Joint Development Project in the agriculture sector has been
undertaken in Guinea Bissau. This
project, though a series of strategic interventions, envisages
support for the national authorities for the development of
capabilities for the sustainable management and use of agricultural
and livestock resources. This
would, it is expected, increase income of targeted communities and
The project has the following objectives:
increase production to reduce country’s rice deficit;
and diversification of horticulture;
of short-cycle livestock production;
and development of small and medium scale agro-industry.
Ministers of Agriculture met in Rome on 22nd November
2005 on the margins of a FAO Conference.
This was followed by a meeting of IBSA Senior Officials in
Agriculture in New Delhi on 18 & 19 January 2006.
The meeting discussed a draft MOU for trilateral cooperation
in agriculture and allied fields.
The draft provides for the development of action plans for
cooperation in research and capacity building; agriculture &
trade; and rural development & poverty alleviation.
Climate Change (Information Awaited)
The WG on Culture was established in March 2005, during the Cape Town Trilateral Meeting. IBSA countries agreed to host regular cultural activities, one in each country. The WG facilitates the implementation of the agreed decisions on cultural issues of the Trilateral Meeting.
The WG on Defense is exploring possible areas of cooperation amongst the three countries.
a powerful instrument for achieving the goals of social equality,
had been included by the Governments of India, Brazil and South
Africa as an area of cooperation in Brasilia Declaration.
India is the lead country in education sector.
the 2nd IBSA Focal Points Meeting held on 29th
November 2004, the following three major areas of cooperation were
identified for collaboration in the education sector: -
and Distance Education
& Professional Education; and
Mass Education with special emphasis on quality and gender
of the three countries are to host one Round Table on one of the
selected themes. The theme of the Universal Mass Education with
special emphasis on quality and gender equality was chosen by India,
Open and Distance Education by South Africa and Higher and
Professional education by Brazil.
The WG aims to promote the production and use of Bio-fuels as environmentally friendly and sustainable fuels that would promote socio-economic development, taking into consideration their global importance. The WG also creates an opportunity for information exchanges on Renewable energy and the Bio-fuels value chain.
The focus of the WG on Health is on the exchange of information and best practices in the following areas of co-operation: epidemiology surveillance; sanitary regulations; traditional medicines; and related aspects of Intellectual Property Rights.
The WG reached an agreement on the content of the ?IBSA Framework for Cooperation on Information Society. This framework sets up the basis and defines the areas of cooperation in the fields of Information Society and Communication Technologies. The WG is also responsible for the design and configuration of the IBSA website hosted by South Africa.
Science and Technology
Technology was one of the key areas identified for tri-lateral
cooperation in the Brasilia Declaration.
in this area are guided through annual meetings of the S&T
Ministers of India,
Brazil and South Africa. The inaugural meeting of the IBSA Science
& Technology Ministers was held in New Delhi on October 25,
2004. The Second IBSA Ministerial meeting on S&T Cooperation was
held in Rio de Janeiro on 8-9 June 2005.
The following are the approved areas of research cooperation
and the corresponding lead countries
TB : South Africa
in each area are implemented by experts designated as Area
Coordinators. Based on their recommendations, a calender of
activities is recommended by the IBSA Trilateral Working Group on
Science & Technology for approval by the IBSA S&T
Ministerial meeting. The IBSA Trilateral Working Group on Science
& Technology has met three times : Cape Town, South Africa (7-9
March, 2005) , Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (8-9 June 2005 and 28 - 30
Workshops in the
following areas have been held:
in India on 19 April 2005
Aids in India on 26 May 2005
- Functional Genomics, Life Science, GM and Agriculture in India on 18
& 19 July 2006.
in South Africa on 4-7 September 2005
& Antartic Research in Brazil from 14-16 September 2006
in South Africa from 2-4 October 2005
Social Issues (Information Awaited)
The WG intends to promote tourism between the regions through visits by specialized travel journalists from IBSA countries.
The coming together of India, Brazil and South Africa to strengthen
trilateral economic partnership is a major development in the area
of South-South Co-operation. There are significant synergies between
the three countries – India, Brazil and South Africa, as they have
developed substantial capabilities in different sectors over many
The IBSA Economic Ministers met in New Delhi in March 2005 and decided to
put in place arrangements for
identifying & eliminating the non-tariff barriers which impede
mutual trade. To this
end, Brazil, India and South Africa have agreed on a common action
plan, which includes establishment of a mechanism to exchange information and experiences
between the Parties on various regulatory issues, organizing
sector-specific seminars and workshops on technical regulations and
conformity assessment, identifying
possibilities of harmonizing standards to facilitate trade, etc.
key area for trade facilitation is customs co-operation. At the
Working Group Meeting on Trade held on 28 & 29 March 2006 in
Brazil, the possibility of a Trilateral Agreement on Customs
cooperation and sharing of expertise and experiences particularly in
the field of energy, agriculture and food processing, gem and
jewellery, tourism, entertainment and animation industry and
financial sector & banking are also being considered.
It has been decided to promote co-operation in SME sector. For this
purpose, common terms of reference for a study has been developed
which would explore areas of complementary advantage. This could
contribute substantially to cooperation between the SMEs, as all the
three countries have very rich experience in promotion of small
& medium enterprises and micro-enterprises. This can have
profound development implications.
The WG focuses on cooperation between the three countries on areas such as air link expansions, training and knowledge sharing in airports and airspace management, port management, operational and infrastructural systems, including capacity building in shipbuilding, environmental management and navigational systems. Discussions on maritime and air transport agreements are considered within this WG.
The development of transshipment facilities in order to support the IBSA trade strategy which advocates for the creation of South-South shipping highway that integrate sub-regional connection between MERCOSUL, SACU and Indian regions, is a priority area for the WG.