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FINE ARTS
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PAHARI MINIATURE PAINTINGS

Place of origin of Pahari School or painting is Guler. When in 1780 the Guler school was at its youth, it entered Kangra and since then it is known as Kangra Kalam. In the beginning Haripur, the capital of Guler was the center of Art. Pahari School came up as folk art, but afterwards got the patronage of the kings of that place because of their being religious minded. Thus after a definite improvement and refinement, it flourished by name of Pahari Kalam.

GULER SCHOOL

Guler School gave birth of Kangra School. The importance is also because of its geographical situation. This place also got some importance because of the patronage of Mughals. Raja Roop Chand got the support of Shahjahan. He was killed during the attack on Garhwal. Then Raja Bikram Singh become his successor. He was with Aurangzeb. He fought in the North West frontier where he was killed in the same battle. We find so many paintings of Raja Goverdhan Singh on horseback. Fourteen paintings based on Ramayana have also been found in Guler Kalam which are supposed to belong to the period of Raja Dalip Singh.

STYLE OF PAINTINGS

Ramayana and Mahabharata

Royal Court Scenes

Depiction of Women

Paintings of Nayikas (Heroines)

Portrait Paintings

KANGRA SCHOOL

The world famous Kangra School was born in the end of 18th Century. There seems to be a combination of the Mughal and Rajasthani Painting in this school. The paintings of this school has been compared to the paintings of Delve. He has also expressed a love to lady's pangs of love and painted eludes , trees, flowers etc. in the background, but it has no effect on the originality of Kangra School, for it has its own tradition. The main patrons of this school were Hamir Chand, Abhaya Chand, Ghamand Chand and Raja Sansar Chand. It would not be an exaggeration if Raja Sansar Chand's time is called the Golden age of this school. The artists were absorbed in the theme and painted it with full devotion and concentration. The artists felt a safe life because of the love of art and magnanimity of Raja Sansar Chand. So wherever they painted came up not only as paintings but proved to be great pieces of art.Up

No one could be conceived to be better as Nayak than Krishna.

STYLES OF PAINTINGS

Swadhina Patika

Utka or Utkamthita

Vasak Saiya or Vasak Sajya

Abhisandhita

Khamdita

Proshit Patika

Vipra Labdha

Abhisarika

BASOHALI SCHOOL

Basohli is situated in the district Kathua of Jammu. Previously the Basohli Paintings were known as Tibetan as some paintings with deep red borders and painted in yellow, blue and red colors were sold in Amritsar market with a Tibetan name. Previously it was known as Dogra School and spread upto Gorhwal but some businessman sold the paintings of this style in the name of Tibet. The paintings of Pahari style found in Punjab have proved that there was no school of Jammu but it was Basohli School. Some portrait paintings of the kings were also found which were not even of Kangra but were of Basohli. The Basohli School was given the name and style by the mixture of the local folk art and Mughal art. Transparent curtains and mall garments are of Mughal style and the formation of faces is based on the local folk style. Basohli School flourished at Kullu, Chamba, Mandi and Nurpur also. But these places have their own importance.

STYLES OF PAINTINGS

Vaishnava

Rasmanjari

Nayaka Nayika Bheda

Geet Govinda

Barah Masa

Bahasya Vad of Riti Kala

CHAMBA SCHOOL

Chamba is one of those places where Basohli effect actually reached gradually this style assumed its own originality though in the beginning the effect of Basohli is clearly visible. The famous artist of Basohli, Nikku already reached Chamba upto 18th Century Chamba paintings had established originality. One of the famous artists of this place was Lehru. The Chamba painting saw its dawn in the time of Udai Singh. The champ a painting progressed a lot in the reign of Raja Jai Singh. As the artist Nikku had already arrived here from Guler. The Raja Charhat Singh also developed this art to the extent that painting reached the common man from the Royal Court and this was the reason why this style again took the shape of folk art like other Pahari School we find two types of paintings in Chamba :

Portraits

Mythological Paintings

At Chamba both miniature and murals were painted. When the administration of Basohli and Guler started staggering and became uncertain the artist of that place came to Chamba. His was the reason why the Chamba painting which had created its own place. The Mughal effect is clearly visible in these paintings.

Durga and Miyan Jara Singh were the famous painters of Chamba.

STYLES OF PAINTINGS Up

Religious Paintings

Legends of Radha Krishna

Shiva Parwati Ram Darbar

Yashoda and Krishna

Gopis, Love Scenes, deer, birds and women

Daya Saptashati

Krishna Sudama

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