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CHOICE OF THE HOST CITY








ROLE OF THE INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE



The IOC’s role is to choose the host city and establish the candidature and election process. The choice of host city is the prerogative of the IOC Session, i.e. the general assembly of the IOC’s members.
The IOC Executive Board determines the procedure to be followed until the election by the Session. Unless there are exceptional circumstances, this election is held seven years before the Olympic Games.
The host city election takes place in a country which does not have a candidate city for the Games in question.










HOST CITY ELECTION PROCEDURE








The procedure leading to the election of a host city for the Olympic Games is governed by the Olympic Charter (Chapter 5, Rule 34 and its bye-law - page 70).




Since December 1999, this procedure has consisted of two phases:

Phase 1: Applicant Cities
Applicant Cities must answer a questionnaire. After studying their replies, the IOC decides which applicant cities will be accepted as candidate cities and can continue with the procedure.

Phase 2: Candidate Cities
The candidate cities must produce a candidature file in line with the instructions given by the IOC. After each file is analysed and the IOC Evaluation Commission produces its report, the IOC Executive Board draws up a final list of candidate cities to be submitted for a vote by the Session to elect the host city.




Phase 1: Applicant cities




In accordance with Rule 34 of the Olympic Charter, any city wishing to stage the Games of the Olympiad or the Olympic Winter Games must be proposed to the IOC by its National Olympic Committee (NOC), with a letter from the city concerned.




No city is considered a "candidate city" until it is accepted as such by the IOC Executive Board. As a result, during this first phase, which lasts around 10 months, all cities are considered as "applicant cities".




Applicant cities are required to answer a questionnaire which provides the IOC with an overview of each city's project to host the Olympic Games. Applications are then assessed by a working group composed of members of the IOC administration, IOC members and external experts to determine the cities' potential to organise the Olympic Games. This assessment includes a number of technical criteria, such as government support, public opinion, general infrastructure, security, venues, accommodation and transport.




In concluding this Candidature Acceptance Procedure, the IOC Executive Board determines which cities are to be accepted as "candidate cities".




Phase 2: Candidature Phase




Those cities accepted as "candidate cities" by the IOC Executive Board go through to a second phase, in which they are required to submit a candidature file to the IOC.




The candidature files are analysed by an Evaluation Commission, which also makes inspections of the candidate cities, before issuing a report, based on which the IOC Executive Board draws up the list of candidate cities to be submitted to the IOC Session for election.




The Evaluation Commission members include representatives of the International Federations (IFs) and NOCs, IOC members, representatives of the IOC Athletes' Commission and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), as well as experts.










MISSIONS


The Olympic Charter


Choice of the host city


Organisation of the Olympic Games


Promotion of women in sport


Protection of athletes


Human development assistance


Promotion of sustainable development


The Olympic Truce


Promotion of Culture and Olympic Education






OLYMPIC CHARTER


Discover the founding text of the Olympic Movement.



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SINGAPORE 2005

Learn more about Singapore 2005

On 6 July 2005, the IOC 117th IOC Session elected London to host the Games of the XXX Olympiad in 2012

 Learn more

FAQS
The key information about the election of an Olympic Games host city:


 Procedure to be followed
 IOC requirements
 Candidature files
 Evaluation
 Host city election


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