T h e B
r i s t o l H i g h C r o s s
In 1373 in Bristol, a high cross was erected at the
main crossroads in the city. It was later a monument to signify four
kings, containing statues of Edward III, Edward IV, Henry III and
king John. Originally the monument was gilded, but in 1633, it was
altered and repaired. Four more figures were also honoured. King Charles
I, Queen Elizabeth I, Henry VI, and James I, had their statues added.
the monument was considered to be, by many of the populous of Bristol,
causing an obstruction in the bustling, busy streets. So 1733 it was
dismantled and removed to College Green and was rebuilt on land owned
by Bristol Cathedral. Unfortunately
for the monument, more complaints were made about it's location. People
were grumbling to the cathedral's dean and in 1768, the cross was
finally donated by the dean to his friend's garden, Henry Hoare of
Stourhead, as an 'ornament'.
set it upon a grassy mound at the head of his lake, and at the entrance
to his gardens.
Cross is a tapering spire of very intricate design. It is mounted
on 5 columns from a square plinth base, finishing in many ornately
decorated arches and thin pinnacles. Set halfway up, in little niches
are the detailed statues of the Kings, 2 for each side of the cross.
the spire becomes crocketed and slightly knobbly, rising up to it's
copper cross some 40ft from the ground.
View through the cross across the lake to the Pantheon.