of living in Jobabo
Juan Soto Cutiño Photo: Ernesto
In Jobabo there are beautiful
landscapes which harmonize with human works.
Tall and prodigally green trees, as well as
fertile lands make up the geography of this
Southern municipality, which is 38 Km away from
the capital city of the province.
Its residents are noble and
hard-working people who toil the land with the
same rigor with which they take care of nature,
the environment, or the Revolution that set the
But for a better understanding
of today and yesterday’s reality, it is
necessary to deepen into the historical and
REMARKABLE HISTORICAL EVENTS
The name Jobabo derives from the
aboriginal word jobabol, a place where numerous
jobo trees grow.
During the first stage of the
colonization, gold mining was the main economic
activity. It is said that the first slave
rebellion in Cuba took place in Las Vitalinas—a
gold mine in the region. In the course of time,
the trade of cured meat and precious wood
These lands were the scenarios of
many heroic deeds during the 10-year war. Its
geographic position, in the midst of Las Tunas,
Bayamo, and Manzanillo, turned the region into
an obligatory center of operations. Carlos
Manuel de Céspedes and Vicente Garcia set their
headquarters here. On October 12, 1873, Vicente
García defeated the Spaniards when his troops
stormed the Fortress of La Zanja.
In the same year the Palo Seco
battle took place; it was one of the most
transcendental combats waged by Máximo Gómez.
The warrior never thought that
that brilliant victory would be eternally
remembered by the residents of this
And even Pedro Figueredo, author
of our national anthem, lived in this region
where he was taken prisoner by the Spaniards.
But the most significant events
that occurred here during the 1895 war, were the
battles headed by Antonio Maceo in Guaramanao on
November 7 and 8.
Imperialist intrusion began in
1909 with the construction of the Jobabo Sugar
Mill, which had its first production in 1912.In
this first stage the American Ryad Cuba Company
appropriated large extensions of land. It was
in Jobabo where the first revolutionaries rose
against Batista’s regime, and the horror of the
Bloody Easter included this territory Enrique
Casals appeared assassinated on a bridge. On
September 6 and 7, 1958 the troops lead by
Ernesto Guevara and Camilo Cienfuegos crossed
Two months later Jobabo was
free by the forces under the command of
Eduardo (Lalo) Sardiñas.
After the revolutionary triumph
many children of this town gave their lives in
the struggle against bandits, in the Bay of
Pigs, or in other lands of the world. 2 thousand
89 men and women from Jobabo took part in
Though Jobabo is still in the
same place, and such an ancient print as the
sugar mill remain there, undoubtedly the
transformations the territory has undergone
since 1959, have turned it into prosperous and
warm place, almost unknown to the to those who
have not come over for over forty years.
The municipality’s population is
50 thousand inhabitants in a territorial
extension of 886.62 square kilometers. Jobabo
limits to the north with the municipalities of
Las Tunas and Guaimaro, to the south with the
Guacanayabo Gulf, to the east with Las Tunas and
Granma, and to the west with the territories of
Colombia and Guaimaro.
The production of vegetable and
the raising of cattle are some of the most
important economic activities.
For the recreation of the people
there is a movie theater with a capacity of a
hundred seats, a restaurant-bar, a pizza parlor,
a library and a book store, and some other
There is also a motel and a
camping site. But the transformations are better
understood if we remember that before 1959,
there were only two physicians and three nurses.
Nowadays almost a hundred doctors assist the
patients in a hospital, an outpatient
department, and 44 family doctor’s offices.
In the field of education the
advances are numerous. Today there are 77
elementary schools, two urban junior
high schools and two others in the
countryside, two polithecnical institutes, four
high schools, and two day-care centers.
Also there have been achievements
in communications, culture and sports. The
baseball player Ermidalio Urrutia and the weight
lifter Ernesto Agüero are well-known figures
Housing plans have been carried
out. In the last 40 years thousands of
comfortable houses have substituted the old huts
This is today’s Jobabo, a place
where its residents strive to create a better