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Mario Vargas Llosa Papers

(C0641)

1944-2000, bulk 1958-1995
 

A
Finding Aid
Prepared
by
Rodolfo G. Aiello,
Claire A. Johnston,
and
Karla Vecchia
 

Manuscripts Division
Department of Rare Books and Special Collections
Princeton University Library
1997-2002



Introduction

The Mario Vargas Llosa Papers consists of the personal papers of Peruvian author, journalist, critic, and teacher Mario Vargas Llosa (1936- ), as well as an archive of material from his involvement with Frente Democrático (FREDEMO) [Democratic Front], a coalition of political parties, as its candidate in the country's 1990 presidential elections. Literary material includes notebooks, manuscripts of novels, plays and screenplays, short stories, nonfiction, documents, correspondence, and printed and recorded material.

Range of Collection Dates: 1944-2000
Range of Collection Bulk Dates: 1958-1995

Size: 109.25 linear ft. (247 boxes/cartons, 1 flat package)

Languages: The primary language of the collection is Spanish; there are also translations of works in a number of other languages, but chiefly English and French.

Provenance: Begun in 1985, the collection has grown with purchases from the author on a continuing basis.

Restrictions: The letter by Luis Loayza dated June 30, 1964, shall remain closed to the public until December 2013; all correspondence from Wolfgang A. Luchting shall remain closed to the public until December 2003, except for those letters contained in Box 13, Folder 29; the letters of Abelardo Oquendo dated November 11, 1958, August 2, 1962, February 14, June 6, July 3, August 18, September 1, October 13 and 29, December 14, 1964, and January 20, 1965 shall remain closed to the public until December 2018; the letters of José Miguel Oviedo dated December 2, 1962, June 22, September 24, and December 8, 1964 shall remain closed to the public until December 2003; all correspondence from Julia Urquidi shall remain closed to the public until her death.

Photocopying, literary rights, and citation: Single photocopies may be made for research purposes (for exceptions, see above under Restrictions). Permission to publish material from the collection must be requested from the Associate University Librarian for Rare Books and Special Collections. The Library has no information on the status of literary rights in the collection and researchers are responsible for determining any question of copyright. Citations should be as follows: Mario Vargas Llosa Papers, Series #, Box #. Used by permission of the Princeton University Library.


Biographical Sketch

Mario Vargas Llosa was born in Arequipa, Peru, on March 28, 1936. He attended the University of San Marcos in Lima and the University of Madrid, where he obtained the doctorate in 1959.

Writer, journalist, critic and teacher, he has taught at the Queen Mary College and King's College of the University of London, Washington State University (Pullman), the University of Puerto Rico (Río Piedras), at Columbia, Harvard, Princeton and Georgetown Universities and at The City University of New York. He was a Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Center, Washington, D.C. He has been the recipient of many literary prizes, among which are the Premio Biblioteca Breve, Seix Barral (1962), Premio Internacional de Literatura Rómulo Gallegos (1967), Premio Nacional de la Novela (1967), Premio del Instituto Italo Latinoamericano (Italy, 1982), and the Ritz Paris Hemingway Award (1985). Vargas Llosa was a journalist with La Industria, Piura, Peru, with Radio Panamericana and La Crónica, both of Lima and with Agence France-Presse and the French Radio-Television Network in Paris. He has hosted the Peruvian television program "The Tower of Babel," and he writes a newspaper column, "Piedra de Toque" [Touchstone] for El País (Madrid, Spain) which is syndicated throughout Latin America.

Mario Vargas Llosa became actively involved in Peruvian politics at the national level when he and others founded a civic organization called Movimiento Libertad [Liberty Movement] in 1987. The Movement was created, in part, to protest the attempt of President Alan García to nationalize the Peruvian banking system; and its members played a key role in the formation of Frente Democrático (FREDEMO) [Democratic Front], a coalition of political parties which became an official party in August, 1989. After being nominated as FREDEMO's first presidential candidate in 1989, Vargas Llosa resigned his candidacy in June of that year. He was then persuaded to return to the presidential race after receiving over 3,000 letters from the general public urging his return to the campaign. There were two rounds of presidential elections in Peru in 1990: the first held on April 8, and the second held on June 10. Vargas Llosa won the first round of elections with 27.6% of the vote (Cambio 90 candidate Alberto Fujimori received 24.6% and the APRA candidate Luis Alva Castro received 19.1% of the vote). In the second round, Mario Vargas Llosa received 33.9% of the vote; he lost the election to Alberto Fujimori, who received 56.5% of the vote.*[see source below]

In 1994, Vargas Llosa became the first Latin American voted member of the Real Academia Española de la Lengua (Spain), and he won the Premio Miguel de Cervantes (Spain). He has taught at Queen Mary College and King's College of the University of London, Cambridge University, and at various universities in the U.S., including Princeton, Harvard (1992-1993), Georgetown, and Syracuse.
 

Major Published Works: Los jefes (Lima: Editorial Roca, 1959); La ciudad y los perros (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1963), English translation by Lysander Kemp titled The Time of the Hero (New York: Grove, 1966); La casa verde (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1969), English translation by Gregory Rabassa published as The Green House (New York: Harper & Row, 1968); Conversación en la catedral (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1969), English translation by Gregory Rabassa published as Conversation in the Cathedral (New York: Harper & Row, 1975); García Márquez: historia de un deicídio (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1971); Pantaleón y las visitadoras (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1973), English translation by Ronald Christ and Gregory Kolovakos published as Captain Pantoja and the Special Services (New York: Harper & Row, 1978); La orgía perpetua: Flaubert y "Madame Bovary" (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1975), English translation by Helen R. Lane published as The Perpetual Orgy: Flaubert and Madame Bovary (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1986); La tía Julia y el escribidor (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1977), English translation by Helen R. Lane published as Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1982); La guerra del fin del mundo (1981), English translation by Helen R. Lane published as The War of the End of the World (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1984); Historia de Mayta (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1985), English translation by Alfred J. Mac Adam titled The Real Life of Alejandro Mayta (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1986); ¿Quién mató a Palomino Molero? (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1986), English translation by Alfred J. Mac Adam published as Who Killed Palomino Molero? (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1987); El hablador (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1989), English translation by Helen R. Lane published as The Storyteller (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1989); El pez en el agua: memorias (Barcelona: Seix Barral, l993), English translation by Helen R. Lane published as A Fish in the Water: A Memoir (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1994); El debate (Lima: Univ. del Pácifico, Centro de Investigación, 1990).

* Leslie Bethell. ed. The Cambridge History of Latin America. Volume VIII. Latin America Since 1930: Spanish South America (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991), p. 507.


Collection Description

Scope Note

Consists of personal and working papers of Mario Vargas Llosa. Included are manuscript first drafts (see Notebooks), typescript drafts, and some galley and page proofs with holograph corrections of the novels La tía Julia y el escribidor, La guerra del fin del mundo, La ciudad y los perros, La casa verde, Pantaleón y las visitadoras, Conversación en la catedral, Historia de Mayta, El hablador, ¿Quién mató a Palomino Molero?, and Elogio de la madrastra; drafts of the short stories collected under the title Los jefes; and notes and second and later drafts with holograph corrections of the plays La chunga, La señorita de Tacna, and Kathie y el hipopótamo. Also included are several drafts of the film scripts "La guerra de Canudos" (1967-1972), and "Pantaleón y las visitadoras", notes and drafts of scripts for the television program "La Torre de Babel", hosted by the writer, notes and manuscripts of essays, articles, speeches, and lectures. There is also material about the author, such as interviews (two video-recorded), essays, and newspaper clippings.

The extensive correspondence covers the period 1957 to 1994, and includes letters from family members, publishers, and from a wide range of renowned writers such as Jorge Amado, José María Arguedas, Carlos Barral, Mario Benedetti, José Bianco, Julio Cortázar, José Donoso, Rosario Ferré, Carlos Fuentes, Gabriel García Márquez, Ana María Matute, Pablo Neruda, José Emilio Pacheco, Nelida Piñon, Carlos Quijano, Augusto Roa Bastos, Sebastián Salazar Bondy, Manuel Scorza, and others.

The political archive consists primarily of correspondence between Vargas Llosa and his wife, Patricia, and other politicians, nonprofit organizations in Peru and other Latin American countries, diplomats, and the general public while he served as a leader of Movimiento Libertad [Liberty Movement], a civic organization which was founded in Peru in 1987, and as the presidential candidate of Frente Democrático (FREDEMO) [Democratic Front] in 1989 and 1990. Vargas Llosa lost to Alberto Fujimori, candidate of the Cambio 90 party in the second round of elections held on June 10, 1990. The archive includes correspondence between Vargas Llosa and leaders of Movimiento Libertad and FREDEMO. Political correspondents include Luis Bedoya Reyes, Fernando Belaúnde Terry, Luis Bustamante Belaúnde, Miguel Cruchaga, Jorge Salmón Jordán, Miguel Vega Alvear, Pedro Pablo Kuczyinski, Enrique Ghersi Silva, and Fernando de Szyszlo. The General Correspondence includes many letters with suggestions on how to improve the economic conditions of Peru, on why they are voting for him as president, and with lists of names with signatures and voter identification numbers. Included in this correspondence are political slogans, poems, drawings, horoscopes, newspaper clippings, and some photographs and maps.

Arrangement

The collection has been arranged in the following series: I. Notebooks (1958-1990); II. Works, comprising A. Novels, B. Plays, C. Screenplays/TV Scripts, D. Short Stories, E. Nonfiction, and F. Juvenilia; III. Correspondence: A. 1957-1984, B. Post-1984; IV. Papers by Others; V. Printed and Recorded Material; VI. Political Archive; VII. Additional Papers–AM 1995-81, AM 1995-104, AM 1997-30, AM 1997-45, AM 1998-101, AM 1999-32, AM 2001-38, AM 2003-4, AM 2003-18.

The series are open-ended, so that new accessions may be added at the end of the appropriate sub-series, thus each sub-series begins with Box #1.

Added Entries

The following added entries have been assigned to this collection to highlight significant sources (other than the main entry), subjects, and forms of the collection's materials. Where possible Library of Congress Subjects Headings have been used, and the forms of names reflect international cataloging standards. As a result, all of these entries may be searched in the Department's database (MASC), in the Library's online catalogue, and the public card catalogue to find other related material.

    Person Added Entries:

    Llosa de Vargas, Patricia

    Subject Headings (in uppercase) / Form Headings (in upper and lower case):

    ACCION POPULAR (PERU)
    ACCION SOLIDARIA (PERU)
    Aunt Julia and the scriptwriter / Mario Vargas Llosa ; Helen R. Lane (tr.)
    Cartas a un joven novelista / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Casa verde / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Chunga / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Chunga / Mario Vargas Llosa ; David Graham-Young (tr.)
    Ciudad y los perros / Mario Vargas Llosa
    CONGRESO NACIONAL DEL MOVIMIENTO LIBERTAD (1st: 1989: LIMA, PERU)
    Contra viento y marea / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Conversación en la catedral / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Critics--Latin America--20th century--Correspondence
    Critics--Peru--20th century--Articles
    Critics--Peru--20th century--Correspondence
    Cuadernos de Don Rigoberto / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Death in the Andes / Mario Vargas Llosa ; Edith Grossman (tr.)
    Debate / Mario Vargas Llosa
    DEMOCRACY--PERU--20TH CENTURY
    Desafíos a la libertad / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Dramatists, Peruvian--20th century--Correspondence
    Dramatists, Peruvian--20th century--Manuscripts
    Dramatists, Peruvian--20th century--Notebooks
    Elogio de la madrasta / Mario Vargas Llosa
    ENCUENTRO MUNDIAL "LA REVOLUCION LA LIBERTAD" (1990: Lima, Peru)
    Fiesta del Chivo / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Fish in the water: a memoir / Mario Vargas Llosa ; Helen R. Lane (tr.)
    FRENTE DEMOCRATICO (PERU)
    García Marquez: historia de un deicidio / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Guerra del fin del mundo / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Hablador / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Historia de Mayta / Mario Vargas Llosa
    In praise of stepmother / Mario Vargas Llosa; Helen R. Lane (tr.)
    Kathie y el hipopótamo / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Kathie and the hippopotamus / Mario Vargas Llosa ; David Graham-Young (tr.)
    LATIN AMERICA--POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT--1948-
    Latin American fiction--20th century
    LATIN AMERICAN LITERATURE--20TH CENTURY
    Lituma en los Andes / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Loco de los balcones / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Making Waves / Mario Vargas Llosa ; John King (tr.)
    Motion picture plays--Latin America
    MOVIMIENTO LIBERTAD (PERU)
    Notebooks, Literary--Peru--20th century
    Novelists, Latin American--20th century--Correspondence
    Novelists, Peruvian--20th century--Correspondence
    Ojos bonitos, cuadros feos / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Orgía perpetua: Flaubert and "Madame Bovary" / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Pantaleón y las visitadoras / Mario Vargas Llosa
    PARTIDO POPULAR CRISTIANO (PERU)
    Perpetual orgy: Flaubert and Madame Bovary / Mario Vargas Llosa ; Helen R. Lane (tr.)
    PERU--POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT--1980-
    PERU--SOCIAL CONDITIONS--1968-
    Peruvian drama--20th century
    Peruvian fiction--20th century
    Peruvian literature--20th century--Translations into English
    Pez en agua: memorias / Mario Vargas Llosa
    POOR--HEALTH AND HYGIENE--PERU
    POOR--HOUSING--PERU
    POOR--SERVICES FOR--PERU
    PRESIDENTS--PERU--ELECTION--1990
    PROGRAMA DE APOYO SOCIAL (PERU)
    ¿Quién mató a Palomino Molero? / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Rural poor--Peru--Correspondence
    Señorita de Tacna / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Slums--Peru--Photographs
    SOLIDARIDAD Y DEMOCRACIA (PERU)
    Speeches, addresses, etc., Peruvian--20th century
    Tía Julia y el escribidor / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Translators--Great Britain--20th century--Correspondence
    Translators--United States--20th century--Correspondence
    Urban poor--Peru--Correspondence
    Utopia archaica / Mario Vargas Llosa
    Verdad de las mentiras / Mario Vargas Llosa
    War of the end of the world / Mario Vargas Llosa ; Helen R. Lane (tr.)
    Who killed Palomino Molero? / Mario Vargas Llosa ; Alfred J. Mac Adam (tr.)
    Young lady from Tacna / Mario Vargas Llosa ; David Graham-Young (tr.)


Series Descriptions

 
I. Notebooks (1958-1990) Boxes 1-9
Consist of 67 notebooks containing early drafts of La ciudad y los perros, La tía Julia y el escribidor, Pantaleón y las visitadoras, La guerra del fin del mundo, Historia de Mayta, Elogio de la madrastra, notes on the filming of Pantaleón y las visitadoras, and drafts of essays and critical articles. See also series VII. Additional Papers.
II. Works (1958-1990)
A. Novels Boxes 1-22
Contains second and later drafts with holograph corrections of La tía Julia y el escribidor, La guerra del fin del mundo, La ciudad y los perros, La casa verde, Pantaleón y las visitadoras, Conversación en la catedral, Historia de Mayta, El hablador, ¿Quién mató a Palomino Molero? and Elogio de la madrastra.
B. Plays Boxes 1-4
Notes and second and later drafts with holograph corrections of La chunga, La señorita de Tacna, Kathie y el hipopótamo and El loco de los balcones.
C. Screenplays/TV Scripts Boxes 1-3
Drafts of the film script "La guerra de Canudos" (also titled "Los perros del infierno", "Los perros de la guerra"), material which served as the basis for the novel La guerra del fin del mundo; first and later drafts for the film script of Pantaleón y las visitadoras; notes and drafts for ¿Donde está la novia?; a draft of A City within a City, and notes and drafts of scripts for the television program "La Torre de Babel."
D. Short Stories Box 1
Drafts of the short stories "Los jefes," "El abuelo," "El desafío," "El visitante," "El hermano menor," "Día domingo," which were collected and published under the title Los jefes.
E. Nonfiction Boxes 1-33
Second and later drafts with holograph corrections of La orgía perpetua: Flaubert y "Madame Bovary"; García Márquez: historia de un deicidio; "Secret History of a Novel" and its Spanish version,"Historia secreta de una novela"; Entre Sartre y Camus;Contra viento y marea (vols. 1-3); La verdad de las mentiras; El pez en el agua; Desafíos a la libertad; and drafts and offprints of essays written between 1952 and 1992. See also series VII. Additional Papers.
F. Juvenilia Box 1
"Mis primeros versos", notebook (24 unnumbered pages) with poems written when the author was twelve years old.
III. Correspondence
A. 1957-1984 Boxes 1-26
This sub-series consists of letters from family members, publishers, and a wide range of renowned writers such as Jorge Amado, José María Arguedas, Carlos Barral, Mario Benedetti, José Bianco, Julio Cortázar, José Donoso, Rosario Ferré, Carlos Fuentes, Gabriel García Márquez, Ana María Matute, Pablo Neruda, José Emilio Pacheco, Nelida Piñon, Carlos Quijano, Augusto Roa Bastos, Sebastián Salazar Bondy, Manuel Scorza, and others. See also series VII. Additional Papers.
B. Post-1984 Boxes 1-25
This sub-series consists of unprocessed correspondence from 1985 to 1989 and 1992 to 1994. See also series VII. Additional Papers.
IV. Papers by Others (1974-1994) Boxes 1-11
Includes manuscripts of translations of Kathie y el hipopótamo (English, Italian); La Chunga (English); La señorita de Tacna (English, German, Portuguese, Swedish), Historia de Mayta (English), ¿Quién mató a Palomino Molero? (English), La guerra del fin del mundo (English and Norwegian), El hablador (English), El pez en el agua (English); a theatrical adaptation of La ciudad y los perros, and some miscellaneous printed matter. This sub-series is arranged by name of work in order of accession.
V. Printed and Recorded Material (1957-1991) Box 1
Pamphlets, newspaper clippings, offprints (1957-1991), video-recorded interviews (1987-1988).
VI. Political Archive (1987-1991) Boxes 1-58
Includes Vargas Llosa's political correspondence, covering the years 1988 to 1991, primarily, with the general public and with Peruvian politicians such as Fernando Belaúnde Terry, Luis Bedoya Reyes, and Javier Silva Ruete. There is also a large amount of correspondence with other leaders of Movimiento Libertad and Vargas Llosa's presidential campaign staff such as Luis Bustamante Belaunde, Miguel Cruchaga, Miguel Vega Alvear, Enrique Ghersi, Frederick Cooper Llosa, and Jorge Salmón Jordán. There are also manuscripts of speeches delivered by Vargas Llosa; preliminary drafts and printed versions of publications of FREDEMO and Movimiento Libertad such as Bases para el Plan de Gobierno (1990-1995), Acción para el cambio, and El país que vendrá; and correspondence and printed material related to two conferences held in Lima, Peru: the First National Congress of Movimiento Libertad (April 14-16, 1989), and the other, a world meeting sponsored by the Peruvian association "Associación Pro-Desarrollo," "La Revolución de la Libertad" (March 7-9, 1990). The sub-series for Movimiento Libertad and FREDEMO include manuscripts of speeches and political papers by Vargas Llosa and others. The archive also includes approximately 20 photographs of Alberto Fujimori campaigning in Peru during the first round of elections (April 1990), and a small amount of miscellaneous printed material. See also series VII. Additional Papers for additional political files.
VII. Additional Papers (mostly unprocessed, inventories available)
AM 1995-81 - correspondence & articles (1962-1994) Boxes 1-14
AM 1997-30 - correspondence, manuscripts & notebooks (1984-1996) Boxes 1-18
AM 1997-45 - correspondence (1995) Boxes 1-2 (see also Box 12 of previous accession)
AM 1998-101 - political archive (1980s-1990s) Boxes 1-9
AM 1999-32 - correspondence, manuscripts & notebooks (1980-1995) Boxes 1-8
AM 2001-38 - manuscripts (1989-1999) Boxes 1-4
  AM 2003-4 - correspondence (1996, 1998)  Boxes 1-6                                   
AM 2003-18 - correspondence (1997-2000)  Boxes 1-7                              

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Last Modified: November 08 2002

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