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Aving shewed the manner and making of such Ordinaries as are
composed of a twofold Line: we will now proceede to that other
member, of the Distribution before delivered, which
maketh mention of Ordinaries, consisting of Lines; More then
twofold; and will shew how they also are made.
Ordinaries of many lines.
Such Ordinaries doe consist, of Lines
Those that are formed of a threefold line, are the Inescocheon and the Orle.
The Inescocheon is an Ordinarie formed of a threefold line, representing the
shape of the Escocheon, as in example.
He beareth Ermine, an Inescocheon, Gules, by the
name of Hulgreve: This name of Inescocheon is proper
only to those that are borne in this place; for if the
same were borne in any other place, then upon the
Fesse point of the Escocheon, you should terme the same
then an Escocheon, and not an Inescocheon: so must
you also, if there be more then one in the field. This
Escocheon is sometimes termed an Escocheon of Pretence,
as shall appeare heereafter. This Ordinarie containeth
the fifth part of the field (saith Leigh) (but his
demonstration denoteth the third part) and may not be diminished; and albeit
it be subject to some alteration, by reason of the different formes of
Lines before specified, yet keepeth still one set forme of an Escocheon, as we shall
see by and by.
Inescocheon named Escocheon of Pretense.
The next in ranke of this kinde is the Orle, which is an Ordinarie composed
of a threefold line duplicated, admitting a Transparancie of the field, thorowout
the innermost Area or space therein enclosed. This hath the forme of an
Inescocheon, but hath not the solid substance thereof, being evermore voided, as
in these following Examples appeareth.
Composition of an Orle.
He beareth Or, an Orle, Azure, by the name of Bertram,
Lord of Bohall. This word Orle seemeth to bee
derived from the French word Oreiller, which signifieth
a Pillow, and is attributed to this Ordinarie, because
the same being of a different tincture from the
Field, and formed only of a double tract, in regard of
the transparancie of the Field within, and the surrounding
thereof without, it receiveth the resemblance of
an embossed substance, as if it were raised like a Pillow
above the Field. Upton termeth it in Latine, Tractus
which signifieth a Trace or Traile, because the Field is seene both within and
without it; and the Traile it selfe is drawen thereupon in a different colour. If
this were flored (saith Leigh) then must it be called a Tressure, which must containe
the fifth part of the Field. And if two of these be in an Escocheon, you
must terme them a double treasure. Cassaneus saith, that the Orle is sometimes
formed of many peeces, and that they are borne to the number of six. As touching
the doubling of this plaine Orle, I will not heere give Example, for that I
purpose to present to your view a Threefold Orle or Tract, which doth include
the twofold, as in this next Escocheon appeareth.
He beareth Or, an Orle of three peeces, Sable. That
this Ordinarie is borne of many Tracts, it appeareth
by this Example, taken out of Upton for the Readers
satisfaction, where it is said, Sunt insuper alii qui habent
istum Tractum triplicatum & quadruplicatum, ut nuper
in Armis Episcopi CÃ¦nomanensis, qui portavit pro Armis
unum tractum tiplicatum de nigro, in campo aureo: Some
beare the Orle tripled and quadrupled, as the late Bishop of
Maine, who bare a tripled Orle Sable, in a field Or. This
Ordinarie is borne diversly, according to the severall
formes of Lines, before handled, as may appeare in the Examples ensuing.
Orle of three peeces.
Hee beareth Argent, an Orle Engrailed on the inner
side, Gules. I found this forme of bearing observed by
an uncertain Author, whom at first I supposed to have
either unskilfully taken, or negligently mistaken the
Tricke thereof; but after I had found in Upton, that in
Blazoning of an Orle engrailed, hee Blazoned the same,
An Orle engrailed on both sides, I tooke more speciall
notice of this kinde of bearing, for that such a forme
of Blazon (proceeding from a man so judicious in this
kinde) seemed covertly to imply a distinction of that
from this forme of bearing. And because diversa juxta se apposita magis elucescunt,
things differing give light each to other, I will heere produce the Coat it selfe, and
the Blazon thereof, as I finde it set downe by Upton.
Il port (saith he) de Gules ung tracee engralee, de chascun
cost d'Or. And in Latine thus: Qui habet ista Arma,
portat unum tractum ex utraque parte ingradatum, de
Auro in campo rubro. Hee beareth an Orle engrailed on
both sides, Or, in a field Gules. And no doubt by heedfull
observation you may finde these Orles in like sort
borne Invected, Similium enim similis est ratio; for like
things have the like reason and respect. Note, that divers
Charges as well Artificiall as Naturall, are borne Orlewaies,
or in Orle; as likewise in forme of Crosse, Bend,
Chevron, Saltire, &c. the examples whereof I must passe over, untill a fit
place be offered to handle Charges of those kindes. Concerning the bearing of
Orles, composed of the sundry sorts of Furres, I hold it needlesse to use examples
to expresse them to the view, for that by consideration of the manifold sorts
of several Ordinaries before expressed, their divers manners of bearing may
be easily conceived and therefore I will leave them to observation.
Hitherto have we considered the making of such Ordinaries as are composed
of a threefold Line: Our order calleth me now to speake of such Ordinaries
as doe require a fourefold Line for the effecting of them.
Ordinaries of fourefold lines.
Of this sort is the
The Crosse is an Ordinarie composed of a fourefold line, whereof two are
Perpendicular, and the other two are transverse, for so wee must conceive of
them, though they are not drawne thorowout, but meete by couples in
Foure acute Angles neere about the Fesse point of the Escocheon; to looke upon (if
they were Couped, as they are sometimes found) like to foure Carpenters
squires; as the example following will demonstrate. This Ordinarie is called
Crux, Ã cruciando, or Ã Cruciatu, because of the unspeakable torture and torment,
which they doe suffer, who undergoe this kinde of death. The Content
of the Crosse is not the same alwaies: for when it is not Charged, then it
hath onely the fifth part of the Field; but if it bee charged, then must it containe
the third part thereof. To give you particular Examples of all the different
formes of Bearing of the Crosse, were as needlesse as endlesse, considering
the varietie set downe by other Authors: I will therefore content my selfe
with these ensuing.
Content of the Crosse.
The Field is Azure, a Crosse, Or: This Coat-armour
pertaineth to the right worshipfull familie of Shelton,
in the countie of Norfolke, whence descended that
Honourable vertuous Ladie, Marie Shelton, who was
many yeeres of the Most Honourable Bedchamber, of
that Glorious Queene Elizabeth; and was also wife to the
right worshipfull Sir John Scudamore, of Home Lacie in
the countie of Hereford Knight, standard bearer to her
Majesties Honourable Band of Gentlemen Pensioners.
This Ordinarie is oftentimes diversly named, according
to the diversitie of Lines whereof it is composed: for as is the forme of Lines
whereof it is made, so is the Denomination thereof. In the ancientest Institution
of the Bearing of the Crosse (without all controversie) it had this forme; which
is taken to be the true shape of the Patible, whereupon our blessed Saviour
Christ Jesus suffered: whose godlie observation and use was in great esteeme
in the Primitive Church: though in latter times it hath beene dishonourablie
intertained by two opposed kindes of Fanatickes; the one, who so superstitiously
dote on it, that they adore it like their God: the other, who so unchristianly
detest it, that they slander the most godly and ancient use thereof, in our
first initiating unto Christ, as if it were some Divellish Idoll. But the true Souldiers
of such a Captaine need not to be ashamed to beare their Generals Ensigne.
And this bearing was first bestowed on such as had performed, or at least
undertaken some service for Christ and Christian Profession: and therefore being
duly conferred, I hold it he most honourable Charge to be found in Heraldrie.
But the forme and bearing heereof (as well as the Chevrons formerly
spoken of) hath beene also depraved through the inconsiderate handling of
common Painters. A like forme of Bearing to this, is that Crosse which we finde
Borne in the Shield of S George; but diverslie from this, both in Metall and Colour:
which of some Armorists of Uptons time, (as himselfe noteth in his discourse
of Armes) received in those daies a verie Strange and absurd kinde of
Blazon, which he there setteth downe after this manner; The Shield Gules,
foure Quarters Argent: whose reason heerein (saith hee) I doe not allow, for
that by such manner of Blazon, the bearing of a plaine Crosse shall never bee
knowne. Moreover, heerein also may we observe the Blazon heereof to bee
erroneous, in that they say, foure Quarters: which are indeed but so many
Cantons; else should they all foure meete in the Center of the Escocheon. This
Ordinarie is subject to voiding and couping, as these examples following shew.
He beareth Argent, a Crosse voided Azure. Panormitan
writeth of Alphonsus King of Aragon, (what time he
besieged Puteoli a citie by the Seaside in Campanta) that
resorting daily to the Seashore for his recreation, upon
a time he chanced to finde the corps of a man of
Genoa in Italie, that had beene cast out of a Galley; and
thereupon alighting speedilie from his horse, caused
all others that were neere him to alight; and commanded
some to digge the Grave whilest others covered
the naked corps: and he himselfe with his owne
hands did make a Crosse of wood; which he sticked fast at the head of the man
so interred; to testifie that all Christian offices may beseeme the Greatest Kings;
and that what ever death we die, it is not materiall, so we live to Christ. So
great is the Resemblance often times, of things borne in Coat-armour: which
yet in there Existence, are much differing, that a man well seene in Heraldrie,
may easilie commit an errour in the Blazoning of them: as by comparing of
this Coat-armor with the next will manifestly appeare: wherfore you must use
an advised deliberation in Blazoning, especially of Armes of neere Resemblance.
Alphonsus K. of Aragon.
He beareth Or, a Crosse Patee: Sable, Fimbriated
Gules. This is called a Crosse Patee: Quia extremitates
eius sunt patulÃ¦, because the ends are broad and patent.
This approcheth neere to the former in respect of
the double Tract thereof; yet doth it much differ from
the same in substance, forasmuch as the Charge of that
is a twofold Crosse, viz. one surmounted of another, and
this is a single Crosse bordured, or environed with a hemme
or edge. Moreover, that this is not a Crosse of Gules,
surmounted of another, Sable, it is cleere, because the
edge that goeth about this Crosse is much narrower then is the space betweene
those two Crosses. Besides, it cannot stand with the Rules of good Armorie,
to beare colour upon colour, or metall upon metall. This is called a Crosse Fimbriated,
of the Latine word Fimbria, which signifieth an edge, welt, or hemme of a
Garment, and is to be understood to be of the same thicknesse with it, and not
to lie either upon or underneath.
Hee beareth Ermyne a Crosse ingrailed Gules, by the
name of Norwood of Lekhampton in the County of Glocester.
As this Crosse is formed of bunched lines, so are
there others that are composed of sundry other sorts of
lines before shewed, as experience will informe you,
and as you may in part see by the example following.
Hee beareth Argent, a Crosse wavy, voided, Sable, by
the name of Duckenfield in Devonshire. In Coates of
such Bearing, you shall not neede to say in the blazon
of them, that the charge (whatsoever the same bee) is
voided of the Field: because when you say onely voided
and no more, it is alwaies understood to bee voided of
He beareth Or, a Crosse patee fitched, in the foote Gules.
This Coate was borne by Galfride de Scudamore that lived
in the time of King Henry the second; it is termed
Fitched of the Latine word figo, which signifieth to fasten
or make sure, because by the meanes of the sharpenesse
added to the foote thereof, it becommeth more
apt to be fastned any where. There is an other sort of
Fitching of Crosses that have the whole fourth part figetive,
as in this next Escocheon.
Crosse Patee Fitched.
The Field is Jupiter, a Crosse Patee on three parts, and
Fitched on the fourth, Sol. This (saith Gerard Leigh)
was the Shield of blessed Cadwallader last King of Britaines;
who slew Lothaire King of Kent, and Ethelwold
King of South-Saxons.
Crosse Patee on three parts and Fitched on the fourth.
Whereas I have formerly made mention of Voiding, in the Chapter of
Bends, and of one other Accident, namely Couping, in the Chapter of Fesses,
I will now expresse them both in one example in this Escocheon following.
Hee beareth Argent, a Crosse voyded and Couped,
Sable, by the name of Woodnoth.
There is an other Accident whereunto this ordinary
is subject, that is to say Piercing. Piercing is a Penetration
or Perforation of things that are of solide substance:
and it is threefold:
That is to say,
Crosse voided and Couping.
As touching Round piercing, you shall have an example in this next following
He beareth Sable, a Crosse couped, Pierced, by the
name of Grill. If this Round in the middest were of any
other colour then of the Field, then should you account
the same to be a Charge to the Crosse; wherefore
good heede must bee taken in blazoning of Coates of
this kinde, and chiefely of the Orbicular forme in the
middest of the Charge; to the end that you may know
when to take the same for a Piercing, and when for a
Crosse Patee on three parts and Fitched on the fourth.
The Field is Azure, a Crosse Moline Pierced Losengewaies.
This is the second forme of Piercing before
mentioned, and the Coate was borne by Richard de Molineux
of Lancaster, that lived in the time of King Richard
the second. Concerning this Crosse Moline, (Leigh
saith) that if it stood Saltire waies, then should you
call it Ferre de Molin, that is to say, a Mill Rinde, or
the Inke of a Mill: which to me seemeth a very Paradox,
that transposition (being a thing meerely accidental)
should give a new denomination, to the thing transposed,
and consequently alter the essence thereof. Quia novum nomen dat novum
esse rei: where are new names, new things are supposed to be. It were a thing worthy
of admiration, that Accidents should have such power in them; for Aristotle,
Physicorum I. saith, Accidentia possunt miraculose, & non alias mutare subjectum:
Accidents change not the subject but by Miracle. Addition doubtlesse
and Subtraction, are of greater force then Transmutation or Location, yet is
there no such power in them, as that they can alter the essence of any thing,
QuiÃ augmentum vel diminutio (saith Cassaneus) circÃ accidentia contractuum non
reponunt contractum in diverso esse, nequam per ea intelligitur ab eo in substantialibus recessus:
the adding or diminishing of Accidents makes not the thing lose the nature of
Crosse Molyne Losenge pierced.
He beareth Azure, a Crosse Moline, Quarter-pierced,
Or. This Coate was borne by Thomas Molyneaux of
Haughton, in the County of Notingham, that lived in
the time of King Henry the fourth. Leigh in blazoning
of this forme of Crosse, maketh no mention at all of
the Piercing thereof, perhaps because it resembleth
the Inke of a Mill, which is evermore Pierced. This is
termed Quater-pierced, quasi Quadrate pierced, for
that the piercing is square as a Trencher.
Crosse Moline Quarter-pierced.
So much of the Crosse, with the Accidents thereof: Now of that Ordinary
that is framed also of a foure-fold Line, that is to say, a Saltire. A Saltire
is an Ordinary consisting of a foure-fold Line, whereof two are drawne from
the Dexter chiefe towards the Sinister base corners, and the other from the Sinister
chiefe towards the Dexter base points, and doe meete about the middest
by couples in acute Angles. I know the learned Geometer will find many more
lines heere then I doe mention: but (as I said of lines in the Crosse) this our
description agreeth best with Heralds, and our purpose.
A Saltire what.
He beareth Sable, a Saltire Argent, by the name of
Aston. In old time (saith Leigh) this was made of the
height of a man, and was driven full of Pinnes; the use
whereof was to scale the walles therewith, to which
end the Pinnes served commodiously. In those daies
(saith he) the walles of Townes were but low, as appeareth
by the walles of Rome, which Remus easily leaped
over: and the walles of Winchester, which were overlooked
by Colebrand the Chieftaine of the Danes, who was
slaine by Guy Earle of Warwicke, who was Champion for
The use of a Saltire.
Hee beareth Gules a Saltire Varry. This Ordinary is
limited to the fifth part of the Field, the same not being
charged; but if it be charged, then shall it containe the
third part thereof. This charge also varieth his name
in Blazon according to the divers formes of Lines
whereof the same is composed; for that it is no
lesse diversly made in respect of the lineaments thereof,
then the Crosse before handled.
A Saltire Varry.
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