Science & Technology
The 100th smallest country, with less
than 1/1000th of the world's population, can lay claim to
- The cell phone was first developed at the Motorola plant
Most of the Windows NT and XP operating systems were developed
The Pentium MMX Chip technology was designed in Israel at
Both the Pentium-4 microprocessor for desktop computers and
the Centrino processor for laptops were entirely designed,
developed and produced in Israel.
Voice mail technology was developed in Israel. The Israeli
company Amdocs is the largest company in the world in this
Both Microsoft and Cisco built their only foreign-based research
and development facilities in Israel.
The program ICQ, which is the technological basis for AOL
Instant Messenger, was developed in 1996 by four young Israelis.
Disk on Key - a portable, virtual hard disk - was developed
by the Israeli company M-Systems.
Israel has the highest number of personal computers per capita
in the world.
Israel has the highest number of university degrees per capita
in the world.
Israel produces more scientific papers per capita than any
other nation by a large margin - 109 per 10,000 people - as
well as one of the highest per capita rates of patents filed.
In proportion to its population, Israel has the largest number
of startup companies in the world. In absolute terms, Israel
has the largest number of startup companies than any other
country in the world, except the US.
With more than 3,000 high-tech companies and startups, Israel
has the highest concentration of hi-tech companies in the
world - apart from Silicon Valley.
Israel is ranked #2 in the world for venture capital funds
right behind the United States.
Outside the United States and Canada, Israel has the largest
number of companies listed on NASDAQ.
Israel has the highest average living standards in the Middle
East. The per capita income in 2000 was over $17,500, exceeding
that of the United Kingdom.
On a per capita basis, Israel has the largest number of biotech
Twenty four percent of Israel's workforce holds university
degrees - ranking third in the industrialized world, after
the United States and Holland - and 12 percent hold advanced
Israel has the third highest rate of entrepreneurship - and
the highest rate among women and among people over 55 in the
Relative to its population, Israel is the largest immigrant-absorbing
nation on earth.
Israel has the world's second highest supply of new books
Israel has more museums per capita than any other country.
Israeli scientists developed the first fully computerized,
no-radiation diagnostic instrumentation for breast cancer.
An Israeli company developed a computerized system for ensuring
proper administration of medications, thus removing human
error from medical treatment. Every year in U. S. hospitals
7,000 patients die from treatment mistakes.
Israel's Given Imaging developed the PillCam - the first ingestible
video camera, which is so small it fits inside a pill. Used
to view the small intestine from the inside, the camera helps
doctors diagnose cancer and digestive disorders.
Researchers in Israel developed a new device that directly
helps the heart pump blood. The new device is synchronized
with the heart's mechanical operations through a sophisticated
system of sensors.
Israel leads the world in the number of scientists and technicians
in the workforce, with 145 per 10,000, as opposed to 85 in
the U.S., over 70 in Japan, and less than 60 in Germany.
A new acne treatment developed in Israel causes acne bacteria
to self-destruct - all without damaging surroundings skin
An Israeli company was the first to develop and install a
large-scale solar-powered and fully functional electricity
generating plant in Southern California's Mojave Desert.
The first computer anti-virus software package was developed
in Israel back in the 1970's.
Major law enforcement agencies use Israeli technologies to
monitor voices and messages on conventional phones, mobile
phones and e-mails.
An Israeli company, Teva, is the world's largest generic pharmaceutical
A new brain implant has been developed in Israel that can
lower the risk of stroke by diverting blood clots away from
sensitive areas of the brain.
IBM scientists in Israel are playing a vital role in a massive
project of the European Organization for Nuclear Research
(CERN) to discover the origins of life on earth.
Israeli software company Check Point is the global leader
in Virtual Private Network (VPN) and firewall technologies.
Israeli company Elta is responsible for the world's first
civilian aircraft equipped with technology designed to protect
airliners from a missile attack.
Mashav, the Israeli Foreign Ministry's Center for International
Cooperation has trained over 200,000 international aid workers
that have traveled to dozens of countries to help with medicine,
agriculture, disaster relief, and many other issues.
Israel has, for many years, held the world record in milk
Rummikub, the third highest selling board game in the world,
is manufactured in a family-run plant in the small southern
Israeli town of Arad.
Drip irrigation - the system that is based on using plastic
pipes that release small amounts of water next to crops or
plants - was developed by the Israeli engineer Simcha Blas
in the 1970's. The invention caused a revolution in agriculture.
A design submitted by Israeli-born Michael Arad has been chosen
for the World Trade Center Memorial, from amongst 5,000 entries
from around the world.
Israeli company Retalix created the grocery scanners used
at such stores as Costco, Albertson's, and 7-11, as well as
25,000 additional stores and quick-service restaurants throughout
the United States.
Primate research at Hebrew University is leading to the development
of a robotic arm that can respond to the brain commands of
a paralyzed person.
Two Israeli researchers are generating cancer-killing molecules
that will recognize cancerous cells and target them aggressively,
while not affecting normal cells.
Israeli researchers developed a novel stem cell therapy to
treat Parkinson's Disease - using a patient's own bone marrow
stem cells to produce the missing chemical that enables restoration
of motor movement.
Israeli company Silent Communications has developed a type
of silent conversation system for cell phones, so users can
carry on conversations without saying a word.
The Israeli company Wondernet is currently dominating the
world market in document signature authentication, with its
unique scientific method of verifying handwritten signatures.
Israeli Professor Yehuda Finkelstein has discovered the cause
of and cure for halitosis (bad breath).
Cherry tomatoes were originally supposed to be a snack when
they were designed by a group of scientists led by professor
Nahum Keidar from the agriculture faculty at the Weizmann
Institute of Science, with the cooperation of the Israeli
The Quicktionary, a pen size scanner that scans a word or
a sentence and translates it to a different language, was
developed by the Wizcom Company, based in Jerusalem.
Professor Ehud Keinan from the Technion Israel Institute of
Technology developed a pen that identifies an improvised explosive.
The Israeli company Insightec developed an ultrasound system
for removing tumors without surgery.
Researchers at the Technion have developed an antibiotic that
destroys anthrax bacteria as well as the toxins it secretes
into the bloodstream of the infected body.
Epilady, an electric hair removal system, was developed by
Yair Dar and Shimon Yahav from the Goshrim Kibbutz.
The sun-heated water tank, a device that converts solar energy
into thermal energy and that saves about 4% of the national
energy supply, was developed by an engineer from Jerusalem.
Dr. Gal Yadid, Dr. Rachel Mayan, and Professor Abraham Weizman
from Bar Ilan University developed a form of drug rehabilitation
using a natural steroid that is inserted into the brain and
develops a resistance for the drugs.
Alon Moses from Hadassah Medical Center in Jerusalem and Imanuel
Hensky and Carlos Hidelgo-Grass from Hebrew University decoded
the mechanism for Streptococcus A.