Dragon in Balloon

The Medieval Science Page

This page has been continuously available on the World-Wide Web and serving the "reality-based community" since October 19, 1995. It currently receives over 100,000 hits per annum. Last updated January 3, 2005: Comprehensive updating and replacement of dead or misdirected links, including the Vatican Exhibition pages linked throughout this site; rediscovered the Syllabus of the History of Medicine; added several new links. Page owners are requested to notify me at their earliest convenience in the event that they alter their URLs.

Welcome to medieval science on the Web. This page is intended to provide a convenient and comprehensive set of links to all Internet resources worldwide which deal with aspects of medieval science, both in Western and other cultures.

Contents by Topic

* Alchemy
* Animals
* Astrolabe
* Astronomy--see also Cosmology
* Botany
* Calendars
* Cartography
* Cosmology
* Horology
* Instruments
* Mathematics
* Medicine
*Museums (topic-specific museums are indexed under topic headings)
* Physics
* Societies and Programs
* Technology (general)
* Time
* Weights and Measures
* Renaissance Materials
* Miscellaneous


James McNelis, Editor. I am also Editor-in-Chief of Envoi: A Review Journal of Medieval Literature, founder and list manager of the Medbeast-L mailing list, and Founding Editor of Æstel . Full text of several articles may be accessed from its website. Some fulltext (PDF) items may be read on Envoi's site as well, including most recently Michael D. C. Drout and Hilary Wynne's "Tom Shippey's J. R. R. Tolkien: Author of the Century and a Look Back at Tolkien Criticism since 1982."

References to new sites are welcome; please send e-mail to me at McNelis@aol.com with information about them.


Conferences, Meetings, and Announcements

Medieval Science by Topic

The Alchemy Home Page.

The Aberdeen Bestiary Project
A detailed and informative source, with convenient cross-indexing.

Hunting and Falconry
This page will provide links to references on medieval hunting and falconry as practiced in Europe, the Middle East, Japan, and other regions.

Medbeast-L mailing list
This list is intended to support productive scholarly discussion of issues relating to animals real and fictional, birds, fish, etc. in the culture of the Middle Ages, both in Europe and elsewhere. The archive is viewable by nonmembers.


There are many net resources devoted to astronomy. These are only a selection which may be of greater interest to those studying the medieval period:




Cosmology Horology



  • Europe--Mathematics and the Humanities
    Todd Hammond's site includes an impressive array of interrelated topics, with helpful cross-links and annotated bibliographies. The site addresses the history of mathematics in depth, and emphasizes Middle Eastern, Asian, and other concentrations as well as European.
  • History of Mathematics
    A general index of net resources on the subject.
  • Boethius
    Although De arithmetica is not yet entirely on-line (links to a manuscript image and details of De arithmetica are online at this link), the full text of the Consolatio, as well as an English translation, are provided.
  • Mathematics
    From the Vatican Exhibition at the U.S. Library of Congress.
  • Graphotactics by Robert D. Stevick
Medicine Museums of the History of Science Physics
  • The Physics of Aristotle.
  • Aristotle vs. Galileo.

    Societies, Programs, General Mailing Lists

    The Medieval Technology Pages
    These pages are by Paul J. Gans at New York University. Professor Gans teaches a course on medieval technology (link), perhaps the only one of its kind in the US.


    Weights and Measures
    Horology above for the measurement of time.

    Renaissance Materials
    Although not strictly within the purview of this page, there are several web sites of interest relating to the renaissance period; accordingly, some are listed below.

    I am not sure where else to file a page which gives Internet weather updates in Latin, as well as over a dozen other languages, but as a pedagogical resource--and a good laugh--it should certainly be included somewhere:
    The Weather Underground.

  • Stat Trax
    This page was created and is maintained by James McNelis, Editor-in-Chief of Envoi: A Review Journal of Medieval Literature. Mail to McNelis@aol.com.