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A Guide to Philosophy in the Library of Congress Classification

How to find Philosophical Works in the Library

John R. Shook
Assistant Professor of Philosophy
Corning Community College
1 Academic Drive
Corning, New York 14870
shook@corning-cc.edu

Introduction

The purpose of this guide is to help the philosopher and philosophy student with one of the bothersome tasks of research: finding philosophical and philosophy-related books in the library. It may also answer some questions for the curious library browser who, like myself, has wondered at the arrangements on the library shelves.

Since this guide was first created (see the story below) the Philosophy Documentation Center has announced a forthcoming publication titled "Library of Congress Subject Headings in Philosophy." I have no knowledge of this work beyond their catalog description: "thesaurus of philosophical terms compiled from Library of Congress subject headings," so it might cover similar territory as my guide. If so, the high quality of all the Center's publications will no doubt inhere in that work as well, and in the meantime, I offer this guide to all who can use it. My only request is that my name be kept on any copies made.

Four years ago, while I was a graduate student at SUNY at Buffalo, I originally prepared this guide in response to my own confusion while doing research. This guide is reproduced, without change, in the text below. The stimulus to prepare it arose as I would accidentally find relevant books by chance afterwards, despite having done what I thought was an exhaustive subject search through the on-line catalog system. As I looked into the explanation why books similar in content could be categorized so differently, and placed stacks apart, the Library of Congress Subject Guide became helpful and ultimately was the only explanation for the seemingly haphazard way books are organized in libraries. I created this guide to eliminate the fine detail in that guide and to have a portable, permanent version. Other graduate students became intrigued and related that they also occasionally wondered about book organization, and invariable they wanted a copy of the guide. Their unanimous testimony as to its helpfulness has convinced me that something like it would be a needed supplement to the regular routes of research.

The Library of Congress publishes its classification, revisions, and instructions to its use on a regular basis to help other libraries with their collections. This guide tries to distill this information down to a manageable level suitable for an introduction to the classification. It begins with an overview of the classification and how to use it. Then the method used to classify philosophy is summarized. The bulk of this guide is a condensed version of the Philosophy classification volume. Also provided are lists of philosophy-related topics and where they are located.

The Library of Congress Classification

The Library of Congress grew steadily from its inception in 1800. It required a new scheme of cataloguing by the 1890's, as the original scheme (created by Thomas Jefferson) was inadequate for the collection of nearly a million books. Dewey's Decimal Classification was deemed too inflexible for the Library's rate of growth, but Charles Cutter was willing to modify his Expansive Classification to suit the Library. From 1904 on, the Library of Congress has developed its classification and published revisions.

The Library of Congress classification roughly follows groupings of the humanities, social sciences, fine arts, natural sciences, and physical sciences. It divides knowledge into 21 classes, with each class further broken down from the general to the specific subject. The Library's subject specialists develop schedules for each class, which determine their scope, content, and corresponding call numbers. The classes are as follows:

Class LetterSubject
AGeneral Works
BPhilosophy. Religion.
CAuxiliary Sciences of History
DHistory. The Old World.
ENorth & South American History
GGeography. Anthropology.
HSocial Science
JPolitical Science
KLaw
LEducation
MMusic
NArt
PLanguage. Literature.
QScience
RMedicine
SAgriculture
TTechnology
UMilitary Science
VNaval Science
ZBooks

The schedules consist of subject headings and their corresponding call number range. Subject headings are topics which have been chosen to divide and subdivide the class. They are nested inside other subject headings, so that broad topics are broken down into successively narrower topics. For example, the topic of Ancient Chinese philosophy is a subject heading with the call number range of B 125-128, and is within the call number range for the topic of Ancient philosophy. The topic of Yin-Yang has its own subject heading and call number range of B 127.Y56.A-Z, which indicates that it falls within the topic of Ancient Chinese philosophy. Not every conceivable topic is also a subject heading, though the Library will create new subject headings as acquisitions demand; i.e., if new books cannot be reasonably matched with the present subject headings.

Philosophy

B - BJ was reserved for Philosophy, and the schedules were first prepared in 1910. Influences from that time remain, as can be seen in the inclusion of psychology and etiquette. Philosophy's schedules deviate from normal procedure by giving some individual philosophers their own subject headings. Instead of strictly classifying an author's books by subject, some philosophers' works are collected together under their names.

Library of Congress practice dictates that subject heading deletions are rare, and additions nearly so. Thus the subject headings reflect to a large degree the field of philosophy as it was before WWII. A well-known recent philosopher will find his or her works scattered by subject (even beyond the class of philosophy) while a now obscure philosopher's works are safely collected together. The outline for philosophy is as follows:


B			Philosophy (General)

   1-52 	Periodicals. Societies. Dictionaries.

   53-68	Methodology. Relation to other topics.

   69-99	General Works. Translations.

   105		Special Topics

   108-708	Ancient (600 BC - 430 AD)

   720-765	Medieval (430 - 1450 AD)

   770-785	Renaissance

   790-5739 	Modern (1450 AD - )



BC			Logic



BD 			Speculative Philosophy

   10-41	General Introductions to Philosophy

   95-131	Metaphysics

   143-236	Epistemology

   240-255	Methodology

   300-450	Ontology

   493-701	Cosmology



BF			Psychology (not covered in this guide)



BH			Aesthetics



BJ			Ethics

   1-28 	Periodicals. Societies. Collected Works.

   37-69	Methodology. Relation to other topics.

   71-977	History

   991-1185	General Works. Treatises. Advanced textbooks.

   1188-1295	Religious ethics

   1298-1392	Evolutionary, Genetic, Monistic ethics.

   1400-1500 	Special topics

   1518-1697	Individual ethics. Virtues and Vices.

   1801-2195	Social ethics. Etiquette.

Some further explanatory notes are needed.

1. The distinction in use between classes B and PA (Ancient Literature) for philosophical works by Greek and Latin writers is as follows:

In Class B:

In Class PA:

2. Each country or major historical period within a country is subdivided as follows: Collected works, General works, Special topics A - Z, Individual philosophers A - Z.

3. If a philosopher has an individual subject heading with a range greater than one number, the subject is subdivided as follows:

4. For philosophers with a subject heading range of one number or less this subdivision is used:

5. Periodicals, serials, societies, congresses, dictionaries, general works, and collected works are generally subdivided by language, and then within each language the topic is further subdivided by historical period.

6. The order for works arranged by language: Greek, Latin, English, German, Italian, Spanish, Russian, Slavic, Other A - Z.

7. Call numbers enclosed in [ ] gives a location of bibliographies for a philosopher. If no number is given, check Z 8000-8999, where bibliographies are alphabetically arranged.


B

Philosophy (General)


1-8         Periodicals. Serials.

11-18       Societies

20          Congresses

20.6-29     Collected works

31          Yearbooks

35          Directories

40-48       Dictionaries

49-50       Terminology. Nomenclature.

51          Encyclopedias

51.4-51.8   Historiography

51.4          General works

  .6          Biography of historians

  .8          Pictorial works

52          Study and teaching. Research.

53-68       Methodology. Relation to other topics.

53            General works

54            Electronic data processing

56            Theology and Religion. Cf. BL 51

59            Civilization. Cf. CB 19

61            History. Cf. D 16.7+

63            Economics and Sociology. Cf. HB 72

65            Political Science. Cf. JA 71+

66            Literature. Cf. PN 49

67            Science. Cf. Q 173+

68            Curiosa. Miscellanea. (cf. GV 1507.P43)

69-99       General works

103         Elementary textbooks, outlines, syllabi, etc.

105         Special topics A - Z

   .A3   Absurd         .E95 Expression        .P4  Peace

   .A35  Act            .F3  Facts             .P54 Play

   .A8   Authenticity   .G63 Goal              .P6  Positivism

   .B64  Body, human    .H8  Humanism          .P7  Principle

   .C48  Construction   .I3  Ideals            .P8  Purity

   .C5   Continuity     .I54 Innate ideas      .Q3  Quality

   .C9   Cycles         .J87 Justice           .Q34 Quantity

   .D37  Depth          .L3  Law               .R25 Reference

   .D4   Description    .L45 Liberty. Freedom. .R27 Reflection

   .D47  Determinism    .M4  Meaning           .R3  Relevance

   .D5   Difference     .M6  Monism            .R4  Representation

   .D56  Disposition    .M65 Movement          .S55 Simplicity

   .D57  Dissymetry     .N34 Negativity        .S7  Style

   .E5   Engagement     .N4  New, The          .T7  Tradition

   .E65  Essence        .N65 Norm              .U5  Universals

   .E7   Events         .O7  Order             .V5  Violence

   .E75  Exact          .O74 Organism          .W6  Women as

   .E8   Existentialism .P35 Participation           Philosophers

   .E9   Experience                            .W65 Wonder

108-708 Ancient Philosophy

108           Collected works

110-115       General works

118           Nature philosophy of the ancients

121-162       Orient (600 BC - 1600 AD) (for 1600 AD - see B 5000-)

121-123         General works

125-128         China

130-133         India

135-138         Japan

139.1-4         Korea

140-143         Egypt

145-148         Assyria-Babylonia

149.2-23        Armenia

150-153         Iran

154-162         By Religion

154-159           Judaism

162               Buddhism

162.5             Jainism

162.6             Shinto

162.7             Taoism

165-708       Occident (600 BC - 430 AD)

165-491         Greece

165               Collected works

168-175           General works

178-179           Relation to other topics

178                 Greek life and literature (cf. PA 3015.P4)

179                 Oriental philosophy

181                 Modern thought

185                 Nature philosophy

187                 Other special topics A - Z

188-258           First Period

188                 General works

193-200             Special topics

193                   Atomism

196                   Eleatics

199                   Pythagoreanism (cf. BF 1623.P9)

200                   Other special topics A - Z

204-258             Philosophers A - Z

220-224               Heraclitus

225-229               Leucippus

240-244               Pythagorus

250-254               Thales

265-320           Second Period

265                 General works

271                 Eclecticism

274                 Elean-Eretian school

279                 Hedonism (Cyrenaicism)

285                 Megarian school

288                 Sophism. Sophists.

293-320             Philosophers A - Z

295-299               Democritus

310-318               Socrates

335-491           Third Period

335                 General works

338                 The Academy

341                 Peripatetics

350-398             Plato [Z 8696] (cf. JC 71.P2)

                     (original texts PA 4279-80)

400-491             Aristotle [Z 8044] (original texts PA 3890-95)

                     Politica cf. JC 71.P2; De Poetica cf. PN 1040;

                     Meterologica cf. QC 859; Physica cf. Q 151;

                     On Animalium cf. QL 41; De Coelo cf. QB 41;

                     Oeconomica cf. HB 77; Rhetorica cf. PN 173.

504-626         Greco-Roman

504               Collected works

505               General works

508               Cynicism

511               Dogmatism

512               Epicurianism

513               Meaning

514               Moralists

517               Neo-Platonism

519               Neo-Pythagoreanism

522               Peripatetics

525               Skepticism (Pyrrhonism)

528               Stoicism

531               Syncretism

535- 626          Philosophers A - Z

537                 Carneades

540-543             Chrysippus

550-553             Cicero [Z 8170]

560-563             Epictetus [Z 8267]

570-573             Epicurus

580-583             Marcus Aurelius [Z 8047.8] (cf. DG 297)

593                 Numenius

595                 Panaetius

600-603             Plutarch [Z 8698.5]

610-613             Pyrrho of Elis

615-618             Seneca

620-623             Sextus Empiricus

630-708         Alexandrian, Early Christian

630               Collected works

631               General works

635               Apologists

638               Gnosticism

641               Manicheism

645               Patristic Neo-Platonism

647               Patristic Stoicism

650-708           Philosophers A - Z (cf. BR 60+)

655                 Augustine, Saint [Z 8047.7]

659                 Boethius [Z 8106.3]

666                 Clement, Saint

667.D4              Dionysius Areopagita

669                 Iamblichus

674                 Justin Martyr

                    Origen (see BR 65.O5)

690                 Philo Judaeus

693                 Plotinus

697                 Porphyry

701                 Proclus

705                 Tertullian

720-765 Medieval Philosophy (430 AD - 1450 AD)

720           Collected works

721           General works

723           Influence of Arabic philosophy

725           Influence of Aristotle

726           Influence of Northern Europe

728-738       Special topics

728             Mysticism

731             Nominalism and Realism

732             Platonism

734             Scholasticism

737             Summism

738             Other special topics A - Z

740-753       Arabian, Islamic, and Moorish philosophy

749             Averroes

751             Avicenna

755-759       Jewish philosophy

759.A5          Avicebron

759.M3          Maimonides

765           European, Byzantine philosophers

765.A2          Abelard (cf. PA 8201)

765.A4          Albertus Magnus [Z 8021.4]

765.A8          Anselm

765.B2          Bacon, Roger [Z 8062]

765.B7          Bonaventure, Saint

765.D7          Duns Scotus [Z 8248]

765.J3          Joannes Scotus Erigena

765.N5          Nicholas of Cusa [Z 8626.4]

765.O3          Ockham, William

765.P3          Peter Lombard

765.R7          Roscelin

765.T5          Thomas Aquinas [Z 8870]

770-785 Renaissance

770           Collected works

775           General works

776           By region or country A - Z

778-780       Special topics

778             Humanism

779             Skepticism

780             Other special topics A - Z

781-785       Philosophers A - Z

783             Bruno, Giordano [Z 8126.5]

785.E6          Erasmus [Z 8268]

785.G2          Galileo [Z 8321] (cf. QB 3, QB 36.B2, QC 123)

785.L395        Leonardo da Vinci [Z8502]

785.M2          Machiavelli [Z 8534] (cf. JC 143.M14)

785.M7          Montaigne [Z 8589] (cf. PQ 1641+)

785.M8          More, Thomas [Z 8592.8]

785.P5          Pico della Mirandola

785.S82         Suarez, Francisco [Z 8852.5]

790-5739 Modern Philosophy (1450 AD - )

790           Collected works

791-798       General works

799           Comparative philosophy

801-804       General works by period

801             17th century

802             18th century

803             19th century

804             20th century

808-843       Special topics and schools A - Z

808             Agnosticism (cf. BL 2700+)

808.2           Alienation

808.5           Analysis

808.6           Animism (cf. BF 150+)

808.7           Banality

809             Conservatism

809.15          Convention

809.3           Criticism

809.7           Dialectic

809.8           Dialectical materialism (cf. D 16.9, HX 56)

809.83          Laws

809.832         Transformation of quantity to quality

809.833         Unity, or conflict of opposites

809.834         Negation of negation

809.84          Categories

810             Dogmatism

812             Dualism

814             Eclecticism

816             Empiricism (Associationalism)

817             Epiphanism

818             Evolution

819             Existentialism

820             General semantics (Korzybski, Alfred)

821             Humanism

823             Idealism. Transcendentalism.

823.3           Ideology

824             Individualism (cf. HM 136)

824.15          Interaction

824.18          Intersubjectivity

824.2           Irrationalism

824.3           Isolation

824.4           Liberty. Freedom. (cf. JC 585+)

824.6           Logical Positivism

825             Materialism

825.2           Meaninglessness

826             Monadology

827             Monism

828             Mysticism

828.2           Naturalism

828.3           Nihilism

828.35          Operationalism

828.36          Ordinary-language philosophy

828.4           Pansophy

828.45          Perception

828.5           Personalism

829             Pessimism and Optimism

829.5           Phenomenology

830             Pluralism

830.5           Polarity

831             Positivism

831.3           Practice

831.5           Pragmatics

832             Pragmatism

832.3           Private language problem

833             Rationalism (cf. BL 2700+)

834             Reaction

835             Realism

836             Relationism

837             Skepticism

839             Scholasticism. Neo-Thomism.

840             Semantics. Meaning.

841             Spiritualism (cf. BL 200)

841.4           Structuralism

842             Theory

843             Utilitarianism (cf. B 1571)

850-945       United States

850             Collected works

851-855         General works

858             Elementary textbooks, outlines, syllabi, etc.

861             Special topics A - Z

861.L52           Liberty. Freedom.

865-876         Colonial to 1750

865               General works

868               Special topics A - Z

869-876           Philosophers A - Z

870-874             Edwards, Jonathan [Z 8255.5]

878-890         Revolutionary to 1800

878               General works

879               Special topics

879.5-890         Philosophers A - Z

880-884             Franklin, Benjamin [Z 8313]

885                 Jefferson, Thomas [Z 8452]

893-931         Early 19th century to 1860

901               General works

903-906           Special topics

903                 Scotch influence

905                 Transcendentalism. Concord school.

906                 Other special topics A - Z

908-931           Philosophers A - Z

                    Emerson, R.W. (see PS 1600+)

925-928             McCosh, James [Z 8532]

931.T4              Thoreau, Henry David [Z 8873]

934-945         Later 19th and 20th centuries

934               Collected works

935-936           General works

938-944           Special topics

938                 Evolution

941                 Idealism

943                 Monism

944                 Other special topics A - Z

944.M47               Metaphysics

944.N3                Naturalism

944.R4                Realism

945               Philosophers A - Z

945.C16             Carnap, Rudolf

945.C2              Carus, Paul

945.C5              Cohen, Morris

945.D4              Dewey, John [Z 8228] (cf. LB 875.D35)

945.J2              James, William [Z 8447.5]

945.M46             Mead, George

945.P4              Peirce, Charles

945.R6              Royce, Josiah

945.S2              Satayana, George

945.W7              Wright, Chauncey

981-995       Canada

1001-1084     Latin America. By region or country.

1111-1674     England

1111-1118       General works

1121            Special topics A - Z

1131-1299       17th century

1131              General works

1133              Special topics A - Z

1148-1299         Philosophers A - Z

1150-1199           Bacon, Francis [Z 8061.2]

1203-1248           Hobbes, Thomas [Z 8409] (cf. JC 153, QA 33, QC 161)

1250-1298           Locke, John [Z 8513.45]

1299.N3             Newton, Isaac [Z 8623]

1300-1398       18th century

1300              Collected works

1301              General works

1302              Special topics A - Z

1302.5-1398       Philosophers A - Z

1303-1349           Berkeley, George [Z 8090]

1385-1388           Shaftesbury, Anthony

1401-1584       Scottish philosophers, 18th & early 19th centuries

1401              General works

1402              Special topics

1403-1559         Philosophers A - Z

1410-1418           Ferguson, Adam

1420-1428           Hamilton, Sir William

1450-1499           Hume, David [Z 8427.3] (cf. JC 176.H9)

1510-1518           Mackintosh, Sir James

1530-1538           Reid, Thomas

1545                Smith, Adam [Z 8820.2]

1550-1558           Stewart, Dugald

1561-1612       19th and 20th centuries

1561-1567         General works

1568              Neo-Hegelianism

1569              Rationalism

1571              Utilitarianism

1573-1612         Earlier 19th century to 1870

1573                General works

1574-1612           Philosophers A - Z

1574.B3               Bentham, Jeremy

1583                  Coleridge, Samuel [Z 8182]

1600-1608             Mill, J.S. [Z 8574.8] (cf. JC 223.M657+)

1614-1674         Later 19th and 20th centuries

1614                Collected works

1615                General works

1616                Special topics A - Z

1618-1674           Philosophers A - Z

1620-1623             Darwin, Charles [Z 8217]

1630-1638             Green, Thomas

1647.M7               Moore, G.E. [Z 8592.6]

1649.R9               Russell, Bertrand [Z 8765.48]

1650-1658             Spencer, Herbert

1801-2403     France

1801-1805       General works

1809            Special topics A - Z

1809.M3           Materialism

1809.M7           Moralists

1815-1907       17th century

1815              General works

1818              Special topics A - Z

1824-1907         Philosophers A - Z

1830-1878           Descartes, Rene [Z 8227.7]

1880-1888           Gassendi, Pierre [Z 8325.5]

1890-1898           Malebranche, Nicolas

1900-1904           Pascal, Blaise [Z 8662]

1911-2179       18th century

1911              General works

1914-1925         Special topics

1914                Ideology

1917                Skepticism

1921                Traditionalism

1925                Other special topics A - Z

1928-2179         Philosophers A - Z

1930-1938           Alembert, Jean d'

1960-1968           Buffon, Georges comte de

1970-1978           Cabanis, Pierre

1980-1988           Condillac, Etienne de

1990-1998           Condorcet, Marie marquis de

2000-2008           Destutt de Tracy, Antoine comte

2010-2018           Diderot, Denis

2040-2048           Helvetius, Claude

2050-2058           Holbach, Paul baron d'

2060-2068           La Mettrie, Julien de

2080-2088           Maupertuis, Pierre de

2090-2098           Montesquieu, Charles baron de [Z 8590]

2130-2138           Rousseau, J.J. [Z 8763] (cf. JC 179.R7,

                     LA 121, LB 511+, PQ 2030+)

2150-2158           Turgot, Anne Robert baron de l'Aulne

2170-2178           Voltaire, F.M.A. [Z 8945]

2185-2417       19th century

2185              General works

2188              Special topics

2189-2417         Philosophers A - Z

2200-2249           Comte, Auguste [Z 8189.52]

2260-2268           Cousin, Victor

2320-2328           Maine de Biran, Pierre

2340-2348           Renan, Ernest [Z 8738]

2350-2358           Renouvier, Charles

2405-2408           Taine, Hippolyte [Z 8858]

2421-2430       20th century

2421              General works

2424              Special topics A - Z

2430              Philosophers A - Z

2430.B34            Beauvoir, Simone de

2430.B37            Bergson, Henri [Z 8089.9]

2430.B58            Blondel, Maurice

2430.C35            Camus, Albert [Z 8143.8]

2430.M25            Marcel, Gabriel [Z 8549.6]

2430.M3             Maritain, Jacques [Z 8550.34]

2430.M376           Merleau-Ponty, Maurice [Z 8570.45]

2430.S3             Sartre, Jean Paul [Z 8784.44]

2430.S37            Schweitzer, Albert

2430.T37            Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre [Z 8863.78]

2521-3396     Germany. Austria.

2521-2525       General works

2528            Special topics.

2543-2611       17th century

2550-2599         Leibniz, Gottfried [Z 8496.18]

2603              Pufendorf, Samuel von

2615-2729       18th century

2690-2693         Mendelssohn, Moses

2694-2698         Nicolai, Christoph

2720-2728         Wolff, Christian (cf. JX 2347+)

2741-3177       Later 18th and early 19th centuries

2741-2743         General works

2745-2748         Special topics

2750-3177         Philosophers A - Z

2750-2799           Kant, Immanuel [Z 8460] (cf. BH 183,

                     JC 181.K3, JX 1946)

2800-2849           Fichte, J.G. [Z 8293] (cf. DD 199, JC 181.F6+)

2850-2899           Schelling, F.W.J. [Z 8791.8] (cf. BJ 1463,

                     BL 310, JC 233.S29, N 64)

2900-2949           Hegel, G.W.F. [Z 8394.6] (cf. D16.8, N 64)

2949.5-3177         Other philosophers A - Z

2970-2973             Feuerbach, Ludwig

2975-2979             Fries, Jakob

2987                  Goethe, Johann [Z 8350] (cf. PT 2193)

3000-3049             Herbart, J.F. [Z 8398]

3051                  Herder, J.G. (cf. PT 2351+)

3055-3059             Jacobi, Friedrich

3065-3069             Maimon, Salomon

3090-3098             Schleirmacher, F.E.D. [Z 8794]

3100-3149             Schopenhauer, Arthur [Z 8795]

3180-3396       Later 19th and 20th centuries

3180              Collected works

3181              General works

3185              Idealism

3188              Materialism

3190              Monism

3191              Naturalism

3192              Neo-Kantianism

3194              Pessimism and Optimism

3197              Positivism

3198-3396         Philosophers A - Z

3200-3208           Avenarius, Richard

3212                Brentano, Franz

3216.D8             Dilthey, Wilhelm [Z 8231.8]

3220-3223           Duhring, Eugen

3224.E6             Engels, Friedrich [Z 8265.8]

3245.F2             Frege, Gottlob

3260-3268           Haeckel, Ernst

3270-3278           Hartmann, Edward von

3279.H45            Heidegger, Martin [Z 8394.95]

3279.H5             Helmholtze, Hermann von

3279.H9             Husserl, Edmund

3279.J3             Jaspers, Karl [Z 8450.17]

3290-3298           Lotze, Hermann

3300-3303           Mach, Ernst

3305.M7             Marx, Karl [Z 8551.67] (cf. HX 39.5)

3309.M2             Meinong, Alexius

3310-3318           Nietzsche, Frederich [Z 8628.85]

3329.S48            Scheler, Max

3340-3343           Strauss, David

3345                Stumph, Carl

3361                Weber, Max [Z 8957]

3371                Wildelband, Wilhelm

3376.W56            Wittgenstein, Ludwig [Z 8974.4]

3380-3388           Wundt, Wilhelm

3500-3515     Greece

3551-3656     Italy

3351            General works

3561            Special topics, A - Z

3561.C3         Cartesianism

3571-3585       17th century

3580-3583         Vico, Giovanni [Z 8941.8]

3591-3598       18th century

3601-3656       19th century

3611.A23          Abbagnano, Nicola [Z 8003.5]

3614.C7           Croce, Benedetto [Z 8199.6]

3620-3623         Galluppi, Pasquale

3625-3628         Gioberti, Vincenzo [Z 8342.6]

3640-3648         Rosmini Serbati, Antonio [Z 8757.8]

3801-4095     Netherlands. Holland.

3900-3949       Geulincx, Arnold

3951-3999       Spinoza, Benedictus [Z 8831]

4151-4175     Belgium

4201-4279     Soviet Union

4240-4248       Grot, Nicolai

4249.L38        Lenin, Vladimir [Z 8500.8]

4301-4495     Scandinavia

4370-4378       Kierkegaard, Soren [Z 8464.25]

4468.S8         Swedenborg, Emanuel [Z 8855]

4511-4598     Spain. Portugal.

4568.O7         Ortega y Gasset, Jose [Z 8646.9]

4568.U5         Unamuno y Jugo, Miguel de [Z 8913.3]

4625-4651     Switzerland

4670-4895     Eastern Europe

5000-5289     Asia, by country

5130-5134       India

5134.G3           Gandhi, Mahatma [Z 8322.7]

5240-5244       Japan

5300-5320     Africa, by region or country

5685-5689     Oceania, by country or island group

5700-5704       Australia

5739          Other A - Z




BC

Logic


1           Periodicals. Serials.

4           Societies

5           Congresses

6           Collected works

9           Dictionaries. Encyclopedias.

11-39       History

11-15          General works

11               Through 1800

15               1800 -

21             Special topics

  .A6  Augmentation .I64 Insolubilia .S9  Syllogisms

  .I6  Inference    .S6  Sophisms    .T5  Thesis

25-39          By period

25-32            Ancient

25-26            Oriental

28-29            Greek

31-32            Roman

34-35            Medieval

38-39            Modern

40-48       Special systems and theories

50-59       Methodology. Relation to other topics.

50            General works

51            Speculative philosophy

53            Psychology

55            Ethics

59            Study and Teaching. Research.

60-99       General works. Advanced textbooks.

60-78          Deductive logic

60-66            Early through 1800

71-78            1800 -

80-99          Inductive and empirical logic

80               Early through 1800

91-99            1800 -

101-117     Elementary textbooks, outlines, syllabi, etc.

101-105       Early through 1800

108-117       1800 -

121         Genetic and Evolutionary logic

122         Transcendental logic

126         Many-valued logic

128         First order logic

131-135     Symbolic and mathematical logic

131           Early through 1800

135           1800 -

137-138     Mechanical logical methods

137           Early through 1800

138           1800 -

141         Probability theory (cf. HA 29+, QA 273+, QH 323.5)

143         Plausibility

145         Deontic logic

151-161     Logic for professional classes

151           Lawyers

156           Legislators

161           Other A - Z

   .B8          Businessmen

   .P5          Physicians

   .T4          Teachers

171-199     Special topics

171           Truth and Error

172           Categories

173           Proof

175           Fallacies

177           Reasoning, Argument, etc.

181           Propositions. Judgement.

183           Hypothesis

185           Syllogisms. Enthymeme. Dilemma, etc.

199           Other special topics A - Z

   .B4   Belief & Doubt  .E93 Extension             .O6  Opposition

   .C47  Change          .F5  Fictions              .P2  Paradox

   .C5   Commands        .F53 First principles      .P7  Possibility

   .C56  Conditionals    .F6  Form                  .P73 Presupposition

   .C6   Contradiction   .I4  Identity              .Q4  Question

   .C66  Counterfactuals .I47 Inference             .S5  Signification

   .D4   Definition      .I5  Intention             .T4  Tense. Time.

   .D8   Duality         .L6  Logical atomism       .T9  Type theory

   .E58  Entailment      .M6  Modality (cf. QA 9.4) .V4  Verification

   .E7   Equilibrium     .N3  Names                 .V5  Vicious circle

   .E9   Experience      .N4  Negation




BD

Speculative Philosophy


10-41       Introductions to philosophy

10-15         Early works to 1800

21-28         1800 -

30-38         Elementary textbooks, outlines, syllabi, etc.

41            Addresses, essays, lectures

95-131 Metaphysics

95            Collected works

100-118       General works. Advanced textbooks.

100-108         Early through 1800

111-118         1800 -

125           Metaphysics of the School. Scholastic philosophy.

131           Elementary textbooks. Outlines, etc.

143-236 Epistemology

143           Collected works

150-168       General works

150-158         Early through 1800

160-168         1800 -

171           Truth. Error. Certitude.

175           Sociology of knowledge

181           Origin/source of knowledge

182           Criterion

183           Inquiry

185           Encounter

190           Analogy

201           Limits of knowledge

209           Authority

211           The Unknowable

213           Other minds

215           Belief. Faith.

216           Hope

217           Double truth

218           Integration

220           Objectivity

221-232       Relativity of knowledge

221             General works

222             Subjectivity

223             Subject

232             Value. Worth.

233           Perfection

234           Infallibility

235           Abstraction. Generalization.

236           Comparison. Resemblance. Identity.

240-255 Methodology

240           History of method

241           Theory, criticism of method

255           Interdisciplinary approach to knowledge

300-450 Ontology

300-318       General works

300-308         Early through 1800

310-318         1800 -

331           Being. Nature of reality. Substance.

332           The concrete

336           Entity

340           Situation

348           Perspective

352           Phenomenalism

357           Ontologism

362           Transcendence

372           Becoming. Process.

373           Change

375           The catastrophical

394-395       Unity and Plurality

396           Whole and Parts (cf. BF 202)

397           All

398           Nothing

401           Secret

411-417       Finite and Infinite

411             General works

416             The Absolute

417             Necessity

419-428       The soul. Spirit. Immortality. (cf. BT 740+,

               BT 919)

419             Collected works

420-423         General works

426             Preexistence of the soul

428             Soul of animals (cf. BF 660+)

430-435       Life

436           Love

437           Struggle

438           Power

443-445       Birth and Death

450           Philosophical anthropology

493-701 Cosmology

493           Collected works

494-496       History

497           History of microcosm and macrocosm

500-518       General works

500-508         Early through 1800

510-518         1800 -

523           Addresses, lectures, etc.

530-595       Teleology. Causation. Purpose.

530-548         General works

553             Mechanism

555             Theism (cf. BL 220)

558             Pantheism

560             Panpsychism

573             Philosophy of religion

581             Philosophy of nature

591             Cause and Effect

595             Chance

620-701       Space. Time. Matter. Motion.

620             General works

621             Space

626             Space and Matter

632             Space and Time

638             Time

640             The Contemporary

643             Number and Quantity

645             Cosmic harmony

646             Structure of matter (cf. QC 171-179)

648             Matter and Form

652             Matter and Motion. Force.

655             Plurality of worlds. Life on other planets.

                 (cf. QB 54)

701             Miscellaneous speculations (cf. Q 173)




BH

Aesthetics


1-8         Periodicals. Serials.

11-18       Societies

19          Congresses

21-28       Collected works.

39-41       Methodology. Relation to other topics.

39            General works

41            Special methods (cf. BL 65.A4, ML 3845)

56          Dictionaries. Encyclopedias.

61-63       Study and Teaching

63            Individual schools A - Z

81-208      History

81            General works

83            Origins

85            Comparative aesthetics

90-116        Ancient

90              Collected works

91              General works

95              Special aspects

101-102         Orient

108-109         Greece

115-116         Rome

131-136       Medieval

151-208       Modern

151             General works

161-168         16th century

171-178         17th century

181-188         18th century

191-198         19th century

201-208         20th century

220           Juvenile literature

221           By region or country

301         Special topics A - Z

   .A7  Art for art's sake .I3  The heroic  .P3  Particularity

   .A94 Avant-garde        .I55 Ideals      .P78 Psychological

   .C4  Charm              .I7  Imitation         Aspects

   .C6  Color              .I8  Irony       .R5  Rythym

   .C7  The comic          .K5  Kitsch      .S4  Sea. Ocean.

   .C84 Creation           .L3  Landscape   .S5  Situation

   .D5  Dilatantism        .M4  Metaphor    .S65 Space

   .E8  Experience         .M54 Modernism   .S7  The sublime

   .F3  Fantastic          .M6  Movement    .S8  Symbolism

   .F6  Form               .M9  Myth        .S9  Symmetry

   .G7  Grace              .N3  Nature      .T7  The tragic

   .G74 Grotesque          .O24 Object      .U5  Ugliness

   .H3  Harmony            .O35 Odors




BJ

Ethics


1-8         Periodicals

10          Societies

11-18       General works

19          Congresses

21-28       Collected works.

37-60       Methodology. Relation to other topics.

37            General works

41            Speculative philosophy

43            Logic

44            Language

45            Psychology. Morale.

46            Aesthetics

47            Religion and the Supernatural

49            Teaching

51            History and Sociology

52            Anthropology and Culture

53            Economics

55            Law and Politics

57            Science

59            Technology

60            Astronautics

63          Dictionaries. Encyclopedias.

66-68       Study and Teaching

69          Comparative ethics

71-977 History

71-78         General works

84            Special topics A - Z

101-224       Ancient

111-125         Orient. India.

130-149         Near East

160-224         Greece and Rome

231-255       Medieval

271-285       Renaissance

301-977       Modern

301-308         General works

311               18th century

315               19th century

319               20th century

324             Special topics A - Z

351-977       Philosophers. By country.

315-354         United States

401-404         Canada

411-444         Latin America

451-564         South America

601-604         Great Britain

651-654         Scotland

701-704         France

751-759         Germany

801-804         Greece

811-814         Italy

821-844         Belgium, Holland

851-854         Russia

861-894         Scandinavia

901-924         Spain. Portugal.

941-944         Switzerland

961-964         Asia

965-968         China

969-972         Japan

973-976         Korea

977             Other countries A - Z

991-1185 General works, treatises, and textbooks.

991-995       Latin

1001-1031     English

1051-1087     French

1101-1125     German

1131-1134     Italian

1135-1138     Russian and Slavic

1141-1144     Spanish and Portuguese

1151-1154     Scandinavian

1161-1164     Swiss

1185          Other languages A - Z

1188-1295 Religious ethics

1188          General works

1188.5-1278   Christian ethics (cf. BS 2417.E8, BS 2545.E8)

1279-1286     Jewish ethics

1289          Buddhist ethics

1290          Jaina ethics

1290.5        Sikh ethics

1291-1292     Islamic ethics

1295          Zoroastrian ethics

1298-1392 Evolutionary, Genetic, and Monistic ethics

1298          History

1301-1318     General works

1321-1328     Textbooks, outlines, syllabi, etc.

1360          Humanist ethics

1365-1385     Positivistic ethics

1388          Socialist ethics

1390          Communist ethics

1392          Totalitarian ethics

1400-1500 Special topics in ethics

1400-1408     Good and Evil

1409          Pain and suffering

1410-1418     Right and wrong

1420-1429     Truth and Falsehood. Lying.

1430-1438     Compromise. Toleration.

1440-1448     Casuistry

1450-1458     Duty. Obligation. Responsibility.

1460-1468     Free will. Determinism.

1469          Power over life and death

1470          Self-realization (cf. BP 605.S35)

1471          Conscience. Guilt.

1472          Intuition

1474          Altruism and Egoism

1475          Sympathy. Compassion. (cf. BF 575.S9)

1476          Forgiveness

1477          Optimism and Pessimism (cf. B 829)

1480-1486     Happiness and Joy

1487-1488     Sorrow. Grief. Despair.

1491          Hedonism and Asceticism

1492          Puritanism

1493-1499     Active v. Meditative life

1500          Other special topics A - Z

1518-1697 Individual ethics. Virtues and Vices.

1518-1531     Collected works. General works.

1533          Special virtues A - Z

1534-1535     Special vices A - Z

1545-1697     Practical and applied ethics. Conduct of life, etc.

1545            Periodicals. Societies. Serials.

1546            Dictionaries. Encyclopedias.

1547            History

1548-1595       Collected works. General works.

1597            Ethico-pedagological novels, stories, etc.

1600-1608       The gentleman, the courtier, etc.

1609-1610       Women

1611-1618       Success

1631-1658       Ethics for children

1661-1689       Ethics for young adults

1690            Ethics for the middle-aged

1691            Ethics for the aged

1695            Ethics of the body

1697            Ethics of dress and cleanliness

1801-2195 Social ethics. Etiquette. (cf. HN 1+, HQ 728+, HT 265)

1725          Professional ethics

1801          Periodicals. Societies. Serials.

1809          Collected works

1815          Dictionaries. Encyclopedias.

1818          Forms, blanks, etc.

1821          History

1838          Special aspects

1843          Satire, etc.

1850-2007     General works, by country

2018-2019     Religious etiquette

2020          Social secretaries

2021-2078     Etiquette of entertaining

2081-2095     Card etiquette. Stationery.

2100-2115     Etiquette of letter-writing

2120-2128     Etiquette of conversation

2137-2156     Etiquette of travel

2183-2188     Club etiquette

2193-2195     Business etiquette



Topics related to Philosophy

Other topics related to Philosophy are located as follows, grouped together in six categories:



Philosophy and/of ________.


AZ 101         The Humanities

BF 41-50       Psychology

BL 51          Religion

BP 595         Anthroposophy

BT 40-50       Theology

CB 19          Civilization

CN 40          Epigraphy

D 16.7-9       History

G 70           Geography

GF 21          Human ecology

GN 405         Cultural relativism

GN 470         Primitive philosophy

GV 342         Athletics

GV 706         Sports

GV 1507.P43    Philosophical recreations

H 61           Social sciences

HB 71-71       Economics

HM 26-33       Sociology

K 201-487      Law

LB 2386        Doctor of philosophy degree

ML 3800-3920   Music

N 61-79        Art

P 101-105      Language

P 151-295      Grammar

PN 45          Literature

PN 49          Philosophy in literature

PN 6231.P47    Philosophy - Humor

PR 2986        William Shakespeare

Q 173-5        Science

Q325           Conscious automata

QA 9           Mathematics

QA 269         Game theory

QC 6           Physics

QH 323.5       Statistical biology

QH 331         Biology

QH 361         Evolution

R 723-725      Medicine

T 14           Technology

Z 696.U5.B1    Library of Congress classification for Philosophy

Z 5000-7999    Bibliographies and Reference Guides (by subject)

Z 5069           Aesthetics

Z 5873           Ethics

Z 6611.P         Philosophical Manuscripts

Z 7125-7130      Philosophy

Z 7821           Philosophy of Religion

Z 8000-8999    Bibliographies and References Guides (by individual A - Z)



Religious Philosophy


BL 240.2       Religion and Science

BL 2700-2790   Rationalism in Religion

BP 134.P5      Koran and Philosophy

BQ 282         Buddhism - History -- Philosophy

BQ 4040        Buddhism - Philosophy

BQ 4440        Buddhism - Knowledge, theory of

BR 100-110     Christianity - Philosophy

BT 98-108      God, Proof of



Psychological Philosophy


BF 41-47       Philosophy of Psychology

BF 81-109      History, Origins of Psychology

BF 110-118     Early works through 1850

BF 121-149     Works 1850 -

BF 150-171     Mind and Body

BF 199         Behaviorism

BF 203         Gestalt

BF 204.5       Phenomenological psychology

BF 309-315     Cognition

BF 467-475     Time. Space. Causality.

BF 608-628     Will. Determinism.

QP 376-426     Brain/physiology and psychology

QP 411         Consciousness



Topics in Ethics


HQ 767.15      Abortion, Moral and Legal aspects

HM 131         Social interaction

HM 216         Social ethics

HV 4701-4759   Treatment of animals

K 3611.T7      Organ donation - Law and Legislation

KF 3823        Sick - Legal status

LC 268-269     Moral education

Q 155.3.E      Eugenics - Ethical aspects

QH 332         Bioethics

QH 442         Genetic engineering - Social aspects

R 726          Euthanasia

R 850-853      Medical research - Moral aspects

R 854-855      Medical technology - Economic aspects

RA 410.53      Medical care - Cost -- Moral aspects

RA 1067        Abortion

TD 171-178     Environmental ethics

TP 248.3       Genetic engineering



Ethics of _______.


BF 47-50       Psychology

GN 33.6        Anthropology

HB 835         Wealth

HF 5386-91     Business

HV 7924        Police

K 123          Legal ethics

LB 1779        Teaching

NA 1995        Architecture

PN 154         Literature

PN 2056        Professional acting

PN 4797        Journalism

R 723-727      Medicine

RC 455.2.E8    Psychotherapy

RS 100.5       Pharmacy

RT 85          Nursing

TA 157         Engineering

U 22           Military



Political Theory


D 16.9         Historical materialism

HB 97.5        Marxian economics

HB 501         Capitalism

HM 33-36       Political science and Sociology

HX             Collectivism

HX 533         Communism and Philosophy

JA 71-84       Political philosophy

JC 11-126      Pre-modern political theory

JC 71          Greek political theory

JC 131-300     Modern political theory

JC 301-497     Forms of the State

JC 327         Sovereignty

JC 336         Social contract

JC 500-561     Purpose, function of the state

JC 571-628     The State and the Individual

JC 571-574     Authority. Individualism.

JC 575-578     Equality. Justice.

JC 585-599     Liberty

JK 1751-1788   Political ethics - Citizenship


any comments?
let me know ... <shook@corning-cc.edu>

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