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Acts

An Act is a means by which laws are made. Generally, Acts begin in draft form ("bills") and can originate either in the House of Commons or in the Senate. For a bill to become law, it must be approved by both the House of Commons and the Senate and by the Governor General of Canada . Certain procedures must also be followed in the law-making process. Bills are discussed by members of both Houses during what is formally known as First Reading, Second Reading and Third Reading. As well, bills are submitted to a Parliamentary Committee for review. The Committee usually seeks out the views of interested parties, including the public. Finally, a bill becomes law (an Act) through a formal process known as proclamation. Proclamation is done by the Governor in Council (Cabinet, i.e., the Prime Minister and his or her Federal Ministers).

The full text of many of the acts listed below can be accessed through the Next link will open in a new window Consolidated Statutes Web page of the Next link will open in a new window Department of Justice of Canada.

Acts for which Health Canada has Total or Partial Responsibility

  • Next link will open in a new window Assisted Human Reproduction Act
    The Assisted Human Reproduction Act provides legislative authority to establish a regulatory framework. Based on informed consent, the health and safety of women and children will come first. The legislation reflects the Government of Canada's commitment to helping Canadians make healthy and informed choices throughout their lives.
  • Next link will open in a new window Canada Health Act
    This Act establishes the criteria and conditions that provincial health insurance plans or extended health care services must meet to receive the full cash contributions under the Canada Health and Social Transfer.
  • Next link will open in a new window Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse Act
    This Act created an independent centre under the auspices of the Minister of Health to promote increased awareness of drug and alcohol abuse through a variety of information and educational programs.
  • Next link will open in a new window Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999
    The potential risks of environmental pollutants and toxic substances are evaluated under this Act that addresses pollution prevention and the protection of the environment and human health to contribute to sustainable development.
  • Next link will open in a new window Canadian Institutes of Health Research Act
    This Act establishes the Canadian Institutes of Health Research responsible for the creation of new knowledge and its translation into improved health for Canadians.
  • Next link will open in a new window Controlled Drugs and Substances Act
    This Act controls the import, production, export, distribution and possession of substances classified as narcotic and controlled substances.
  • Next link will open in a new window Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Implementation Act [Not In Forced]
    The Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is an international agreement providing for the complete prohibition of nuclear explosions from its members in efforts to ban all nuclear weapons. The Treaty follows multiple arms control and disarmement efforts including the Partial Test-Ban Treaty in 1963 and the Non-proliferation Treaty on Nuclear Weapons in 1968. This Treaty, once entered into force, will constrain the development, improvement and advancement of all nuclear weapons. The legislation mandates the respective functions of Health Canada within the CTBT National Authority.
  • Next link will open in a new window Department of Health Act
    This Act sets out the powers, duties and functions of the Minister, which extend to all matters covering the promotion or preservation of the health of Canadians over which Parliament has jurisdiction.
  • Next link will open in a new window Financial Administration Act
    An Order adopted under this Act authorizes the Minister of Health to charge fees for processing drug submissions and establishes fees for providing dosimetry services.
  • Next link will open in a new window Fitness and Amateur Sport Act
    This Act gives the Minister authority to enter into agreements with any province in respect of costs incurred by the province in undertaking programs designed to encourage, promote or develop fitness in Canada .
  • Next link will open in a new window Food and Drugs Act
    This Act applies to all food, drugs , natural health products, cosmetics and medical devices sold in Canada , whether manufactured in Canada or imported. The Act and Regulations govern the sale and advertisement of these products to ensure their safety and prevent deception. The Act and Regulations also set out the labelling requirements for food.
  • Next link will open in a new window Hazardous Materials Information Review Act
    This Act specifies the information which may be the subject of a trade secret claim and establishes a Commission to rule on claims for exemption, assess the MSDS or label to which a claim relates and to administer an appeal process to these rulings.
  • Next link will open in a new window Hazardous Products Act
    Part I of this Act provides the authority to prohibit or restrict the advertising, sale, and importation of a "hazardous product"; it is the cornerstone of Canada's Consumer Product Safety Program. Part II of the Hazardous Products Act establishes the supplier label and material safety data sheet requirements of the Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System, WHMIS. (Products subject to the Explosives Act, the Food and Drugs Act, the Pest Control Products Act, the Nuclear Safety and Control Act or the Tobacco Act are exempt from the Hazardous Products Act.)
  • Next link will open in a new window Patent Act
    The Minister of Health, effective in 1993, administers the provisions of this Act relating to patented medicine. The patent protection for patented drugs is extended from seventeen years to twenty years. Subsequently, regulations were adopted linking the issuance of notices of compliance for generic drugs to the expiry of the patent protection period for the innovator drug. The Act establishes the Patented Medicine Prices Review Board and the mandate of the Board is to monitor and control the price of patented medicine.
  • Next link will open in a new window Pest Control Products Act
    This Act and Regulations is intended to protect people and the environment from risks posed by pesticides. Pesticides include a variety of products such as insecticides, herbicides and fungicides. Any pesticide imported, sold or used in Canada must first be registered under this Act, which is administered by the Pest Management Regulatory Agency of Health Canada .
  • Next link will open in a new window Pesticide Residue Compensation Act
    The Act sets up a compensation regime under which the Minister of Health may compensate a farmer for losses suffered as a result of the presence of a pesticide residue in or on an agricultural product if certain conditions are met. One of these conditions is that the Minister issue a certificate confirming that an inspection made under the Food and Drugs Act disclosed the presence of a pesticide residue in excess of the permitted level prescribed under the Act, and that consequently the sale of the product would infringe that Act.
  • Next link will open in a new window Quarantine Act
    The Act authorizes the Minister of Health to establish quarantine stations and quarantine areas anywhere and to designate quarantine officers. These officers may inspect conveyances arriving in or departing from Canada , take protective measures against infested conveyances and their cargo and quarantine persons found infected with infectious or contagious diseases that would constitute a grave danger to public health in Canada .
  • Next link will open in a new window Radiation Emitting Devices Act
    This Act and Regulations prohibit the sale, lease and importation of radiation emitting devices that do not comply with the standards applicable thereto. The Minister of Health may appoint inspectors who are empowered to search premises and to seize and detain devices, and may appoint analysts to analyse or examine radiation emitting devices and packaging.
  • Next link will open in a new window Tobacco Act
    This Act establishes powers to regulate tobacco products, to limit youth access to tobacco products, to restrict the promotion of tobacco products and to increase health information on tobacco packages. It replaces the Tobacco Products Control Act and the Tobacco Sales to Young Persons Act.

Acts for which Health Canada is Involved or has a Special Interest

  • Next link will open in a new window Broadcasting Act
    Regulations made under this Act and administered by the Minister of Heritage, requires that the script of the commercial message or endorsement has been approved by the Minister of Health to indicate that commercial message or an endorsement conforming to the approved script would comply with the applicable provisions administered by that Minister of the Food and Drugs Act, the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act and regulations made pursuant to those Acts or to the Department of Health Act; and the script bears the script number assigned to it by that Minister.
  • Next link will open in a new window Canada Labour Code
    Aviation, Canada, Marine, On Board Trains and Oil and Gas Occupational Safety and Health Regulations adopted under the Canada Labour Code incorporate the Department's potable water safety standard for drinking, personal washing and food preparation and must meet the standards set out in the Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality published by the Minister of Health.
  • Canada Medical Act
    The Act creates the Medical Council of Canada. The Council's primary function is to establish and promote a qualification in medicine that is to be acceptable nationally for the purpose of obtaining for its holder a provincial license to practice medicine.
  • Next link will open in a new window Canada Shipping Act
    The Regulations apply to certain Canadian registered cargo or passenger ships. An inspector, for the purposes of the Regulations, is an officer of the Department of Health (Workplace Health and Public Safety Programme) designated by the Minister of Transport, who may ins0pecdt supplies of food and water on the ship, the space and equipment used for the storage and handling of food and water and the galley and other equipment used for the preparation and service of meals. An inspector may, upon finding unsatisfactory conditions, make a remedial order.
  • Next link will open in a new window Canadian Food Inspection Agency Act
    Under this Act, the Minister of Health is responsible for establishing policies and standards relating to the safety and nutritional quality of food sold in Canada and assessing the effectiveness of the Agency's activities related to food safety.
  • Next link will open in a new window Emergency Preparedness Act
    The Minister of Health is responsible only for the health aspect of emergency planning, other ministers being responsible for their own areas.
  • Next link will open in a new window Energy Supplies Emergency Act
    Under this Act, the Minister of Health must be consulted by the Energy Supplies Allocation Board regarding the relaxation of any provision of law controlling the discharge of sulphur compounds into the atmosphere before the Board makes, in an emergency situation, regulations authorizing the use at fixed sites of high-sulphur fuel that may be harmful to public health.
  • Next link will open in a new window Excise Tax Act
    The Minister of Health may recommend that certain non-profit organizations or charities who provide continuous care to children or disabled persons in need of continuous care be exempted from the payment of excise tax and may certify that certain expenses of public hospitals qualify for exemption from the payment of excise tax.
  • Next link will open in a new window Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act
    Canada Health and Social Transfer Regulation adopted under this Act incorporates the national criteria and conditions in the Canada Health Act, including those respecting public administration, comprehensiveness, universality, portability and accessibility and the provisions relating to extra-billing and user charges.
  • Next link will open in a new window Feeds Act
    This Act prohibits the manufacture, sale and import into Canada of feeds that may adversely affect animal or human health. The Department of Health provides scientific advice over the impact of feeds on human health and advises on the listing of medicating ingredients.
  • Next link will open in a new window Immigration Act
    The Minister of Health has only minimal responsibilities in the area of immigration. For the purpose of medical examinations, which may be required from visitors, the Minister determines areas abroad that have a higher incidence of serious communicable diseases. The Minister of Health may also advise on criteria used to determine medical inadmissibility.
  • Next link will open in a new window National Parks Act
    The Regulation under this Act provides that no person shall carry on any business in a park without a license issued by the superintendent of the park. Before issuing a license, the superintendent may require the applicant to furnish a certificate from a medical health officer or a sanitary inspector or both certifying the sanitary condition of the business premises.
  • Next link will open in a new window Nuclear Safety and Control Act
    The purpose of this Act, amongst other things, is to provide for the limitation, to a reasonable level and in a manner that is consistent with Canada's international obligations, of the risks to national security, the health and safety of persons and the environment that are associated with the development, production and use of nuclear energy the production, possession and use of nuclear substances, prescribed equipment prescribed information.
  • Next link will open in a new window Non-Smokers Health Act
    An Act to regulate smoking in the federal workplace and on common carriers and to amend the Hazardous Products Act in relation to cigarette advertising.
  • Queen Elizabeth II Canadian Research Fund Act
    This Act establishes a fund known as The Queen Elizabeth II Canadian Fund to aid in research on the diseases of children. All rights and property obligations and liabilities in regard to the Fund, which were previously held by a board of trustees, now rest with the Medical Research Council.
  • Next link will open in a new window Trade Marks Act
    The Minister may declare that a notice be published in the Canada Gazette that a pharmaceutical preparation is substantially different from an existing product to which a trade mark attaches and that this difference is likely to result in a hazard to health.
Last Updated: 2006-02-13 Top