5 For 50
By Karen Berger
These classic long-distance hikes wind through scenic wilderness areas that offer spectacular settings for earning the BSA's 50-Miler Award.
Weekend hikes are great opportunities to teach Scouts hiking skills and a love of the outdoors. But for older, experienced Scouts and Venturers, a long-distance backpacking trek, like a classic 50-miler, puts it all together.
Here's a chance for Scouts to experience the essence of hiking: to slow down and live at nature's pace, to experience how a landscape changes as one moves over miles and miles of terrain, to cope with unexpected weather, and to bond with others in the group. And completing the trek brings a well-earned sense of achievement, certified by qualifying for the BSA 50-Miler Award (see box on page 27).
Help your Scouts plan and prepare for a successful trek. You'll find basic information on planning age- and skill-appropriate activities, budgeting, preparation, equipment, safety, and key principles of Leave No Trace in the publication Passport to High Adventure (BSA No. 4310). Also helpful is the Backpacking merit badge pamphlet (No. 33232A) and Fieldbook (No. 33200).
Finally, choose a great locationlike the five that follow.
New Hampshire's White Mountains
This famous traverse above tree line takes in the Presidential Range, including Mount Washington, at 6,288 feet, the highest peak in the Northeast. On a clear day, the 100-mile views are spectacular.
But it's a trip for fit, experienced groups only. The terrain is rocky and difficultso when planning your hike, don't count on doing more than two-thirds of your group's average daily mileage.
Warning: Three weather fronts intersect here, and storms can be unpredictable and violent. In fact, trail signs near the tree line warn hikers that they are entering an area that has some of the worst weather in the world. Need proof? The highest wind speed ever recordedan astonishing 231 miles per hourwas recorded atop Mount Washington, and although that reading was taken more than 70 years ago, the peak boasts hurricane-speed winds more than 100 days of the year. You'll need good rain gear and extra layers of warm clothes, even in August.
The Appalachian Mountain Club operates a hut system, which welcomes groups. You'll need to make reservations well in advance, but if you do, you can leave behind tents, air mattresses, cooking equipment, and most of your food. (Breakfasts and dinners are provided.) For do-it-yourselfers, tent campsites are available; note that you must camp in designated sites.
This 53-miler begins at the trailhead of the Appalachian Trail near Franconia Notch and starts with a steady climb north following the AT's trademark white blazes to Mount Lafayette. If you're staying in the huts, you'll want to descend off the AT to Greenleaf Hut for the night, then regain the elevation back to the ridge in the morning.
The trail continues along rocky Garfield Ridge down to Galehead Hut and past Zealand Falls Hut, climbs to Mizpah Spring Hut, then traverses to Lakes of the Clouds Hut, climbs over the summit of Mount Washington, and follows the above-tree line tundra of the Presidential Range's high peaks to Madison Hut. The hike ends with a tricky, rocky descent to Pinkham Notch.
Wyoming's Wind River Range
Wyoming's Wind River Range is not quite as famous as its high-profile neighbors, Grand Teton and Yellowstone national parks, but hikers in the know flock to this high-country wonderland for good reason. Sky-spearing pinnacles like Gannett Peak (Wyoming's highest summit) and the famous Cirque of the Towers frame hundreds of lakes and tarns.
Miles of interlocking trails make this a backpacking paradise. And the terrain is remarkably gentle for such high ground, which means easier mileage and more energy at the end of the day for exploring side trails and fishing in the lakes and streams.
This hike just qualifies as a 50-milerbut you can easily add more mileage with side trips and loops or a visit to the Cirque of the Towers.
From the Big Sandy Trailhead at the end of Forest Road 299, take Trail 96 to North Fork Lake, then head west on Trails No. 115 and No. 94 to Pole Creek Lakes. Continue west on Trail No. 119 to the Trail's End Campground at the end of Road 134 near Pinedale. Much of this hike is just below the Continental Divide.
The average elevation is above 10,000 feet, which means that it's largely above tree line and has glorious views.
Oregon's Three Sisters Wilderness
Just west of Bend, Ore., the Three Sisters Wilderness offers the kind of panorama that leaves even the best-traveled hikers groping for adjectives. Its highlights are three towering glacier-capped volcanoes that rise above a lava-filled lunar-like landscape. (NASA teams have trained there for moon landings.)
The Three Sisters are unique because they are the only large volcanoes clustered in the Cascades. The rest of the range's famous peaksfor example, Mounts Hood, Rainier, Adams, and Shastarise alone over surrounding smaller hills. But the Sisters, along with the lesser peaks in their orbitBachelor Butte, The Husband, The Wife, and Little Brotherare a tight-knit family big on beauty and drama.
The terrain underfoot is equally stunning. Gray-brown lava fields stretch for miles, a stark, sere landscape where the only sign of life is the occasional struggling, scraggly tree. Lava ridges, cinder cones, pumice fields, and obsidian outcrops give plenty of evidence that this is a landscape forged by fire, while lakes and ponds attest to the sculpting force of glaciers.
For a 53-miler that takes in the highlights of the area, start at Forest Road 600 near Irish Lake and the popular Irish Lake Campground. Head north on the well-marked Pacific Crest Trail. For the first couple of days, the path is largely in forest, but dozens of lakes and tarns offer prime campsites, fishing, and swimming.
As you approach the Sisters themselves, the forest opens and the views are overwhelming, especially from Sisters Mirror Lake. You'll pass all three of the big volcanoes as well as features like the Wickiup Plain and Le Conte Crater. This section ends at McKenzie Pass on Highway 242.
Arkansas's Ozark Highlands Trail
Those who have hiked the Ozark Highlands Trail through the remote forested hills of Arkansas rate it among America's top long trails. Nonetheless, the 165-mile-long OHT remains something of a secret. With dozens of access points, trailheads, and highway crossings, the OHT offers several possible 50-mile hikes. This one, from Ozone Campground to Ben Hur Trailhead, features numerous waterfalls and swimming holes, and a traverse of one of the trail's highlights, the Hurricane Creek Wilderness.
This OHT is a year-round trail. In spring, wildflowers like serviceberries, redbuds, dogwoods, wild plums, and wild orchids fill the forests. In summer, dozens of waterfalls, creeks, and emerald pools offer respite and refreshment. Fall's awesome foliage rivals New England's more famous displays, complete with maples, oaks, and hickories, and a brilliant underbrush of sassafras and sumac. And don't forget winter: December, January, and February are generally mild and snow-free, with good views through the bare trees, not to mention a welcome absence of bugs and snakes.
This hike begins at Ozone Campground, at Highway 21 (a national scenic byway). Going west to east (as the guidebook is written), it passes a Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camp and the Little Piney Creek, then a series of rock formations, creeks, gorges, and swimming holes.
En route is the Big Piney Creek, a whitewater rafting destination; you can make plans in advance with local outfitters to take a day off for a float trip.
The trail then runs smack through the middle of the Hurricane Creek Wilderness, then crosses Highway 7 (another scenic byway). This 50-mile section ends at Ben Hur Trailhead at Forest Road 1203.
New Mexico's Gila Wilderness
The man who came up with the modern idea that wilderness is something to be protected20th-century environmentalist, forest ranger, and writer Aldo Leopolddid so in the remote, dry mountains and cliff-lined rivers of New Mexico's Gila National Forest.
This 50-mile hike starts on Highway 15 near Silver City, about a quarter-mile west of the junction of Highways 15 and 35, and descends on Trail No. 247 to the junction of Sapillo Creek with the winding, twisting Gila River. Head upstream on Trail No. 724, following the river as it snakes its way though the canyon. Rafting sandals are a good idea; on this hike the trail crosses the usually knee-deep river more than 100 times.
About a mile before the trail recrosses Highway 15, take a break and soak in the backcountry Gila Hot Springs. When the trail joins Highway 15, you'll have a three-mile walk on the road (41/2 miles if you take a recommended side trip to the Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument).
After exploring the ancient homes of the Mogollon people who lived here more than 800 years ago, you may find yourself glancing around, wondering where else they might have lived in the dramatic cliffs that surround you. Sharp-eyed hikers might see petroglyphs on rock walls or perhaps kick up an 800-year-old pottery shard. (Please remind Scouts that it's illegal to take home artifacts.)
From here, you'll backtrack to the West Fork of the Gila River, then follow Trail No. 151 upstream to just north of McKenna Park; follow Trail No. 152 to Mogollon Baldy Peak (10,770 feet), and Trail No. 182 over Whitewater Baldy (10,895 feet). The hike ends on Forest Road 159 near the settlement of Mogollon.
March-April 2002 Table of Contents
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