The Lake Gwelup was first
recorded in Lands Department records in 1878 as Gwelup Swamp and in
more recent years the surrounds have been cleared and filled seeing recorded as a lake.
In 1831 land near Lake Gwelup was first granted to Thomas Mews. It
passed through several owners before being acquired by Henry Bull of
Sydney in 1891. Gwelup was subdivided by Bull during 1898 and 1899;
however, development was relatively slow and the land was mainly used for
market gardens in the early years. Along North Beach Road and surrounding
suburbs there are remnants of older, rural-style homes and market garden cottages. From the 1970's Gwelup
was transformed from
a rural area to a modern residential suburb. Until recently only a few market gardens
along North Beach Road remained as a reminder of earlier times.
Lake Gwelup is part of
the Perth group of wetlands which also includes Big Carine Swamp, Careniup
Swamp, Lake Monger, Herdsman Lake and Jackadder Lake as well as many other
smaller wetlands. Great portions of the wetlands that once existed in the
metropolitan area have been subject to reclamation or completely filled.
Nearby Careniup Swamp: Careniup Swamp was first recorded as part of a survey
in 1844. The name "Karrinyup" appears to have derived from this
swamp, which is located on the northern boundary of Gwelup. These lakes all
tend to have irregular elongated or regular circular shapes occupying
depressions in the limestone dunes and occur at altitudes of less than 10
Throughout the wetland regions,
aboriginals hunted for kangaroo, emu, snakes, tortoise, mudfish,
gilgies and water birds and their eggs, to name a few food sources. Aboriginal
sites are known to have existed in a few locations about at Gwelup and
other the lake systems.
Lake Gwelup is home to
many species of local flora and fauna as well as international visitors
such as migratory water birds. Local species include: Black Swan (Cygnus
atratus), Western Long-necked Tortoises
(Chelodina oblonga) who eat mosquito larvae as juveniles. The Western Green and Gold Bell
Frog (Litoria moorei) Banjo Frog (Limnodynastes dorsalis)
are among the frogs that can be found at the lake. Unfortunately,
many larger reptile have not survived human intervention and the presence
of dogs and cats.
of Land Administration