1944-2000, bulk 1958-1995
Range of Collection Dates: 1944-2000
Size: 109.25 linear ft. (247 boxes/cartons, 1 flat package)
Languages: The primary language of the collection is Spanish; there are also translations of works in a number of other languages, but chiefly English and French.
Provenance: Begun in 1985, the collection has grown with purchases from the author on a continuing basis.
Restrictions: The letter by Luis Loayza dated June 30, 1964, shall remain closed to the public until December 2013; all correspondence from Wolfgang A. Luchting shall remain closed to the public until December 2003, except for those letters contained in Box 13, Folder 29; the letters of Abelardo Oquendo dated November 11, 1958, August 2, 1962, February 14, June 6, July 3, August 18, September 1, October 13 and 29, December 14, 1964, and January 20, 1965 shall remain closed to the public until December 2018; the letters of José Miguel Oviedo dated December 2, 1962, June 22, September 24, and December 8, 1964 shall remain closed to the public until December 2003; all correspondence from Julia Urquidi shall remain closed to the public until her death.
Photocopying, literary rights, and citation: Single photocopies may be made for research purposes (for exceptions, see above under Restrictions). Permission to publish material from the collection must be requested from the Associate University Librarian for Rare Books and Special Collections. The Library has no information on the status of literary rights in the collection and researchers are responsible for determining any question of copyright. Citations should be as follows: Mario Vargas Llosa Papers, Series #, Box #. Used by permission of the Princeton University Library.
Writer, journalist, critic and teacher, he has taught at the Queen Mary College and King's College of the University of London, Washington State University (Pullman), the University of Puerto Rico (Río Piedras), at Columbia, Harvard, Princeton and Georgetown Universities and at The City University of New York. He was a Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Center, Washington, D.C. He has been the recipient of many literary prizes, among which are the Premio Biblioteca Breve, Seix Barral (1962), Premio Internacional de Literatura Rómulo Gallegos (1967), Premio Nacional de la Novela (1967), Premio del Instituto Italo Latinoamericano (Italy, 1982), and the Ritz Paris Hemingway Award (1985). Vargas Llosa was a journalist with La Industria, Piura, Peru, with Radio Panamericana and La Crónica, both of Lima and with Agence France-Presse and the French Radio-Television Network in Paris. He has hosted the Peruvian television program "The Tower of Babel," and he writes a newspaper column, "Piedra de Toque" [Touchstone] for El País (Madrid, Spain) which is syndicated throughout Latin America.
Mario Vargas Llosa became actively involved in Peruvian politics at the national level when he and others founded a civic organization called Movimiento Libertad [Liberty Movement] in 1987. The Movement was created, in part, to protest the attempt of President Alan García to nationalize the Peruvian banking system; and its members played a key role in the formation of Frente Democrático (FREDEMO) [Democratic Front], a coalition of political parties which became an official party in August, 1989. After being nominated as FREDEMO's first presidential candidate in 1989, Vargas Llosa resigned his candidacy in June of that year. He was then persuaded to return to the presidential race after receiving over 3,000 letters from the general public urging his return to the campaign. There were two rounds of presidential elections in Peru in 1990: the first held on April 8, and the second held on June 10. Vargas Llosa won the first round of elections with 27.6% of the vote (Cambio 90 candidate Alberto Fujimori received 24.6% and the APRA candidate Luis Alva Castro received 19.1% of the vote). In the second round, Mario Vargas Llosa received 33.9% of the vote; he lost the election to Alberto Fujimori, who received 56.5% of the vote.*[see source below]
In 1994, Vargas Llosa became the first
Latin American voted member of the Real Academia Española de la
Lengua (Spain), and he won the Premio Miguel de Cervantes (Spain). He has
taught at Queen Mary College and King's College of the University of London,
Cambridge University, and at various universities in the U.S., including
Princeton, Harvard (1992-1993), Georgetown, and Syracuse.
Major Published Works: Los jefes (Lima: Editorial Roca, 1959); La ciudad y los perros (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1963), English translation by Lysander Kemp titled The Time of the Hero (New York: Grove, 1966); La casa verde (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1969), English translation by Gregory Rabassa published as The Green House (New York: Harper & Row, 1968); Conversación en la catedral (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1969), English translation by Gregory Rabassa published as Conversation in the Cathedral (New York: Harper & Row, 1975); García Márquez: historia de un deicídio (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1971); Pantaleón y las visitadoras (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1973), English translation by Ronald Christ and Gregory Kolovakos published as Captain Pantoja and the Special Services (New York: Harper & Row, 1978); La orgía perpetua: Flaubert y "Madame Bovary" (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1975), English translation by Helen R. Lane published as The Perpetual Orgy: Flaubert and Madame Bovary (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1986); La tía Julia y el escribidor (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1977), English translation by Helen R. Lane published as Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1982); La guerra del fin del mundo (1981), English translation by Helen R. Lane published as The War of the End of the World (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1984); Historia de Mayta (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1985), English translation by Alfred J. Mac Adam titled The Real Life of Alejandro Mayta (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1986); ¿Quién mató a Palomino Molero? (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1986), English translation by Alfred J. Mac Adam published as Who Killed Palomino Molero? (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1987); El hablador (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1989), English translation by Helen R. Lane published as The Storyteller (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1989); El pez en el agua: memorias (Barcelona: Seix Barral, l993), English translation by Helen R. Lane published as A Fish in the Water: A Memoir (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1994); El debate (Lima: Univ. del Pácifico, Centro de Investigación, 1990).
* Leslie Bethell. ed. The Cambridge History of Latin America. Volume VIII. Latin America Since 1930: Spanish South America (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991), p. 507.
Consists of personal and working papers of Mario Vargas Llosa. Included are manuscript first drafts (see Notebooks), typescript drafts, and some galley and page proofs with holograph corrections of the novels La tía Julia y el escribidor, La guerra del fin del mundo, La ciudad y los perros, La casa verde, Pantaleón y las visitadoras, Conversación en la catedral, Historia de Mayta, El hablador, ¿Quién mató a Palomino Molero?, and Elogio de la madrastra; drafts of the short stories collected under the title Los jefes; and notes and second and later drafts with holograph corrections of the plays La chunga, La señorita de Tacna, and Kathie y el hipopótamo. Also included are several drafts of the film scripts "La guerra de Canudos" (1967-1972), and "Pantaleón y las visitadoras", notes and drafts of scripts for the television program "La Torre de Babel", hosted by the writer, notes and manuscripts of essays, articles, speeches, and lectures. There is also material about the author, such as interviews (two video-recorded), essays, and newspaper clippings.
The extensive correspondence covers the period 1957 to 1994, and includes letters from family members, publishers, and from a wide range of renowned writers such as Jorge Amado, José María Arguedas, Carlos Barral, Mario Benedetti, José Bianco, Julio Cortázar, José Donoso, Rosario Ferré, Carlos Fuentes, Gabriel García Márquez, Ana María Matute, Pablo Neruda, José Emilio Pacheco, Nelida Piñon, Carlos Quijano, Augusto Roa Bastos, Sebastián Salazar Bondy, Manuel Scorza, and others.
The political archive consists primarily of correspondence between Vargas Llosa and his wife, Patricia, and other politicians, nonprofit organizations in Peru and other Latin American countries, diplomats, and the general public while he served as a leader of Movimiento Libertad [Liberty Movement], a civic organization which was founded in Peru in 1987, and as the presidential candidate of Frente Democrático (FREDEMO) [Democratic Front] in 1989 and 1990. Vargas Llosa lost to Alberto Fujimori, candidate of the Cambio 90 party in the second round of elections held on June 10, 1990. The archive includes correspondence between Vargas Llosa and leaders of Movimiento Libertad and FREDEMO. Political correspondents include Luis Bedoya Reyes, Fernando Belaúnde Terry, Luis Bustamante Belaúnde, Miguel Cruchaga, Jorge Salmón Jordán, Miguel Vega Alvear, Pedro Pablo Kuczyinski, Enrique Ghersi Silva, and Fernando de Szyszlo. The General Correspondence includes many letters with suggestions on how to improve the economic conditions of Peru, on why they are voting for him as president, and with lists of names with signatures and voter identification numbers. Included in this correspondence are political slogans, poems, drawings, horoscopes, newspaper clippings, and some photographs and maps.
The collection has been arranged in the following series: I. Notebooks (1958-1990); II. Works, comprising A. Novels, B. Plays, C. Screenplays/TV Scripts, D. Short Stories, E. Nonfiction, and F. Juvenilia; III. Correspondence: A. 1957-1984, B. Post-1984; IV. Papers by Others; V. Printed and Recorded Material; VI. Political Archive; VII. Additional Papers–AM 1995-81, AM 1995-104, AM 1997-30, AM 1997-45, AM 1998-101, AM 1999-32, AM 2001-38, AM 2003-4, AM 2003-18.
The series are open-ended, so that new accessions may be added at the end of the appropriate sub-series, thus each sub-series begins with Box #1.
The following added entries have been assigned to this collection to highlight significant sources (other than the main entry), subjects, and forms of the collection's materials. Where possible Library of Congress Subjects Headings have been used, and the forms of names reflect international cataloging standards. As a result, all of these entries may be searched in the Department's database (MASC), in the Library's online catalogue, and the public card catalogue to find other related material.
Person Added Entries:
Llosa de Vargas, Patricia
Subject Headings (in uppercase) / Form Headings (in upper and lower case):
ACCION POPULAR (PERU)