-bellied Wren.
Thryorchilus browni Timberline Wren.
Henicorhina leucosticta White-breasted Wood-Wren.
Henicorhina leucophrys Gray-breasted Wood-Wren.
Microcerculus philomela Nightingale Wren.
Microcerculus marginatus Scaly-breasted Wren.
Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus Song Wren.
CINCLIDAE

Cinclus mexicanus American Dipper.
PYCNONOTIDAE

Pycnonotus cafer Red-vented Bulbul. (H, I)
Pycnonotus jocosus Red-whiskered Bulbul. (I)
REGULIDAE

Regulus satrapa Golden-crowned Kinglet.
Regulus calendula Ruby-crowned Kinglet.
SYLVIIDAE
Sylviinae
Cettia diphone Japanese Bush-Warbler. (H, I)
Locustella ochotensis Middendorff's Grasshopper-Warbler. (A)
Locustella lanceolata Lanceolated Warbler. (A)
Acrocephalus familiaris Millerbird. (H)
Phylloscopus trochilus Willow Warbler. (A)
Phylloscopus sibilatrix Wood Warbler. (A)
Phylloscopus fuscatus Dusky Warbler. (A)
Phylloscopus inornatus Yellow-browed Warbler. (A)
Phylloscopus borealis Arctic Warbler.
Sylvia curruca Lesser Whitethroat. (A)
Polioptilinae
Microbates cinereiventris Tawny-faced Gnatwren.
Ramphocaenus melanurus Long-billed Gnatwren.
Polioptila caerulea Blue-gray Gnatcatcher.
Polioptila lembeyei Cuban Gnatcatcher.
Polioptila californica California Gnatcatcher.
Polioptila melanura Black-tailed Gnatcatcher.
Polioptila nigriceps Black-capped Gnatcatcher.
Polioptila albiloris White-lored Gnatcatcher.
Polioptila plumbea Tropical Gnatcatcher.
Polioptila schistaceigula Slate-throated Gnatcatcher.

MUSCICAPIDAE

Ficedula narcissina Narcissus Flycatcher. (A)
Ficedula mugimaki Mugimaki Flycatcher. (A)
Ficedula albicilla Taiga Flycatcher. (A)
Muscicapa sibirica Dark-sided Flycatcher. (A)
Muscicapa griseisticta Gray-streaked Flycatcher. (A)
Muscicapa dauurica Asian Brown Flycatcher. (A)
Muscicapa striata Spotted Flycatcher. (A)

TURDIDAE

Luscinia calliope Siberian Rubythroat. (A)
Luscinia svecica Bluethroat.
Luscinia cyane Siberian Blue Robin. (A)
Tarsiger cyanurus Red-flanked Bluetail. (A)
Copsychus malabaricus White-rumped Shama. (H, I)
Oenanthe oenanthe Northern Wheatear.
Saxicola torquatus Stonechat. (A)
Sialia sialis Eastern Bluebird.
Sialia mexicana Western Bluebird.
Sialia currucoides Mountain Bluebird.
Myadestes townsendi Townsend's Solitaire.
Myadestes occidentalis Brown-backed Solitaire.
Myadestes elisabeth Cuban Solitaire.
Myadestes genibarbis Rufous-throated Solitaire.
Myadestes melanops Black-faced Solitaire.
Myadestes coloratus Varied Solitaire.
Myadestes unicolor Slate-colored Solitaire.
Myadestes myadestinus Kamao. (H)
Myadestes woahensis Amaui. (H)
Myadestes lanaiensis Olomao. (H)
Myadestes obscurus Omao. (H)
Myadestes palmeri Puaiohi. (H)
Catharus gracilirostris Black-billed Nightingale-Thrush.
Catharus aurantiirostris Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush.
Catharus fuscater Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush.
Catharus occidentalis Russet Nightingale-Thrush.
Catharus frantzii Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush.
Catharus mexicanus Black-headed Nightingale-Thrush.
Catharus dryas Spotted Nightingale-Thrush.
Catharus fuscescens Veery.
Catharus minimus Gray-cheeked Thrush.
Catharus bicknelli Bicknell's Thrush.
Catharus ustulatus Swainson's Thrush.
Catharus guttatus Hermit Thrush.
Hylocichla mustelina Wood Thrush.
Turdus merula Eurasian Blackbird. (A)
Turdus obscurus Eyebrowed Thrush. (N)
Turdus naumanni Dusky Thrush. (A)
Turdus pilaris Fieldfare. (A)
Turdus iliacus Redwing. (A)
Turdus nigrescens Sooty Robin.
Turdus infuscatus Black Robin.
Turdus plebejus Mountain Robin.
Turdus fumigatus Cocoa Thrush.
Turdus obsoletus Pale-vented Thrush.
Turdus grayi Clay-colored Robin.
Turdus nudigenis Bare-eyed Robin.
Turdus jamaicensis White-eyed Thrush.
Turdus assimilis White-throated Robin.
Turdus rufopalliatus Rufous-backed Robin.
Turdus rufitorques Rufous-collared Robin.
Turdus migratorius American Robin.
Turdus swalesi La Selle Thrush.
Turdus aurantius White-chinned Thrush.
Turdus ravidus Grand Cayman Thrush.
Turdus plumbeus Red-legged Thrush.
Cichlherminia lherminieri Forest Thrush.
Ixoreus naevius Varied Thrush.
Ridgwayia pinicola Aztec Thrush.

TIMALIIDAE

Garrulax pectoralis Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush. (H, I)
Garrulax canorus Hwamei. (H, I)
Leiothrix lutea Red-billed Leiothrix. (H, I)
Chamaea fasciata Wrentit.

ZOSTEROPIDAE

Zosterops japonicus Japanese White-eye. (H, I)

MIMIDAE

Dumetella carolinensis Gray Catbird.
Melanoptila glabrirostris Black Catbird.
Mimus polyglottos Northern Mockingbird.
Mimus gilvus Tropical Mockingbird.
Mimus graysoni Socorro Mockingbird.
Mimus gundlachii Bahama Mockingbird.
Oreoscoptes montanus Sage Thrasher.
Toxostoma rufum Brown Thrasher.
Toxostoma longirostre Long-billed Thrasher.
Toxostoma guttatum Cozumel Thrasher.
Toxostoma cinereum Gray Thrasher.
Toxostoma bendirei Bendire's Thrasher.
Toxostoma ocellatum Ocellated Thrasher.
Toxostoma curvirostre Curve-billed Thrasher.
Toxostoma redivivum California Thrasher.
Toxostoma crissale Crissal Thrasher.
Toxostoma lecontei Le Conte's Thrasher.
Ramphocinclus brachyurus White-breasted Thrasher.
Melanotis caerulescens Blue Mockingbird.
Melanotis hypoleucus Blue-and-white Mockingbird.
Allenia fusca Scaly-breasted Thrasher.
Margarops fuscatus Pearly-eyed Thrasher.
Cinclocerthia ruficauda Brown Trembler.
Cinclocerthia gutturalis Gray Trembler.

STURNIDAE

Sturnus vulgaris European Starling. (I)
Acridotheres tristis Common Myna. (I)
Gracula religiosa Hill Myna. (I)

PRUNELLIDAE

Prunella montanella Siberian Accentor. (A)

MOTACILLIDAE

Motacilla tschutschensis Eastern Yellow Wagtail.
Motacilla citreola Citrine Wagtail. (A)
Motacilla cinerea Gray Wagtail. (A)
Motacilla alba White Wagtail.
Anthus trivialis Tree Pipit. (A)
Anthus hodgsoni Olive-backed Pipit. (A)
Anthus gustavi Pechora Pipit. (A)
Anthus cervinus Red-throated Pipit.
Anthus rubescens American Pipit.
Anthus spragueii Sprague's Pipit.
Anthus lutescens Yellowish Pipit.

BOMBYCILLIDAE

Bombycilla garrulus Bohemian Waxwing.
Bombycilla cedrorum Cedar Waxwing.

PTILOGONATIDAE

Phainoptila melanoxantha Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcher.
Ptilogonys cinereus Gray Silky-flycatcher.
Ptilogonys caudatus Long-tailed Silky-flycatcher.
Phainopepla nitens Phainopepla.

DULIDAE

Dulus dominicus Palmchat.

PEUCEDRAMIDAE

Peucedramus taeniatus Olive Warbler.

PARULIDAE

Vermivora bachmanii Bachman's Warbler.
Vermivora pinus Blue-winged Warbler.
Vermivora chrysoptera Golden-winged Warbler.
Vermivora peregrina Tennessee Warbler.
Vermivora celata Orange-crowned Warbler.
Vermivora ruficapilla Nashville Warbler.
Vermivora virginiae Virginia's Warbler.
Vermivora crissalis Colima Warbler.
Vermivora luciae Lucy's Warbler.
Parula gutturalis Flame-throated Warbler.
Parula superciliosa Crescent-chested Warbler.
Parula americana Northern Parula.
Parula pitiayumi Tropical Parula.
Dendroica petechia Yellow Warbler.
Dendroica pensylvanica Chestnut-sided Warbler.
Dendroica magnolia Magnolia Warbler.
Dendroica tigrina Cape May Warbler.
Dendroica caerulescens Black-throated Blue Warbler.
Dendroica coronata Yellow-rumped Warbler.
Dendroica nigrescens Black-throated Gray Warbler.
Dendroica chrysoparia Golden-cheeked Warbler.
Dendroica virens Black-throated Green Warbler.
Dendroica townsendi Townsend's Warbler.
Dendroica occidentalis Hermit Warbler.
Dendroica fusca Blackburnian Warbler.
Dendroica dominica Yellow-throated Warbler.
Dendroica graciae Grace's Warbler.
Dendroica adelaidae Adelaide's Warbler.
Dendroica subita Barbuda Warbler.
Dendroica delicata St. Lucia Warbler.
Dendroica pityophila Olive-capped Warbler.
Dendroica pinus Pine Warbler.
Dendroica kirtlandii Kirtland's Warbler.
Dendroica discolor Prairie Warbler.
Dendroica vitellina Vitelline Warbler.
Dendroica palmarum Palm Warbler.
Dendroica castanea Bay-breasted Warbler.
Dendroica striata Blackpoll Warbler.
Dendroica cerulea Cerulean Warbler.
Dendroica plumbea Plumbeous Warbler.
Dendroica pharetra Arrowhead Warbler.
Dendroica angelae Elfin-woods Warbler.
Catharopeza bishopi Whistling Warbler.
Mniotilta varia Black-and-white Warbler.
Setophaga ruticilla American Redstart.
Protonotaria citrea Prothonotary Warbler.
Helmitheros vermivorum Worm-eating Warbler.
Limnothlypis swainsonii Swainson's Warbler.
Seiurus aurocapilla Ovenbird.
Seiurus noveboracensis Northern Waterthrush.
Seiurus motacilla Louisiana Waterthrush.
Oporornis formosus Kentucky Warbler.
Oporornis agilis Connecticut Warbler.
Oporornis philadelphia Mourning Warbler.
Oporornis tolmiei MacGillivray's Warbler.
Geothlypis trichas Common Yellowthroat.
Geothlypis beldingi Belding's Yellowthroat.
Geothlypis flavovelata Altamira Yellowthroat.
Geothlypis rostrata Bahama Yellowthroat.
Geothlypis semiflava Olive-crowned Yellowthroat.
Geothlypis speciosa Black-polled Yellowthroat.
Geothlypis nelsoni Hooded Yellowthroat.
Geothlypis aequinoctialis Masked Yellowthroat.
Geothlypis poliocephala Gray-crowned Yellowthroat.
*Microligea palustris Green-tailed Warbler.
*Teretistris fernandinae Yellow-headed Warbler.
*Teretistris fornsi Oriente Warbler.
Leucopeza semperi Semper's Warbler.
Wilsonia citrina Hooded Warbler.
Wilsonia pusilla Wilson's Warbler.
Wilsonia canadensis Canada Warbler.
Cardellina rubrifrons Red-faced Warbler.
Ergaticus ruber Red Warbler.
Ergaticus versicolor Pink-headed Warbler.
Myioborus pictus Painted Redstart.
Myioborus miniatus Slate-throated Redstart.
Myioborus torquatus Collared Redstart.
Euthlypis lachrymosa Fan-tailed Warbler.
Basileuterus culicivorus Golden-crowned Warbler.
Basileuterus rufifrons Rufous-capped Warbler.
Basileuterus belli Golden-browed Warbler.
Basileuterus melanogenys Black-cheeked Warbler.
Basileuterus ignotus Pirre Warbler.
Basileuterus tristriatus Three-striped Warbler.
Phaeothlypis fulvicauda Buff-rumped Warbler.
*Zeledonia coronata Wrenthrush.
*Icteria virens Yellow-breasted Chat.
*Granatellus venustus Red-breasted Chat.
*Granatellus sallaei Gray-throated Chat.
*Xenoligea montana White-winged Warbler.

Genus INCERTAE SEDIS

*Coereba flaveola Bananaquit.

THRAUPIDAE

Conirostrum leucogenys White-eared Conebill.
*Nesospingus speculiferus Puerto Rican Tanager.
*Chlorospingus ophthalmicus Common Bush-Tanager.
*Chlorospingus tacarcunae Tacarcuna Bush-Tanager.
*Chlorospingus inornatus Pirre Bush-Tanager.
*Chlorospingus pileatus Sooty-capped Bush-Tanager.
*Chlorospingus flavigularis Yellow-throated Bush-Tanager.
*Chlorospingus canigularis Ashy-throated Bush-Tanager.
Hemithraupis flavicollis Yellow-backed Tanager.
Chrysothlypis chrysomelas Black-and-yellow Tanager.
*Phaenicophilus palmarum Black-crowned Palm-Tanager.
*Phaenicophilus poliocephalus Gray-crowned Palm-Tanager.
*Calyptophilus tertius Western Chat-Tanager.
*Calyptophilus frugivorus Eastern Chat-Tanager.
*Rhodinocichla rosea Rosy Thrush-Tanager.
*Mitrospingus cassinii Dusky-faced Tanager.
*Chlorothraupis carmioli Olive Tanager.
*Chlorothraupis olivacea Lemon-spectacled Tanager.
Eucometis penicillata Gray-headed Tanager.
Lanio aurantius Black-throated Shrike-Tanager.
Lanio leucothorax White-throated Shrike-Tanager.
Heterospingus rubrifrons Sulphur-rumped Tanager.
Heterospingus xanthopygius Scarlet-browed Tanager.
Tachyphonus luctuosus White-shouldered Tanager.
Tachyphonus delatrii Tawny-crested Tanager.
Tachyphonus rufus White-lined Tanager.
*Habia rubica Red-crowned Ant-Tanager.
*Habia fuscicauda Red-throated Ant-Tanager.
*Habia atrimaxillaris Black-cheeked Ant-Tanager.
*Piranga roseogularis Rose-throated Tanager.
*Piranga flava Hepatic Tanager.
*Piranga rubra Summer Tanager.
*Piranga olivacea Scarlet Tanager.
*Piranga ludoviciana Western Tanager.
*Piranga bidentata Flame-colored Tanager.
*Piranga leucoptera White-winged Tanager.
*Piranga erythrocephala Red-headed Tanager.
Ramphocelus sanguinolentus Crimson-collared Tanager.
Ramphocelus dimidiatus Crimson-backed Tanager.
Ramphocelus passerinii Passerini's Tanager.
Ramphocelus costaricensis Cherrie's Tanager.
Ramphocelus flammigerus Flame-rumped Tanager.
*Spindalis zena Western Spindalis.
*Spindalis nigricephala Jamaican Spindalis.
*Spindalis dominicensis Hispaniolan Spindalis.
*Spindalis portoricensis Puerto Rican Spindalis.
Thraupis episcopus Blue-gray Tanager.
Thraupis abbas Yellow-winged Tanager.
Thraupis palmarum Palm Tanager.
Bangsia arcaei Blue-and-gold Tanager.
Tangara inornata Plain-colored Tanager.
Tangara cabanisi Azure-rumped Tanager.
Tangara palmeri Gray-and-gold Tanager.
Tangara florida Emerald Tanager.
Tangara icterocephala Silver-throated Tanager.
Tangara guttata Speckled Tanager.
Tangara gyrola Bay-headed Tanager.
Tangara lavinia Rufous-winged Tanager.
Tangara cucullata Lesser Antillean Tanager.
Tangara larvata Golden-hooded Tanager.
Tangara dowii Spangle-cheeked Tanager.
Tangara fucosa Green-naped Tanager.
Dacnis venusta Scarlet-thighed Dacnis.
Dacnis cayana Blue Dacnis.
Dacnis viguieri Viridian Dacnis.
Chlorophanes spiza Green Honeycreeper.
Cyanerpes lucidus Shining Honeycreeper.
Cyanerpes caeruleus Purple Honeycreeper.
Cyanerpes cyaneus Red-legged Honeycreeper.
Tersina viridis Swallow Tanager.

EMBERIZIDAE

*Volatinia jacarina Blue-black Grassquit.
*Sporophila schistacea Slate-colored Seedeater.
*Sporophila americana Variable Seedeater.
*Sporophila torqueola White-collared Seedeater.
*Sporophila nigricollis Yellow-bellied Seedeater.
*Sporophila minuta Ruddy-breasted Seedeater.
*Oryzoborus nuttingi Nicaraguan Seed-Finch.
*Oryzoborus funereus Thick-billed Seed-Finch.
*Amaurospiza concolor Blue Seedeater.
*Melopyrrha nigra Cuban Bullfinch.
*Tiaris canorus Cuban Grassquit.
*Tiaris olivaceus Yellow-faced Grassquit.
*Tiaris bicolor Black-faced Grassquit.
*Loxipasser anoxanthus Yellow-shouldered Grassquit.
*Loxigilla portoricensis Puerto Rican Bullfinch.
*Loxigilla violacea Greater Antillean Bullfinch.
*Loxigilla noctis Lesser Antillean Bullfinch.
*Loxigilla barbadensis Barbados Bullfinch.
*Euneornis campestris Orangequit.
*Melanospiza richardsoni St. Lucia Black Finch.
*Pinaroloxias inornata Cocos Finch.
*Haplospiza rustica Slaty Finch.
*Acanthidops bairdii Peg-billed Finch.
*Diglossa baritula Cinnamon-bellied Flowerpiercer.
*Diglossa plumbea Slaty Flowerpiercer.
*Sicalis flaveola Saffron Finch.
*Sicalis luteola Grassland Yellow-Finch.
*Emberizoides herbicola Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch.
*Paroaria coronata Red-crested Cardinal. (H, I)
*Paroaria capitata Yellow-billed Cardinal. (H, I)
Lysurus crassirostris Sooty-faced Finch.
Pselliophorus tibialis Yellow-thighed Finch.
Pselliophorus luteoviridis Yellow-green Finch.
Pezopetes capitalis Large-footed Finch.
Atlapetes albinucha White-naped Brush-Finch.
Atlapetes pileatus Rufous-capped Brush-Finch.
Buarremon brunneinucha Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch.
Buarremon virenticeps Green-striped Brush-Finch.
Buarremon torquatus Stripe-headed Brush-Finch.
Arremon aurantiirostris Orange-billed Sparrow.
Arremonops rufivirgatus Olive Sparrow.
Arremonops chloronotus Green-backed Sparrow.
Arremonops conirostris Black-striped Sparrow.
Melozone kieneri Rusty-crowned Ground-Sparrow.
Melozone biarcuata Prevost's Ground-Sparrow.
Melozone leucotis White-eared Ground-Sparrow.
Pipilo chlorurus Green-tailed Towhee.
Pipilo ocai Collared Towhee.
Pipilo maculatus Spotted Towhee.
Pipilo erythrophthalmus Eastern Towhee.
Pipilo albicollis White-throated Towhee.
Pipilo fuscus Canyon Towhee.
Pipilo crissalis California Towhee.
Pipilo aberti Abert's Towhee.
Aimophila ruficauda Stripe-headed Sparrow.
Aimophila humeralis Black-chested Sparrow.
Aimophila mystacalis Bridled Sparrow.
Aimophila sumichrasti Cinnamon-tailed Sparrow.
Aimophila carpalis Rufous-winged Sparrow.
Aimophila cassinii Cassin's Sparrow.
Aimophila aestivalis Bachman's Sparrow.
Aimophila botterii Botteri's Sparrow.
Aimophila ruficeps Rufous-crowned Sparrow.
Aimophila rufescens Rusty Sparrow.
Aimophila notosticta Oaxaca Sparrow.
Aimophila quinquestriata Five-striped Sparrow.
Oriturus superciliosus Striped Sparrow.
Torreornis inexpectata Zapata Sparrow.
Spizella arborea American Tree Sparrow.
Spizella passerina Chipping Sparrow.
Spizella pallida Clay-colored Sparrow.
Spizella breweri Brewer's Sparrow.
Spizella pusilla Field Sparrow.
Spizella wortheni Worthen's Sparrow.
Spizella atrogularis Black-chinned Sparrow.
Pooecetes gramineus Vesper Sparrow.
Chondestes grammacus Lark Sparrow.
Amphispiza bilineata Black-throated Sparrow.
Amphispiza belli Sage Sparrow.
Calamospiza melanocorys Lark Bunting.
Passerculus sandwichensis Savannah Sparrow.
Ammodramus savannarum Grasshopper Sparrow.
Ammodramus bairdii Baird's Sparrow.
Ammodramus henslowii Henslow's Sparrow.
Ammodramus leconteii Le Conte's Sparrow.
Ammodramus nelsoni Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow.
Ammodramus caudacutus Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow.
Ammodramus maritimus Seaside Sparrow.
Xenospiza baileyi Sierra Madre Sparrow.
Passerella iliaca Fox Sparrow.
Melospiza melodia Song Sparrow.
Melospiza lincolnii Lincoln's Sparrow.
Melospiza georgiana Swamp Sparrow.
Zonotrichia capensis Rufous-collared Sparrow.
Zonotrichia albicollis White-throated Sparrow.
Zonotrichia querula Harris's Sparrow.
Zonotrichia leucophrys White-crowned Sparrow.
Zonotrichia atricapilla Golden-crowned Sparrow.
Junco vulcani Volcano Junco.
Junco hyemalis Dark-eyed Junco.
Junco phaeonotus Yellow-eyed Junco.
*Calcarius mccownii McCown's Longspur.
*Calcarius lapponicus Lapland Longspur.
*Calcarius pictus Smith's Longspur.
*Calcarius ornatus Chestnut-collared Longspur.
Emberiza leucocephalos Pine Bunting. (A)
Emberiza pusilla Little Bunting. (A)
Emberiza rustica Rustic Bunting. (A)
Emberiza elegans Yellow-throated Bunting. (A)
Emberiza aureola Yellow-breasted Bunting. (A)
Emberiza variabilis Gray Bunting. (A)
Emberiza pallasi Pallas's Bunting. (A)
Emberiza schoeniclus Reed Bunting. (A)
*Plectrophenax nivalis Snow Bunting.
*Plectrophenax hyperboreus McKay's Bunting.

CARDINALIDAE

*Saltator albicollis Lesser Antillean Saltator.
*Saltator striatipectus Streaked Saltator.
*Saltator coerulescens Grayish Saltator.
*Saltator maximus Buff-throated Saltator.
*Saltator atriceps Black-headed Saltator.
*Saltator grossus Slate-colored Grosbeak.
Caryothraustes poliogaster Black-faced Grosbeak.
Caryothraustes canadensis Yellow-green Grosbeak.
Rhodothraupis celaeno Crimson-collared Grosbeak.
Cardinalis cardinalis Northern Cardinal.
Cardinalis sinuatus Pyrrhuloxia.
Pheucticus chrysopeplus Yellow Grosbeak.
Pheucticus tibialis Black-thighed Grosbeak.
Pheucticus ludovicianus Rose-breasted Grosbeak.
Pheucticus melanocephalus Black-headed Grosbeak.
Cyanocompsa cyanoides Blue-black Grosbeak.
Cyanocompsa parellina Blue Bunting.
Passerina caerulea Blue Grosbeak.
Passerina amoena Lazuli Bunting.
Passerina cyanea Indigo Bunting.
Passerina rositae Rose-bellied Bunting.
Passerina leclancherii Orange-breasted Bunting.
Passerina versicolor Varied Bunting.
Passerina ciris Painted Bunting.
Spiza americana Dickcissel.

ICTERIDAE

Dolichonyx oryzivorus Bobolink.
Agelaius phoeniceus Red-winged Blackbird.
Agelaius assimilis Red-shouldered Blackbird.
Agelaius tricolor Tricolored Blackbird.
Agelaius humeralis Tawny-shouldered Blackbird.
Agelaius xanthomus Yellow-shouldered Blackbird.
Nesopsar nigerrimus Jamaican Blackbird.
Sturnella militaris Red-breasted Blackbird.
Sturnella magna Eastern Meadowlark.
Sturnella neglecta Western Meadowlark.
Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Yellow-headed Blackbird.
Dives dives Melodious Blackbird.
Dives atroviolaceus Cuban Blackbird.
Euphagus carolinus Rusty Blackbird.
Euphagus cyanocephalus Brewer's Blackbird.
Quiscalus quiscula Common Grackle.
Quiscalus major Boat-tailed Grackle.
Quiscalus mexicanus Great-tailed Grackle.
Quiscalus palustris Slender-billed Grackle.
Quiscalus nicaraguensis Nicaraguan Grackle.
Quiscalus niger Greater Antillean Grackle.
Quiscalus lugubris Carib Grackle.
Molothrus bonariensis Shiny Cowbird.
Molothrus aeneus Bronzed Cowbird.
Molothrus ater Brown-headed Cowbird.
Molothrus oryzivorus Giant Cowbird.
Icterus dominicensis Greater Antillean Oriole.
Icterus laudabilis St. Lucia Oriole.
Icterus oberi Montserrat Oriole.
Icterus bonana Martinique Oriole.
Icterus wagleri Black-vented Oriole.
Icterus maculialatus Bar-winged Oriole.
Icterus prosthemelas Black-cowled Oriole.
Icterus spurius Orchard Oriole.
Icterus cucullatus Hooded Oriole.
Icterus chrysater Yellow-backed Oriole.
Icterus auricapillus Orange-crowned Oriole.
Icterus mesomelas Yellow-tailed Oriole.
Icterus icterus Troupial. (I)
Icterus pustulatus Streak-backed Oriole.
Icterus bullockii Bullock's Oriole.
Icterus auratus Orange Oriole.
Icterus leucopteryx Jamaican Oriole.
Icterus pectoralis Spot-breasted Oriole.
Icterus gularis Altamira Oriole.
Icterus graduacauda Audubon's Oriole.
Icterus galbula Baltimore Oriole.
Icterus abeillei Black-backed Oriole.
Icterus parisorum Scott's Oriole.
Amblycercus holosericeus Yellow-billed Cacique.
Cacicus uropygialis Scarlet-rumped Cacique.
Cacicus cela Yellow-rumped Cacique.
Cacicus melanicterus Yellow-winged Cacique.
Psarocolius decumanus Crested Oropendola.
Psarocolius wagleri Chestnut-headed Oropendola.
Psarocolius montezuma Montezuma Oropendola.
Psarocolius guatimozinus Black Oropendola.

FRINGILLIDAE
Fringillinae
Fringilla coelebs Common Chaffinch. (A)
Fringilla montifringilla Brambling.
Euphoniinae
Euphonia jamaica Jamaican Euphonia.
Euphonia affinis Scrub Euphonia.
Euphonia luteicapilla Yellow-crowned Euphonia.
Euphonia laniirostris Thick-billed Euphonia.
Euphonia hirundinacea Yellow-throated Euphonia.
Euphonia musica Antillean Euphonia.
Euphonia elegantissima Elegant Euphonia.
Euphonia fulvicrissa Fulvous-vented Euphonia.
Euphonia imitans Spot-crowned Euphonia.
Euphonia gouldi Olive-backed Euphonia.
Euphonia minuta White-vented Euphonia.
Euphonia anneae Tawny-capped Euphonia.
Euphonia xanthogaster Orange-bellied Euphonia.
Chlorophonia flavirostris Yellow-collared Chlorophonia. (A)
Chlorophonia occipitalis Blue-crowned Chlorophonia.
Chlorophonia callophrys Golden-browed Chlorophonia.
Carduelinae
Leucosticte tephrocotis Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch.
Leucosticte atrata Black Rosy-Finch.
Leucosticte australis Brown-capped Rosy-Finch.
Pinicola enucleator Pine Grosbeak.
Carpodacus erythrinus Common Rosefinch. (N)
Carpodacus purpureus Purple Finch.
Carpodacus cassinii Cassin's Finch.
Carpodacus mexicanus House Finch.
Loxia curvirostra Red Crossbill.
Loxia megaplaga Hispaniolan Crossbill.
Loxia leucoptera White-winged Crossbill.
Carduelis flammea Common Redpoll.
Carduelis hornemanni Hoary Redpoll.
Carduelis spinus Eurasian Siskin. (A)
Carduelis pinus Pine Siskin.
Carduelis atriceps Black-capped Siskin.
Carduelis notata Black-headed Siskin.
Carduelis xanthogastra Yellow-bellied Siskin.
Carduelis cucullata Red Siskin. (I)
Carduelis dominicensis Antillean Siskin.
Carduelis psaltria Lesser Goldfinch.
Carduelis lawrencei Lawrence's Goldfinch.
Carduelis tristis American Goldfinch.
Carduelis carduelis European Goldfinch. (I)
Carduelis sinica Oriental Greenfinch. (A)
Serinus mozambicus Yellow-fronted Canary. (I)
Serinus canaria Common Canary. (I)
Pyrrhula pyrrhula Eurasian Bullfinch. (A)
Coccothraustes abeillei Hooded Grosbeak.
Coccothraustes vespertinus Evening Grosbeak.
Coccothraustes coccothraustes Hawfinch. (A)
Drepanidinae
Telespiza cantans Laysan Finch. (H)
Telespiza ultima Nihoa Finch.(H)
Psittirostra psittacea Ou.(H)
Dysmorodrepanis munroi Lanai Hookbill.(H)
Loxioides bailleui Palila.(H)
Rhodacanthis flaviceps Lesser Koa-Finch.(H)
Rhodacanthis palmeri Greater Koa-Finch.(H)
Chloridops kona Kona Grosbeak.(H)
Pseudonestor xanthophrys Maui Parrotbill.(H)
Hemignathus virens Hawaii Amakihi.(H)
Hemignathus flavus Oahu Amakihi.(H)
Hemignathus kauaiensis Kauai Amakihi.(H)
Hemignathus parvus Anianiau.(H)
Hemignathus sagittirostris Greater Amakihi.(H)
Hemignathus obscurus Lesser Akialoa.(H)
Hemignathus ellisianus Greater Akialoa.(H)
Hemignathus lucidus Nukupuu.(H)
Hemignathus munroi Akiapolaau.(H)
Oreomystis bairdi Akikiki.(H)
Oreomystis mana Hawaii Creeper.(H)
Paroreomyza maculata Oahu Alauahio.(H)
Paroreomyza flammea Kakawahie.(H)
Paroreomyza montana Maui Alauahio.(H)
Loxops caeruleirostris Akekee.(H)
Loxops coccineus Akepa.(H)
Ciridops anna Ula-ai-hawane.(H)
Vestiaria coccinea Iiwi.(H)
Drepanis pacifica Hawaii Mamo.(H)
Drepanis funerea Black Mamo.(H)
Palmeria dolei Akohekohe.(H)
Himatione sanguinea Apapane.(H)
Melamprosops phaeosoma Poo-uli.(H)

PASSERIDAE

Passer domesticus House Sparrow. (I)
Passer montanus Eurasian Tree Sparrow. (I)

PLOCEIDAE
Ploceinae
Ploceus cucullatus Village Weaver. (I)
Euplectes franciscanus Orange Bishop. (I)
Euplectes afer Yellow-crowned Bishop. (I)

ESTRILDIDAE
Estrildinae
Uraeginthus bengalus Red-cheeked Cordonbleu. (H, I)
Estrilda caerulescens Lavender Waxbill. (H, I)
Estrilda melpoda Orange-cheeked Waxbill. (I)
Estrilda troglodytes Black-rumped Waxbill. (I)
Estrilda astrild Common Waxbill. (I)
Amandava amandava Red Avadavat. (I)
Lonchura malabarica Indian Silverbill. (I)
Lonchura cantans African Silverbill. (I)
Lonchura cucullata Bronze Mannikin. (I)
Lonchura punctulata Nutmeg Mannikin. (I)
Lonchura malacca Tricolored Munia. (I)
Lonchura atricapilla Chestnut Munia. (I)
Padda oryzivora Java Sparrow. (I)
Viduinae
Vidua macroura Pin-tailed Whydah. (I)

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