Regulations for the Degrees of Doctor of Letters, Doctor of Science, Doctor of Engineering and Doctor of Laws (D.Litt., D.Sc., D.Eng., LL.D.)

1. Qualification for entry
Candidature for the degrees of Doctor of Letters, Doctor of Science, Doctor of Engineering and Doctor of Laws shall be open to:
a) a graduate of the University of Bristol
b) subject to Senate’s approval, a graduate of any other degree-awarding body, who has spent at least three years in the University of Bristol

2. Qualification for the degree
The qualification for the degree shall be:
a) submission of original published work of distinction on any subject falling within the faculties of the University
b) judgement of the work as of sufficient merit to entitle the candidate to the degree, the candidates having in the opinion of the examiners established their reputations as authorities in their subjects

3. Previous submission
a) Candidates may not submit work previously submitted for a higher doctorate
b) Candidates should indicate publications which have already been submitted for a degree other than a higher doctorate, stating how they support the present candidature

4. Nature of the work submitted
a) Published work must represent a contribution to knowledge and must show evidence of originality and clarity of thought, and of application of research methods appropriate to the particular field of study.
b) Work will normally be regarded as published only if it is listed in ordinary catalogues of published works and was obtainable, at or before the submission, by members of the general public through normal channels.
c) The published work submitted by a candidate may range over a number of different topics, but these should normally relate in a coherent way to a field of knowledge within the faculty. The treatment of these topics should be substantial.
d) Greater weight will be attached to a few substantial publications than to a larger number of brief notes. It will not normally be possible to form an adequate judgement of the candidate’s eligibility unless the amount of work submitted is considerable, having regard to the nature of the discipline.

5. Procedure for submission
a) Published work may be submitted at any time, subject to any deadline imposed by the faculty or a funding body. Candidates wishing their work to be considered in June shall send the relevant documents to the Postgraduate Examinations Office not later than 31 December; candidates wishing their work to be considered in January shall send four copies of the relevant documents not later than 30 June.
b) The candidate should make contact with the Dean or head of department before submitting a formal application, providing a provisional list of publi- cations.
c) The Dean or head of department will nominate an adviser, who will advise the candidate on how to present the material, indicate the usual timetable for submission, and ensure that the examiners are kept informed.

6. Submission of work
Candidates should submit four copies of the following:
a) the published work, indicating key publications
b) a commentary linking the published work and explaining its significance and coherence
c) a signed statement indicating the level of contribution to each publication and role of the candidate as sole author, senior author or co-author
d) a numbered list of publications indicating books and monographs, chapters in books, edited works, papers in refereed journals, refereed conference proceedings and other work
e) a CV, including full name, place and date of birth, present position, university education and qualifications, lectures given to national and international conferences, invited seminars, invited overseas visits and lectures, awards, honours and research-related activities including membership of committees and editorships
f) a two- or three-page synopsis of the candidate’s record of research and scholarship, outlining research interests and achievements through reference to specific publications, with evidence that the publications have been widely noted in the national and international academic community as making orig- inal or significant contributions to developments in the field
g) any manuscripts already accepted for publication, on A4 paper and securely bound (not in a ring binder)
h) any appropriate supplementary data

7. Examiners
One internal and two external examiners will be appointed by the University, on the recommendation of the head of department, with the approval of the Dean and Vice-Chancellor.

8. Reports
The examiners are required to make independent and separate reports to the Research Degrees Examination Board, through the Postgraduate Examinations Office. Each report (1-2 pages of A4) should be sufficiently comprehensive and detailed to enable the Board to assess the scope and significance of the work submitted by the candidate, and should make a clear recommendation whether the degree is to be awarded.

9. Outcomes
The Research Degrees Examination Board will either pass or fail the candidate.

10. Copy in the University Library
A copy of each set of publications successfully presented for the degree shall be deposited in the University Library and shall normally become available for consultation within three months of the date of publication of the pass list.