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Crime and safety profile - 2003
| Executive summary
| 1.0 Introduction
| 2.0 Background
| 3.0 Understanding crime
| 4.0 Census information
| 5.0 The index of deprivation
| 6.0. Police statistics: Auckland City district
| 7.0 Conclusion
| 8.0 Bibliography
6.0 Police statistics for the Auckland city district
6.1 Overview: The Auckland region
The New Zealand Police is a de-centralised organisation which is divided into twelve districts. Each district has a
central station from which subsidiary and suburban stations are managed. In the Auckland Region, there are three Police
- North Shore/Waitakere District
- Auckland City District
- Counties/Manukau District.
Official Police crime statistics are published at regular intervals throughout the year, and are available from the
Police website (www.police.govt.nz/service/statistics). From these
data it is clear that Auckland Region contributes a significant proportion of total recorded crime in New Zealand. For
instance, of the approximately 430,000 offences recorded by the police each year, some
34 per cent occur in the Auckland Region.
This compares with the 31 per cent of the population of New Zealand who live in the Region, and demonstrates that Auckland in general
is slightly over-represented in crime statistics. This over-representation is also apparent in the number of emergency calls
for assistance taken by Police, with the Auckland Region contributing over 40 per cent
of the national total.
The good news is that, despite considerable growth in the Auckland region, the total number of recorded crimes in the
region over the 2001/2002 fiscal year was down on the 1996/97 peak. Although total recorded crime in the three Auckland
districts rose between 2000/2001 and 2001/2002 (from 136,719 offences in 2000/01 to 147,683 offences in 2001/02), this is
still below the 153,707 offences recorded during 1996/97. This general pattern (a peak in the mid 1990s, followed by four
years of declining numbers, and then an increase into the 2001/2002 year) is repeated across the Auckland Region.
The Auckland City Police
District refers to all areas between Herne Bay and Freeman's Bay to the north, St Heliers to the East, Onehunga in the south
and Avondale in the west.
The distinctive demographic and socio-economic composition of this area (see Section
4.0) requires innovative solutions
from the Police in order to continue providing effective services to the people in the District. In particular, the Auckland
City District Police want to continue to increase residents' safety and security – including in their homes, schools,
workplaces, as well as public places such as parks, playgrounds, streets, and harbours.
Within the Auckland City Police District, 60.687 crimes were recorded in the year ending June 2002. This figure
represents 13.8 per cent of the 436,315 offences recorded nation-wide. As with the Region, this share of crime means the City is
over-represented in the national crime statistics (13.8 per cent of all crimes for
9.8 per cent of the population).
||Total recorded offences
||Variation in recorded offences
||Recorded offences per 10,000 population
||Variation in recorded offences per 10,000 population
It is important to note,
however, that because Auckland has grown faster than the increase in offending, the rate of offending (i.e. the recorded
offences per 10,000 population), although up on the 2000/2001 figure, is still lower than any year between 1995 and 1998.
6.3 Crimes of
Of particular concern is the trend of increasing violent crime in Auckland. Both the rate of offending and the
rate of increase in offending for violent crimes is higher in Auckland City than in other areas (see graph, below).
The other area of special concern is crimes of dishonesty (including burglary, unlawful taking, theft and fraud). These
crimes account for nearly 69 per cent of all reported crimes in Auckland City (see below). The rate of crimes of dishonesty
increased 13 per cent from the 2000/ 2001year, and in 2001/2002 stood at a rate of 1118 offences per 10,000 population. Given that
crimes of dishonesty dominate the recorded crimes in Auckland, any sustained reduction that can be made will have a
significant impact on the total recorded crime rate.
Proportion of total recorded
crime by offence category
|Drugs and anti social
6.4 Types of
From this chart, we can see that:
- Dishonesty crimes represent 68 per cent of the total crime within the Auckland City District. This category includes offences
such as burglary, car conversion, theft, receiving stolen goods and fraud;
The following are graphs that include Crime by category and gives the reader a breakdown as to the numbers of crime that
occurs within the Auckland City District.
Auckland City, by category (2001 – 2002)
crimes in Auckland
City, by category (2001 – 2002)
6.4.3 Drug and
anti-social crimes in Auckland City, by category (2001 – 2002)
Auckland City, by category (2001 – 2002)
6.5 Criminal offending by location
overview: The NZ Police do not collect crime statistics by Auckland City Council Wards. Instead, the
Auckland City Police District is divided into the Auckland City Central Area, the Auckland City Eastern Area, and the
Auckland City Western Area. The boundaries for these three areas are
|Tamaki Drive from Ngapipi Rd to Glendowie (including Panmure to Panmure Bridge
Mt Wellington through to Sylvia Park Rd; Incorporates Church Street and Mangere Bridge; Down to Queenstown Rd into
Hillsborough, Newmarket, Remuera).
|The CBD, St. Marys Bay, Parnell and Grafton.
||Hillsborough West to Portage Rd (including Blockhouse Bay and all those suburbs in Mt Roskill, Mt Albert, Eden
Summary: Auckland district recorded crime by area, (year ending 31 December 2002)
|Per cent variance
|Per cent variance
|Auckland City Central Area
|Auckland City Eastern Area
|Auckland City Western Area
From this table we can see that more crimes occurs in the Central Area than elsewhere in the City, and that the number
of crimes recorded grew faster between 2001 and 2002 than elsewhere.
recorded and resolved crimes by area, 2001-20029
All of the categories of crime follow this similar pattern – more common in the Central Area and least common in the
Western Area (with the exception of sexual crimes, which were more common in the Western Area than the Eastern Area).
6.5.2 Violent crimes by area, 2001-2002
6.5.3 Sexual crimes by area, 2001-2002
6.5.4 Drug and anti-social crimes
by area, 2001-2002
6.5.5 Dishonesty crimes by area,
6.6 Mapping criminal offending
One of the important
assumptions of the Wanganui Community Safety approach is that it is possible to identify at-risk areas by combining the
factors identified in Section 3.0. One such factor was that at-risk populations lived in areas that had a high crime rate.
Consequently, by identifying the whereabouts in Auckland that most crime is committed, and combining this with the other
risk factors isolated in the 2001 Census data and the 2001 Index of Deprivation, it should be possible to isolate the most
'at risk' neighbourhoods in Auckland City.
The following maps illustrate the whereabouts in the City various crimes were committed in the year ending June 2002.
6.6.1 Auckland City burglaries
6.6.2 Auckland City unlawful takings
6.6.3 Auckland City theft ex-car
6.6.4 Auckland City domestic violence
6.6.5 Auckland City disorderly behaviour
As these maps make clear, identifying the criminal 'hot spots' in Auckland City is not as straightforward as it was in
a smaller provincial town such as Wanganui. Indeed, other than noting that the all of these maps show more criminal
offending in the downtown area, it is hard to identify any distinct city-wide patterns. Overlaying these maps to create a
'master' picture of where crime occurred in Auckland in the year ending June 2002, results in the only sensible conclusion
being 'everywhere'. In other words, these crimes are endemic to Auckland City as a whole.
9 - The difference between the figures in the table and the graph arise because the table
shows statistics for the calendar year 2002, whereas the table shows the fiscal year 2001-2002.