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Astrogeology Research Program


Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature

Categories for Naming Features on Planets and Satellites

Mercury | Venus | The Moon | Mars | Jupiter | Saturn | Uranus | Neptune | Pluto | Asteroids

Mercury
  Mercury
Craters Deceased artists, musicians, painters, and authors who have made outstanding or fundamental contributions to their field
Montes Caloris, from Latin word for "hot"
Dorsa Deceased scientists who have contributed to the study of Mercury
Planitiae Names for Mercury (either the planet or the god) in various languages
Rupēs Ships of discovery or scientific expeditions
Valles Radio telescope facilities

Venus
  Venus
Astra Goddesses, miscellaneous
Chasmata Goddesses of hunt; moon goddesses
Colles Sea goddesses
Coronae Fertility and earth goddesses
Craters Deceased women who have made outstanding or fundamental contributions to their field (over 20 km); Common female first names (under 20 km)
Dorsa Sky goddesses
Farra Water goddesses
Fluctūs Goddesses, miscellaneous
Fossae Goddesses of war
Labyrinthi Goddesses, miscellaneous
Lineae Goddesses of war
Montes Goddesses, miscellaneous (also one physicist)
Paterae Famous women
Planitiae Mythological heroines
Plana Goddesses of prosperity
Regiones Giantesses and Titanesses (also two Greek alphanumeric)
Rupēs Goddesses of hearth and home
Tesserae Goddesses of fate and fortune
Terrae Goddesses of love
Tholi Goddesses, miscellaneous
Undae Desert goddesses
Valles Word for planet Venus in various world languages (400 km and longer); River goddesses (less than 400 km in length)

The Moon
  Moon
Craters Deceased scientists, scholars, artists and explorers who have made outstanding or fundamental contributions to their field. Deceased Russian cosmonauts are commemorated by craters in and around Mare Moscoviense. Deceased American astronauts are commemorated by craters in and around the crater Apollo. Appropriate locations will be provided in the future for other space-faring nations should they also suffer fatalities.
Lacūs, Maria, Paludes, Sinūs Latin terms describing weather and other abstract concepts
Montes Terrestrial mountain ranges or nearby craters
Rupēs Name of nearby mountain ranges (terrestrial names)
Valles Named from nearby features
Other features (catenae, dorsa, rimae) Named from nearby craters

Mars and Martian Satellites
  Mars
Albedo Features Names from classical mythology assigned by Schiaparelli and Antoniadi
Large craters (approximately 60 km and larger) Deceased scientists who have contributed to the study of Mars; writers and others who have contributed to the lore of Mars
Small craters (approximately 60 km and smaller) Villages of the world with a population of less than 100,000
Large valles Name for Mars/star in various languages
Small valles Classical or modern names of rivers
Other features From a nearby named albedo feature on Schiaparelli or Antoniadi maps
Deimos
Authors who wrote about martian satellites
Phobos
Scientists involved with the discovery, dynamics, or properties of the martian satellites, and people and places from Jonathan Swift's "Gulliver's Travels"

Jovian Satellites
  Amalthea
People and places associated with the Amalthea myth
Thebe
People and places associated with the Thebe myth
Io
Active eruptive centers Fire, sun, thunder, and volcano gods and heroes
Catenae Sun gods
Fluctūs Name derived from nearby named feature, or fire, sun, thunder, volcano gods, goddesses and heroes, or mythical blacksmiths
Mensae People associated with Io myth, derived from nearby feature, or people from Dante's Inferno
Montes Places associated with Io myth, derived from nearby feature, or places from Dante's Inferno
Paterae Fire, sun, thunder, volcano gods, heroes, goddesses, mythical blacksmiths, including names from the associated eruptive center
Plana Places associated with Io myth, derived from nearby feature, or places from Dante's Inferno
Regiones Places associated with Io myth, derived from nearby feature, or places from Dante's Inferno
Tholi Places associated with Io myth, derived from nearby feature, or places from Dante's Inferno
Valles Named derived from nearby named feature
Europa
Chaos Places associated with Celtic myths
Craters Celtic gods and heroes
Flexūs Places associated with the Europa myth, or Celtic stone rows
Large ringed features Celtic stone circles
Lenticulae Celtic gods and heroes
Lineae People associated with the Europa myth, or Celtic stone rows
Maculae Places associated with the Europa myth
Regiones Places associated with Celtic myths
Ganymede
Catenae Gods and heroes of ancient Fertile Crescent people
Craters Gods and heroes of ancient Fertile Crescent people
Faculae Places associated with Egyptian myths
Fossae Gods (or principals) of ancient Fertile Crescent people
Paterae Dry wadis (channels) of the Fertile Crescent region
Regiones Astronomers who discovered Jovian satellites
Sulci Places associated with myths of ancient people
Callisto
Names are drawn from myths and folktales of cultures of the Far North such as Norse, Chukchi, Inuit, Sami, etc.
Catenae Rivers, valleys, and ravines from myths and folktales of cultures of the Far North
Craters Characters from myths and folktales of cultures of the Far North
Faculae Gods and characters of frost, snow, cold, and sleet from myths and folktales of cultures of the Far North
Large ringed features Places (other than rivers, valleys and ravines) from myths and folktales of cultures of the Far North

Satellites of Saturn
  Janus
People from myth of Castor and Pollux (twins)
Epimetheus
People from myth of Castor and Pollux (twins)
Mimas
People and places from Malory's Le Morte Darthur legends (Baines translation)
Enceladus
People and places from Burton's Arabian Nights
Tethys
People and places from Homer's Odyssey
Dione
People and places from Virgil's Aeneid
Rhea
People and places from creation myths (with Asian emphasis)
Titan
Albedo features Sacred or enchanted places, paradise, or celestial realms from legends, myths, stories, and poems of cultures from around the world
Craters and ringed features Gods and goddesses of wisdom
Facula and Faculae Facula: Names of islands on Earth that are not politically independent Faculae: Names of archipelagos
Fluctūs Gods and goddesses of beauty
Flumina Names of mythical or imaginary rivers
Lacūs Lakes on Earth, preferably with a shape similar to the lacus on Titan
Other features (maculae, regiones, and arcūs) Deities of happiness, peace, and harmony from world cultures
Undae Gods and goddesses of wind
Virgae Gods and goddesses of rain
Hyperion
Sun and Moon deities
Iapetus
People and places from Sayers' translation of Chanson de Roland
Phoebe
Craters People associated with Phoebe, people from the Argonautica by Apollonius Rhodius and Valerius Flaccus
Other features Places from the Argonautica

Satellites of Uranus
  Puck
Mischievous (Pucklike) spirits (class)
Miranda
Characters, places from Shakespeare's plays
Ariel
Light spirits (individual and class)
Umbriel
Dark spirits (individual)
Titania
Female Shakespearean characters, places
Oberon
Shakespearean tragic heroes and places
Small Satellites
Heroines from Shakespeare and Pope

Satellites of Neptune
  Proteus
Water-related spirits, gods, goddesses (excluding Greek and Roman names)
Triton
Aquatic names, excluding Roman and Greek. Possible categories include worldwide aquatic spirits, terrestrial fountains or fountain locations, terrestrial aquatic features, terrestrial geysers or geyser locations, terrestrial islands.
Nereid
Individual nereids
Small Satellites
Gods and goddesses associated with Neptune/Poseidon mythology or generic mythological aquatic beings

Pluto
  Pluto
Underworld deities

Asteroids
  Ida
Craters Caverns and grottos of the world
Dorsa Galileo project participants
Regiones Discoverer of Ida and places associated with the discoverer
Dactyl
Craters Idaean dactyls
Gaspra
Craters Spas of the world
Regiones Discoverer of Gaspra, and Galileo project participants
Mathilde
Craters Coal fields and basins of the world
Eros
Craters Mythological and legendary names of an erotic nature
Regiones Discoverers of Eros
Dorsa Scientists who have contributed to the exploration and study of Eros


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