Operation MECACAR involves a network of countries in the border areas between the regions of Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean - countries that used to have epidemic polio.
The countries cooperate and coordinate their efforts and exchange experiences in strengthening their immunization systems.
Originally, Operation MECACAR included coordinated national immunization days for polio in 18 countries. 60-69 million children (95% of targeted children) received two supplemental doses of polio vaccine, one month apart.
Today, having changed its name to Operation MECACAR New Millennium, its objectives are to achieve and sustain polio-free status and measles and rubella elimination, as well as high quality surveillance and high performance of laboratory networks. Its focus is on high-risk subpopulations and high-risk territories, especially in border areas.
MECACAR is named after the target areas: the Eastern Mediterranean, the Caucasus, and the Central Asian Republics. Ten countries of the European Region (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) are part of Operation MECACAR New Millennium.
|The MECACAR Declaration|
|Operation MECACAR – New Millennium. Eighteen countries and WHO join forces to fight poliomyelitis and measles|
|Note for the press, Copenhagen, Cairo, 15 May 2007|