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Country Portal - Europe

Figures and facts about every country in the world (a)

=> See also : Americas - Asia - Africa - Oceania - World

Albania
Andorra
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus (Asia)
Czechia
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Gibraltar
Greece
Holy See
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macedonia
Malta
Moldova
Monaco
Montenegro
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russia
San Marino
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey (Asia)
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Vatican City (Holy See)
White-Russia (Belarus)
Europe

=> See also : World

Statistical Information

General Information

[flag] Albania    
[flag] Andorra (Principality)    
[flag] Austria    
[flag] Belarus    
[flag] Belgium    
[flag] Bosnia-Herzegovina (Rep.)    
[flag] Bulgaria    
[flag] Croatia (Rep.)    
[flag] Czechia (Czech Rep.)    
[flag] Denmark    
[flag] Estonia (Rep.)    
[flag] Finland    
[flag] France    
[flag] Germany    
[flag] Gibraltar    
[flag] Greece    
[flag] Holy See    
[flag] Hungary (Rep.)    
[flag] Iceland    
[drapeau] Ireland    
[flag] Italy    
[flag] Latvia (Rep.)    
[flag] Liechtenstein    
[flag] Lithuania (Rep.)    
[flag] Luxembourg (Grand Duchy)    
[flag] Macedonia (Ex-Yugoslavia Rep.)    
[flag] Malta    
[flag] Moldova (Rep.)    
[flag] Monaco (Principality)    
[flag] Montenegro    
[flag] Netherlands    
[flag] Norway    
[flag] Poland (Rep.)    
[flag] Portugal    
[flag] Romania    
[flag] Russia (Federation)    
[flag] San Marino (Rep.)    
[flag] Serbia    
[flag] Slovakia (Slovak Rep.)    
[flag] Slovenia (Rep.)    
[flag] Spain    
[flag] Sweden    
[flag] Switzerland    
[flag] Turkey    
   
[flag] Ukraine (Rep.)    
[flag] United Kingdom    
[flag] Vatican City    
   
[flag] White-Russia    
   

(a)  What is a country?

To be considered a country, a territory should combine at least five elements:
1) a territory (no matter of what size);
2) a people living on that territory, and having the will to “live together” (= “national feeling”);
3) an authority;
4) this state should have an active and passive right of representation, it issues a declaration of independence, enabling it to secede from another state;
5) the state should be recognized by the international community (it is not clear by how many states).

However, this is not sufficient. Take e.g. the case of the Republic of North Cyprus, which is only recognized by Turkey. Would it be a state by the above-mentioned definition? Following the principles of international law, Cyprus could not be considered an independent country.

A nation is distinguished from a country in that as a rule a nation shares a very old historical, linguistic and cultural past, which has influenced the organization of the international community.

Perhaps it could be agreed upon that concerning point 5) one should define the “international community” as a group of states and that membership of the UNO could be a touchstone. But this does not solve the case of the Vatican, considered a state by all countries while not being a UNO member.

(Source : Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Development.)

=> See also Geonomenclature (downloadble Eurostat publication)

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