September 7, 2005
WHAT ARE THE JEFFERSONIAN ARCHITECTURAL IDEALS?
The University community is heir to the Lawn, one of the most
important architectural complexes in the United States and a UNESCO
World Heritage site. The University community is also heir to
Jefferson’s progressive vision of education, created to
accommodate the challenges of a new democracy and to address the
unique American landscape.
Why has this legacy of innovation in service of ideas been allowed
to degenerate into a rigid set of stylistic prescriptions? The
result has been a faux Jeffersonian architecture, confused between
style and substance, characterized by apologetic neo-Jeffersonian
appliqué, obsessive in its references to history, and incapable
of responding to the profound social, political, and ecological
discoveries of the last century.
Is the University committed to architectural excellence?
Is architecture simply a question of style, of applied motifs with
historical associations, or is it an exploration of the essence
of a building, the needs of its occupants, and the nature of its
Is there not a difference between buildings that merely look Jeffersonian
as opposed to the infinitely more difficult task of being Jeffersonian?
Is stylistic simulation the sincerest form of respect, or does it
devalue the authenticity of the truly historic?
How is history remembered or honored by the destruction and neglect
of genuine historical artifacts, such as the interior of the Rotunda
in the 1970s, Miller Hall in the 2000s, or the Blue Ridge Sanatorium
buildings, in tandem with the simultaneous construction of an ersatz
Is it desirable that a building built in 1990 be mistaken for one
built in 1830? Is UVA to become a theme park of nostalgia at the
service of the University’s branding?
Given the University’s goal to support diversity in students,
faculty, and educational programs as a means of fostering excellence,
should it not seek an architecture and physical structure that exemplifies
this goal rather than one that contradicts it?
Is there a problem in choosing an architecture to stand for the
values of a university at the beginning of the twenty-first century
when that architecture was inaugurated at an historical moment when
racial, gender, social, and economic diversity were less welcome?
Should we not acknowledge that architectural forms change meaning
What would we make of the treatment of any academic discipline as
static and so sacred that intellectual development, evolution and
diversity are essentially legislated out of possibility, as has
been done to the practice of architecture at this university? What
would happen if other disciplines in the University were frozen
in a mindset constrained by a nineteenth century world view?
How is a nationally respected architectural faculty to reconcile
its teaching with a physical context of mediocrity at odds with
all that is valued in the School of Architecture?
Who should determine the architectural future of the University,
the University community, creative and recognized professionals,
or those with wealth and power?
Can an architecture of quality be achieved by a skin-deep veneer
of stylistic uniformity, or does it demand a broader and deeper
Why has the University commissioned
so much mediocre architecture?
We would be better served by an architecture that sets
aside empty stylistic gestures and glib historical references
in order to respond to
1. the qualities of an individual discipline
2. the nature of a modern building
3. the character of an individual place.
We stand for an architecture that does not begin and end
We stand for an architecture that engages tradition but is not
ashamed of having been built in the twenty-first century.
We stand for an architecture that preserves real histories without
constructing fictitious ones.
We stand for an architecture that answers to technology without
monumentalizing or suppressing it.
We stand for an architecture that evokes the qualities of traditional
architecture, construction, and craft without recourse to symbolic,
synthetic veneers lacking any virtue beyond familiarity.
WHAT IS TO BE DONE?
The undersigned School of Architecture faculty believe there is
a fundamental schism between architecture as it is taught, practiced
and studied as a discipline at our School and architecture as it
is prescribed, controlled and marketed as a style by the Board of
Visitors and administration.
This inconsistency affects more than the School of Architecture’s
academic integrity. It calls into question whether the physical
organization and character of the Grounds reflects the University’s
academic mission, or whether it is a response to the University’s
fund-raising, marketing, and branding operation.
We ask that the architectural future of the University and the nature
of the Jeffersonian architectural legacy not be determined in boardrooms,
but be debated openly at every level of the University.
This letter is the first of a series of exchanges about architecture
on the University Grounds that are planned for this academic year.
We look forward to the participation of many faculty and students,
in and out of the School of Architecture, in this long-overdue dialogue
Julie Bargmann, Associate Professor and Director
of Landscape Architecture
Craig Barton, Associate Professor of Architecture
Daniel Bluestone, Director of the Historic Preservation Program
Warren Boeschenstein, Professor of Architecture
Anselmo Canfora, Assistant Professor of Architecture
WG Clark, Edmund Schureman Campbell Professor of Architecture
and Past Chair
Maurice Cox, Associate Professor of Architecture
Phoebe Crisman, Assistant Professor of Architecture
Robin Dripps, T. David Fitz-Gibbon Professor of Architecture and
Christopher Fannin, Lecturer in Landscape Architecture
Edward Ford, Vincent and Eleanor Shea Professor of Architecture
Nataly Gattegno, Assistant Professor of Architecture
Jason Johnson, Assistant Professor of Architecture
Judith Kinnard, Associate Professor of Architecture and Past Chair
Jenny Lovell, Assistant Professor of Architecture
John Quale, Assistant Professor of Architecture
Elizabeth K. Meyer, Associate Professor of Landscape Architecture
and Past Chair
William Morrish, Elwood R. Quesada Professor of Architecture
David Rifkind, Lecturer in Architectural History
Elizabeth Roettger, Lecturer in Architecture
Elissa Rosenberg, Associate Professor of Landscape Architecture
and Past Chair
Howard Singerman, Associate Professor of Art History
Kenneth Schwartz, Professor of Architecture and Past Chair
Peter Waldman, William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of Architecture
and Past Chair
Joining after September 14th:
Malcolm Bell, Professor of Art History
Daniel Ehnbom, Associate Professor of Art History
Douglas Fordham, Assistant Professor of Art
Megan Marlatt, Professor of Studio Art
Lucia Phinney, Distinguished Lecturer, School of Architecture
Azadeh Rashidi, Lecturer in Architecture
Lisa Reilly, Associate Professor of Architectural History and
Marion E. Roberts, Professor of Art History
William Williams, Associate Professor of Architecture
Dorothy Wong, Associate Professor of East Asian Art