The strategic significance of this Refinery lies in its being the
only coastal refinery of the Corporation and the lone lube flagship,
apart from being the sole producer of Jute Batching Oil and Russian
Turbine Fuel. Capacity of the Refinery was increased to 2.75 MMTPA
through de-bottlenecking in 1989-90. Refining capacity was further
increased to 3.75 MMTPA in 1997 with the installation/commissioning
of second Crude Distillation Unit of 1.0 MMTPA capacity. Diesel
Hydro Desulphurisation (DHDS) Unit was commissioned in 1999, for
production of low Sulphur content (0.25% wt) High Speed Diesel (HSD).
With augmentation of this unit, refinery is producing BS-II and
Euro-III equivalent HSD (part quantity) at present.
Resid Fluidised Catalytic Cracking Unit (RFCCU) was commissioned
in 2001 in order to increase the distillate yield of the refinery
as well as to meet the growing demand of LPG, MS and HSD. Refinery
also produces eco friendly Bitumen emulsion and Microcrystalline
Wax. In addition, a Catalytic Dewaxing Unit (CIDWU) was installed
and commissioned in 2003, for production of high quality Lube Oil
Base Stocks (LOBS), meeting the API Gr-II standard of LOBS. This
is the only refinery in the country to produce such high quality
In order to meet the Euro-III fuel quality standards, the MS Quality
Improvement Project has been incorporated for production of Euro-III
equivalent MS. Currently the unit is under stabilisation. At present,
the Refinery is operating at a capacity of 5.5 MMTPA. Refinery expansion
to 7.5 MMTPA as well as a Hydrocracker project has been approved
for Haldia Refinery, commissioning of which shall enable this Refinery
to supply entire Euro – III HSD to the eastern region of India.
Mathura Refinery (Near Delhi)
The Mathura refinery was commissioned in 1982 with an original capacity
of 6.0 MMTPA. The capacity was increased to 7.5 MMTPA by debottlenecking
and revamping. With its fluid catalytic cracking units, the refinery
mainly produces middle distillates and supplies them to Northern
India though a product pipeline to Jalandhar, Punjab via Delhi.
The company commissioned a two-stage desalter in 1998 for improving
the on-stream availability of the crude distillation unit and a
CCRU for production of unleaded Motor Spirit. A DHDS Unit was commissioned
in 1999 for production of HSD with low Sulphur content of 0.25%
wt (max). A hydro-cracker for increasing middle distillates was
also completed in 2000. The present capacity of the refinery is
In order to meet future fuel requirements, facilities for improvement
in quality of MS & HSD are under installation and planned to
be completed by 2005.
Panipat Refinery (Near Delhi)
Panipat Refinery – A Profile
Panipat Refinery has doubled its refining capacity from 6 MMT/yr
to 12 MMT/yr with the commissioning of its Expansion Project. Panipat
Refinery is the seventh refinery of IndianOil. It is located in
the historic district of Panipat in the state of Haryana and is
about 23 km from Panipat City. The original refinery with 6 MMTPA
capacity was built and commissioned in 1998 at a cost of Rs. 3868
crore (which includes Marketing & Pipelines installations).
The major secondary processing units of the Refinery include Catalytic
Reforming Unit, Once Through Hydrocracker unit, Resid Fluidised
Catalytic Cracking unit, Visbreaker unit, Bitumen blowing unit,
Sulphur block and associated Auxiliary facilities. In order to improve
diesel quality, a Diesel Hydro Desulphurisation Unit (DHDS) was
subsequently commissioned in 1999.
Referred as one of India’s most modern refineries, Panipat
Refinery was built using global technologies from IFP France; Haldor-Topsoe,
Denmark; UNOCAL/UOP, USA; and Stone & Webster, USA. It processes
a wide range of both indigenous and imported grades of crude oil.
It receives crude from Vadinar through the 1370 km long Salaya-Mathura
Pipeline which also supplies crude to Koyali and Mathura Refineries
Petroleum products are transported through various modes like rail,
road as well as environment-friendly pipelines. The Refinery caters
to the high-consumption demand centres in North-Western India including
the States of Haryana, Punjab, J&K, Himachal, Chandigarh, Uttaranchal,
as well as parts of Rajasthan and Delhi.
The LPG produced from the refinery is pumped through a dedicated
pipeline to IndianOil’s Kohand Bottling plant where bottling
and bulk despatches are done. Panipat Refinery has also developed
new products like 96 RON petrol, and sub-Zero diesel for the Indian
army. It is already operating above 100% capacity for the last four
Panipat Refinery Expansion
Due to a growing deficit of petroleum products in the high demand
centres of North India, it was decided to expand the capacity of
Panipat Refinery from 6 million tonnes to 12 million tonnes with
matching secondary processing facilities. M/s ElL was chosen as
the Project Management Consultant.
Built at a cost of Rs. 4165 crore, the Refinery expansion units
have been designed to process 100% high sulphur crude. This has
enhanced the processing of high sulphur crude to 75% of the total
refinery processing. The major secondary units envisaged in the
expansion are Hydrocracking unit, Delayed Coking unit, Diesel Hydrotreating
unit, Hydrogen Generation unit, Sulphur block and other associated
auxiliary facilities. The technologies have been supplied by M/s
Axens; France, Haldor-Topsoe; Denmark, UOP USA and Black & Veatch,
USA and ABB Luumas. For supply of crude oil for the expansion units,
the Kandla-Panipat product pipeline has been converted to crude
oil service. The crude oil is received from Mundra Port in Gujarat
coast and supplied to the Refinery through Kandla-Panipat Pipeline.
Products from Refinery
With the expansion of Panipat Refinery to 12 million tonnes, the
total quantity of high speed diesel produced from entire refinery
will meet BS-II and BS-III Grade required for NCR. After stabilisation
of units, the high value product yield from the refinery will be
further improved by reducing the production of black oil like HPS
Making a committed foray into the petrochemicals, IndianOil has
already set up a world class PX/PTA plant in the Panipat Refinery.
Further, it is setting up a Naphtha cracker & downstream polymer
units (Naphtha Cracker complex) in the Refinery, thereby making
it an integrated refinery-cum-petrochemicals complex.
The Naphtha Cracker Complex will see an estimated capital investment
of about Rs. 12000 crore and is scheduled for commissioning by mid
2009. This project aims to utilize the surplus Naphtha available
from IndianOil refineries and create valuable polymer products and
other key intermediates.
The Naphtha Cracker complex along with the PX-PTA units will have
synergistic impact in the growth of downstream industries for the
production of Polyester Staple Fibre (PSF), Polyester Filament Yarn
(PFY) and Textiles. Based on the above raw material availability,
there will be steady growth of related industries in this region
and Panipat will develop into a world scale petrochemical hub of
the country. The Hub will push Haryana to one of the top states
in petrochemicals productions in the country.
In addition to this, the capacity of Panipat Refinery is currently
being expanded from 12 to 15 million tonnes. Work on this project
has already been started and project is expected to be commissioned
Panipat Refinery - The Eco-Friendly
Only Desulphurised Fuel Gas
and Low Sulfur Fuel Oil with Sulphur content below 0.5% is used
in Refinery furnaces.
Sulfur Recovery Plant helps
in reduction of Sulfur Dioxide emission. There are 4 Sulphur recovery
unit.2 no.of 115 TPD and 2 no. of 225 TPD. Two Sulphur Recovery
Unit always remain in operation to keep the environment clean.
Two state-of-the art Effluent
On line stack analysers provided
to monitor and control emissions.
Treated effluent meeting
Minimal National Standards (MINAS) totally reused within Refinery
Refinery a Zero Effluent
500 acres of land around
Refinery has been developed as Green Belt and Ecological Park. Around
five lakh trees already planted.
Community Development Programmes
The Refinery is committed to the improvement of life of the people
in its vicinity with the objective of making them self-reliant.
Such social responsibility includes support community initiatives
in the field of health, water management, vocational training, education
and literacy etc. Panipat Refinery encourages the villagers to develop
social accounting systems to carry out social audit of their operations.
It has been the endeavor of the Refinery to utilize 25% of its Community
Development funds towards Special Component Plan.
Updated as on January 4, 2007.