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Maratha confederacy

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alliance formed in the 18th century after Mughal pressure forced the collapse of Sivaji's kingdom of Maharashtra in western India. After the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb's death (1707), Maratha power revived under Sivaji's grandson Shahu. He confided power to the Brahman Bhat family, who became hereditary peshwas (chief ministers). He also decided to expand northward with armies under the peshwas' … (Activate your FREE trial to view the full 220 word article, or log in.)


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More from Britannica on "Maratha confederacy"...
15 Encyclopædia Britannica articles, from the full 32 volume encyclopedia
>Maratha confederacy
alliance formed in the 18th century after Mughal pressure forced the collapse of Sivaji's kingdom of Maharashtra in western India. After the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb's death (1707), Maratha power revived under Sivaji's grandson Shahu. He confided power to the Brahman Bhat family, who became hereditary peshwas (chief ministers). He also decided to expand northward with ...
>Maratha Wars
(1775–82, 1803–05, 1817–18), three conflicts between the British and the Maratha confederacy, resulting in the destruction of the confederacy.
>Bhonsle Dynasty
Indian dynasty of the family of the great Maratha king Sivaji. They ruled at Nagpur in present Maharashtra state and were a leading power in the 18th-century Maratha confederacy. They were British clients from 1818 to 1853. Raghuji Bhonsle of Berar founded the dynasty in 1730. There were eight rulers in the line.
>Gaekwar Dynasty
Indian ruling family and title of its head whose capital was at Baroda in Gujarat state. The state became a leading power in the 18th-century Maratha confederacy.
>Bassein, Treaty of
(Dec. 31, 1802), pact between Baji Rao II, the Maratha peshwa of Pune (Poona) in India, and the British. It was a decisive step in the breakup of the Maratha confederacy. The pact led directly to the East India Company's annexation of the peshwa's territories in western India in 1818. The Maratha confederacy was distracted by dissensions following the death in 1800 of the ...

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