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Jordan Facts and FiguresfromEncartaGo to article
Basic Facts
Official nameHashemite Kingdom of Jordan
CapitalAmman
Area89,556 sq km
34,578 sq mi
Jordan: Flag and Anthem
Jordan: Flag and Anthem
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People
Population5,906,760 (2006 estimate)
Population growth
Population growth rate2.49 percent (2006 estimate)
Projected population in 20258,651,714 (2006 estimate)
Projected population in 205011,772,789 (2006 estimate)
Population density65 persons per sq km (2006 estimate)
167 persons per sq mi (2006 estimate)
Urban/rural distribution
Share urban79 percent (2003 estimate)
Share rural21 percent (2003 estimate)
Largest cities, with population
Amman1,147,447 (2000 estimate)
Az Zarqā’428,623 (2000 estimate)
Irbid247,275 (2000 estimate)
Al ‘Aqabah41,900 (1989 estimate)
Ethnic groups
Arab98 percent
Circassian1 percent
Armenian1 percent
Languages
Arabic (official), English widely understood among educated population
Religious affiliations
Muslim (Islam is the official religion; almost all Sunni Muslim)93 percent
Christian4 percent
Nonreligious2 percent
Other1 percent
Health and Education
Life expectancy
Total78.4 years (2006 estimate)
Female81 years (2006 estimate)
Male75.9 years (2006 estimate)
Infant mortality rate17 deaths per 1,000 live births (2006 estimate)
Population per physician488 people (2004)
Population per hospital bed588 people (2003)
Literacy rate
Total92.4 percent (2005 estimate)
Female87.9 percent (2005 estimate)
Male96.5 percent (2005 estimate)
Education expenditure as a share of gross national product (GNP)5.1 percent (1999-2000)
Number of years of compulsory schooling10 years (2002-2003)
Number of students per teacher, primary school20 students per teacher (2002-2003)
Government
Form of governmentConstitutional monarchy
Head of stateKing
Head of governmentPrime minister
LegislatureBicameral legislature
Chamber of Deputies: 110 members
Senate: 40 members
Voting qualificationsUniversal at age 20
Constitution8 January 1952; amended 1974, 1976, 1984
Highest courtCourt of Cassation
Armed forces
Total number of military personnel100,500 (2004)
Military expenditures as a share of gross domestic product (GDP)8.7 percent (2003)
First-level political divisions12 governorates
Economy
Gross domestic product (GDP, in U.S.$)$11.5 billion (2004)
GDP per capita (U.S.$)$2,120 (2004)
GDP by economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing2.8 percent (2004)
Industry28.9 percent (2004)
Services68.4 percent (2004)
Employment
Number of workers1,809,684 (2004)
Workforce share of economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing6 percent (1993)
Industry25 percent (1993)
Services69 percent (1993)
Unemployment rate13.2 percent (2000)
National budget (U.S.$)
Total revenue$2,944 million (2004)
Total expenditure$3,667 million (2004)
Monetary unit
1 Jordanian dinar (Jd), consisting of 1,000 fil
Major trade partners for exports
Iraq, United States, India, Saudi Arabia, and Israel
Major trade partners for imports
Iraq, Germany, United States, China, and France
Energy, Communications, and Transportation
Electricity production
Electricity from thermal sources99.41 percent (2003 estimate)
Electricity from hydroelectric sources0.55 percent (2003 estimate)
Electricity from nuclear sources0 percent (2003 estimate)
Electricity from geothermal, solar, and wind sources0.04 percent (2003 estimate)
Number of radios per 1,000 people271 (1997)
Number of telephones per 1,000 people113 (2004)
Number of televisions per 1,000 people119 (2000 estimate)
Number of Internet hosts per 10,000 people5.7 (2003)
Daily newspaper circulation per 1,000 people75 (1998)
Number of motor vehicles per 1,000 people99 (2003)
Paved road as a share of total roads100 percent (2003)
Sources
Basic Facts and People sections
Area data are from the statistical bureaus of individual countries. Population, population growth rate, and population projections are from the United States Census Bureau, International Programs Center, International Data Base (IDB) (www.census.gov). Urban and rural population data are from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN), FAOSTAT database (www.fao.org). Largest cities population data and political divisions data are from the statistical bureaus of individual countries. Ethnic divisions and religion data are largely from the latest Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook and from various country censuses and reports. Language data are largely from the Ethnologue, Languages of the World, Summer Institute of Linguistics International (www.sil.org).
Health and Education section
Life expectancy and infant mortality data are from the United States Census Bureau, International Programs Center, International database (IDB) (www.census.gov). Population per physician and population per hospital bed data are from the World Health Organization (WHO) (www.who.int). Education data are from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) database (www.unesco.org).
Government section
Government, independence, legislature, constitution, highest court, and voting qualifications data are largely from various government Web sites, the latest Europa World Yearbook, and the latest Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook. The armed forces data is from Military Balance.
Economy section
Gross domestic product (GDP), GDP per capita, GDP by economic sectors, employment, and national budget data are from the World Bank database (www.worldbank.org). Monetary unit, agriculture, mining, manufacturing, exports, imports, and major trade partner information is from the statistical bureaus of individual countries, latest Europa World Yearbook, and various United Nations and International Monetary Fund (IMF) publications.
Energy, Communication, and Transportation section
Electricity information is from the Energy Information Administration (EIA) database (www.eia.doe.gov). Radio, telephone, television, and newspaper information is from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) database (www.unesco.org). Internet hosts, motor vehicles, and road data are from the World Bank database (www.worldbank.org).
Note
Figures may not total 100 percent due to rounding.
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