Partners Events History Teachers Media Images Features Links
menu

Positions on the main line of resistance occupied by the Colombian Battalion, attached to the

Photo Caption Positions on the main line of resistance occupied by the Colombian Battalion, attached to the 24th Division, near Chup'a-ri overlooking the Kumsong Valley

Summary

Fifteen foreign nations other than the United States and South Korea sent combat forces to serve in the United Nations Command in Korea during the Korean War. Five noncombatant nations provided hospitals or ambulance units. Approximately 150,000 foreign servicemen fought, and foreign casualties included 3,360 killed, 11,886 wounded and 1,801 servicemen missing in action. There were 1,376 foreign prisoners of war repatriated to 12 countries in 1953.

Foreign Ground Forces

Fourteen foreign nations sent ground forces to Korea. Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United Kingdom comprised the British Commonwealth Forces. Belgium, Luxembourg, Colombia, Ethiopia, France, Greece, the Netherlands, the Philippines and Thailand had battalion-sized units attached to U.S. Army divisions; Turkey deployed an infantry brigade.

Foreign Naval Forces

Eight foreign nations deployed more than 100 naval vessels to Korean waters, including carriers, destroyers, cruisers, frigates, landing ships, tankers and other utility craft. Foreign naval vessels were assigned by U.S. commanders to Task Force 77, the carrier strike force; Task Force 95, the blockading and escort force; Task Force 90, the amphibious landing force; and Task Force 96, the logistical support force.

Foreign naval vessels participated in the Inchon landing; the evacuation of United Nations ground forces from Nampo, Hungnam and Wonsan; shore bombardment of North Korea's coastlines; and patrols of the sea lines of communication to South Korea.

Foreign Air Forces

Australia's 77th Fighter Squadron was the first foreign unit to arrive in Korea on July 2, 1950. It was attached to the 35th U.S. Fighter Group.

South Africa's 2nd Fighter Squadron was attached to the U.S. 18th Fighter Group. It provided close air support to U.N. forces.

Australia, Canada, Greece and Thailand provided air transport units to the United Nations Command.

Foreign Forces Attached to the U.S. Army in the Korean War

Foreign Unit Designation U.S. Army Unit Month/Year
Australian 3d Battalion 1st Cavalry Division Oct 1950
Belgium-Luxembourg Battalion

3d Division

1st Cavalry Division

3d Division

Mar 1951

Oct 1951

Nov 1951

Canadian 2d Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (part of the 27th Commonwealth Brigade) 1st Cavalry Division Feb 1951
Canadian 25th Brigade, Canadian Army Special Forces 1st Cavalry Division May 1951
Colombian Battalion

24th Division

7th Division

I Corps (with 7th Division)

Aug 1951

Jan 1952

Dec 1952

Ethiopian Battalion

7th Division

I Corps (with 7th Division)

Jul 1951

Dec 1952

French Battalion

2d Division

IX Corps (with 2d Division)

Nov 1950

Apr 1953

Greek Battalion 1st Cavalry Division Dec 1950
Netherlands Battalion 2d Division Dec 1950

New Zealand

16th Field Artillery Regiment

24th Division Oct 1950
Philippine
l0th Battalion Combat Team
25th Division

187th Airborne Regiment Combat Team

1st Cavalry

Eighth Army

3d Division

Oct 1950

Nov 1950

Dec 1950

Jan 1950

Mar 1951

Philippine
20th Battalion Combat Team
3d Division

25th Division

3d Division

25th Division

Sep 1951

Oct 1951

Nov 1951

Apr 1952

Thailand 21st Regiment

187th Airborne Regiment

I Corps

IX Corps

1st Cavalry Division

3d Division

2d Division

Nov 1950

Dec 1950

Jan 1951

Mar 1951

Mar 1951

Dec 1951

Turkish Brigade 25th Division Nov 1950
United Kingdom 27th Brigade I Corps Sep 1950
27th Brigade (with Australian Battalion and New Zealand Artillery Regiment 24th Division Oct 1950
United Kingdom 29th Brigade

IX Corps

25th Division

IX Corps

3d Division

Nov 1950

Feb 1951

Mar 1951

Apr 1951

1st British Commonwealth Division I Corps Jul 1951

 

Country Army Navy* Air Force
Australia 2 infantry battalions 9 naval vessels 1 fighter squadron 1 transport squadron
Belgium/Luxembourg 1 infantry battalion n.a.** n.a.
Canada 1 infantry brigade 8 naval vessels 1 transport squadron
Colombia 1 infantry battalion 6 naval vessels n.a.
Ethiopia 1 infantry battalion n.a. n.a.
France 1 infantry battalion 1 naval vessel n.a.
Greece 1 infantry battalion n.a. 1 transport battalion
Netherlands 1 infantry battalion 6 naval vessels n.a.
New Zealand 1 artillery regiment 4 naval vessels n.a.
Philippines 1 battalion combat team n.a. n.a.
South Africa 15 soldiers attached to British ground forces n.a. 1 fighter squadron
Thailand 1 infantry battalion 4 naval vessels 1 transport unit
Turkey 1 infantry brigade n.a. n.a.
United Kingdom 2 infantry brigades 50 naval vessels n.a.

* The number of naval vessels reflects main battle vessels only.

** Not applicable

 

Foreign Prisoners of War Repatriated in 1953

Australia

29

Belgium

1

Canada

32

Colombia

28

Ethiopia

0

France

12

Greece

3

Luxembourg

0

Netherlands

3

New Zealand

1

Philippines

41

South Africa

8

Thailand

0

Turkey

243

United Kingdom

977

Total

1,376

 

Dates of Service of Foreign Armed Forces in the United Nations Command by Country

 Australia   Jul 1, 1950 to Feb 12, 1954
 Belgium  Jan 31, 1951 to Jun 15,1955
 Canada   Jul 30, 1950 to Sep 7, 1955
 Colombia  Jun 15, 1951 to Oct 11, 1955
 Ethiopia  May 7, 1951 to Jan 3, 1965
 France  Jul 22, 1950 to Nov 6, 1953
 Greece  Dec 9, 1950 to Dec 11, 1955
 Luxembourg Jan 31, 1951 to Jun 15, 1955
 Netherlands  Nov 23, 1950 to Dec 6, 1954
 New Zealand  Aug 1, 1950 to Oct 6, 1954
 Philippines    Sep 19, 1950 to May 13, 1955
 South Africa Nov 16, 1950 to Oct 31, 1953
 Thailand  Nov 7, 1950 to Jun 23, 1972
 Turkey  Oct 19, 1950 to Sep 4, 1953
 United Kingdom  Jun 30, 1950 to 1957 (date unknown)

 

Foreign Casualties in the Korean War

Country Killed Wounded Missing Total
Australia

339

1,216

72

1,416

Belgium

101

336

5

442

Canada

312

1,212

32

1,556

Colombia

163

448

28

639

Ethiopia

121

536

0

657

France

262

1,008

19

1,289

Greece

192

543

2

737

Luxembourg

2

13

0

15

Netherlands

120

645

3

768

New Zealand

23

79

1

103

Philippines

122

299

57

478

South Africa

34

0

8

42

Thailand

129

1,139

5

1,273

Turkey

741

2,068

407

3,216

United Kingdom

746

2,533

1,157

4,436

 

Foreign Medical Units

Country/Unit Designation  Beds Medical Staff In-Patients
DENMARK Jutlandia Hospital Ship

360

200

15,000

INDIA 60th Field Ambulance Unit

1,000

345

20,000

ITALY Red Cross Hospital No. 68

150

131

17,041

NORWAY Mobile Army Surgical Hospital

200

106

14,755

SWEDEN Red Cross Field Hospital

450

160

900

Soldiers from the Belgium-Luxembourg Battalion catch up on news from home.

Photo Caption Soldiers from the Belgium-Luxembourg Battalion catch up on news from home.

Estimated Number of Foreign Military Personnel who Served in the Korean War

 Australia 

 17,164

 Belgium 

 3,498

 Canada  

 27,000

 Colombia 

 6,200

 Ethiopia 

 3,518

 France 

 4,000

 Greece 

 5,000

 Luxembourg

 89

 Netherlands 

 5,300

 New Zealand 

 4,500

 Philippines  

 7,420

 South Africa

811

 Thailand 

 6,500

 Turkey 

 15,000

 United Kingdom 

 60,000

Sources

Grey, Jeffrey. The Commonwealth Armies and the Korean War (1988).

Republic of Korea, Ministry of National Defense, 6. The History of the United Nations Forces in the Korea War (1981).

Sandler, Stanley, ed. The Korean War: An Encyclopedia (1955).

Summers, Harry. Korean War Almanac (1990).


[ Welcome] [Commemoration Partners] [Commemoration Events] [History] [For Teachers]
[Media] [Images] [Features] [Links] [Subscribe] [Frequently Asked Questions] [Comments] [Home]