Ohio Medicaid Basics 2007 provides an overview of Ohio Medicaid, including eligibility, key programs, and financing and expenditures.
Ohio Medicaid Basics 2007

NOTE: For specific information about Ohio's Medicaid program, including individual eligibility and Medicaid provider claims, please go to http://jfs.ohio.gov/ohp or call 1-800-324-8680.

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Ohio Medicaid Basics provides an overview of Ohio Medicaid, including eligibility, key programs, and financing and expenditures. The publication is updated every two years.


Medicaid is Ohio’s largest health and long-term care program. It combines state and federal funds to purchase health care coverage for low-income and medically vulnerable citizens. In reality, Medicaid is not one program but many:

  • An insurance program for children, parents, pregnant women, elders, and people with disabilities who meet certain low-income requirements;
  • A program of chronic and long-term care for people with disabilities, including people with mental illness, and low-income elderly;
  • A supplement to Medicare for low-income elderly and people with disabilities; and
  • A source of funding for uncompensated care in hospitals.

Overview of Ohio Medicaid

Congress created Medicaid in 1965 as Title XIX of the Social Security Act. Each state administers its own Medicaid program. The federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) monitor state-run programs and establish requirements for service delivery, quality, funding, and eligibility standards. Medicaid is voluntary for states but every state participates. Ohio Medicaid began in 1968.

In Ohio, Medicaid is administered by the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services (ODJFS) through six state agencies, 88 county departments of job and family services, 88 county boards of mental retardation and developmental disabilities (MR/DD), 56 behavioral health boards, eight managed care organizations, and 46,800 health care providers. Medicaid accounts for 3.0% of Ohio’s economy and 26.8% of total state government spending.2 Ohio spends more on Medicaid ($13.3 billion in 2006) than any other program, including primary, secondary and higher education combined ($12.2 billion).

Medicaid is not only Ohio’s largest governmental program, it is growing faster than most other state programs. As a result, Medicaid policy receives considerable attention when the Governor and Ohio General Assembly put together the State’s two-year operating budget. The next two budgets are due in June 2007 and June 2009.

Online Medicaid Resources

The Health Policy Institute of Ohio, 37 West Broad Street, Suite 350, Columbus, OH 43215-4198
Phone: 614-224-4950    Fax: 614-224-2205