whose founder Late Dwarkanath Ghose
invented the hand harmonium in its present form ,was established
in the year 1875.
bulky Pedal harmonium by Alexander and other French makers (Played
by both hands and pedaled by legs sitting on a stool or chair)
were rather unsuitable for the average Indian homes, where chairs
were seldom used at the time we are talking about.
Harmonium Flute or Organ Accordian was a very clever invention
of Mansieur Busson of Paris (being an adaption of the German
Accordian and Harmonium). Busson's Harmony 'Flute' was originally
intented for European home, to be used as an accompaniment to
the Piano in place of the German Accordian. Though melodious
in tone and existed on the market for a decade or so, was never
widely used because it had several drawbacks and rather complicated
in its construction and design.
There was a great deal of room for improvement and it was left
to Mr.Dwarkanath Ghose to effect same to perfection.He entirely
altered the design of the Reed -board, Key-board and the Bellows
and made the construction simpler, easier to manipulate and
repair, and much more durable.
After repeated and ardous experiments he gave the Hand Harmonium,
the shape and form now seen (suitable for playing by sitting
on the floor) and he (known as Dwarka) thus, is generally conceded
to be The inventor of Hand Harmonium.
The invention of this Hand Harmonium by Mr.Ghose and the Quality
of Dwarkin's Harmonium has been appreciated by eminent people
of the music circle in India and abroad which include such great
names as Rabindranath Tagore, Jyotirindranath Tagore, Upendra
Kishore Roychowdhry and others.
With the introduction of Hand Harmonium, the popularity of music
has grown immensely, as, with the help of harmonium even ordinary
people with limited purse can learn and practise music without
much help from outside. This would not have been possible but
for the simplicity of design worked out by Mr.Ghose and consequently
low cost of production.
Since the inception of our establishment 131years ago (Estd.1875),
we constantly endeavour to follow our founder's idealism, to
improve and maintain quality and standard of production. We
pray his blessings to continue the dedicated serving for a heavenly
object- the "MUSIC".
Dwarkin & Son (P) Ltd
Tradition of Music & Culture (1875-2000 )
East, Kolkata 700 069
Phone : 2248-2929
EB 3, Deshbandhu Nagar
Baguiati Main Road, Kolkata 700 059
Phone : 2576 -1149