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Contents
Biology
Distribution & Habitats
Identification Notes
Genus Nomenclature
Taxonomic Catalogue
Literature Cited
Back to Dolichoderinae

Species Details
flavipes
glaber
glaber
clarithorax
p
unctatissimus

Genus Ochetellus
(Subfamily Dolichoderinae)

Ochetellus head

Taxonomic Catalogue and Species Notes

Ochetellus Shattuck
Ochetellus Shattuck 1992:16. Type species: Hypoclinea glabra Mayr, by original designation.

World distribution: Japan south through Burma and the Philippines to Australia and Fiji (Shattuck 1992b). Also known from the United States (Smith 1979) and New Zealand (Brown 1958), but there seems little doubt that these are human introductions, as both of the populations are limited to urban areas and are not known to occur in natural, undisturbed habitats.

General literature: Andersen 1988 (relation to fire); Fiedler 2001 (association with Lepidoptera); Ohnishi et al. 2003 (phylogenetic relationships); Eastwood 2004 (association with Hemiptera).

flavipes (Kirby)
Hypoclinea flavipes Kirby 1896:206 (combination as Iridomyrmex flavipes by Clark 1930:268; combination as Ochetellus flavipes by Shattuck 1992a:17). Type data: 7 syntype workers [3 in ANIC; 1 in MVMA, 3 in WAMP] from Temple Downs, Northern Territory.

Iridomyrmex rostrinotus Forel 1910:53 (synonym of Iridomyrmex flavipes by Clark 1930:268). Type data: 9 worker, 5 queen and 5 male syntypes [4 workers and 1 male (missing petiole and gaster) in ANIC, 2 workers, 3 queens and 4 males in MHNG, 2 queens in MVMA, 3 workers in SAMA] from Tennant Creek, Northern Territory.

Distribution: Northern Territory (Lake Eyre Basin, N coastal, N Gulf, W Plateau), Queensland (Lake Eyre Basin, N Gulf), South Australia (Lake Eyre Basin, W Plateau), Western Australia (N coastal, NW coastal, W Plateau).

Ecology: noctidiurnal, omnivore, terrestrial, woodland; nest in ground layer.

Literature: Spencer 1896:69 (biology); Crawley 1925:595 (worker morphology); Mathews 1964 (use of spinifex gum by aborigines); Butler 1964 (distribution, spinifex gum); Pianka and Pianka 1970 (predation by lizards); Morton and Christian 1994 (biology).

glaber (Mayr)
Hypoclinea glabra Mayr 1862:705 (combination as Iridomyrmex glaber by Mayr 1865:61; combination as Ochetellus glaber by Shattuck 1992a:17). Type data: Worker [BMNH] and male syntypes from Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Distribution: New South Wales (SE coastal).

Ecology: noctidiurnal, omnivore, woodland, open forest, terrestrial; nest in ground layer.

Literature: Mayr 1865:61 (worker and male redescribed); Mayr 1870:958; Mayr 1876:81 (queen described); Forel 1895:467; Bingham 1903:299; Cumber 1959 (distribution in New Zealand); Crozier 1969 (karyotype); Faulds 1970 (occurrence in New Zealand); Wheeler and Wheeler 1974 (larva); Don 1974 (biology); Holt and Greenslade 1979 (nest sites); Atkins 1992 (association with Lepidoptera).

glaber clarithorax (Forel)
Iridomyrmex glaber clarithorax Forel 1902:473 (combination as Ochetellus glaber clarithorax by Shattuck 1992a:17). Type data: 42 worker syntypes [2 in NHMB, Baroni Urbani 1977:77; 5 in MCZC; 2 (1 missing head) in OXUM; 3 in ANIC; 30 in MHNG] from Brisbane, Queensland; 6 worker syntypes [3 in MCZC; 3 in MHNG] from Australia (specific locality not given); 1 worker syntype [MCZC] from Forest Reefs, New South Wales.

Distribution: New South Wales (SE coastal), Queensland (NE coastal).

Ecology: noctidiurnal, omnivore, woodland, open forest, terrestrial; nest in ground layer.

punctatissimus (Emery)
Iridomyrmex punctatissimus Emery 1887:251 (combination as Ochetellus punctatissimus by Shattuck 1992a:17). Type data: Unspecified workers from Mt. Victoria, New South Wales.

Distribution: New South Wales (SE coastal).

Ecology: noctidiurnal, omnivore, terrestrial, woodland; nest in ground layer.

Literature: Forel 1915:79 (ecology); Clark 1938:373 (distribution); Wheeler and Wheeler 1951 (larva); Wheeler and Wheeler 1966 (larva).

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References

Andersen, A. N. 1988. Immediate and longer-term effects of fire on seed predation by ants in sclerophyllous vegetation in south-eastern Australia. Australian Journal of Ecology. 13 : 285–293
Atkins, A. 1992.
On the taxonomic changes to lycaenid-associated ants of the genus Iridomyrmex. Vict. Entomol. 22:72-73.
Baroni Urbani, C. 1977. Katalog der Typen von Formicidae (Hymenoptera) der Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Basel (2. Teil). Mitt. Entomol. Ges. Basel (n.s.)27:61-102.
Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London : Taylor and Francis. 506 pp.
Brown, W. L., Jr. 1958.
A review of the ants of New Zealand. Acta Hymenopterologica. 1 : 1–50
Butler, W. H. 1964.
Obtaining spinifex gum. W. Aust. Nat. 10:45-46.
Clark, J. 1930. The Australian ants of the genus Dolichoderus (Formicidae). Sugenus Hypoclinea Mayr. Aust. Zool. 6:252-268.
Clark, J. 1938. The Sir Joseph Banks Islands. Reports of the McCoy Society for Field Investigation and Research. Part 10. Formicidae (Hymenoptera). Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria. (n.s.) 50 : 356–382
Crawley, W. C. 1925.
New ants from Australia. - II. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (9) 16 : 577–598
Crozier, R. H. 1969.
Cytotaxonomic studies on some Australian dolichoderine ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Caryologia 21:241-259.
Cumber, R. A. 1959. Distributional and biological notes on sixteen North Island species of Formicidae (Hymenoptera). New Zealand Entomologist. 2 (4): 10–14
Don, A. W. 1974.
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Successive replacement of tending ant species at aggregations of scale insects (Hemiptera: Margarodidae and Eriococcidae) on Eucalyptus in south-east Queensland. Australian Journal of Entomology 43:1-4.
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Faulds, W. 1970. A second species of Iridomyrmex Mayr established in New Zealand. N.Z. Entomol. 4(4):18-19.
Fiedler, K. 2001. Ants that associate with Lycaeninae butterfly larvae: diversity, ecology and biogeography. Diversity and Distributions 7:45–60.
Forel, A. 1895.
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Forel, A. 1910. Formicides australiens reçus de MM. Froggatt et Rowland Turner. Revue Suisse Zool. 18:1-94.
Forel, A. 1915. Results of Dr. E. Mjöbergs Swedish Scientific Expeditions to Australia 1910-13. 2. Ameisen. Ark. Zool. 9(16):1-119.
Holt, J. A., Greenslade, P. J. M. 1979. Ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in mounds of Amitermes laurensis (Isoptera: Termitidae). J. Aust. Entomol. Soc. 18:349-361.
Kirby, W. F. 1896. Supplement to the Zoological Report. Hymenoptera. Pp. 203-209 in: Spencer, B. (ed.) Report on the work of the Horn Scientific Expedition to central Australia. Part 1. London: Dulau and Co., xviii + 220 pp.
Mathews, A. G. 1964. The preparation of spinifex gum by Australian aborigines. W.Aust. Nat. 9:96.
Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. Zool.-bot. Ges. 12:649-776.
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Morton, S. R. and Christian, K. A. 1994. Ecological observations on the spinifex ant, Ochetellus flavipes (Kirby) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), of Australia's northern arid zone. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society. 33 : 309–316
Pianka, E. R. and Pianka, H. D. 1970.
The ecology of Moloch horridus (Lacertilia: Agamidae) in Western Australia. Copeia. 1970 : 90–103
Ohnishi, H., Imai, H. T., Yamamoto, M.-T. 2003. Molecular phylogentic analysis of ant subfamily relationship inferred from rDNA sequences. Genes Genet. Syst. 78:419-425.
Shattuck, S. O. 1992a. Review of the dolichoderine ant genus Iridomyrmex Mayr with descriptions of three new genera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Aust. Entomol. Soc. 31:13-18.
Shattuck, S. O. 1992b. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology. 21 : 1–181
Smith, D. R. 1979.
Superfamily Formicoidea. pp. 1323–1467 in Krombein, K. V., Hurd, P. D., Smith, D. R., Burks, B. D. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Washington, D.C. : Smithsonian Institution Press. 2735 pp.
Spencer, B. 1896.
Through Larapinta Land: A narrative of the expedition. In: B. Spencer (ed.). Report on the work of the Horn Scientific Expedition to Central Australia. Part 1. Melbourne: Melville, Mullen and Slade. pp. 1-136.
Wheeler, G. C., Wheeler, J. 1951.
The ant larvae of the subfamily Dolichoderinae. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 53:169-210.
Wheeler, G. C., Wheeler, J. 1966. Ant larva of the subfamily Dolichoderinae: supplement. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 59 : 726–732
Wheeler, G. C., Wheeler, J. 1974.
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