Language and Mother Tongue

Languages in Descending Order of Strength in India : 1991 Census

Language
No. of Speakers
Percentage to total speakers
 
INDIA         838,567,936
100.000
1 HINDI         337,272,114 40.220
2 BENGALI           69,595,738 8.299
3 TELUGU           66,017,615 7.873
4 MARATHI           62,481,681 7.451
5 TAMIL           53,006,368 6.321
6 URDU           43,406,932 5.176
7 GUJARATI           40,673,814 4.850
8 KANNADA           32,753,676 3.906
9 MALAYALAM           30,377,176 3.623
10 ORIYA           28,061,313 3.346
11 PUNJABI           23,378,744 2.788
12 ASSAMESE           13,079,696 1.560
13 BHILI/BHILODI             5,572,308 0.665
14 SANTALI             5,216,325 0.622
15 GONDI             2,124,852 0.253
16 SINDHI             2,122,848 0.253
17 NEPALI             2,076,645 0.248
18 KONKANI             1,760,607 0.210
19 TULU             1,552,259 0.185
20 KURUKH/ORAON             1,426,618 0.170
21 MANIPURI             1,270,216 0.151
22 BODO/BORO             1,221,881 0.146
23 KHANDESHI                973,709 0.116
24 HO                949,216 0.113
25 KHASI                912,283 0.109
26 MUNDARI                861,378 0.103
27 TRIPURI                694,940 0.083
28 GARO                675,642 0.081
29 KUI                641,662 0.077
30 LUSHAI/MIZO                538,842 0.064
31 HALABI                534,313 0.064
32 KORKU                466,073 0.056
33 MUNDA                413,894 0.049
34 MIRI/MISHING                390,583 0.047
35 KARBI/MIKIR                366,229 0.044
36 SAVARA                273,168 0.033
37 KOYA                270,994 0.032
38 KHARIA                225,556 0.027
39 KHOND/KONDH                220,783 0.026
40 ENGLISH                178,598 0.021
41 NISSI/DAFLA                173,791 0.021
42 AO                172,449 0.021
43 SEMA                166,157 0.020
44 KISAN                162,088 0.019
45 ADI                158,409 0.019
46 RABHA                139,365 0.017
47 KONYAK                137,722 0.016
48 MALTO                108,148 0.013
49 THADO                107,992 0.013
50 TANGKHUL                101,841 0.012
51 KOLAMI                  98,281 0.012
52 ANGAMI                  97,631 0.012
53 KURGI/KODAGU                  97,011 0.012
54 DOGRI                  89,681 0.011
55 DIMASA                  88,543 0.011
56 LOTHA                  85,802 0.010
57 MAO                  77,810 0.009
58 TIBETAN                  69,146 0.008
59 KABUI                  68,925 0.008
60 PHOM                  65,350 0.008
61 HMAR                  65,204 0.008
62 KINNAURI                617,904 0.007
63 BISHNUPURIYA                  59,233 0.007
64 KUKI                  58,253 0.007
65 KASHMIRI                  56,693 0.007
66 BHOTIA                  55,483 0.007
67 SANSKRIT                  49,736 0.006
68 PAITE                  49,237 0.006
69 CHAKRU/CHOKI                  48,207 0.006
70 SANGTAM                  47,461
0.006
71 YIMCHUNGRE                  47,227
0.006
72 BHUMIJ                  45,302
0.005
73 PARJI                  44,001
0.005
74 MONPA                  43,226
0.005
75 WANCHO                  39,600
0.005
76 LEPCHA                  39,342
0.005
77 RENGMA                  37,521
0.004
78 ZELIANG                  35,079
0.004
79 LALUNG                  33,746
0.004
80 CHANG                  32,478
0.004
81 CHAKHESANG                  30,985
0.004
82 NOCTE                  30,441
0.004
83 HALAM                  29,322
0.003
84 MISHMI                  29,000
0.003
85 KODA/KORA                  28,200
0.003
86 LIMBU                  28,174
0.003
87 GADABA                  28,158
0.003
88 MOGH                  28,135
0.003
89 TANGSA                  28,121
0.003
90 KORWA                  27,485
0.003
91 LIANGMEI                  27,478
0.003
92 LAHNDA                  27,386
0.003
93 NICOBARESE                  26,261
0.003
94 VAIPHEI                  26,185
0.003
95 KOCH                  26,179
0.003
96 JATAPU                  25,730
0.003
97 KHIEMNUNGAN                  23,544
0.003
98 LAKHER                  22,947
0.003
99 ZEMI                  22,634
0.003
100 LAHAULI                  22,027
0.003
101 ARABIC/ARBI                  21,975
0.003
102 DEORI                  17,901
0.002
103 KONDA                  17,864
0.002
104 JUANG                  16,858
0.002
105 SHERPA                  16,105
0.002
106 ZOU                  15,966
0.002
107 PAWI                  15,346
0.002
108 MARING                  15,268
0.002
109 GANGTE                  13,695
0.002
110 KOM                  13,548
0.002
111 KHEZHA                  13,004
0.002
112 ANAL                  12,156
0.001
113 POCHURY                  11,231
0.001
114 MARAM                  10,144
0.001
TOTAL OF OTHER LANGUAGES                565,949
0.067
     

Office of the Registrar General, India
Last updated on 17th August 2002