How did we become a Borough?
Borough was laid out in 1795 and incorporated in 1804. Named for
Somerset County, the Borough was designated as the county seat
when Somerset County was formed from Bedford County in 1795. The
name "Somerset" derived from the same name in England. Located
in the central portion of Somerset County, Somerset Borough is
surrounded by Somerset Township, with Quemahoning, Lincoln and
Jefferson Townships to the west, and Stoneycreek and Brothersvalley
Township to the east. The area is drained by Coxes Creek, which
empties into the Ohio River.
Borough of Somerset has a land area of 2.895 square miles, or 1,344
acres. Recent data indicates that there are:
parcels of agricultural land
parcels of commercial land
parcels of tax exempt (government and non-profit agencies)
parcels of industrial land
parcel of mineral land
parcels of public land
parcels of residential land
Borough, with a 1990 population of 6,454 is the physical and community
hub of Somerset County. It is the only town having an entrance to
the Pennsylvania Turnpike within its Borough limits. In addition,
one interstate and two highways are routed through the center of
town. U.S. 219, providing north-south movement through Pennsylvania,
utilizes North Center Avenue and East Main Street. PA Route 31, providing
east-west passage, traverses Patriot Street as well as East Main
Street. The State Legislative Route 55067-55043 also passes throughout
our central business district.
in population, and commercial and industrial establishments, have
increased the demand for upgraded water and sewer facilities, etc.
Our water treatment plant can now produce two million gallons per
day, with average daily pumping of 1.5 million gallons. Our sewage
treatment plant has been expanded to twice its original capacity.
We can now treat up to two million gallons of sewage a day and can
accommodate up to five million during peak development in the Borough
for years to come.
is a Borough?
The Borough of Somerset is an incorporation
unit of local government.
A "borough" is
an urbanized area where property owners have sought services and/
or protection not provided by another unit of government. Citizens
elect a seven member council which is the legislative and policy
making body. The term of office is four years. Approximately half
of council is elected every two years. Every second year, the council
picks one of its member as president, who chairs the meetings.
mayor is elected. Under the Pennsylvania Borough Code, he is the
administer of the Police Department. He can also veto ordinances
(local laws) passed by the Borough Council.
can also appoint a Manager (professional government administrator)
whom it can delegate authority. In Somerset, he directs all departments.