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April 21




April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). There are 254 days remaining.


Events

*753 BC - Romulus founds Rome (traditional).
*1792 - Tiradentes, a revolutionary who was leading a movement for Brazil's independence, is hanged.
*1836 - Texas Revolution: Battle of San JacintoRepublic of Texas forces under Sam Houston defeat troops under Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
*1863 - Bahá'u'lláh is proclaimed as the head of the Bahá'í Faith.
*1863 - Quantrill's Raiders launch a reprisal raid Lawrence, Kansas in the Battle of Lawrence, killing a number of civilians.
*1894 - Norway formally adopts the Krag-Jørgensen rifle as the main arm of its armed forces, a weapon that would remain in service for almost 50 years.
*1898 - Spanish-American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain as of this date.
*1912 - The New York Giants and New York Yankees play an exhibition game to benefit survivors of the RMS ''Titanic''.
*1918 - World War I: German fighter ace Manfred von Richthofen, known as "The Red Baron," is shot down and killed by Allied fire over Vaux sur Somme in France.
*1930 - A fire at a Columbus, Ohio, USA, penitentiary kills 320 people.
*1944 - Women in France receive the right to vote.
*1945 - World War II: Soviet Union forces south of Berlin at Zossen attack the German High Command headquarters.
*1952 - Secretaries Day (now Administrative Professionals' Day) is first celebrated.
*1955 - Bob Hope's radio program airs its last segment.
*1956 - Elvis Presley's song "Heartbreak Hotel" becomes the "King's" first song to reach the top of the Cash Box magazine http://members.aol.com/_ht_a/randypny/cashbox/1956.html music charts.
*1960 - Brasília, Brazil's capital, is officially inaugurated. At 9:30 am the Three Powers of the Republic are simultaneously transferred from the old capital, Rio de Janeiro.
*1960 - Founding of the Orthodox Bahá'í Faith in Washington, DC.
*1965 - The 1964-1965 New York World's Fair opens for its second and final season.
*1966 - Rastafari movement: Haile Selassie of Ethiopia visits Jamaica, an event now celebrated as Grounation Day.
*1967 - A few days before the general election in Greece, Colonel George Papadopoulos leads a coup d'état, establishing a military regime that lasts for seven years.
*1975 - Vietnam War: President of South Vietnam Nguyen Van Thieu flees Saigon, as Xuan Loc, the last South Vietnamese outpost blocking a direct North Vietnamese assault on Saigon, falls.
*1985 - Ayrton Senna wins the first of 41 Formula One championship races at the Portuguese Grand Prix in Estoril.
*1986 - Geraldo Rivera opens Al Capone's vault on live television and finds nothing.
*1987 - The Tamil Tigers is blamed for a car bomb that explodes in the Sri Lankan capital of Colombo, killing 106 people.
*1989 - Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989: In Beijing, around 100,000 students gather in Tiananmen Square to commemorate the late Chinese reform leader Hu Yaobang.
*1992 - U.S. death penalty: After 13 years on death row, convicted murderer Robert Alton Harris is executed in California's gas chamber.
*1994 - The first discoveries of extrasolar planets are announced by astronomer Alexander Wolszczan.
*2005 - John Negroponte becomes the first United States Director of National Intelligence.

Births


*1555 - Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter (d. 1619)
*1652 - Michel Rolle, French mathematician (d. 1719)
*1671 - John Law, Scottish economist (d. 1729)
*1713 - Louis, 4th duc de Noailles, Marshal of France (d. 1793)
*1729 - Tsarina Catherine II of Russia (d. 1796)
*1774 - Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (d. 1862)
*1775 - Alexander Anderson, American wood-engraver and illustrator (d. 1870)
*1810 - John Putnam Chapin, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1864)
*1811 - Alson Sherman, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1903)
*1814 - Angela Georgina Burdett-Coutts, English philanthropist (d. 1906)
*1816 - Charlotte Brontë, English author (d. 1855)
*1837 - Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1922)
*1838 - John Muir, American environmentalist (d. 1914)
*1851 - Charles Barrois, French geologist (d. 1939)
*1864 - Max Weber, German economist and sociologist (d. 1920)
*1879 - Kartini, Indonesian national heroine (d. 1904)
*1882 - Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1961)
*1889 - Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
*1905 - Pat Brown, American politician (d. 1996)
*1911 - Ivan Combe, American inventor (d. 2000)
*1912 - Marcel Camus, French film director (d. 1982)
*1915 - Anthony Quinn, Mexican-born actor (d. 2001)
*1919 - Don Cornell, American singer (d. 2004)
*1922 - Alistair MacLean, Scottish author (d. 1987)
*1923 - John Mortimer, English barrister and writer
*1926 - Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
*1927 - Gerald Flood, British actor (d. 1989)
*1930 - Silvana Mangano, Italian actress (d. 1989)
*1932 - Elaine May, American comedienne, writer, director, and actress
*1935 - Charles Grodin, American actor and journalist
* 1935 - Thomas Kean, Governor of New Jersey
*1936 - James Dobson, American evangelist
*1938 - Helen Prejean, American nun and writer
*1947 - Iggy Pop, American musician (The Stooges)
*1948 - Gary Condit, American politician
*1949 - Patti Lupone, American singer and actress
*1951 - Tony Danza, American actor and talk show host
*1951 - Michael Hartley Freedman, American mathematician
*1958 - Andie MacDowell, American actress
*1959 - Gene Callahan, American writer
*1959 - Robert Smith, British musician, singer, and songwriter (The Cure)
*1963 - Ken Caminiti, baseball player (d. 2004)
*1963 - Roy Dupuis, Canadian actor
*1964 - Ludmila Engquist, Russian-born Swedish athlete
*1965 - Ed Belfour, Canadian hockey player
*1970 - Nicole Sullivan, American actress, comedienne, and writer
*1971 - Eric Mabius, American actor
*1972 - Ronaldo R. Jovellanos, Filipino artist, singer
*1977 - Jamie Salé, Canadian figure skater
*1980 - Vincent Lecavalier, Canadian hockey player
*1982 - Carnell "Cadillac" Williams, American football player

Deaths


*748 - Empress Gensho of Japan (b. 680)
*1073 - Pope Alexander II
*1109 - Anselm of Canterbury, Archbishop of Canterbury
*1142 - Pierre Abélard, French writer (b. 1079)
*1329 - Frederick IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1282)
*1509 - King Henry VII of England (b. 1457)
*1551 - Oda Nobuhide, Japanese warlord (b. 1510)
*1557 - Petrus Apianus, German mathematician (b. 1495)
*1574 - Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1519)
*1699 - Jean Racine, French dramatist (b. 1639)
*1701 - Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord (b. 1667)
*1719 - Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and historian (b. 1640)
*1720 - Antoine Hamilton, French writer (b. 1646)
*1793 - John Michell, English seismologist (b. 1724)
*1815 - Joseph Winston, U.S. Congressman from North Carolina (b. 1746)
*1868 - Henry James O'Farrell, Australian would-be assassin of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh (Hanged)
*1910 - Mark Twain, American author and humorist (b. 1835)
*1918 - Manfred von Richthofen, German pilot (b. 1892)
*1924 - Eleonora Duse, Italian actress (b. 1858)
*1930 - Robert Bridges, English poet (b. 1844)
*1938 - Allama Iqbal, Indian philosopher and poet (b. 1877)
*1946 - John Maynard Keynes, English economist (b. 1883)
*1956 - Charles MacArthur, American writer (b. 1895)
*1965 - Edward Victor Appleton, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
*1971 - François "Papa Doc" Duvalier, Haitian dictator (b. 1907)
*1973 - Arthur Fadden, thirteenth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1894)
*1977 - Gummo Marx, American actor and comedian (b. 1892)
*1978 - Sandy Denny, British vocalist (b. 1947)
*1978 - Thomas Wyatt Turner, American civil rights advocate and agricultural engineer
*1980 - Aleksandr Oparin, Russian biochemist (b. 1894)
*1983 - Walter Slezak, Austrian actor (b. 1902)
*1985 - Rudi Gernreich, Austrian fashion designer (b. 1922)
* 1985 - Tancredo de Almeida Neves, Brazil banker and politician (b. 1910)
*1989 - Princess Dukhye of Korea (b. 1912)
*1990 - Erté, French artist (b. 1892)
*1991 - Willi Boskovsky, Austrian violinist and conductor (b. 1909)
*1996 - Dzhokhar Dudaev, Chechen leader (b. 1944)
*1996 - Jimmy the Greek, American bookie and sports broadcaster (b. 1919)
*1999 - Charles 'Buddy' Rogers, American actor and musician (b. 1904)
*2000 - Neal Matthews, Jr., American singer (b. 1929)
*2003 - Nina Simone, American singer and pianist (b. 1933)
*2004 - Mary McGrory, American journalist (b. 1918)
*2004 - Mary Selway, Casting director (b. 1936)

Holidays and observances


* Bahá'í Faith - First day of the festival of Ridván
* Roman Empire - the Parilia was held in honor of Pales
* Rome - city birthday
* United States - Administrative Professionals Day
* Sunni Islam - Mawlid, Prophet Muhammad's birthday (2005)

External links


* DayApril 20 - April 22 - March 21 - May 21 listing of all days
ceb:Abril 21
nap:21 'e abbrileaf:21 April
an:21 d'abril
cv:Ака, 21
co:21 d'aprile
ie:21 april
jv:21 April
ku:21'ê avrêlê
li:21 april
ms:21 April
oc:21 d'abril
se:Cuoŋománu 21.
sco:21 Aprile
te:ఏప్రిల్ 21
vi:21 tháng 4
ur:21 اپریل