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Safer Auckland City.

Crime and safety profile - 2003

Contents | Executive summary | 1.0 Introduction | 2.0 Background | 3.0 Understanding crime | 4.0 Census information | 5.0 The index of deprivation | 6.0. Police statistics: Auckland City district | 7.0 Conclusion | 8.0 Bibliography

6.0 Police statistics for the Auckland city district

6.1 Overview: The Auckland region

The New Zealand Police is a de-centralised organisation which is divided into twelve districts. Each district has a central station from which subsidiary and suburban stations are managed. In the Auckland Region, there are three Police Districts:

  1. North Shore/Waitakere District
  2. Auckland City District
  3. Counties/Manukau District.

Official Police crime statistics are published at regular intervals throughout the year, and are available from the Police website (www.police.govt.nz/service/statistics). From these data it is clear that Auckland Region contributes a significant proportion of total recorded crime in New Zealand. For instance, of the approximately 430,000 offences recorded by the police each year, some 34 per cent occur in the Auckland Region. This compares with the 31 per cent of the population of New Zealand who live in the Region, and demonstrates that Auckland in general is slightly over-represented in crime statistics. This over-representation is also apparent in the number of emergency calls for assistance taken by Police, with the Auckland Region contributing over 40 per cent of the national total.

Total recorded crime in Auckland from 1995/96 to 2001/02

The good news is that, despite considerable growth in the Auckland region, the total number of recorded crimes in the region over the 2001/2002 fiscal year was down on the 1996/97 peak. Although total recorded crime in the three Auckland districts rose between 2000/2001 and 2001/2002 (from 136,719 offences in 2000/01 to 147,683 offences in 2001/02), this is still below the 153,707 offences recorded during 1996/97. This general pattern (a peak in the mid 1990s, followed by four years of declining numbers, and then an increase into the 2001/2002 year) is repeated across the Auckland Region.

6.2 Auckland City

TopThe Auckland City Police District refers to all areas between Herne Bay and Freeman's Bay to the north, St Heliers to the East, Onehunga in the south and Avondale in the west.

Overview of crime areas across Auckland City

The distinctive demographic and socio-economic composition of this area (see Section 4.0) requires innovative solutions from the Police in order to continue providing effective services to the people in the District. In particular, the Auckland City District Police want to continue to increase residents' safety and security – including in their homes, schools, workplaces, as well as public places such as parks, playgrounds, streets, and harbours.

Within the Auckland City Police District, 60.687 crimes were recorded in the year ending June 2002. This figure represents 13.8 per cent of the 436,315 offences recorded nation-wide. As with the Region, this share of crime means the City is over-represented in the national crime statistics (13.8 per cent of all crimes for 9.8 per cent of the population).

Calendar year Total recorded offences Variation in recorded offences Recorded offences per 10,000 population Variation in recorded offences per 10,000 population
1995 58,067 - 1,757.0 -
1996 64,124 10.4% 1,850.4 5.3%
1997 59,423 -7.3% 1,665.6 -10.0%
1998 57,320 -3.5% 1,585.0 -4.8%
1999 52,532 -8.4% 1,440.0 -9.1%
2000 54,062 2.9% 1,469.3 2.0%
2001 57,622 6.6% 1,551.2 5.6%
2002 59,621 3.5% 1,554.2 0.2%

TopIt is important to note, however, that because Auckland has grown faster than the increase in offending, the rate of offending (i.e. the recorded offences per 10,000 population), although up on the 2000/2001 figure, is still lower than any year between 1995 and 1998.

Recorded offences per 10,000 population

Top6.3 Crimes of concern

Reported serious violence rates per 10,000 population

Of particular concern is the trend of increasing violent crime in Auckland. Both the rate of offending and the rate of increase in offending for violent crimes is higher in Auckland City than in other areas (see graph, below).

The other area of special concern is crimes of dishonesty (including burglary, unlawful taking, theft and fraud). These crimes account for nearly 69 per cent of all reported crimes in Auckland City (see below). The rate of crimes of dishonesty increased 13 per cent from the 2000/ 2001year, and in 2001/2002 stood at a rate of 1118 offences per 10,000 population. Given that crimes of dishonesty dominate the recorded crimes in Auckland, any sustained reduction that can be made will have a significant impact on the total recorded crime rate.

TopProportion of total recorded crime by offence category

Offence category 1999/2000 2000/2001 2001/2002
Violence 7.71% 8.20% 8.18%
Sexual offences 0.57% 0.53% 0.55%
Drugs and anti social 12.41% 12.11% 12.16%
Dishonesty 69.12% 68.85% 68.92%
Property damage 4.80% 4.83% 4.66%
Property abuses 3.53% 3.89% 4.08%
Administrative 1.85% 1.60% 1.45%
  100.00% 100.00% 100.00%

Top6.4 Types of crime

Types of crime

From this chart, we can see that:

  • Dishonesty crimes represent 68 per cent of the total crime within the Auckland City District. This category includes offences such as burglary, car conversion, theft, receiving stolen goods and fraud;

The following are graphs that include Crime by category and gives the reader a breakdown as to the numbers of crime that occurs within the Auckland City District.

Top6.4.1 Violent crimes in Auckland City, by category (2001 – 2002)

Violent crimes in Auckland City by category - Fiscal 01/02

Top6.4.2 Sexual crimes in Auckland City, by category (2001 – 2002)

Sexual offences in Auckland City by category (2001 - 2002)

Top6.4.3 Drug and anti-social crimes in Auckland City, by category (2001 – 2002)

Drug and anti-social behaviour in Auckland City by category - Fiscal

Top6.4.4 Dishonesty crimes in Auckland City, by category (2001 – 2002)

Dishonesty offences in Auckland City by category - Fiscal 01/02

6.5 Criminal offending by location

Top6.5.1 City overview: The NZ Police do not collect crime statistics by Auckland City Council Wards. Instead, the Auckland City Police District is divided into the Auckland City Central Area, the Auckland City Eastern Area, and the Auckland City Western Area. The boundaries for these three areas are

Auckland City
Eastern
Auckland City
Central
Auckland City
Western
Tamaki Drive from Ngapipi Rd to Glendowie (including Panmure to Panmure Bridge
Mt Wellington through to Sylvia Park Rd; Incorporates Church Street and Mangere Bridge; Down to Queenstown Rd into Hillsborough, Newmarket, Remuera).
The CBD, St. Marys Bay, Parnell and Grafton. Hillsborough West to Portage Rd (including Blockhouse Bay and all those suburbs in Mt Roskill, Mt Albert, Eden Pt Chevalier).

Summary: Auckland district recorded crime by area, (year ending 31 December 2002)

Area description Recorded
2000
Recorded
2001
Recorded
2002
Per cent variance
00-01
Per cent variance
01-02
Auckland City Central Area 22,017 23,453 24,702 6.5 5.3
Auckland City Eastern Area 16,744 17,779 18,263 6.2 2.7
Auckland City Western Area 15,301 16,390 16,656 7.1 1.6
Sum: 54,062 57,622 59,621 6.6 3.5

From this table we can see that more crimes occurs in the Central Area than elsewhere in the City, and that the number of crimes recorded grew faster between 2001 and 2002 than elsewhere.

TopSummary of recorded and resolved crimes by area, 2001-20029

Summary of recorded and resolved crime by area - Fiscal year 01/02

All of the categories of crime follow this similar pattern – more common in the Central Area and least common in the Western Area (with the exception of sexual crimes, which were more common in the Western Area than the Eastern Area).

Top6.5.2 Violent crimes by area, 2001-2002

Violent offences by area - Fiscal 01/02

Top6.5.3 Sexual crimes by area, 2001-2002

Sexual offences by area - Fiscal 01/02

Top6.5.4 Drug and anti-social crimes by area, 2001-2002

Drugs and anti-social behaviour by area - Fiscal 01/02

Top6.5.5 Dishonesty crimes by area, 2001-2002

Dishonesty offences by area - Fiscal 01/02

6.6 Mapping criminal offending

TopOne of the important assumptions of the Wanganui Community Safety approach is that it is possible to identify at-risk areas by combining the factors identified in Section 3.0. One such factor was that at-risk populations lived in areas that had a high crime rate. Consequently, by identifying the whereabouts in Auckland that most crime is committed, and combining this with the other risk factors isolated in the 2001 Census data and the 2001 Index of Deprivation, it should be possible to isolate the most 'at risk' neighbourhoods in Auckland City.

The following maps illustrate the whereabouts in the City various crimes were committed in the year ending June 2002.

6.6.1 Auckland City burglaries

Auckland City burglaries

Top6.6.2 Auckland City unlawful takings

Auckland City unlawful takings

Top6.6.3 Auckland City theft ex-car

Auckland City theft ex-car

Top6.6.4 Auckland City domestic violence

Auckland City domestic violence

Top6.6.5 Auckland City disorderly behaviour

Auckland City disorderly behaviour

As these maps make clear, identifying the criminal 'hot spots' in Auckland City is not as straightforward as it was in a smaller provincial town such as Wanganui. Indeed, other than noting that the all of these maps show more criminal offending in the downtown area, it is hard to identify any distinct city-wide patterns. Overlaying these maps to create a 'master' picture of where crime occurred in Auckland in the year ending June 2002, results in the only sensible conclusion being 'everywhere'. In other words, these crimes are endemic to Auckland City as a whole.


9 - The difference between the figures in the table and the graph arise because the table shows statistics for the calendar year 2002, whereas the table shows the fiscal year 2001-2002.


Ngati Whatua o 
      Orakei
Ministry of Justice
Crime Prevention Unit
NZ Police

 

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