Picture of Jef Raskin
Jef Raskin Title Image
Curriculum Vitae
Curriculum Vitae

CURRICULUM VITÆ (to 2002 01 08)


  • CEO of Humane Interfaces LLP
  • Interface and system design consultant to large and small companies around the world
  • Creator of Macintosh computer at Apple Computer, Inc.
  • Manager of Advanced Systems at Apple Computer, Inc.
  • Author of The Humane Interface (Addison Wesley, 2000, ISBN 0-201-37937-6)
  • Named one of the 40 Most Outstanding Graduates, State University of New York at Stony Brook
  • Named one of 10 Most Outstanding Engineering Graduates, Pennsylvania State University
  • CEO of Information Appliance Inc.
  • Professor, University of California at San Diego
  • Computer Center Director, Third College, University of California at San Diego
  • Author of over 300 articles on interface design, mathematics, science, computer science, and other subjects
  • Co-author of Information Design (MIT Press, 1999, ISBN 0-262-10069-X)
  • Trademarks created: Macintosh, Information Appliance, QuickDraw, Leap
  • Conductor of the San Francisco Chamber Opera Co.
  • Visiting Professor, Stanford University Artificial Intelligence Laboratory
  • Vice President, Interaction Design, Telocity Inc.
  • President, Bannister & Crun, LP


  • 1989-present Independent Consultant and Writer.
    • Clients include Intel, Matias Corporation, XOFamily, HP, IBM, Motorola, NCR, Xerox, Ricoh (Japan), Kraft Systems, Bayer, Agensys, AT&T, McKesson, Technicon, Baan, Kammand Corporation, Toyama Musical Instrument Co. (Japan), Enlighten Software, Teknowledge, Fujitsu, Evolve Software, Fish & Richardson PLC, Apricus, InfoDesign (Switzerland), and US Department of Agriculture (Pacific Northwest Forest Station)
    • Current and recent contributing editor positions include Forbes ASAP, Wired, Mac Home Journal, Pacifica Tribune, Model Airplane News, and RC MicroFlight.
  • Book published: The Humane Interface, Informatrion Design (Co-author)
  • 1999-2000 VP Interaction Design, Telocity Inc. Cupertino, California
  • 1982-1989 Chairman and CEO, Information Appliance Inc., Palo Alto, California
  • 1982 Instructor in Operating Systems and Documentation, Dansk Datamatic Institut, Lyngby, Denmark
  • 1978-1982 Apple Computer Inc., Cupertino, California (31st employee)
      • 1980-1982 Manager of Advanced Systems (Macintosh Project)
      • 1979-1980 Manager of Applications Software
      • 1978-1979 Manager of Publications and New Product Review
      • 1976-1978 Consultant and Writer
    • In these positions with Apple, Jef Raskin conferred regularly with A.C. Markkula (V.P. Marketing, Chairman of the Board/ President and Chief Executive Officer), J. Couch, (V.P. Software /Vice President and General Manager of Personal Office Systems, 1981), Tom Whitney (Senior V.P of Engineering), and Steven Jobs, (V.P. New Products/ Chairman of The Board and Vice President)
  • 1974-1979 Faculty, San Francisco Community Music Center, San Francisco, California
    • The center was established in 1931 to bring music education within reach of the community. Raskin taught recorder, harpsichord, chamber ensemble, and music theory. Reported to Landon Young, Director of the Center.
  • 1974-1979 Founder and General Partner, Jef's Friends Model Aircraft Co., Brisbane, California
    • Raskin produced and sold radio-controlled model sailplane kits; designed aircraft, managed manufacturing subcontractors, advertising, and direct sales. Over 2,000 kits were sold during the first two years, the active period of partnership. This company had 11 limited partners. It was formally dissolved in 1979. Raskin noted in 1979, "I gained more experience in the legal, advertising, and financial aspects of business than money."
  • 1974-1979 Founder and President, Bannister & Crun, Brisbane, California
    • The company became a formal partnership April 1977. Software consulting and documentation services. Clients included Heath Co., (manuals for the H11 Computer), The University of Washington, Apple Computer (manuals for the Apple I and Apple II), National Semiconductor (manuals for the SC/MP system), The City of South San Francisco (programming for inventory, sewer rental and permits, pollution monitoring, maintenance scheduling), Dymax Publications (various manuals), and a number of individuals for whom systems were produced. Raskin's role was to manage the technical aspects of the company which he founded. He wrote most of the manuals, and did half of the coding and all the design for the South San Francisco programs. The company was successful financially. By the end of 1977, it employed nine people.
  • 1974-1976 Advertising and Portfolio Photographer; Bard, Funkhouser Associates, San Francisco, California
  • 1974-1975 Recreation Leader, City of Brisbane Recreation Department, Brisbane, California, Reported to Jane Kirby.
  • 1973 Packaging Designer, The Box Factory, South San Francisco, California
    • Reported to Al DeNola, owner.
  • 1972-1973 Assistant Instructor, Bicycling, Department of Physical Education, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California
  • 1970-1974 Assistant Professor, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California
    • Taught courses in computer programming, computer graphics, data structures, graph theory, computer animation, computer music, and some courses in music and art. By taking his accumulated vacation and sabbatical at the end of the time, Raskin's dates of employment overlap slightly. On 3 November 1972, the students published a course evaluation that stated, "Most of the students thought the course was great. Raskin kept the class interesting, encouraged student participation, and was a good speaker. Students were very enthusiastic about the course even though there was a lot of work and he keeps the course moving along pretty rapidly."
    • Courses taught at UCSD included:
      • Art:
        • Environments and Events
        • Materials for Artists
      • Computer Art:
        • Beginning Programming
        • Humanities Applications of List Structures
        • Computer Applications in Arts and Humanities
        • Computer Graphics
        • Heuristics and Synergistics
        • Computer Animation
      • Photography:
        • Beginning Camera Technique
        • Photography
      • Music:
        • Computer Applications in Music
        • Ornamentation, Past and Present
      • Other:
        • Television Production Technique
        • Bicycling
        • Electronics for Musicians and Artists
      • Math:
        • Discrete Structures
      • Computer Science:
        • Computer Media
        • Computer Programming in Pascal
        • Computer Programming in BASIC
      • Also taught "Model Planes, Silent Flight," at San Diego Free University
  • 1973-1974 Director, Third College Computer Center, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California
    • Designed and implemented multi-mini-computer CRT-based student laboratory and the FLOW teaching language. Two D.G. Nova 1200s were organized into a time-sharing system that Raskin designed so that either could take over the entire student load in the event of a malfunction in one of the computers. There was a staff of four teaching assistants. A third Nova ran graphics applications on a Tektronix storage CRT, and ran the animation camera.
  • 1971 Independent Contractor, Designed a waterless darkroom for Scripps Institute of Oceanography
  • 1970-1973 Director, Visual Arts Computer Facility, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California
    • This was the first computer owned by the Art Department. It grew into the Third College Computer Center.
  • 1969 Split Appointment, Lecturer, UCSD Computer Center (half time) and Lecturer in Visual Arts (half time), La Jolla, California
  • 1968-1969 Associate in Music, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California
    • Taught programming courses, designed and built computer music and computer art installation. Overlapped appointment as Lecturer.
  • 1968 Junior Development Engineer, Electronics, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California
    • Precursor to the above position, but without academic duties. Raskin was a graduate student at the time.
  • 1966-1967 Instructor in Electronic and Computer Music, Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pennsylvania
    • Taught programming and electronics, and designed and built the Penn State Electronic Music Studio.
  • 1966 Independent Contractor, Penn State University, State College, Pennsylvania
    • Designed and built analog computer for Speech Department at Penn State.
  • 1965-1967 Graduate Assistant, Penn State University Computer Center, State College, Pennsylvania
    • Aided users especially in statistical and graphics applications programming. Reported to Dr. D.T. Laird, Director of the Center. Raskin also helped to install an IBM 360/67 computer
  • 1963-1964 Consultant and Programmer, Columbia-Princeton Computer Music Project, New York, New York
    • Consultant to Ford Foundation "Project for the Utilization of High Speed Digital Computer Equipment to Prepare Masters for Music Publication." Designed an input language for music under Stephan Bauer-Mengleberg.
  • 1961-1965 Computer Operator and Programmer, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Oyster Bay and Stony Brook, New York
    • Programmed and operated an IBM 1620. Among other application and system programs, designed on of the first KWIC indices. Reported to Dr. Aaron Finerman.
  • 1961 Independent Contractor, Downstate Medical Center, New York City, New York
    • Designed and built ionto-electrophoresis machine for Dr. Anthony Hernandez.
  • 1959-1961 Computer Designer, State University of New York at Oyster Bay, Department of Biology, Oyster Bay, New York
    • Raskin supported part of his college education by designing and building analog computers for the Biology Department


  • 1974-1979 Jef's Friends Model Aircraft Co. (remote controlled model aircraft)
  • 1976-1978 Bannister and Crun (computer software and manuals)
  • 1982-1989 Information Appliance Inc. (human interface design and implementation as hardware and software)
  • 1988- Verity Recordings (classical music compact discs, first release was in 1989)
  • 1992- Anabatic Aircraft (name change from Jef's Friends)
  • 2001- Humane Interfaces, LLP


  • 2000- Columnist, Forbes ASAP
  • 1999- Contributing Editor, RC MicroFlight
  • 1996- Contributing Editor, MacHome Journal
  • 1993- Contributing Editor, WIRED
  • 1992- Contributing Editor, Model Airplane News
  • 1988- Columnist, Pacifica Tribune
  • 1978 Staff Editor, Silicon Gulch Gazette
  • 1976-1977 Equipment Reviewer, Dr. Dobb's Journal
  • 1975 Realization editor, Telemann Society
  • 1969-1973 Editor, Computer Studies in the Humanities and Verbal Behavior (journal)
  • 1968-1969 Algorithms Editor, Computers and the Humanities Journal
  • 1967- Reviewer, Computing Reviews of the ACM
  • 1961 Literary Editor, Mind's Eye magazine


  • 1998 Visiting Scholar, Department of History, Stanford University, Stanford, California.
  • 1995 Lecturer and Visiting Scholar, Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics, Stanford University, Stanford, California. Courses taught: Computer Science 377 / Music 242
  • 1973 Visiting Scholar, Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California. Worked at the invitation of John McCarthy.
  • 1970 Professor, Summer Training Institute for Humanistic Computation, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas.
  • 1969 Director of Summer Session Computer Programming, Notre Dame College, Cleveland, Ohio.
  • 1964-1967 Graduate Assistant, Pennsylvania State University Computer Center, State College, Pennsylvania.


  • 1967-1969 Postgraduate studies in electronic and computer music, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California.
    • Raskin specialized in electronic and computer music, but interrupted his graduate studies to join the faculty.
  • 1967 M.S. Computer Science, Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pennsylvania.
    • Raskin was studying for Ph.D. in Philosophy, but switched to computer science. At the time, however, there was no Ph.D. available in computer science. Raskin's thesis was "A Hardware-Independent Computer Graphics System." The practical system developed as part of the thesis was still in use in 1979, and formed the basis of the DISPLAA system sold to a San Diego company in 1979.
  • 1965 B.A. Philosophy, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York.
    • Raskin studied philosophy of science with an additional minor in music.
  • 1964 B.S. Mathematics, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York.
    • Four years for the mathematical logic major, with minor in physics.


  • 1973 Fellow, Creative Arts Institute, Los Angeles, California.
  • 1971 Regents' Undergraduate Instructional Improvement Grant, Development of the Teaching of Programming in the Third World and in the Arts and Humanities, University of California, San Diego. This grant enabled the expansion of the Third College Computer Center.
  • 1971 Unicubes, Academic Senate Research Committee Grant 588, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California.
  • 1970-1972 National Science Foundation Grant GY-7852, Computers in Undergraduate Education; this grant was given to establish a computer center with a human orientation.
  • 1969-1970 University of California Grant, Use of Computers in Instructional Programs in the Visual Arts, with Harold Cohen, to develop hardware and software for computer animation and very large (10 by 30 foot) flat bed plotters.
  • 1968 Research Assistantship Grant, Pennsylvania State University.
  • 1966 Research Grant in Computer Music Typography, College of Arts and Architecture, Pennsylvania State University.
  • 1962 State University of New York Research Foundation Grant No. 31-81.
  • 1962 National Science Foundation URP Grant in Thermal Sciences, for study of problems of communication with satellites during orbital re-entry.
  • 1961 Maximum Scholarship Award No. E60847, New York State Regents' College Scholarship for Engineering, Chemistry, Physics, and Mathematics, State of New York.
  • 1960 New York State Regents' Scholarship in Science.
  • 1959-1960 Mathematics Team Captain, Brentwood High School.


  • 2002 Panelist at ConJosé, science fiction conference. Steve Wozniak, moderator. San José, CA.
  • 2002 "Cognetics" CogLunch speaker seriers, Center for the Study of Language and Information, Stanford University. November 7
  • 2001 "Making Machines Fit For Human Consumption", Opening Plenary at UIST, Orlando, Florida, November 12.
  • 2001 "Making Machines Palatable", Invited Speaker at ISMIR, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, October 16.
  • 2001 "Making Machines Fit for Human Consumption", Fourth Annual Distinguished Lecture Series Kick-off at DePaul University, Chicago, Illinois, October 12 (rescheduled from September 14.)
  • 2001 "Prolegomena to Future Interface Design", Guest Lecturer, Stanford Seminar on Human-Computer Interaction (CS547, Professor Terry Winograd), Stanford, California, October 5.
  • 2001 Workshop at USDA, Pacific Northwest Forest Station, Corvallis, Oregon, June 26.
  • 2001 "Making Macs Fit for Human Consumption", Keynote Speaker at MacHack Conference, Dearborn, Michigan, June 21.
  • 2001 Opening Session (Panel with Andy Hertzfeld, Guy "Bud" Tribble, Caroline Rose, Bruce Horn, Donn Denman, and Jef Raskin, from the original Macintosh development project), MacHacks Conference, Dearborn, Michigan, June 20.
  • 2001 "Making Machines Fit for Human Consumption", Distinguished Lecture Series Kickoff at OTUG, St-Paul, Minnesota, June 19.
  • 2001 Workshop at Alias|Wavefront, Toronto, Canada, May 15.
  • 2001 "Universal Principles of Humane Interface Design Workshop", Workshop at TorCHI, cosponsored with Communications and Information Technology Ontario, Toronto, Canada, May 14.
  • 2001 "Turning the art of interface design to engineering", Invited Talk at EHCI, Toronto, Canada, May 13.
  • 2001 "Making Machines Fit for Human Consumption," Invited Talk at University of Toronto, Canada, sponsored by the Knowledge Media Design Institute, May 11.
  • 2001 "Making Machines Fit for Human Consumption", Invited Talk at BayCHI-East, Berkeley, California, April 17.
  • 2001 The Humane Interface (Addison Wesley Longman, 2000, ISBN 0-201-37937-6), nominated for 11th Annual Jolt Product Excellence and Productivity Award
  • 2001 "Making Interfaces Fit for Human Consumption," Lecture at Sun Systems, Mountain View, California, February 14.
  • 2001 Guest on Beyond Computers, KQED, February 4.
  • 2000 "Making Machines Fit for Human Consumption," Provost's Lecture at SUNY Stony Brook, New York, December 6.
  • 2000 Speaker, NASA Ames, Mountain View, California, November 9.
  • 2000 Guest on Moira Gunn's "Tech Nation" on National Public Radio re: The Humane Interface.
  • 2000 Guest on Beyond Computers, KQED, August 20.
  • 2000 Forth talk, Cogswell College, San Jose, California, August 19.
  • 2000 Speaker, IEEE Computer Society Microprocessor and Microcomputer Standards Committee. January 10.
  • 1999 Named by the Pennsylvania State University as one of the 10 most outstanding graduates among the 72,000 living graduates of its school of engineering.
  • 1998 Artist-in-residence, Odyssey School, San Mateo, California.
  • 1998 Featured appearance on ZDTV show Screen Savers, October.
  • 1998 Named by State University of New York, Stony Brook, as one of its 40 most outstanding graduates since the founding of the University.
  • 1998 Golden Artichoke award for series of articles on "psychics."
  • 1998 "Analyzing Interfaces," lecture at Association for Software Design. Stanford Univ. 20 Jan.
  • 1997 "Terrors of Technology, or, Aren't Computers Dreadful?" Lecture at Center for the Advancement and Renewal of Educators. San Francisco California 15 December.
  • 1997 Interview with Peter John Schuler, KQED Radio, San Francisco, California, March.
  • 1997 "Crimes against the Human Interface," lecture at the Bay Area chapter of the ACM's Special Interest Group on Human-Computer Interaction. Palo Alto, California, 11 February.
  • 1997 Keynote speaker for Berkeley Macintosh User Group, MacWorld Expo, San Francisco, California, 8 January.
  • 1995 "Why We Hate Our Computers: or, The '90s Was a Decade of Stasis in Interface Design," presentation at the Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics, Stanford University, Stanford, California, 11 May.
  • 1995 Guest on Moira Gunn's "Tech Nation" on National Public Radio re: aerodynamics.
  • 1994 Guest lecturer, Stanford Seminar on Human-Computer Interaction (CS547) Project on People, Computers, and Design. Professor Terry Winograd. Stanford, California, 14 October.
  • 1994 Presentation at the Association of Software Developers, San Francisco, California, 3 October.
  • 1994 "The Interface Paradox," lecture at the Bay Area chapter of the ACM's Special Interest Group on Human-Computer Interaction. Palo Alto, California, 13 September.
  • 1994 "The Coanda Effect and Aerodynamics," presentation at the Exploratorium, San Francisco, California, 6 July.
  • 1994 Guest on Moira Gunn's "Tech Nation" on National Public Radio re: interfaces and the Mac
  • 1994 Guest on Ira Flatow's "Talk of the Nation: Science Friday," National Public Radio re: 10th anniversary of the Macintosh.
  • 1992 "Sailplane Precision Aerobatics, Faculty, Eighth National Sailplane Symposium, Madison, Wisconsin, 24 & 25 October.
  • 1992 "Mac Inventor," Subject of "High Tech Heroes" TV program, Episode 37, Foothill College Studios, Los Altos, California, 19 February.
  • 1991 "Interface Design, Principles and Practice," presentation at the NCR User-Centered Design conference (TIES), Atlanta, Georgia, 18 April.
  • 1990 Seminar on Human Interface Design at the San Diego Supercomputer Center, La Jolla, California, 14 March.
  • 1989 The John J. Anderson Distinguished Achievement Award (awarded for the creation of the Macintosh project.)
  • 1989 Industrial Designer's Society of America Award, for design of Swyft portable computer (awarded to my company, and not to me personally.)
  • 1989 "Achieving Quality in System Usability," presentation before Ricoh Corporation, July
  • 1989 "Friendly User Interfaces Aren't," Chair, E-3, 17 March.
  • 1988 "Information Appliances," Address to the AEA Financial Conference, 14 March.
  • 1988 "Mathematics Everyperson Colloquium," 2 lectures on computer design at Humboldt State University, Eureka, California, 10 March.
  • 1988 Real-Time Computer Conference, featured speaker, Anaheim, California, 16 November.
  • 1988 "Principles Underlying Good Interface Design," Interdisciplinary Computer Science Lectures, Mills College, Oakland, California, 20 October.
  • 1988 "Information Appliances in Education," Stone Valley School of Tomorrow Steering Committee, San Ramon, California, 28 July.
  • 1988 Lecture at IBM Boca Raton, Florida, 21 June.
  • 1987 Plenary Speaker, INTERFACE 87 The Fifth Symposium on Human Factors and Industrial Design in Consumer Products, Human Factors Society, May, Rochester, New York.
  • 1987 NOMDA Datapro Best-in-Show Awards to the Canon Cat both for "ease of use" and for "revolutionary new technology".
  • 1987 "Programmers at Work: Live!" panel discussion at Computer Literacy Bookshop, San Jose, CA, 8 April.
  • 1987 Panel member at the "Miniconference on the Future of Mass-Market Computers" at the Consumer Electronics Show, Las Vegas, NV, January.
  • 1987-1988 Distinguished Speaker, Computer Forum Lecture Series, Stanford University.
  • 1986 Panel Member, "Where Is The Leading Edge Leading Us?" American Electronics Association Northern California Council Dinner Meeting, 22 October. (With Esther Dyson, Eric Carlson, Enzo Torresi, and Robert Metcalfe.)
  • 1986 SwyftCard cited as Editor's Choice Product, inCider, Vol. 4, No. 1.
  • 1986 SwyftCard cited as Expert's Choice product for 1986, inCider, Vol. 4, No. 12 p. 50.
  • 1986 "Swyftcard: A Practical Application Environment Based on Fostering Habits," and "A Logical Cursor Design for Textual Application: A Design Study," demonstrations at "Human Factors in Computing Systems," CHI '86, 13-17 April.
  • 1986 - 1989 Member, West Coast Computer Faire Advisory Board.
  • 1985 Radio interview, WXYZ Radio, Detroit, Michigan, October.
  • 1985 User Group Demonstrations for the SwyftCard in Venice, CA, San Jose and Redwood City, California.
  • 1982 "On Computer Documentation," Compuweek Conference, San Francisco, 2-5 March.
  • 1981 Keynote Address, Congrès International de l'Informatique et des Sciences Humaines, Liège, Belgium, 18-20 November.
  • 1981 "The Computer as an Instrument of Torture," EE380/CS310 Computer Systems. Laboratory Seminar, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, California, Terman Building, 4 February.
  • 1980 "A View of the Future of Personal Computing," SIGPC, Los Angeles, CA, 20 November.
  • 1980 Panel Chair: "Computers and Videodisks," American Video Institute Conference, New York, New York, 23-24 May.
  • 1979 Chairman, Session on Documentation, National Computer Conference, Personal Computing Festival, 4-7 June, New York.
  • 1979 "Use of Microcomputers as Terminals," National Computer Conference, 4-7 June, New York.
  • 1978 Speaker, I.E.E.E., PERCOM '78, 28 February.
  • 1978 Speaker, '78 National Computer Conference.
  • 1977 "Personal Computing," talk before the Peninsula Chapter of Association for Computing Machinery, 10 November.
  • 1977 Who's Who in theWest, 1977.
  • 1977 "A Pipe Organ Microcomputer System," West Coast Computer Faire, San Francisco.
  • 1976 "Computer Editing," S-100 Microcomputer Bus Symposium, Diablo Valley College, Pleasant Valley, California, 20 November.
  • 1976 California Industrial Design Award for Excellence in Package Design for Western Wind Model Plane and, separately, for the Bard, Funkhouser Booth Design.
  • 1973 "Teaching Programming," International Conference on Computers and the Humanities, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
  • 1973 "Computers in the Arts," Computer Arts Society, International Festival of the Arts, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.
  • 1973 Computers in the Humanities Workshop, New York.
  • 1972 "Teaching Programming," Canadian Information Processing Society, Canadian Computer Show, Montreal, Canada, 30 May -1 June.
  • 1972 Northern California Regional Computer Art Symposium, Stanford, California.
  • 1971 First National Computer Art Symposium, Seminar on Computer Applications in the Humanities, Tallahassee, Florida, 22-31 October.
  • 1971 Northern California Regional Computer Network, Stanford, California, 16 August
  • 1971 Gave a reading of his own short stories, La Jolla, CA, 3 June.
  • 1971 Elected to Third College Standing Committee on Construction and Design.
  • 1971 "Computer Applications in the Arts," California Institute of the Arts, Pasadena California, February.
  • 1969 IBM Symposium on Introducing the Computer into the Humanities, Poughkeepsie, New York, 20 June - 2 July.
  • 1969 Conference on Computer Technology in the Humanities, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, 3-7 September.
  • 1969 "A Hardware Independent Software Package for Computer Graphics," Information and Computer Sciences Seminar, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California, 11 February.
  • 1960 American Rocket Society Award for "Outstanding Contributions in the Associated Fields of Astronautics".
  • 1960 Award for project, "The Computer," from the Educational Committee of the Long Island Section of the Science Teachers Association. Also received an award at the Suffolk County Science Congress, April 1960.


  • 2001- IEEE
  • 1994- 2002 American Radio Relay League (ARRL)
  • 1994- Association for Software Design
  • 1993- BayCHI, Bay Area Chapter of the Special Interest Group in Computer-Human Interaction
  • 1991-1993 Board of Directors, Pacifica Land Trust
  • 1990-1993 Board of Directors, Pacifica Arts and Heritage Council
  • 1988- Judge, San Francisco Science Fair
  • 1988- California Academy of Sciences
  • 1982-1985 Board of Directors, Chanticleer Inc.
  • 1982- 1984 Charter Member ACM Computer Planning Commission
  • 1981- American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • 1981-1983 Chairman of the Special Interest Group on Personal Computing of the ACM
  • 1981-1982 Consultant to the San Jose Board of Education on Computers in the Schools
  • 1981-1982 Chairman, ACM's SIGPC (Special Interest Group in Personal Computers)
  • 1979-1981 American National Standards Institute, Committee X3J2, BASIC
  • 1977- 1982 Grant Reviewer, National Science Foundation
  • 1975-1978 Member, Advisory Committee on Bikeways for the San Mateo County Regional Planning Commission
  • 1975-1977 City of Brisbane Bicycle Path Designer
  • 1975-San Francisco Vultures, Model Airplane Club
  • 1974- Experiments in Art and Technology
  • 1973- British Computer Arts Society
  • 1973-   Fellow, Creative Arts Institute
  • 1968-   FCC License #KASS 5857 (now KE6IGI)
  • 1967- Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
  • 1966- American Recorder Society
  • 1960- National Academy of Aeronautics
  • 1960- Academy of Model Aeronautics, Life Member Number 88
  • 1960- Honorary Member, American Rocket Society
  • 1960-1964 Mathematical Association of America


This is a partial listing; many individual columns, some smaller articles, and most reviews omitted. Books on programming that I wrote when I was at Apple are included here.


  • "The Woes of Ides" Queue 1:3 May 2003 (Queue is an ACM periodical)
  • Correction to article on Turning machines in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  • http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/turing-machine/ 2003
  • uDrive Me Crazy and Jef Raskin's rules for interface design, Popular Science. November 2002. Web version: http://www.popsci.com/popsci/auto/article/0,12543,386121,00.html
  • "It's Right Before your Eyes" in column "The Humane Touch" Forbes ASAP September 10, 2001, p. 30
  • "Bad Design Can Be Costly" in column "The Humane Touch" Forbes ASAP May 28, 2001, p. 16
  • "The Toyota Prius" in column "The Humane Touch" Forbes ASAP April 2, 2001, p. 24
  • "Facelift" in column "The Humane Touch" Forbes ASAP February 19, 2001, p. 38
  • "Saying HI to IT," Computerworld, December 2000
  • "The Humane Interface" Ubiquity, An ACM IT Magazine and Forum, May 23-29, 2000
  • "The User Interface in Text Retrieval Systems" SigCHI bulletin 31:1, Jan 1999, p. 37
  • "The toy that drove the universe" (An analysis of the anthropic principle) Quantum 9:6 November/December 1999, pp. 49-50
  • "LCS 2420 Review" Mac Home Journal 6:2 February 1998, p. 44
  • "Mama took my Kodachrome away" Mac Home Journal 6:1 January 1998, pp. 22-26 (cover story)
  • "Touch-3D Review" Mac Home Journal 5:12 December 1997, p. 85
  • "Instant TV" Mac Home Journal 5:12 December 1997, p. 87
  • "TurboCAD 2D/3D" Mac Home Journal 5:10 October 1997, p. 84
  • "Getting Started With Mac Midi Music Making" Mac Home Journal 5:8 August 1997, pp. 64-65
  • "Game Controllers" Mac Home Journal 5:6 July 1997, pp. 32-37
  • "Flight Simulators" Mac Home Journal 5:6 July 1997, pp. 60-62 (Cover Story)
  • "What's NeXT for Apple" Interactions 4.3, May-June 1997, pp. 12-16
  • Item in "101 Ways to Save Apple" Wired 5.06 June 1997, p. 115
  • "Avid Cinema" Mac Home Journal 5:6 June 1997, p. 31
  • "NASCAR Racing" Mac Home Journal 5:6 June 1997, p. 61
  • "No Hands Mouse" Mac Home Journal 5:6 June 1997, p. 70
  • Raskin J.; Worthington P.; "Practical 3-D Design Tools," Mac Home Journal 5:5 May 1997, p. 50
  • "Music Ace" Mac Home Journal 5:5 May 1997, p. 58
  • "It's the Interface, Stupid." Mac Home Journal 5:5 May 1997, p. 106
  • Trivia Munchers Deluxe" Mac Home Journal 5:4 April 1997, p. 67
  • "Ascend 4.0" Mac Home Journal 5:5 May 1997, p. 85
  • "Keystone" Mac Home Journal 5:3 March 1997, p. 106
  • "3D Landscape 2.0" Mac Home Journal 5:2 February 1997, p. 108
  • " ezFlyer 230" Mac Home Journal 5:2 February 1997, p. 115
  • "KM-760" Mac Home Journal 5:2 February 1997, p. 116
  • "Looking for a Humane Interface: Will Computers Become Easy to Use?" Communications of the ACM 40:2 February 1997, p. 98, 50th Anniversary Issue on the future of computing
  • "Robot Wars 3," Radio Control Car Action 12: 2 Feb 1997, p. 92ff
  • "We're not evolving," Wired January 1997, p. 112
  • "Mac History" ComputerPress #12, Moscow, December 1996, pp. 9-20 (in Russian)
  • "Wanted for Crimes Against The Interface," Interactions 3.6, November-December 1996, p. 70 (cover story)
  • "Low Voltage = High Power: Getting down to brain-size computers," Wired, April 1996, p. 72
  • "Ce que le créateur du Mac en pense," a commentary on the Microsoft "Bob" interface (in French), Science et Vie Micro No. 125, March 1995, p. 69
  • quoted in Green, Noah. "The Last Word?" Village Voice, 2 May 1995, pp. 41-42
  • "On The Future," Upside, October 1994 pp 24 ff (cover story)
  • "Intuitive Equals Familiar," Communications of the ACM 37:9, September 1994, p. 17 (The meaning of "intuitive" as used in discussions of interface features.)
  • "Holes in the Histories," a critique of histories of interface design Interactions 1.3, July 1994, p. 11
  • "Hubris of a heavyweight, " a review of Stross's book, "Steve Jobs & the NeXT Big Thing" IEEE Spectrum, July 1994 pp. 8-9
  • "Down With GUIs!" Wired, December 1993, p. 122
  • "Use of Computers in Education", Upside, December 1993, pp. 8-9
  • "Press 3 If You Want This Voice-Response System To Self-Destruct". Wired, July-August 1993 p. 109.
  • "A Concern about the Samuleson-Glushko Survey" SIGCHI Bulletin 23:3 July 1991, pp. 12-14
  • "Venture Vultures" Midnight Engineering 1:2, March-April 1990, p. 55 ff
  • "Systemic Implications of an Improved Two-Part Cursor," Proceedings of the Computer Human Interface Conference, 30 April 1989, pp. 167-170
  • "The Mac and the Mega-Micro Syndrome," Dr. Dobb's Journal, (2nd annual Mac issue) Fall 1989, p. 6
  • "A Critical View Of The Computer In Education," Electric Word No. 15, September-October 1989, p. 27
  • "Raskin on HyperCrud, Part I," Language Technology Magazine No. 12 1989
  • "Raskin on HyperCrud, Part II," Language Technology Magazine No. 13 1989
  • "Hypertext Problems," The CD ROM Yearbook, Microsoft Press, Redmond WA, 1989
  • Letter to the Editor, MacWeek 3:23 13 June1989, p. 28. Refutes attack.
  • "The Apple Suit: An Interface Developer's View," MacWeek 2:20, 17 May 1989, p. 23ff
  • Dozens of small items on technology in Wired (since1992)
  • "Hypertext Difficulties," a discussion in the Proceedings of the Hypertext Conference, Boston, Massachusetts, 1988
  • "On the Introduction of the NeXT Computer," San Jose Business Journal 6:26, 17 October 1988
  • "The Hype in Hypertext: A Critique," Proceedings of the Hypertext '87 Conference, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 1987
  • Alzofon, D.; Caulkins, D.; Raskin, J.; Winter, J.; "Canon Cat Advanced Work Processor Reference Guide," Information Appliance Inc., Menlo Park, California; Canon Inc., Tokyo, Japan, 1987
  • Alzofon, D.; Caulkins, D.; Raskin, J.; Winter, J.; "Canon Cat Advanced Work Processor How-To Guide," Information Appliance Inc., Menlo Park, California; Canon Inc., Tokyo, Japan, 1987
  • Raskin, J., "Tradition or Simplicity," Tech Exec Magazine, December 1987, pp.45-46
  • Raskin, J., "Human Interface Design," Dr. Dobb's Journal, May 1986, pp. 32-38
  • "Is The Industry 'Taking' Us?" Personal Computing, October 10, 1986, p. 288 and 210
  • Raskin, J.; et. al., "Using SwyftWare on the Apple //e and //c: a Guide, Glossary, and Reference Manual," Information Appliance Inc., Menlo Park, California, 1986
  • Raskin, J et. al. "SwyftCard -- Using SwyftCard on the Apple //e: a Guide, Glossary, and Reference Manual," Information Appliance Inc., Palo Alto, California, 1985
  • "Computers by the Millions," SIGPC Newsletter 5:2 1982
  • "Glossary," Skarbek Software Directory, Skarbek, St. Louis, Missouri, 1981
  • Raskin, J.; Whitney, T.; "Perspectives on Personal Computing," IEEE Computer 14:1,1981, p. 62
  • "A Plea for Experiments in Language Design," Communications of the ACM 24:1 1981
  • Apple Pascal, Operating System Reference Manual, Apple Computer Inc., 1980
  • Apple Pascal, Language Reference Manual, Apple Computer Inc., 1980
  • "Using the Computer as a Musician's Amanuensis, Part 1," Byte 5:4 1980
  • "Using the Computer as a Musician's Amanuensis, Part 2," Byte 5:5 1980
  • "Jef Raskin's Brief Dictionary of Computerese," Apple 1:4 1980
  • "An 8080 Disassembler," 73 Magazine, April 1979
  • "Unlimited Precision Division," Byte 4:4, 1979
  • "Pascal In Education," Apple 1:3, 1979, p. 10
  • "Jef Raskin's Brief Dictionary of Computerese," 1979 Apple 1:3 p. 21, Apple 1:2 p. 21, Apple 1:1 p. 17
  • "Students + Computers = Learning," Apple 1:1, 1979, p. 22 ff
  • Apple II Basic Programming Manual, Apple Computer Inc. 1978
  • "A Faire View," People's Computers, May-June 1978
  • "Big Computer, Little Computer," Personal Computing 1:2, March-April 1977, p. 31 ff
  • "A Pipe Organ/Micro Computer System," Proceedings of the First Computer Faire, San Francisco, California, 1977
  • Silicon Gulch Gazette -- many articles, 1977
  • Columnist, "Consumer Notes," Dr. Dobb's Journal, 1977
  • "Interfacing the Qume Printer to the S-100 Bus," Interface Age, August 1977
  • Two chapters in the Reference Book of Personal and Home Computing, People's Computer Company, Menlo Park, California, 1977
  • "Review of Commodore Pet Computer," Personal Computing, 1977
  • "An 8080 Disassembler," Dr. Dobb's Journal 2:3, 1977
  • "Solving Some of the Software Interchange Problems," Kilobaud 1:1, 1977
  • "Product Review of the Poly 88 Computer," Dr. Dobb's Journal 1:10, 1976
  • "Shape Grammars and their Uses," Computers and the Humanities 10, 1976
  • "Personal Computers, a bit of Wheat among the Chaff," Dr. Dobb's Journal 1:8, 1976
  • "A Mini Tale," Datamation, 22:8, 1976
  • "FLOW: A Teaching Language for Computer Programming," Computers and the Humanities 8:4, 1974
  • "Programming Languages for the Humanities," Computers and the Humanities 5:3, 1971, p.155
  • "Beginning Computer Programming in the Humanities," Proceedings, On Computer Technology in the Humanities, University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, Kansas, 1970
  • "A Tutorial on Random Number Generation," Computers and the Humanities 4:1, 1971
  • Review of Hellwig, Jessica, "Introduction to Computers and Programming," Computer Studies in the Humanities and Verbal Behavior 3:1, 1970
  • "Beginning Computer Programming for the Arts and Humanities," IBM Manual G-32-2044-0, 1960
  • Howland, H.; Sharrock, G., Raskin, J. "A Digital Computer Method for Dating Short Tree Ring Series," Nature 201:4917, 1960


  • "WattAge Tangent" Backyard Flyer 2:3, May 2003, p. 64
  • "WattAge Mirage 2000-5" Model Airplane News 129:10, October 2001, p. 58
  • "Mini Modeling Gear: Honey, they shrunk the accessories!" RC MicroFlight 3:9, September 2001, p. 6
  • "Scale Speeds: Why Park Flyers Look So Good in the Air" RC MicroFlight 3:8, August 2001, p. 9
  • Letter to the Editor, Model Aviation, 27:7, July 2001, p. 9
  • "How to Build Jigs for Small Models" RC MicroFlight 3:6, June 2001, p. 15
  • "How to Balance Models with a Calculator" Model Airplane News 129:5, May 2001, p. 76
  • "How to Modify the Little Tiny into a Flying Wing" RC MicroFlight 3:3, March 2001, p. 8
  • "Kreigh's Module Mini IFO" RC MicroFlight 3:1, January 2001, p. 7
  • "Beyond Batteries" RC MicroFlight 2:12, December 2000, p. 6
  • "More on Magnet Sources" RC MicroFlight 2:12, December 2000, p. 3
  • "Simple Fixes for a Longer-Lasting Wingo" RC MicroFlight 2:11, November 2000, p. 13
  • "You'll want to switch" RC MicroFlight 2:11, November 2000, p.9
  • "Jeti: Mini Charger" RC MicroFlight 2:10, October 2000, p.15
  • "Use Magnets to Hold Models Together" RC MicroFlight 2:10, October 2000, p.14
  • "It's a Drag" RC MicroFlight 2:9, September 2000, p.5
  • "The Ins and Outs of Sewn Hinges" RC MicroFlight 2:8, August 2000, p.6
  • "Convert the Simprop Pfalz DIII for More Powerful Motors" RC MicroFlight 2:7, July 2000, p.7
  • "The Maha MH-C777" RC MicroFlight 2:6, June 2000, p.7
  • "Adjustable Pushrods and Pull/Pull Cable Controls for Tiny RC Models" RC MicroFlight 2:5, May 2000, p.8
  • "Warp 9: A cardboard slope soarer" Model Airplane News, May 2000
  • "Stressed for Success: Lighter Models with Structures you Trussed" RC MicroFlight 2:2, February 2000, p.8
  • "Building for Indoors" RC MicroFlight 1:2, December 1999, p.4
  • "Sheet Materials for Micro RC" RC MicroFlight 1:1, November 1999, p. 15
  • "Testing Model Airplanes" Model Aviation, June 1997, pp. 28-48
  • "Simple Staggerwing Goes Electric" Flying Models, May 1997, pp. 36-39
  • "Robot Wars III" Radio Control Car Action, February 1997, p. 92 ff
  • "Understanding How Models Fly" Model Airplane News 124 Jan 1996 pp. 70-73
  • "Piper L4". Model Airplane News. 123 July 1995 pp. 74-77
  • "Make an Instant Foam Trainer". Model Airplane News 122 No. 9 1995 pp. 26-29
  • "Forward Swept Wings". R/C Soaring Digest, 11:9, September 1994 pp 40-41
  • "Physics of Flight". Quantum, September-October 1994, p. 5
  • "Airfoils for Aerobatic Sailplane Wings". Soartech No.10, September 1993
  • Anabat 2. The White Sheet No.71, Spring 1993, p. 25
  • Design Considerations for the Aerobatic Sailplane. R/C Soaring Digest 9:12, December 1992, pp. 46-55
  • Precision Sailplane Aerobatics. Proceedings of the Eighth National Sailplane Symposium. MARCS, Madison, Wisconsin, 1992
  • Fourth Annual Precision Slope Aerobatics Contest. R/C Soaring Digest 9:11, November 1992, pp. 48-49
  • How to Trim Sailplanes for Aerobatics. Model Airplane News 120:9, 1992, p. 24 ff
  • Columnist, Model Airplane News, 1992-present
  • "Quick, Arrest That Airplane! A Primer on Precision Glider Aerobatics" Slope Soaring News 2:5, March 1990, pp. 4-7
  • "Why You Shouldn't Repair Your Own Avionics Equipment," Private Pilot 21:5, May 1986, p. 22
  • "Products in Use: Cox's Sportavia and Pilot's Tiny Ace," Model Builder 9:91, 1979
  • "Products in Use: Cox Centurion," Model Builder 8:1, 1978


  • Letter to the Editor, American Scientist 91:3, May-June 2003 p 197
  • Toy planes can elude Star Wars shield, Forbes ASAP, 25 March 2002 p 13
  • Kushner Costume, Fashion Theory 5:3, Sept 2001, p 314 (my only fashion photo)
  • "Just a Maginot Line in the Sky," The Globe and Mail, Tuesday May 22, 2001, p. A1
  • "Goodbye, My Love! (But I don't Miss You as Much as I Thought I Would)," Knowledge Quest, 29:4, March/April 2001, p. 35
  • Letter to the Editor, Science News, 159:1, January 6 2001, p. 3
  • "Rogerian Nursing Theory: A Humbug in the Halls of Higher Learning," Skeptical Inquirer 24:5 September-October 2000, p. 31
  • Letter to the Editor: Skeptical Inquirer 22:6 November-December 1998
  • Letter to the Editor: Skeptical Inquirer 22:4 July/August 1998 p 64
  • "How To Read A Magazine Review," R/C Report, December 1994, p. 24
  • Poem in the anthology "At Water's Edge," 1996
  • Poem in the anthology "East of the Sunrise" H. Ely, ed. 1995
  • "The Upper El Conducting Elective," The Nueva Journal 36:1, Winter 1995, p. 9
  • "Recollection of Harry Partch," 1/1 The Journal of the Just Intonation Network 8:4, November 1994, p. 24
  • "The Lazy Human's Guide to Wealth," Boing Boing 13, 1994, p. 45
  • "Teaching Proof Technique with Manipulatives," The Nueva Journal 34:2, Winter 1993, p. 12
  • Recorder Studies (a three volume set of recorder quartets). Hannacroix, Loux Music Publishing Co 1991. Reviewed in The Recorder Magazine (U.K.) 15:1, p. 17 March 1994
  • "Pacifica Moods" a weekly nature column, Pacifica Tribune, 1989- present
  • "A Vote For Freedom," Pacifica Tribune, 12 July 1989, p. 11A
  • "A Rational Explanation for One Aspect of UFO Behavior," BASIS (Bay Area Skeptics Information Sheet) 7:5, 1988
  • Letter (on statistics), American Scientist 76: 5, 1988, p. 432
  • "Raskin's Retort," California Business, 1988
  • "Apple's Legal Sparks," California Lawyer 8:9, 1988
  • Letter to the Editor, Wall Street Journal, Monday 27 July 1987
  • Letter to the Editor; Science News 129:24, 14 June 1986
  • "Errata (to a Nonexistent Article)," Journal of Irreproducible Results 20:2, 1973
  • "Smog Patterns," script for movie, Senses Bureau, La Jolla, California. Shown on PBS, 1973
  • "Purification of Water by Sand Filtration," Journal of Irreproducible Results 19:5, 1972
  • Photo essay (with David Wing) in Knowles, Alison, Journal of the Identical Lunch, Nora Broadcast Press, San Francisco, California, 1971
  • Photo Illustrations, UCSD Soaring Club, La Jolla, California, 1970
  • "The Limitations of Science," Mind's Eye 1:3, 1961
  • "Modular Congruences," Mathematics Student's Journal, March 1960
  • "A Simple Random Noise Generator," Radio Electronics 33:7, 1958


  • 2001 Swaine, Michael. Column in Dr. Dobbs Journal, November, p.101.
  • 2001 Schwartz, Matthew. "Technology Visionaries Scope the Future" Computerworld 35:41, October 8, 2001, p.54
  • 2001 Schwartz, Matthew. "The Interface Revolutionary" Computerworld 35:6, February 5, 2001, p.62
  • 2000 Lemm, Karsten."Ein Messias mit kleine Macken." Stern 47, December 2000, p.215
  • 2000 Urchins, C. "Raskin Success". Pacifica Tribune July 5, 2000, p.2B
  • 2000 Crook, Neal. "The Canon Cat" Forthwrite FIGUK 107 June 2000 p. 11
  • 1999 Trudel, John. IEEE Spectrum 36:9, September 1999, p. 6 response to Jef Raskin's letter
  • 1999 Linzmayer, Owen. Apple Confidential, ISBN: 188641128X. No Starch Press 1999
  • 1999 Lanier, Jaron. "Interface-Off". The Sciences, May-June 1999, p. 41."the concept of the "information appliance" originally proposed by the computer scientist Jef Raskin, ..."
  • 1997 Garwood, Dave. "Slope Combat". Model Airplane News, July p. 39. "In the early 1990s Jef Raskin's Anabatic Aircraft revolutionized slope combat..."
  • 1997 Prasek, Ed. "The Making of Macintosh" Mac Home Journal. 5:5, May 1997, p. 24ff. Concentrates on my contributions to the Mac.
  • 1997 Garwood, Dave. "Foam Slope Soarers" QFI 24 Dec / Jan 1997 p. 46.
  • 1994 Linzmayer, Owen. The Mac Bathroom Reader. San Francisco: Sybex Inc. Contains a particularly accurate account of the history of the creation of the Macintosh and of my part in it.
  • 1994 Levy, Steven. "Insanely Great" Popular Science, February, 1994. p. 56 ff. Early Macintosh history, more accurate than the book from which it was derived.
  • 1994 Levy, Steven. Insanely Great: the life and times of Macintosh, the computer that changed everything. New York: Viking. At best a moderately accurate account.
  • 1993 Special Report on Information Appliances, Business Week, 22 Nov, p. 110. I am correctly credited with the creation of the Mac and coining the term "Information Appliance" in 1978.
  • 1993 Walbank, Sean. "Silent Flight" RC Model World, July 1993 pp 27-29 (British)
  • 1989 Letter to the Editor, Douglas McKenna, MacWeek 3:23, 13 June, p. 28.
  • 1989 "Cat Has 9 Lives. Here's Number 2.," Electric Word, No. 15 September/October p. 3
  • 1989 "It's Apple Macintosh Time Here," Bill Drake, Pacifica Tribune, Wednesday 9 August, p. 1A
  • 1989 "Raskin: Man of Many Talents," Bill Drake, Pacifica Tribune, Wednesday 9 August p. 16A
  • 1989 "The Cat is Dead, Long Live the Interface," Ezra Shapiro, Language Technology Magazine, No. 13
  • 1989 "The Soul of a Not-so New Machine" Connie Guglielmo, MacWeek 3:3, 17 January, p. 52
  • 1988 "Of Maytags and Macs" G. Pascal Zachary, California Business 23:9, September, p. 23
  • 1988 "The Macintosh Wizard Pulls a Cat From his Hat," Joseph M. Caiola, The Magazine of the State University of New York at Stony Brook 2:2, cover story
  • 1988 "Jef and the Mac," a chapter on my work appearing in Martin Hollman, Modern Aircraft Design, Cupertino, California
  • 1988 Young, Jeffrey S. Steve Jobs, The Journey Is the Reward. Scott, Foresman; Glenview IL, descriptions of my work on pp 15, 22, 36, 81, 87, 90, 97, 154, 163, 169, 172, 176, 180, 198, 199, 207. A book of only moderate accuracy.
  • 1988 "Technology to Creativity to Usefulness," Silverthorne, Sean, Palo Alto Times Tribune, Monday 11 January, p. D1
  • 1988 Hawkins, William J. "The Fastest Word Processor?" Popular Science 232:2, p. 106
  • 1988 Shakespeare, Margaret. "Marketing the Feline Mystique" Business section of The New York Times, Sunday 29 May, p. 5.
  • 1987 "Raskin Unveils Easy-To-Use Non-Computer," Kathy Rebello, USA Today, 8 July, p. 2B
  • 1987 "No Comparison," Letter to the Editor by Robin Samelson. A+ Magazine 5:1, January, p. 15
  • 1987 "New Work Processor Has No OS, Windows Or Menus" Electronic Engineering Times, 6 July
  • 1987 "Canon Introduces Its New 'Work Processor'," Patricia Zengerle, Management Information Systems Week, 13 July p. 30
  • 1987 "Chip on Intel's drawing board...," G. Pascal Zachary, San Jose Mercury News, 15 July
  • 1987 Caruso, Denise, "Upcoming: Better-Behaving Computer", San Francisco Examiner, Sunday 28 June, p. D3
  • 1987 "Programmers Debate Languages, 'Corporate Programming'", Byte, June
  • 1987 Shapiro, Ezra, "A Spiritual Heir to the Macintosh" Byte 12:11 October, p. 121ff (A product preview)
  • 1987 Carrolls, Paul B. "Computer Firms Step Up Efforts to Make Machines Easier to Use." Wall Street Journal, Monday 14 December, p. 25
  • 1987 Frieberger, Paul, "The Mac's 'Pirates' are Still Buccaneering" San Francisco Examiner, Sunday 13 September p. D6
  • 1987 Lewis, Jan, "Info Appliance's Raskin: Pushing The Interface", Jan Lewis's Computer Insider 2:10, March
  • 1987 "Millionth Mac; Hot Graphics" Marketing Communications Newsletter 1:5, p. 1
  • 1987 Interview about Canon Cat, KNTV News Channel 11. 22 July
  • 1986 Clayton, Mark, "This chap envisions data cruncher that's simple as a toaster" The Christian Science Monitor, Tuesday 29 April
  • 1986 Cook, Brian, "It's a waffle iron! It's a toaster! It's SwyftCard!", Boston Business Journal, 7 April
  • 1986 Lammers, Susan. Programmers At Work. Microsoft Press, Redmond WA (There is a chapter on my work, pp 226-245)
  • 1986 "The 'Information Appliance'" John Voelcker, IEEE Spectrum 23:5, May, p. 65
  • 1986 Editors' Choice: SwyftCard, inCider 4:1, p. 128
  • 1986 "Panelists blazed historic computer trails," Kathie Price, Arizona Republic, Saturday 5 April p. E1
  • 1985 "SywftCard Changes Concept of Apple IIe Operation" Paul Freiberger and Philip Robinson, San Jose Mercury News, Sunday 8 December, p. 15F.
  • 1985 "SwyftCard Lets Apple IIe User Work with Ease," Kathy Rebello, USA Today, Friday 30 August p. 5B
  • 1985 "'Swyft' Idea for Simpler Computers" C. W. Miranker, San Francisco Examiner, Sunday 15 September, p. D1 ff
  • 1985 "Online: Apple Has The Edge, Analyst Says" San Jose Mercury News, Sunday 8 September p. 16 ff
  • 1985 "Application Environment for Apple IIe" Ezra Shapiro, Byte 10:9, September, p. 37
  • 1985 "Shhh! Undercover Entrepreneurs" Sabin Russell, Venture, December p. 34ff
  • 1985 "The Race Goes to the Swyft" David D. Thornburg, A+ Magazine 3:11, November, p. 86
  • 1985 "Information Appliance: The Next Revolution?", MicroTimes, 8 Nov., p. 46
  • 1985 McKenna, Regis, The Regis Touch, Addison Wesley (A garbled history of my role in the Mac project appears there)
  • 1985 "News +" Frederic E. Davis, A+ Magazine 3:10, October p. 18
  • 1985 Interviewed on the program Tech Talk by Michael Schrage 27 October
  • 1984 "Macintosh's Other Designers," John Markoff and Ezra Shapiro, Byte9:8, August, pp 347ff. The article that first revealed that I and not Steve Jobs had conceived the Macintosh.
  • 1984 "Design Case History: Apple's Macintosh" Fred Guterl, IEEE Spectrum 21:12, p. 34 ff
  • 1984 "Interview:" The University of Phoenix Viewpoints 1:2, Summer, (An interview with me) p. 14 ff
  • 1972 "In His Hands, Computer Can Be a Tool of the Arts," Pat Harbolt, Tallahassee Democrat, 19 July
  • 1970 "UCSD Reflects Season with Toy Exhibition," Armin Kietzman, San Diego Evening Tribune, 7 January
  • 1970 SIGLASH Newsletter 3:4, October
  • 1969 "Mazes -- A Show of Transient Architecture," David Antin, Arts Magazine 43:7, May, p. 18
  • 1969 "Art by a Man who Plays with Toys," Marylyn Hagberg, San Diego Magazine22:2, December, p. 92ff
  • 1969 "Mazes" David Antin, San Diego Magazine 21:3, January, p. 94ff


  • 2000 Raskin, J. (8 provisional patents relating to interface designs submitted)
  • 1991 Raskin, J. "Method and apparatus for controlling a keyboard operated device", Number 5,025,705 (allows detection of which finger operates which button)
  • 1991 Raskin, J. and Winter, J. "Method and apparatus for control of an electronic display", Number 5,019,806 (LEAP patent)
  • 1989 Raskin, J.; Winter, J.; Curry, R.; "Two-Part Cursor", Number 4,806,916
  • 1986 Winter, J.; Raskin, J.; Bumgarner, J.; "Method and apparatus for control of data storage". Pending Application for United States Letters Patent, Serial Number 06/936,856
  • 1986 Raskin, J.; Winter, J.; Bumgarner, J.; Curry, R.; "Method for Control of Data Storage and Display". Pending Application for United States Letters Patent, 1986
  • 1980 Raskin, J. "Multiposition Electronic Component Mounting", Number 4,303,887
  • 1979 Raskin, J. "Digital Electronic Tuner", Number 4,196,652
  • 1975 Raskin, J. "Construction Technique for an Airplane Wing", Number 4,003,155


  • "Macintosh," for Apple Computer, Inc. 1984
  • "Leap," for Information Appliance Inc. Registration No.: 1,503,629, 13 September 1988
  • "QuickDraw" Apple's internal graphics system, 1982
  • The one-button mouse and method for its use, 1979
  • "Information Appliance," 1978
  • The placement of a user interface into ROM, 1978


  • 1992 Anabat series of remote piloted vehicles
  • 1987 Canon Cat, a work station featuring high productivity and extreme ease of use
  • 1985 SwyftCard, the first document-centered software product
  • 1984 Apple Macintosh, a popular and trend-setting computer
  • 1974 Western Wind, a radically inexpensive radio-controlled training aircraft
  •  Academic Computer Systems designed and implemented:
  • 1972 Flow computer language
  • 1971 Third College Computer Facility, University of California, San Diego
  • 1969 Computer art facility for Visual Arts Department, University of California, San Diego
  • 1967 Quick Draw Graphics System (QDGS), Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pennsylvania
  • 1967 Pennsylvania State University Electronic Music Studio, Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pennsylvania
  • 1964 Analog Computer, Department of Biology, State University of New York at Oyster Bay


  • 1994 Exhibit Designer, "Phase Walkway" Exploratorium, San Francisco, California
  • 1994 Performance of the musical, "The Practical Princess", for which I wrote the score. Hillsborough, California
  • 1991 Solo Piano Performance in Composer's Showcase (Keyboard Productions Inc.)
  • 1990 Solo Piano Concert, Pacifica Arts And Heritage Council Concert Series, Pacifica California
  • 1990 Premier of "Four-Handed Rag" performed by Blasdale and Michaelian, Hillsborough California
  • 1990 Premier of "10 Studies", Berkeley, California
  • 1989 Guest conductor, San Francisco Recorder Society, San Francisco, California
  • 1974 Conductor, San Francisco Chamber Opera Company, San Francisco, California
  • 1973 Score for movie, "Smog Patterns," shown on PBS. Senses Bureau, La Jolla, California
  • 1972 "Environment with People," one-man show, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida
  • 1972 "Space Expanders" one-man show, University of California, San Diego, California
  • 1972 "Amazing Amalgamated Amorphous," group show, Anomaly Factory, La Jolla, California
  • 1972 International Computer Art Exhibit, group show, Montreal, Canada
  • 1972 Staff Harpsichordist, Heritage Coffee House, San Diego, California
  • 1971 "Unicubes," one-man show, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California
  • 1971 Faculty Art Show, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California
  • 1971-1973 Director, San Diego Ancient Music Society, La Jolla, California
  • 1971 "Bestiary," one-man show and poetry reading, Art Gallery, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California
  • 1970 "Toys Collected by Jef Raskin," one-man show, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California
  • 1970 Participating artist, "Artist in Industry" program, Los Angeles County Museum, Los Angeles, California
  • 1970 Percussionist, "The Music of Harry Partch" a television documentary shown on PBS
  • 1969 "Mazes" one-man show, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California
  • 1969 "Art and Technology," group show, Brooklyn Museum, New York, New York
  • 1969 Percussionist, San Diego Symphony (on tour)
  • 1968 "The Machine as Seen at the End of the Mechanical Age," group show, Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York
  • 1965 Director, Old Southaven Chamber Ensemble, Southaven, New York


  • 1992 Daughter Aenea Hannah
  • 1987 Daughter Aviva Frieda
  • 1984 Son Aza Benjamin
  • 1982 Married Linda S. Blum
  • FCC technician radio license KE6IGI
  • Academy of Model Aeronautics Life Member No. 88


These descriptions are sometimes limited by the need to protect confidential information.

1. Apple: Macintosh and Lisa computers.

I conceived of the Macintosh (and coined the name) in response to my belief that to reach a larger marketplace, future computers had to be designed from the user interface out. Up to that time, at Apple and most other manufacturers, the concept was to provide the latest and most powerful hardware, and let the users and third-party software vendors figure out how to make it usable.

When I first started to work on the Macintosh the Lisa was also just beginning its development. Originally, it was a character-generator-based machine. After I explained the Macintosh architecture and the advantages of an all-bit-mapped computer to them, the Lisa team decided to follow my graphic approach.

From its inception until 1982 I headed the Macintosh development team. I reported to Steve Jobs and Tom Whitney.

2. McKesson.

I worked on three distinct major projects during 1995-96.

Project 1: This was a major database, MIS, order entry and fulfillment system, with a number of other, proprietary, applications involving widely spread geographical sites and multiple major corporate organizations. While originally hired to help design the GUI interface so as to provide a highly usable system with a branded look and feel, I was soon also employed in rationalizing the underlying database and support systems. My original contract of 2 months extended to nearly a year. For a recommendation contact project leader Armen Tekerian at 415-983-7128.

From the beginning I suggested that the project be done with Internet technologies, an idea that was resisted for over half a year, but finally adopted. Many other systemic improvements that I suggested or designed were also used. I was also able to materially improve the interface as originally hired to do.

Tools used on this project included Visual BASIC, C++, Oracle, and a number of proprietary and legacy systems.

Project 2: An order entry system that required some 20 complex screens was working but caused considerable customer dissatisfaction. I redesigned the interface to require only 7 screens, each of which was simpler to use than the previous design and at the same time I increased the functionality. The new interface, implemented in Javascript, was judged aesthetically superior as well as being more pleasant and efficient to use.

Project 3: Smalltalk was to be used to implement a particular task. I designed an interface but that interface was rejected by the team who used a Smalltalk-like (tabbed) interface due to their tight deadlines and (in my opinion) unwillingness to move from their familiar style. The project was judged a failure, partly because of their poor interface and mostly because it did not meet memory or performance goals, and was abandoned.

An analysis of my performance was published by the McKesson project leader, Charles Nettles.

3. HP.

My role was to conduct a seminar in interface design, attended by hundreds of HP employees. It was well received; the written HP evaluations were overwhelmingly positive.

4. IBM.

I was called in to consult on a project that had a major interface component at their Boca Raton plant. I cannot be more specific. I have also given executive seminars at their headquarters in NY.

5. NCR.

My task was to help create a new product based on a very advanced interface concept. The project was abandoned when AT&T bought NCR, though I am told that my work is still influencing current development. The work was done over a period of two years at their Atlanta Human Interface technical center. I reported to Michael Miller, 404-810-7205.

6. Other companies for which I have taught classes in interface design include Technicon, Ricoh, Bayer, AT&T, and Fujitsu. I have also done some interface work for Fujitsu in connection with a technology transfer from my company, Information Appliance Inc. working with Dr. Yoshioka, email: pdg.00067@fjcug.fujitsu.co.jp. At Ricoh I worked with Kenji Hiruma, 011-81-33-479-3111.

7. I have completed many small interface design tasks for the other companies listed on the C.V. Teknowledge is a Department of Defense subcontractor for which I designed an interface that greatly simplified the approach they had been taking. I reported to Scott McGregor.

8. Information Appliance Inc.

This was a venture-funded startup from 1982 to 1989. I was its founder and CEO. It designed SwyftWare and the Cat work processor for Canon, and completed many smaller projects.

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You Are Here Indicator Curriculum Vitae

In the News Archive

Updates and Additions

 (Review) A Design Manifesto: Rethinking the User Interface

Buy The Humane Interface

Summary of The Humane Interface

THI in Languages

The Humane Interface Cover

 A Conversation with Jef Raskin - Ubiquity

A Good Airfoil for Small RC Models

Canon Cat Manual

Canon Cat Reference Card

Canon Cat Reference Guide

Coanda Effect: Understanding Why Wings Work

Computers by the Millions, An Apple Document from 1979

Holes In The Histories

How a Toy Drove the Design of the Universe

How to Balance a Model Airplane

Humbug: Nursing Theory

I Before E, if Taken with Caffeine

Improved RC Aircraft Transmitter and Control System Design

In Defense of Music Education

Mr. Rogers and Mr. President

Pacifica Moods

Robot Rules the Rugs

Shanghaied to the Windward Islands

The Bible Hoax

The Bible Hoax Program

The Dismal State of Computer Curricula

The Flawed Calculus of Torture

There is No Such Thing as Information Design

Vitriolic, Spleen, and Invective: an Academic Debate

Voting for a Portal

WANTED for Crimes Against the Interface

Will Computers Ever Become Easy to Use?

 Airplane Pictures

Apple's Publications Department

Cyborg Jef

Double Rainbow

Estey Folding Chaplain's Harmonium

Floating Carbon

Jef Outdoors

Jef with Eniac

Jef's One-Page Solar System

Mission Blue Butterfly

Organ Picture

Paper Beams

Picture of Jef Raskin

Pipe Organ

The Elusive Green Flash

Waters & Sons Harmonium 1858

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 12 Percent of Something

A Swiss Tourist Guide

Alien Arithmetic: An Experiment

An History of the Yarmulke

Aza's Sparkler

Eating B'dang B'dang

How To Decrease the Cost of Health Care

How To Read a Model Plane Review

Pshtwar B'dang

The Body Weight of a Bed-Bound Patient


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Effectiveness of Mathematics

Finally, We Do Something Right

Jacob's Stone

Letters to Dad

Math and Science Book Reviews

Next Time, It Can Be Worse

Off-the-Wall Comments on the Ten Commandments

The Merry, Exciting Life of the Musician!

The Old Slipstick

The Piper Cub Offense

The Soft Sell on Hard Sails

Twestid Wrods: Debunking a web item

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Widgets of the Week

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