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The Bancroft Prizes

Previous Awards

1948    ORDEAL OF THE UNION by Allan Nevins, published by Charles Scribner and Sons; ACROSS THE WIDE MISSOURI by Bernard DeVoto, published by Houghton Mifflin Company, 1947.

1949    ROOSEVELT AND HOPKINS by Robert E. Sherwood, published by Harper & Brothers; THE RISING SUN IN THE PACIFIC by Samuel E. Morison, published by Little, Brown and Company, 1948.

1950    VOLUME VII, THE VICTORIOUS YEAR, 1758-1760, of the series titled THE GREAT WAR FOR THE EMPIRE by Lawrence H. Gipson, published by Alfred A. Knopf; CORONADO by Herbert E. Bolton, published by Whittlesey House and the University of New Mexico Press, 1949.

1951    OUR MORE PERFECT UNION by Arthur N. Holcombe, published by Harvard University Press; VIRGIN LAND by Henry N. Smith, published by Harvard University Press, 1950.

1952    CHARLES EVANS HUGHES by Merlo J. Pusey, published by The Macmillan Company; ORIGINS OF THE NEW SOUTH, 1877-1913 by C. Vann Woodward, published by Louisiana State University Press, 1951.

1953    THE ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS by George Dangerfield, published by Harcourt, Brace and Company, Inc.; RENDEZVOUS WITH DESTINY by Eric F. Goldman, published by Alfred A. Knopf, 1952.

1954    SEEDTIME OF THE REPUBLIC by Clinton Rossiter, published by Harcourt, Brace and Company, Inc.; THE UNDECLARED WAR by William L. Langer and S. Everett Gleason, published by Harper & Brothers, 1953.

1955    GREAT RIVER, THE RIO GRANDE by Paul Horgan, published by Rinehart & Company, Inc.; THE JACKSONIANs by Leonard D. White, published by The Macmillan Company, 1954.

1956    HENRY ADAMS by Elizabeth Stevenson, published by The Macmillan Company; LAST FULL MEASURE: LINCOLN THE PRESIDENT by J. G. Randall and Richard N. Current, published by Dodd, Mead & Company, 1955.

1957    RUSSIA LEAVES THE WAR by George F. Kennan, published by Princeton University Press; WILSON: THE NEW FREEDOM by Arthur S. Link, published by Princeton University Press, 1956.

1958    THE CRISIS OF THE OLD ORDER by Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., published by Houghton Mifflin Company; A HISTORY OF AMERICAN MAGAZINES, VOLUME IV by Frank Luther Mott, published by The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1957.

1959    HENRY ADAMS, THE MIDDLE YEARS by Ernest Samuels, published by The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press; THE AMERICANS; THE COLONIAL EXPERIENCE by Daniel J. Boorstin, published by Random House, 1958.

1960    THE AGE OF THE DEMOCRATIC REVOLUTION. A POLITICAL HISTORY OF EUROPE AND AMERICA, 1760-1800 by R. R. Palmer, published by Princeton University Press; IN THE DAYS OF MCKINLEY by Margaret Leech, published by Harper & Brothers, 1959.

1961    THE JEFFERSON IMAGE IN THE AMERICAN MIND by Merrill D. Peterson, published by Oxford University Press; WILSON: THE STRUGGLE FOR NEUTRALITY, 1914-1915 by Arthur S. Link, published by Princeton University Press, 1960.

1962    THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE SCHOOL by Lawrence A. Cremin, published by Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.; TO THE FAREWELL ADDRESS: IDEAS OF EARLY AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY by Felix Gilbert, published by Princeton University Press; CHARLES FRANCIS ADAMS, 1807-1866 by Martin B. Duberman, published by Houghton Mifflin Company, 1961.

1963    JOHN ADAMS by Page Smith, published by Doubleday & Company, Inc.; PEARL HARBOR: WARNING AND DECISION by Roberta Wohlstetter, published by Stanford University Press; THE MIGHT OF NATIONS: WORLD POLITICS IN OUR TIME by John G. Stoessinger, published by Random House, 1962.

1964    FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT AND THE NEW DEAL, 1932-1940 by William E. Leuchtenburg, published by Harper & Row; THE LIBERATOR: WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON by John L. Thomas, published by Little, Brown and Company; POWER, FREEDOM, AND DIPLOMACY: THE FOREIGN POLICY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA by Paul Seabury, published by Random House, 1963.

1965    CASTLEREAGH AND ADAMS: ENGLAND AND THE UNITED STATES, 1812-1823 by Bradford Perkins, published by the University of California Press; PORTRAIT OF A GENERAL: SIR HENRY CLINTON IN THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE by William B. Willcox, published by Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.; THE UNITED STATES AND THE FAR EASTERN CRISIS OF 1933-1938 by Dorothy Borg, published by Harvard University Press, 1964.

1966    THE PEACEMAKERS: THE GREAT POWERS AND AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE by Richard B. Morris, published by Harper & Row; BETWEEN TWO EMPIRES: THE ORDEAL OF THE PHILIPPINES, 1929-1946 by Theodore W. Friend III, published by Yale University Press, 1965.

1967    PRELUDE TO CIVIL WAR: THE NULLIFICATION CONTROVERSY IN SOUTH CAROLINA, 1816-1836 by William W. Freehling, published by Harper & Row; JAMES K. POLK, CONTINENTALIST, 1843-1846, Volume II by Charles Sellers, published by Princeton University Press; THE WASHINGTON COMMUNITY, 1800-1828 by James Sterling Young, published by Columbia University Press, 1966.

1968    A HISTORY OF NEGRO EDUCATION IN THE SOUTH FROM 1619 To THE PRESENT by Henry Allen Bullock, published by Harvard University Press; FROM PURITAN TO YANKEE: CHARACTER AND SOCIAL ORDER IN CONNECTICUT, 1690-1765 by Richard L. Bushman, published by Harvard University Press; THE IDEOLOGICAL ORIGINS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION by Bernard Bailyn, published by The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1967.

1969    WHITE OVER BLACK: AMERICAN ATTITUDES TOWARD THE NEGRO, 1550-1812 by Winthrop D. Jordan, published by the University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture; WOODROW WILSON AND WORLD POLITICS: AMERICA'S RESPONSE TO WAR AND REVOLUTION by N. Gordon Levin Jr., published by Oxford University Press; THE BRAINS TRUST by Rexford Guy Tugwell, published by The Viking Press, 1968.

1970    CHARLES WILSON PEALE by Charles Coleman Sellers, published by Charles Scribner's Sons; THE CREATION OF THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC, 1776-1787 by Gordon S. Wood, published by University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture; SCOTTSBORO: A TRAGEDY OF THE AMERICAN SOUTH by Dan T. Carter, published by Louisiana State University Press, 1969.

1971    THE IMAGE EMPIRE: A HISTORY OF BROADCASTING IN THE UNITED STATES, VOLUME III--FROM 1953 by Erik Barnouw, published by Oxford University Press.; BIRTH CONTROL IN AMERICA: THE CAREER OF MARGARET SANGER by David M. Kennedy, published by Yale University Press; ANDREW CARNEGIE by Joseph Frazier Wall, published by Oxford University Press, 1970.

1972    NEITHER BLACK NOR WHITE by Carl N. Degler, published by The Macmillan Company; THE MATHERS: THREE GENERATIONS OF PURITAN INTELLECTUALS, 1596-1728 by Robert Middlekauff, published by Oxford University Press; THE EUROPEAN DISCOVERY OF AMERICA: THE NORTHERN VOYAGES by Samuel Eliot Morison, published by Oxford University Press, 1971.

1973    FIRE IN THE LAKE: THE VIETNAMESE AND THE AMERICANS IN VIETNAM by Frances FitzGerald, published by Atlantic, Little, Brown and Company; THE UNITED STATES AND THE ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR by John Lewis Gaddis, published by Columbia University Press; BOOKER T. WASHINGTON by Louis R. Harlan, published by Oxford University Press, 1972.

1974    FREDERICK JACKSON TURNER: HISTORIAN, SCHOLAR, TEACHER by Ray Allen Billington, published by Oxford University Press; THE DEVIL AND JOHN FOSTER DULLES by Townsend Hoopes, published by Atlantic, Little, Brown and Company; THE OTHER BOSTONIANS: POVERTY AND PROGRESS IN THE AMERICAN METROPOLIS, 1880-1970 by Stephan Thernstrom, published by Harvard University Press, 1973.

1975    TIME ON THE CROSS: THE ECONOMICS OF AMERICAN NEGRO SLAVERY and TIME ON THE CROSS: EVIDENCE AND METHODS--A SUPPLEMENT by Robert William Fogel and Stanley L. Engerman, published by Little, Brown and Company; DETERRENCE IN AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY: THEORY AND PRACTICE by Alexander L. George and Richard Smoke, published by Columbia University Press; ROLL, JORDAN, ROLL by Eugene Genovese, published by Pantheon Books, Inc., 1974.

1976    THE PROBLEM OF SLAVERY IN THE AGE OF REVOLUTION, 1770-1823 by David Brion Davis, published by Cornell University Press; EDITH WHARTON: A BIOGRAPHY by R. W. B. Lewis, published by Harper & Row, 1975.

1977    CLASS AND COMMUNITY: THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION IN LYNN by Alan Dawley, published by Harvard University Press; THE MINUTEMEN AND THEIR WORLD by Robert A. Gross, published by Hill and Wang; SLAVE POPULATION AND ECONOMY IN JAMAICA, 1807-1834 by Barry W. Higman, published by Cambridge University Press, 1976.

1978    THE VISIBLE HAND: THE MANAGERIAL REVOLUTION IN AMERICAN BUSINESS by Alfred D. Chandler Jr., published by Harvard University Press; THE TRANSFORMATION OF AMERICAN LAW, 1780-1860 by Morton J. Horwitz, published by Harvard University Press, 1977.

1979    ALLIES OF A KIND: THE UNITED STATES, BRITAIN, AND THE WAR AGAINST JAPAN, 1941-1945 by Christopher Thorne, published by Oxford University Press; ROCKDALE: THE GROWTH OF AN AMERICAN VILLAGE IN THE EARLY INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION by Anthony F. C. Wallace, published by Alfred Knopf, Inc., 1978.

1980    FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT AND AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY, 1932-1945 by Robert Dallek, published by Oxford University Press; WOMEN AT WORK: THE TRANSFORMATION OF WORK AND COMMUNITY IN LOWELL, MASSACHUSETTS, 1826-1860 by Thomas Dublin, published by Columbia University Press; DUST BOWL: THE SOUTHERN PLAINS IN THE 1930s by Donald Worster, published by Oxford University Press, 1979.

1981    WALTER LIPMANN AND THE AMERICAN CENTURY by Ronald Steel, published by Little, Brown and Company; ALICE JAMES: A BIOGRAPHY by Jean Strouse, published by Houghton Mifflin Company, 1980.

1982    A PEOPLE IN REVOLUTION: THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION AND POLITICAL SOCIETY IN NEW YORK, 1760-1790 by Edward Countryman, published by The Johns Hopkins University Press; CRADLE OF THE MIDDLE CLASS: THE FAMILY IN ONEIDA COUNTY, NEW YORK, 1790-1865 by Mary P. Ryan, published by Cambridge University Press, 1981.

1983    ENTERTAINING SATAN: WITCHCRAFT AND THE CULTURE OF EARLY NEW ENGLAND by John Putnam Demos, published by Oxford University Press; EUGENE V. DEBS: CITIZEN AND SOCIALIST by Nick Salvatore, published by University of Illinois Press, 1982.

1984    BOOKER T. WASHINGTON: THE WIZARD OF TUSKEGEE, 1901-1915 by Louis R. Harlan, published by Oxford University Press; THE SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION OF AMERICAN MEDICINE; THE RISE OF A SOVEREIGN PROFESSION AND THE MAKING OF A VAST INDUSTRY by Paul Starr, published by Basic Books, Inc., 1983.

1985    THE FREE WOMEN OF PETERSBURG: STATUS AND CULTURE IN A SOUTHERN TOWN, 1784-1860 by Suzanne Lebsock, published by Norton & Co., Inc.; THE LIFE AND TIMES OF COTTON MATHER by Kenneth Silverman, published by Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc., 1984.

1986    CRABGRASS FRONTIER: THE SUBURBANIZATION OF THE UNITED STATES by Kenneth T. Jackson, published by Oxford University Press; LABOR OF LOVE, LABOR OF SORROW: BLACK WOMEN, WORK, AND THE FAMILY FROM SLAVERY TO THE PRESENT by Jacqueline Jones, published by Basic Books, Inc., 1985.

1987    A VIGOROUS SPIRIT OF ENTERPRISE: MERCHANTS AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN REVOLUTIONARY PHILADELPHIA by Thomas Doerflinger, published by University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture; ROOTS OF VIOLENCE IN BLACK PHILADELPHIA, 1860-1900 by Roger Lane, published by Harvard University Press, 1986.

1988    THE RISE OF AMERICAN AIR POWER: THE CREATION OF ARMAGEDDON by Michael S. Sherry, published by Yale University Press; UNFREE LABOR: AMERICAN SLAVERY AND RUSSIAN SERFDOM by Peter Kolchin, published by Harvard University Press, 1987.

1989    RECONSTRUCTION: AMERICA'S UNFINISHED REVOLUTION: 1863-1877 by Eric Foner, published by Harper & Row; INVENTING THE PEOPLE: THE RISE OF POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY IN ENGLAND AND AMERICA by Edmund S. Morgan, published by W. W. Norton & Company, 1988.

1990    THE INDIANS' NEW WORLD: CATAWBAS AND THEIR NEIGHBORS FROM EUROPEAN CONTACT THROUGH THE ERA OF REMOVAL by James H. Merrell, published by University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture; DARK JOURNEY: BLACK MISSISSIPPIANS IN THE AGE OF JIM CROW by Neil R. McMillen, published by University of Illinois Press,1989.

1991    MAKING A NEW DEAL: INDUSTRIAL WORKERS IN CHICAGO, 1919-1939 by Lizabeth Cohen, published by Cambridge University Press; A MIDWIFE'S TALE: THE LIFE OF MARTHA BALLARD, BASED ON HER DIARY, 1785-1812 by Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, published by Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1990.

1992    NATURE'S METROPOLIS: CHICAGO AND THE GREAT WEST by William Cronon, published by W. W. Norton & Company; THE DESTRUCTIVE WAR: WILLIAM TECUMSEH SHERMAN, STONEWALL JACKSON, AND THE AMERICANS by Charles Royster, published by Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1991.

1993    MARGARET FULLER: AN AMERICAN ROMANTIC LIFE; VOLUME I: THE PRIVATE YEARS by Charles Capper, published by Oxford University Press; A PREPONDERANCE OF POWER: NATIONAL SECURITY, THE TRUMAN ADMINISTRATION, AND THE COLD WAR by Melvyn P. Leffler, published by Stanford University Press, 1992.

1994    THE AGE OF FEDERALISM: THE EARLY AMERICAN REPUBLIC, 1788-1800 by Stanley Elkins and Eric McKitrick, published by Oxford University Press; TUMULT AND SILENCE AT SECOND CREEK: AN INQUIRY INTO A CIVIL WAR SLAVE CONSPIRACY by Winthrop D. Jordan, published by Louisiana State University Press, W.E.B. Du Bois: THE BIOGRAPHY OF A RACE, 1868-1919 by David Levering Lewis, published by Henry Holt and Company, Inc., 1993.

1995    THE REFINER'S FIRE: THE MAKING OF MORMON COSMOLOGY, 1644-1844 by John L. Brooke, published by Cambridge University Press; LOCAL PEOPLE: THE STRUGGLE FOR CIVIL RIGHTS IN MISSISSIPPI by John Dittmer, published by University of Illinois Press, 1994.

1996    WILLIAM COOPER'S TOWN: POWER AND PERSUASION ON THE FRONTIER OF THE EARLY AMERICAN REPUBLIC by Alan Taylor, published by Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.; WALT WHITMAN'S AMERICA: A CULTURAL BIOGRAPHY by David S. Reynolds, published by Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1995.

1997    EXPLICIT AND AUTHENTIC ACTS: AMENDING THE U.S. CONSTITUTION, 1776-1995 by David E. Kyvig, published by the University of Kansas Press; GRAND EXPECTATIONS: THE UNITED STATES, 1945-1974 by James T. Patterson, published by Oxford University Press, 1996.

1998    SOUTHERN CROSS: THE BEGINNINGS OF THE BIBLE BELT by Christine Leigh Heyrman, published by Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.; THE CLASH: A HISTORY OF U.S.-JAPAN RELATIONS by Walter LaFeber, published by W. W. Norton & Company; THE ORIGINS OF THE URBAN CRISIS: RACE AND INEQUALITY IN POSTWAR DETROIT by Thomas J. Sugrue, published by Princeton University Press, 1997.

1999    MANY THOUSANDS GONE: THE FIRST TWO CENTURIES OF SLAVERY IN NORTH AMERICA by Ira Berlin, published by Harvard University Press; SLAVE COUNTERPOINT: BLACK CULTURE IN EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY CHESAPEAKE AND LOW COUNTRY by Philip D. Morgan, published by University of North Carolina Press for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture; THE NAME OF WAR: KING PHILIP'S WAR AND THE ORIGINS OF AMERICAN IDENTITY by Jill Lepore, published by Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1998.

2000    INTO THE AMERICAN WOODS: NEGOTIATORS ON THE AMERICAN FRONTIER by James H. Merrell, published by W. W. Norton & Company; EMBRACING DEFEAT: JAPAN IN THE WAKE OF WORLD WAR II by John Dower, published by W. W. Norton & Company and The New Press; THE GREAT ARIZONA ORPHAN ABDUCTION by Linda Gordon, published by Harvard University Press, 1999.

2001    ROARING CAMP: THE SOCIAL WORLD OF THE CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH by Susan Lee Johnson, published by W. W. Norton & Company; THE CHIEF: THE LIFE OF WILLIAM RANDOLPH HEARST by David Nasaw, published by Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000.

2002    RACE AND REUNION: THE CIVIL WAR IN AMERICAN MEMORY by David W. Blight, published by Belknap Press of Harvard University Press; IN PURSUIT OF EQUITY: WOMEN, MEN, AND THE QUEST FOR ECONOMIC CITIZENSHIP IN 20TH-CENTURY AMERICA by Alice Kessler-Harris, published by Oxford University Press, 2001.

2003    CAPTIVES AND COUSINS: SLAVERY, KINSHIP, AND COMMUNITY IN THE SOUTHWEST BORDERLANDS, by James F. Brooks, published by the University of North Carolina Press for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture; THE INDIAN SLAVE TRADE: THE RISE OF THE ENGLISH EMPIRE IN THE AMERICAN SOUTH, 1670-1717, by Alan Gallay, published by Yale University Press.

2004 IN THE PRESENCE OF MINE ENEMIES: WAR IN THE HEART OF AMERICA, 1859-1863, by Edward L. Ayers, published by W.W. Norton & Co.; A NATION UNDER OUR FEET: BLACK POLITICAL STRUGGLES IN THE RURAL SOUTH FROM SLAVERY TO THE GREAT MIGRATION, by Steven Hahn, published by Belknap Press of Harvard University Press; JONATHAN EDWARDS: A LIFE, by George M. Marsden, published by Yale University Press.

2005 ISRAEL ON THE APPOMATTOX: A SOUTHERN EXPERIMENT IN BLACK FREEDOM FROM THE 1790S THROUGH THE CIVIL WAR, by Melvin Patrick Ely, published by Alfred A. Knopf; FROM JIM CROW TO CIVIL RIGHTS: THE SUPREME COURT AND THE STRUGGLE FOR RACIAL EQUALITY, by Michael J. Klarman, published by Oxford University Press; CONJECTURES OF ORDER: INTELLECTUAL LIFE AND THE AMERICAN SOUTH, 1810–1860 (Two volumes), by Michael O’Brien, published by University of North Carolina Press, 2004.

2006 DWELLING PLACE: A PLANTATION EPIC, by Erskine Clarke, published by Yale University Press; THE GLOBAL COLD WAR: THIRD WORLD INTERVENTIONS AND THE MAKING OF OUR TIMES, by Odd Arne Westad, published by Cambridge University Press; THE RISE OF AMERICAN DEMOCRACY: JEFFERSON TO LINCOLN, by Sean Wilentz, published by W. W. Norton & Company, 2005.

The Bancroft Prizes: Description & Guidelines