RAF Codes Header

Hurricane IIb

During WWII, the RAF used three-letter codes to identify their aircraft from a distance. Two large letters were painted before the roundel, which signified the squadron to which the aircraft belonged, and another letter was painted after the roundel which indicated the individual aircraft. Aditionally, there was the individual serial number for each aircraft, which was painted in a much smaller size, usually somewhere at the rear of the aircraft, either under the tailplane or on the fin. Occasionally the code letters were painted in other places, but their meaning remained the same. These codes were also used by the RCAF, SAAF, RNZAF, USAAF (units of the 8th and 9th AF), and for some time by post-war Belgian units.

As an example, the Hurricane Mk IIb shown above has the letters LK before the roundel, which tells us that it was with No.87 Squadron.

You will also notice that some of the squadrons are highlighted in blue. If you click on these you will be given a short history of each squadron from inception up to the end of hostilities in the Second World War.


Aircraft Code LettersRAF Squadron 1939 - 1945
2N81FS, 9AF
2Z510FS, 9AF
3315 (SAAF)
3T22FS, 9AF
4K506FS, 9AF
4N394FS, 9AF
4P513FS, 9AF
O7514FS, 9AF
4W406FS, 9AF
5A329 (French)
6M494FS, 9AF
6V53FS, 9AF
7J7 (Belgian AF)
7J508FS, 9AF
7U23FS, 9AF
8L393FS, 9AF
8N405FS, 9AF
9D395FS, 9AF
9G441 (RCAF)
9Q404FS, 9AF
A6389FS, 9AF
A8391FS, 9AF
AD113
AE402 (RCAF)
AF607
AH332 (Norwegian)
AJ617
AJ356FS, 9AF
AK213
AL79
AN417 (RCAF)
AR309 (Polish)
AU421 (RCAF)
AV121 (Eagle)
AW42
AX107FS, 67RG
AZ234
B2390FS, 9AF
B4387FS, 9AF
B7374FS, 8AF
B7374FS, 361FG, 8AF
B8379FS, 9AF
BF5 (RAAF)
BH300 (Polish)
BN240
BR184
BU214
BX86
C2396FS, 9AF
C4388FS, 9AF
C5364FS, 357FG, 8AF
C8640
CG38FS, 55FG, 8AF
CH365FS, 9AF
CP367FS, 9AF
CS370FS, 8AF
CV368FS, 8AF
CZ222
D3397FS, 9AF
D4620
D5386FS, 9AF
D7406FG
DD15 (RAAF)
DG155
DL91
DN416 (RCAF)
DT257
DU22 (RCAF)
DU312 (Czech)
DV129
DW610
DX245
DY112
DZ151
E2375FS, 8AF
E4377FS, 9AF
E9376FS, 8AF
EB41
EF232
EG34
EG487 (RNZAF)
EL181
EM207
EW307 (Polish)
EY78
F2635
F4492FS, 9AF
FA236
FF132
FJ261
FK134
FL81
FR303 (Polish)
FS148
FT43
FT353FS, 9AF
FU453 (RAAF)
FX6 (RAAF)
FY611
FZ65
G81
G8378FS, 9AF
G9509FS, 9AF
GA21 (RAAF)
GE349 (Belgian)
GM74
GN249
GR92
GR301 (Polish)
GQ134
GQ355FS, 9AF
GW340 (French)
GX415 (Canadian)
GZ32
H5392FS, 9AF
H7346 (French)
H842 (Belgian)
HA218
HD38
HD466 (RAAF)
HE263
HF54
HH175
HL83FS, 8AF
HM136
HN20
HO487FS, 8AF
HP247
HV61FS, 56FG
I7493FS, 9AF
I8440
IA366FS, 358FG, 9AF
IL308FS, 31FG
IS2 (Belgian)
IV369FS, 8AF
JH74
JH303 (Polish)
JH317
JM32 (RAAF)
JN150
JU111
JV6
JX1
K4511FS, 9AF
KL54
KM44
KN77
KO2 (RAAF)
KT7 (RAAF)
KT54
KW615
KW425 (RCAF)
L3512FS, 9AF
L9190
LA235
LD250
LE242
LH350FS, 8AF
LK87
LM62FS, 56FG, 8AF
LN99
LO62
LQ405
LW318 (Polish)
LY30 (RAAF)
LZ66
MB236
MC77FS, 20FG, 8AF
MD133 (Eagle)
MN350 (Belgian)
MQ226
MP76
MT122
MU60
MW217
MX82FS, 8AF
NA1 (RAAF)
NA428 (RCAF)
NE143
NF138
NG604
NH119
NL341 (French)
NN310 (Czech)
NV79
NW217
NX131
NZ304 (Polish)
O4620
OA22
OC359FS, 359FG, 8AF
ON124
OQ5
OS357FS, 8AF
OY48
P5297
PE328FS, 352FG, 8AF
PI360FS, 8AF
PK315 (Polish)
PL144
PN14 (RAAF)
PN252
PO467
PR609
PS264
PZ486FS, 8AF
QB600
QH100 (RAAF)
QI361FS, 8AF
QJ92
QJ616
QO3
QP334FS, 4FG, 8AF
QS620
QV19
R3410FS, 9AF
RA10 (Belgium)
RD32 OCU
RE229
RF303 (Polish)
RH88
RK248
RN72
RQ29
RS30
RU414 (Canadian)
RY313 (Czech)
RZ241
SD501
SE431 (RCAF)
SF13 (RAAF)
SF137
SH64
SK93 (RAAF)
SK165
SM305 (Polish)
SO145
SR33
SW253
SX352FS, 353FG, 8AF
SZ316 (Polish)
T510FS, 9AF
TK149 (East India)
TL35
TM504
TP73
TP198
TU510BS, 351BG
TW141
U9411FS, 9AF
UB455 (RAAF)
UF601
UH2 (RNZAF)
UM152
UN63FS, 9AF
UO266
UP605
UR2 (Belgian)
US56
UV8 (RAAF)
UZ306 (Polish)
V5412FS, 9AF
V9502
VA125
VF336FS, 8AF
VK238
VO98
VX206
VY85
VY88
VZ412 (Canadian)
W3313FS, 9AF
WA146
WD335FS, 8AF
WF364FS, 305BG, 8AF
WK135
WR40 (SAAF)
WR354FS, 8AF
WS9
WU225
WV18
WX302 (Polish)
WZ19
WZ80
WZ78FG, 8AF
WZ84FS, 8AF
X9517
XC26
XD139
XE123
XK305BG
XM182
XO16 (RNZAF)
XP174
XR71 (Eagle)
XT603
Y2442 (RCAF)
Y3202
Y8507FS, 9AF
YB17
YB29
YD255
YF358FS, 8AF
YG502
YJ351FS, 8AF
YO401 (RCAF)
YP23
YT65
YX54 OTU
YY241 OCU
YZ617
Z5462 (RAAF)
ZA10
ZA295
ZD222
ZF308 (Polish)
ZK25
ZN106
ZO196
ZP457 (RAAF)
ZT258
ZX145 (Polish)


If you spot any irregularities or can add to this list, please e-mail me and I will gladly update my list.


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