In 1984, Queensland established a system of community level land trusts, to own and administer former reserves under a special form of title called a Deed of Grant in Trust.
In 1986 the community of Hope Vale became the first to receive a Deed of Grant in Trust (DOGIT) and formed the Hope Vale Aboriginal Council.
Each trust area became a local government area. Incorporated Aboriginal Councils, which elect representatives every three years, manage the community's affairs.
The Councils are able to make by-laws, appoint community police and are responsible for maintaining housing, infrastructure, the Community Development Employment Program (similar to work for the dole), licences and hunting and camping permits.