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By the eight century B.C. the people that lived where Rome is now were tired of the Eiruscans who ruled them, so they rose against them, and drove them out, a new city was founded and, within 250 years, those farmer-soldiers had built up a nation, spread out over their peninsula, and were masters of all Italy.
They founded a Republic with Consuls as chief officers and a senate (committee of old men) who decided about peace and war, and guided the destinies of their people, that is why they were called "The Senate and the People of Rome (S.P.Q.R.). Unfortunately, civil wars (amongst the citizens themselves, and not again a foreign power) damaged the State organisation, until Julius Caesar made himself Dictator and peace was restored.
Julius Caesar was an intelligent general, too, and under him the Romans occupied lands spread far and wide, these included: Spain, Gaul (France), Britain, Germany, all the lands of Italy, even those under Greek rule. And all the Mediterranean area with Syria and Egypt, when Julius Caesar died, he was succeeded by his nephew Octavian, In 27 B.C. the Senal gave him the title of Auaustus (Great) and of Imperator that is, ruler over many sovereigns lands, thus was born the Roman Empire, and Augustus, as well as all those that followed him was called "Caesar" in memory of Julius Caesar, this Augustus Caesar was a wise man, he send able men to rule his provinces, and Malta was one of those provinces.
He planned to make Rome a beautiful city with palaces, market places, public-baths, libraries, playing grounds and theatres. A Latin alphabet was developed, a regular calendar of 365 days began to be used, new laws were made, and, for buildings, the "arch' was utilized.
The Romans were pagans and worshipped many gods and goddesses, by the time of Augustus they began to have larger houses with comfortable furniture, running water, central heating, and lovely gardens around which the rooms were built, each house had a large entrance hall, the floor of which was designed with thousands of pieces of coloured marble, called mosaic, rooms were filled with statues, wall-paintings, gold and silver piste and with other treasures brought from conquered lands,
They had many slaves, but they also employed learned Greek clerks, teachers, librarians and doctors. Rome also had clever speakers like Cicero, and poets, like Virgil


On a hill, overlooking one of Malta's fine harbours, a very old and ancient temple had been dedicated to Juno, it was kept sacred by locals and foreigners, who offered thanks in it for their safe arrival, even pirates respected it, in fact, during the Punic Wars, some ships of the African King Massinissa entered our harbour and a lieutenant took away some ivory teeth of very large size to give to his King At first, Massinissa was pleased with the gift,
but when he was told that they had come from Juno's Temple, he ordered some trust-worthy men to board a quinquereme to take back those teeth, and place them again in the temple. Later Caius Verres, the unscrupulous, greedy ruler of Sicily, set up a house here for the manufacture of cotton textiles so as to have this fine material.
Then, he came to know of the treasures in the temple of Juno, from it, he stole 400 jars of honey, large quantities of Maltese cloth, 50 cushions for sofas, many precious candlesticks, and (wrote Cicero) so many garments that Caius Verres could dress all his friends wives, for these crimes the Roman Senate accused Verres strongly but he fled into exile later, he was put to death because of some treasures that he had not given back

  • All the information found on this web site is the result of a lot of research, from books I own dating back to the 1900's and other resources. All credit goes to the respective authors. If you think that I am in breach of any copyright, please contact me, and I will remove the material in question.

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