CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention New and updated CDC resources on HIV and AIDS en-us (Use for Public Inquiries) Infectious Diseases Public Health Prevention Publications Funding Announcements HIV AIDS Surveillance Research Capacity Building HIV/AIDS among Hispanics/Latinos This fact sheet provides details of the HIV/AIDS epidemic among Hispanics in the United States. Tue, 14 Aug 2007 16:00:00 EST MMWR: QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged >18 Years Who Reported Ever Being Tested for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV),* by Sex and Race/Ethnicity --- National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2006† Among both men and women, non-Hispanic blacks (51.6% of men and 53.5% of women) were more likely to report ever being tested for HIV than Hispanics (35.7% of men and 46.1% of women) and non-Hispanic whites (30.5% of men and 33.5% of women). Overall, women (37.8%) were more likely than men (33.7%) to report ever being tested for HIV. Thu, 9 Aug 2007 16:00:00 EST Updated Slide Set: AIDS Surveillance - Trends 1985-2005 AIDS epidemiological trends slide set. Fri, 20 Jul 2007 16:00:00 EST Updated Slide Set: HIV/AIDS Surveillance in Urban and Nonurban Areas HIV/AIDS urban/non-urban surveillance slide set. Thu, 5 Jul 2007 13:00:00 EST Updated Slide Set: Pediatric HIV/AIDS Surveillance Pediatric HIV/AIDS Surveillance slide set. Thu, 5 Jul 2007 13:00:00 EST MMWR: Symptomatic Early Neurosyphilis Among HIV-Positive Men Who Have Sex with Men --- Four Cities, United States, January 2002--June 2004 Symptomatic early neurosyphilis is a rare manifestation of syphilis that usually occurs within the first 12 months of infection (1). Most neurologic symptoms of early neurosyphilis result from acute or subacute meningitis, abnormalities in cranial nerve function, and inflammatory vasculitis leading to a cerebrovascular accident. Symptomatic early neurosyphilis essentially disappeared in the United States after the introduction of penicillin treatment for syphilis in the late 1940s but reappeared in the 1980s among persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (1--3). The disease burden from neurosyphilis is unknown because national reporting of this disease is incomplete. Because the increase in syphilis cases during the past 5 years has occurred primarily among MSM, many of whom were infected with HIV, CDC conducted a review of possible neurosyphilis cases to describe the clinical course of symptomatic early neurosyphilis and to better characterize the risk for this illness among HIV-infected MSM. The review included health department records from four U.S. cities (Los Angeles, California; San Diego, California; Chicago, Illinois; and New York, New York) for the period January 2002--June 2004. This report describes the results of that review, which identified 49 HIV-positive MSM with symptomatic early neurosyphilis during that 30-month period. Among HIV-positive MSM with early syphilis, the estimated risk for having symptomatic early neurosyphilis was 1.7%, and the risk for having early neurosyphilis with persistent symptoms 6 months after treatment was 0.5%. These findings emphasize the importance of preventing syphilis in HIV-infected persons. HIV-infected persons with cranial nerve dysfunction or other unexplained neurologic symptoms should be evaluated for early neurosyphilis. Fri, 29 Jun 2007 13:00:00 EST Revised Estimated AIDS Data This page highlights the June 2007 revision to the national AIDS data set. Thu, 28 Jun 2007 13:00:00 EST Program Announcement PS07-768: Expanded and Integrated HIV Testing for Populations Disproportionately Affected by HIV, Primarily African Americans Links to CDC and other Federal funding resources. Wed, 27 Jun 2007 15:00:00 EST MMWR: Rapid HIV Testing in Emergency Departments—Three U.S. Sites, January 2005-March 2006 Approximately one fourth of the estimated 1 million persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States are unaware that they are infected with HIV and at risk for transmitting the virus to others (1,2). In April 2003, CDC announced a new initiative, Advancing HIV Prevention: New Strategies for a Changing Epidemic, aimed at reducing barriers to early diagnosis of HIV infection and increasing access of persons infected with HIV to medical care and prevention services (3). A priority strategy of this initiative is to make HIV testing a routine part of medical care. In April 2004, HIV testing was implemented in one emergency department (ED) in Los Angeles, California, and one in New York, New York, to determine the feasibility and acceptability of offering rapid HIV testing as a routine part of health care in EDs. In January 2005, an ED in Oakland, California, also began offering HIV testing routinely. This report summarizes the preliminary results of integrating rapid HIV testing into the health-care services routinely offered in the three EDs during January 2005--March 2006. Those results indicated that, of 9,365 persons tested, 97 (1.0%) ED patients had newly diagnosed HIV infection, and 85 (88%) of those 97 were linked after diagnosis to HIV care and treatment. EDs should consider integrating rapid HIV testing into their routine medical services to identify patients who are unaware that they are infected with HIV and link them to health and prevention services. Thu, 21 Jun 2007 15:15:00 EST MMWR: Rapid HIV Testing Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Men at Gay Pride Events—Nine U.S. Cities, 2004-2006 In the United States, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) disproportionately affect men from racial/ethnic minority groups (1). Approximately half of the HIV/AIDS cases among non-Hispanic black and Hispanic males reported by 33 states using name-based HIV surveillance during 2001--2005 were among men who have sex with men (MSM) (1). Each year, approximately 100 gay pride events are held in cities across the United States to celebrate diversity, demonstrate solidarity of the gay community, and heighten awareness of topics of importance to the gay community. These events are attended by several hundred to several hundred thousand MSM. Certain gay pride events are focused on celebrating solidarity in the minority gay community and are attended primarily by MSM from racial/ethnic minority groups. These events offer an opportunity for community-based organizations (CBOs) and health departments to provide HIV-prevention education and outreach. In 2004, CBOs and health departments, with technical assistance from CDC, began conducting rapid behavioral assessments at gay pride events and at minority gay pride events (2). This report describes the results of assessments and rapid HIV testing conducted at 11 events in nine U.S. cities during 2004--2006; most of these events were attended primarily by MSM from racial/ethnic minority groups. A total of 543 attendees who participated in the assessments reported at the time of the event that they had not had HIV infection diagnosed previously. Of these, 133 (24%) were tested for HIV during the event, and eight (6%) of those tested during the event had a positive rapid test result. All eight were subsequently confirmed to be HIV positive by Western blot testing. Testing at gay pride events provides an opportunity to identify new HIV infections among MSM outside of health-care settings, particularly those from racial/ethnic minority groups. Thu, 21 Jun 2007 15:15:00 EST CDC Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health Portal An overview of the health issues facing lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender Americans. Thu, 18 Jun 2007 12:00:00 EST Updated Slide Set: HIV Mortality HIV Mortality slide set. Wed, 30 May 2007 13:00:00 EST Research Summary: Racial/Ethnic and Age Disparities in HIV Prevalence and Disease Progression among Men Who Have Sex with Men in the United States, American Journal of Public Health, June 2007, Vol. 97 No. 6 This summary highlights research in the American Journal of Public Health that highlights racial, ethnic, and age differences within the HIV/AIDS epidemic among MSM. Fri, 25 May 2007 16:50:00 EST One Test. Two Lives: Prenatal HIV Screening Benefits Mom and Baby CDC's One Test. Two Lives. campaign is designed to help obstetrical providers offer early HIV testing to all their pregnant patients as a routine part of prenatal care. Wed, 2 May 2007 1:00:00 EST 2007 National HIV Prevention Conference December 2-5, 2007; Atlanta, Georgia. More than 25 years after the first report of a handful of cases of a nameless deadly disease among gay men in Los Angeles, there are more than 1 million persons living with HIV in the United States; about one-fourth of those with HIV have not yet been diagnosed and are unaware of their infection. The "new" syndrome identified over 25 years ago has become one of the deadliest epidemics in human history, killing more than 25 million people around the world, including more than 500,000 Americans. In the last decade, major advances in prevention and treatment for HIV/AIDS have prolonged and improved the lives of many, but despite this, the epidemic is far from over. Sun, 31 Dec 2006 1:00:00 EST