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Several prizes are awarded annually for the best work printed in Poetry during the preceding year. Only poems already published in the magazine are eligible for consideration, and no formal application is necessary. The winners are announced in the November issue. Following the prize descriptions is a complete list of past prizewinners.

The Poetry Foundation also administers the Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize and the Ruth Lilly Poetry Fellowships.

The Levinson Prize, presented annually since 1914 through the generosity of the late Salmon O. Levinson and his family, and now permanently endowed, for the sum of five hundred dollars, is awarded to Geoffrey Hill for his poems in the May 2006 issue.

The Bess Hokin Prize, established in 1948 through the generosity of our late friend and guarantor, Mrs. David Hokin, and given annually in her memory, for the sum of five hundred dollars, is awarded to Robert Pinsky for his poem, "Poem in Disconnected Parts," in the February 2006 issue.

The Frederick Bock Prize, founded in 1981 by friends in memory of the former associate editor of Poetry, for the sum of five hundred dollars, is awarded to Thylias Moss for her poem, "The Subculture of the Wrongfully Accused," in the January 2006 issue.

The Union League Civic and Arts Foundation Poetry Prize for a Young Poet, presented annually from 1951 to 1972, and re-established in 1993 through the generosity of the Union League Civic & Arts Foundation, for the sum of one thousand dollars, is awarded to Katherine Larson for her poems in the March 2006 issue.

The J. Howard and Barbara M.J. Wood Prize, endowed since 1994 through the generosity of Mrs. Wood, in the sum of five thousand dollars, is awarded to Joel Brouwer for his poems in the December 2005 issue.

The John Frederick Nims Memorial Prize for Translation, endowed in 1999 through a fund established by Bonnie Larkin Nims, trustees of the Poetry Foundation, and friends of the late poet, translator, and editor of Poetry, in the amount of five hundred dollars, is awarded to Geoffrey Brock for his translation of Italian poet Giovanni Pascoli's poem, "In the Fog," in the April 2006 issue.

The Friends of Literature Prize, established in 2002 by the Friends of Literature, founded in Chicago in 1934 to study literature and to honor those who create it, in the amount of five hundred dollars, is awarded to Dana Levin for her poem, "Pyro," in the June 2006 issue.

The Editor's Prize for Feature Article, established in 2005 by the Poetry Foundation, in the amount of one thousand dollars, is awarded to Tony Hoagland for his essay, "Fear of Narrative and the Skittery Poem of Our Moment," in the March 2006 issue.

The Editors Prize for Reviewing, established in 2004 by the Poetry Foundation, in the amount of one thousand dollars, is awarded to David Orr for his reviews in the December 2005 and July/August 2006 issues.

Prizes are for poems and prose published during the past twelve months in Volumes 187 and 188, October 2005 through September 2006.

Past Winners by Prize and Year

The Levinson Prize has been presented annually since 1914 through the generosity of the late Salmon O. Levinson and his family, and is now permanently endowed. Past winners include:

Carl Sandburg 1914
Vachel Lindsay 1915
Edgar Lee Masters 1916
Cloyd Head 1917
O. C. Underwood 1918
H. L. Davis 1919
Wallace Stevens 1920
Lew Sarett 1921
Robert Frost 1922
Edwin Arlington Robinson 1923
Amy Lowell 1924
Ralph Cheever Dunning 1925
Mark Turbyfill 1926
Maurice Lesemann 1927
Elinor Wylie 1928
Marjorie Seiffert 1929
Hart Crane 1930
Edna St. Vincent Millay 1931
no prizes awarded 1932
Marianne Moore 1933
Horace Gregory 1934
Mary Barnard 1935
Robert Penn Warren 1936
Louise Bogan 1937
H. D. 1938
E. E. Cummings 1939
Robinson Jeffers 1940
Archibald MacLeish 1941
Karl J. Shapiro 1942
John Malcoln Brinnin 1943
John Frederick Nims 1944
Dylan Thomas 1945
John Ciardi 1946
Muriel Rukeyser 1947
Randall Jarrell 1948
James Merrill 1949
John Berryman 1950
Theodore Roethke 1951
St. John Perse 1952
Vernon Watkins 1953
William Carlos Williams 1954
Thom Gunn 1955
Stanley Kunitz 1956
Jay MacPherson 1957
Hayden Carruth 1958
Delmore Schwartz 1959
Robert Creeley 1960
David Jones 1961
Anne Sexton 1962
Robert Lowell 1963
Robert Duncan 1964
George Barker 1965
Basil Bunting 1966
Alan Dugan 1967
Gary Snyder 1968
A. D. Hope 1969
A. R. Ammons 1970
Turner Cassity 1971
Michael Hamburger 1972
Richard Howard 1973
John Hollander 1974
Howard Nemerov 1975
Judith Moffett 1976
John Ashbery 1977
Brewster Ghiselin 1978
Philip Levine 1979
Marilyn Hacker 1980
James Dickey 1981
Alfred Corn 1982
Frederick Turner 1983
Ernst Pöppel 1983
Gary Soto 1984
David Bottoms 1985
Raymond Carver 1985
Maxine Kumin 1986
Stephen Dunn 1987
Reynolds Price 1988
Brendan Galvin 1989
J. D. McClatchy 1990
Linda Gregerson 1991
W. S. Merwin 1992
May Sarton 1993
David Wagoner 1994
Billy Collins 1995
Philip Schultz 1996
Yusef Komunyakaa 1997
Rita Dove 1998
Stephen Dobyns 1999
Kenneth Koch 2000
Charlie Smith 2001
Sandra M. Gilbert 2002
Patrick McGuinness 2003
W. S. Di Piero 2004
Frank Bidart 2005


The Bess Hokin Prize was established in 1947 through the generosity of our late friend and guarantor, Mrs. David Hokin, and is given annually in her memory. Past winners include:

William Abrahams 1948
Barbara Howes 1949
Lloyd Frankenberg 1950
M. B. Tolson 1951
L. E. Hudgins 1952
Ruth Stone 1953
Hayden Carruth 1954
Philip Booth 1955
Charles Tomlinson 1956
Sylvia Plath 1957
Alan Neame 1958
Jean Clower 1959
Denise Levertov 1960
X. J. Kennedy 1961
W. S. Merwin 1962
Adrienne Rich 1963
Gary Snyder 1964
Galway Kinnell 1965
Thomas Clark 1966
Wendell Berry 1967
Michael Benedikt 1968
Marvin Bell 1969
Charles Martin 1970
Erica Jong 1971
Sandra McPherson 1972
Jane Shore 1973
Margaret Atwood 1974
Charles O. Hartman 1975
Norman Dubie 1976
Gary Soto 1977
Richard Kenney 1978
Robert Beverley Ray 1979
Gerald Stern 1980
Caroline Knox 1981
Pattiann Rogers 1982
Lawrence Raab 1983
Greg Glazner 1984
Linda Pastan 1985
Stephen Dobyns 1986
Ralph Angel 1987
George Starbuck 1988
Alice Fulton 1989
Billy Collins 1990
Gary Fincke 1991
Richard Foerster 1992
Julie Suk 1993
J. D. McClatchy 1994
Carl Dennis 1995
Nuala Ni Dhomhnaill 1996
Paul Muldoon 1996
James Kimbrell 1997
D. Nurkse 1998
Dabney Stuart 1999
George Scarbrough 2000
Wayne Miller 2001
Alissa Leigh 2002
Robert Bly 2003
A. F. Moritz 2004
Craig Arnold 2005


The Frederick Bock Prize was founded in 1981 by friends of the late former Associate Editor of Poetry. Past winners include:

John N. Morris 1981
Baron Wormser 1982
Richard Kenney 1983
Rodney Jones 1984
Dana Gioia 1985
Cathy Song 1986
Kevin Stein 1987
Robert Wrigley 1988
J. Allyn Rosser 1989
George Witte 1990
Neal Bowers 1991
Billy Collins 1992
Jane Kenyon 1993
Tom Disch 1994
Alison Stone 1995
James Scruton 1996
Andrew Hudgins 1997
Pattiann Rogers 1998
Sarah Arvio 1999
Roberta Spear 2000
Trevor West Knapp 2001
David Bottoms 2002
D. Nurske 2003
A. E. Stallings 2004
Albert Goldbarth 2005


The Union League Civic and Arts Poetry Prize for a young poet was presented annually from 1951 to 1972, and re-established in 1993 through the generosity of the Union League Civic & Arts Foundation. Past winners include:

Horace Gregory 1951
Robinson Jeffers 1952
Robert Penn Warren 1953
Dorothy Donnelly 1954
Anne Ridler 1955
Jean Garrigue 1956
Robert Duncan 1957
James Dickey 1958
William Stafford 1959
Ben Belitt 1960
Charles Tomlinson 1961
William Dickey 1962
William Jay Smith 1963
Louis Zukofsky 1964
Gael Turnbull 1965
John Ashbery 1966
Robert Creeley 1967
Clayton Eshleman 1968
Margaret Atwood 1969
Dick Allen 1970
Philip Murray 1971
Tom Disch 1972
William Matthews 1993
Debora Greger 1994
Neal Bowers 1995
Sandra M. Gilbert 1996
David Wagoner 1997
Yusef Komunyakaa 1998
J. D. McClatchy 1999
Kay Ryan 2000
Ellen Hinsey 2001
Not Awarded 2002
Eleanor Stanford 2003
Neisha Tweed 2004
Meghan O'Rourke 2005


The J. Howard and Barbara M. J. Wood Prize is presented annually and endowed since 1994 through the generosity of Mrs. Wood. Past winners include:

Rebecca McClanahan 1994
W. S. Merwin 1995
Charles Wright 1996
Carl Dennis 1997
Robert Wrigley 1998
Billy Collins 1999
Charlie Smith 2000
Stephen Dunn 2001
Stephen Dobyns 2002
William Logan 2003
Atsuro Riley 2004
J. Allyn Rosser 2005


The John Frederick Nims Memorial Prize for translation work is permanently endowed through a fund established by Bonnie Larkin Nims, Trustees of The Poetry Foundation, and friends of the late poet, translator, and Editor of Poetry. Past winners include:

Rita Dove and Fred Viebahn 1999
Andrew Shields 2000
Marilyn Hacker 2001
Eavan Boland 2002
Reginald Gibbons and Charles Segal 2003
Sherod Santos 2004
Clare Cavanagh 2005

The Friends of Literature Prize was established in 2002 by The Friends of Literature, founded in Chicago in 1934 to study literature and to honor those who create it. Past winners include:

Gregory Djanikian 2002
Susan Kinsolving 2003
Ralph Sneeden 2004
Nance Van Winckel 2005

The Editors Prize for Criticism was established in 2004 by the Poetry Foundation.
Michael Hofmann 2004

Editors Prize for Feature Article was established in 2005 by the Poetry Foundation.
Mary Kinzie 2005

Editors Prize for Book Reviewing was established in 2005 by the Poetry Foundation.
D.H. Tracy 2005

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