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Punch, Or the London Charivari [1st]  Introduction
Volume 19  (July to December 1850)
Issue 468 (29 June 1850)Expand    Contract

No Articles Indexed

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Issue 469 (6 July 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 17.

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Jullien Seen in a Moment of Inspiration

Anon

Genre:

Essay, Drollery

Subjects:

Zoological Gardens, Exhibitions, Animal Behaviour, Music, Amusement


    Explores similarities between the hippopotamus at the Zoological Society Gardens Zoological Society of London —Gardens
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and the conductor Louis A Jullien Jullien (or Julien), Louis Antoine (1812–60) ODNB
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, who also performs at the gardens. Explains that Jullien has taught some animals how to dance and, unlike the hippopotamus, has 'moments of "Inspiration"'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 17.

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American Independence

Anon

Genre:

Reportage, Drollery

Subjects:

Botanical Gardens, Cultural Geography


    Reports on the premature blooming of some 'celebrated American plants' at the Royal Botanic Society Gardens Royal Botanic Society of London—Gardens
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, Regent's Park.



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Issue 470 (13 July 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 22.

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The Terrors of the Thames

Anon

Genre:

Essay

Subjects:

Pollution, Disease, Public Health, Analytical Chemistry


    Reflects on the 'alarming' number of Londoners who drink or bathe in the water of the Thames, a river the author re-christens 'aqua mortis'. Considers the river so dirty that he regards the 'Black Sea' as its possible source. Remarks that it 'does not require much knowledge of chemistry' to determine the amount of organic matter in this water.



Punch,  19 (1850), 22.

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The Smoke Nuisance

Anon

Genre:

Reportage, Spoof

Subjects:

Pollution, Public Health, Government


    Reports that the City of London Commissioners of Sewers City of London Commissioners of Sewers
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have instructed John Simon Simon, Sir John (1816–1904) ODNB
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to report on the nuisance caused by smoke and lists the individuals who will need compensation if smoke is 'put down'. These individuals include 'painters and guilders, to whom smoke is the means of daily bread'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 27.

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The Puff Direct

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Pollution, Public Health, Government


    Criticises the omission of cigar smoke from the list of culprits identified in the 'Official Report on the Smoke Nuisance', a reference to the report commissioned from John Simon Simon, Sir John (1816–1904) ODNB
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by the City of London Commissioners of Sewers City of London Commissioners of Sewers
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. Insists that cigar smoke is responsible for many social evils including the soiling of the linen of pedestrians and the irritation of the eyes. Suggests 'walking chimneys' should 'consume their own smoke'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 29.

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What a Person May Do on a Sunday in the Country, and What He May Not Do

Anon

Genre:

Notes, Drollery

Subjects:

Telegraphy


    Notes the likelihood of receiving messages by electric telegraph but the impossibility of receiving 'those same messages, if folded up in a penny letter and sent through the Puritanical channel of St. Martin's-le-Grand [the site of the General Post Office General Post Office
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]'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 29.

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HIp, Hip, Hip for the Hippopotamus

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary

Subjects:

Zoological Gardens, Display, Animal Behaviour, Amusement


    Notes the 'yawn of indifference' with which the hippopotamus at the Zoological Society Gardens Zoological Society of London —Gardens
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greets its visitors. Also notes public disappointment with the animal for not looking like a seahorse.



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Issue 471 (20 July 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 33.

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The Convict's Gastronomic Regenerator

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary

Subjects:

Nutrition, Crime, Human Species, Physiology


    Reports on an article in the Hampshire Independent Hampshire Independent (1834–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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concerning the surprisingly high quality of the food given to convicts, and argues that this procedure is justified since 'scientific research' has shown that changing a 'rogue's diet' will 'renovate the whole man'. Suggests dishes for 'prison cookery' and other plans for 'correction by kindness'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 38.

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The Ups and Downs of King's Road, Eaton Square

Anon

Genre:

Essay, Drollery

Subjects:

Astronomy, Instruments, Observation


    Noting how 'telescopic observation' has revealed 'tremendously lofty eminences with profound chasms' on the lunar surface, adds that these features are dwarfed by the irregularities on the King's Road, Eaton Square.



Punch,  19 (1850), 40.

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[The Hippopotamus: A Case of Mistaken Identity]

Anon

Genre:

Illustration, Drollery

Relevant illustrations:

wdct.

Subjects:

Zoological Gardens, Human Species, Gender


    Shows the conductor of an omnibus on the way to visit the hippopotamus at the Zoological Society Gardens Zoological Society of London —Gardens
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. Seeing a corpulent woman about to board the bus, he remarks, 'Old 'ard Bill! Here's another Hipperpo'tamus'.



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Issue 472 (27 July 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 42.

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Things for a German to Calculate

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Mathematics, Politics


    Responding to news of a 'Calculating German' in London, invites this mathematical wizard to answer such socio-politico-economic questions as, 'What is the number of political prisoners in Austria, Prussia, and the little despotic principalities of Germany?'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 48.

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A Thought for Mr Horsman

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Chemistry, Matter Theory, Christianity, Religious Authority, Government, Patronage


    Noting how the material products of combustion and evaporation can be collected as a liquid or a vapour, ponders the possibility of collecting 'the spiritual products of the expenditure of episcopal incomes', an allusion to Edward Horsman's Horsman, Edward (1807–1876) ODNB
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recent attack on the privileges and powers of bishops.



Punch,  19 (1850), 50.

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The Sea-Side Season

Anon

Genre:

Essay, Drollery

Relevant illustrations:

wdct.

Illustrators:

J L, pseud.  [John Leech] Leech, John (1817–64) ODNB
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Spielmann, Marion Harry Alexander 1895. The History of "Punch", London: Cassell
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Subjects:

Animal Behaviour, Exhibitions, Amusement


    Explains why the hippopotamus at the Zoological Society Gardens Zoological Society of London —Gardens
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should 'quit town' for the seaside. Reasons include the 'invigorating sea breeze' and competition in London from the 'largest Tortoise in the world'. The illustration shows a frightened hippopotamus wearing a bonnet, being helped into a bathing car amidst a crowd of spectators.



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Issue 473 (3 August 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 52.

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Summer Novelties in Balloons

Anon

Genre:

Essay, Drollery; Advertisement, Spoof

Subjects:

Aeronautics, Amusement


    Describes the 'rage for experimental balloons' and urges that it must be stopped 'or else all sorts of extravagancies, animal and pyrotechnical, will be committed in the name of science'. Noting the ascent from Paris of a balloon carrying a donkey, suggests an advertisement for a balloon ascent by Charles Green Green, Charles (1785–1870) ODNB
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and the hippopotamus from the Zoological Society Gardens Zoological Society of London —Gardens
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. Expresses concern that ballooning pursuits will get out of hand.



Punch,  19 (1850), 53.

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The Smithfield Life Pill

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Public Health, Quackery, Pollution


    Following praise for Smithfield Market's Smithfield Market
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'salubrity' and pure atmosphere, suggests the advertisement of a 'SMITHFIELD LIFE PILL', which would profit anyone 'who does not mind imposing upon the credulity of the British Public'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 57.

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Physic and Farming

Jolter Jogtrot Jogtrot, Jolter
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Genre:

Letter, Spoof

Subjects:

Agriculture, Chemistry, Education, Race


    The letter, written in a style to reflect the author's poor standard of literacy, expresses alarm at news of John J Mechi's Mechi, John Joseph (1802–80) ODNB
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use of chemical fertilisers. Exclaims that 'instead of gooin to stable and varm-yar for manoorer, we shall be sending vor't to Potticarries' Hall Worshipful Society of Apothecaries of London—Apothecaries' Hall
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'. Ridicules Mechi's attempt to teach farmers scientific methods without appearing pedagogic, and threatens to 'sheak his roobub, his Epsom zalts, and stuff out o'his head'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 57.

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Railway Romance and Reality

Anon

Genre:

Essay; Reportage, Spoof

Subjects:

Railways, Accidents, Transport


    Noting railway companies' tendency to 'diminish' the truth about railway accidents, compares and contrasts two imaginary reports of one such event. The first, a 'Non-Official Report' of a 'Frightful Collision on the Slap-dash Railway', describes the collision between a late up-train and a much delayed early luggage train in the 'Great Hearse Tunnel'. The second, the 'Official Report' into the 'Temporary Stoppage of a Train on the Slap-Dash Railway', claims that the up-train was punctual and merely 'met with a slight check' from a luggage train. Other areas of disagreement include the explosion of the up-train's boiler, whether the company acted promptly, and the injuries inflicted on passengers.



Punch,  19 (1850), 58.

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A Word or Two on Water

Anon

Genre:

Essay

Subjects:

Pollution, Public Health, Sanitation, Microscopy


    Responds to a new book Hassall, Arthur Hill 1850. A Microscopic Examination of the Water Supplied to the Inhabitants of London and the Suburban Districts: Illustrated by Coloured Plates, Exhibiting the Living Animal and Vegetable Productions in Thames and Other Waters, as Supplied by the Several Companies; With an Examination, Microscopic and General of their Sources of Supply, as Well as of the Henley-on-Thames and Watford Plans, etc., London: Samuel Highley
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by Arthur H Hassall Hassall, Arthur Hill (1817–94) ODNB
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describing in words and illustrations, the 'disgusting [...] specimens of animal and vegetable matter' in water. Describes each image as a 'menagerie' of 'crustacea, and other abominations'.



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Issue 474 (10 August 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 64.

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Brown, Jones, and Robinson Go to the Zoological Gardens

Richard Doyle Doyle, Richard (1824–83) ODNB
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Genre:

Regular Feature, Illustration, Drollery

Relevant illustrations:

wdct. [8]

Illustrators:

R D, pseud.  [Richard Doyle] Doyle, Richard (1824–83) ODNB
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Spielmann, Marion Harry Alexander 1895. The History of "Punch", London: Cassell
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Subjects:

Zoological Gardens, Amusement


Punch,  19 (1850), 68.

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As Regular as Clockwork

Anon

Genre:

Essay, Drollery

Subjects:

Time, Instruments, Technology


    Discussion of the stoppage and 'slovenly' states of London clocks.



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Issue 475 (17 August 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 72.

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A Poet's Idea of the Submarine Telegraph

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Telegraphy


    Following a poet's claim that using the submarine telegraph 'is like using the lightning conductor for a steel pen, and the ocean for an ink-stand', compares the cliffs to a 'blotting pad' and the 'whole world' to a 'sheet of paper'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 74.

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Master Johnny's Holiday Letter

John Russell John Russell
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Genre:

Letter, Spoof

Subjects:

Mathematics, Politics


    The author complains of lack of progress in his algebraic studies which has undermined his understanding of the 'Representation of Numbers' and thus his attempt to solve the problem of the 'enlargement of the Suffrage'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 77.

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Oh Where, and Oh Where, is the Aged Tortoise Gone?

Anon

Genre:

Essay, Drollery

Subjects:

Animal Behaviour, Zoological Gardens, Amusement


    Discusses reasons for the failure of the 'venerable tortoise' to appear at the Zoological Society Gardens Zoological Society of London —Gardens
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, and the difficulties caused by having 'two attractions' at the gardens—the tortoise and the hippopotamus.



Punch,  19 (1850), 79.

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Punch's Guide to the Science of Things Familiar

Anon

Genre:

Essay, Drollery

Subjects:

Textbooks, Education, Physiology, Electricityl, Physics


    Discusses Ebenezer C Brewer's Brewer, Ebenezer Cobham (1810–97) ODNB
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'very useful little work' (Brewer 1848 Brewer, Ebenezer Cobham [1848]. A Guide to the Scientific Knowledge of Things Familiar, 2nd ed., London: Jarrold & Sons
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) which gives, in fine and pleasant phraseology, answers to 'some very thousands of familiar questions'. Disagrees with some of Brewer's explanations: for example, denies that we 'feel a desire for activity in cold weather' and that this is due to 'fanning combustion in the blood'. Rather, insists that we feel a desire 'to sit cosily over a fire in cold weather'. Gives explanations of several familiar things recognised as not 'strictly correct in a philosophical point of view' but 'never disagreeable'. For example, the reason why lightning turns milk and beer sour is 'because the electric fluid does not know how to conduct itself', or because the electric and milky fluids cannot agree. Anticipates that the reader will 'exert his scientific powers' in finding the best solutions to such questions.



Punch,  19 (1850), 79.

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Can Anything be More Intolerable?

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Comparative Philology, Vulcanology, Government, Architecture


    Criticises Robert Howard Howard, Robert (1812–54) WBI
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for proposing, in his Revelations of Egyptian Mysteries Howard, Robert 1850. Revelations of Egyptian Mysteries and Allegories of the Greek Lyric Poets Clearly Interpreted. History of the Works of Nature, with a Discourse on Health According with the Wisdom of the Ancients, London: Colburn
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, that urban earthquakes resulted from overloaded earth trying to 'get rid of the "intolerable weight of buildings"'. Points out that were this the case then the most 'intolerable' building with 'tremendous weight', the House of Commons House of Commons
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, would have caused an earthquake.



Punch,  19 (1850), 79.

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Cook's Discoveries

Anon

Genre:

Notes, Drollery

Subjects:

Invention, Technology


    Regards the invention of 'cooking by gas' as a 'triumph of gas-tronomy'.



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Issue 476 (24 August 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 82.

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Science Head over Heels

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Invention, Utility


    Responds to a report by an 'enthusiast' at the meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science British Association for the Advancement of Science
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, who tested his 'Safety Stocking'—an inflatable garment that provides buoyancy in water. Denies the usefulness of an invention that allows one to float feet uppermost.



Punch,  19 (1850), 89.

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English Gratitude

Anon

Genre:

Essay

Subjects:

Patronage, Cultural Geography


    Compares England, a 'most ungrateful nation', to 'France and other nations' that are 'not so tardy in rewarding their benefactors'. Citing the example of Thomas Waghorn Waghorn, Thomas (1800–50) ODNB
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, who 'was allowed to die almost in want', the author claims to know of 'numerous' other examples demonstrating that 'little encouragement [is] given in this country to men of science and enterprise'.



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Issue 477 (31 August 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 99.

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A Dispensary Indispensable

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Hospitals, Medical Treatment, Politics


    Responding to news of a meeting of the Dispensary for the Diseases of the Ear London Dispensary for the Relief of the Poor Afflicted with the Diseases of the Eye and Ear
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, wonders if the House of Commons House of Commons
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, notorious for its bad hearing, is among the patients.



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Issue 478 (7 September 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 101.

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Punch's Handbook for Travellers

Anon

Genre:

Advertisement, Spoof

Subjects:

Travel, Publishing, Astronomy, Geology, Illustration


    Announces the imminent release of 'Punch's Handbook of the Mountains of the Moon', containing 'elevations' to which the 'finger of science' has never previously been directed, and 'large cuts of the green cheese which is supposed to grow there'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 112.

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The Peace Congress Universal Peace Congress (1850), Frankfurt
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Anon

Genre:

Essay

Subjects:

Invention, Genius, Physiology, Vaccination, Light, Technology, Steamships, Engineers


    Observing how the 'hair-brained and enthusiastic' have advanced the world, describes the work of several individuals whose influential claims and inventions were mocked. These include William Harvey Harvey, William (1578–1657) DSB
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, Edward Jenner Jenner, Edward (1749–1823) DSB
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, Frederick A Winsor Winsor, Frederick Albert (1763–1830) ODNB
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, and George Stephenson Stephenson, George (1781–1848) ODNB
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. Argues that just as the 'wise world has laughed at the circulation of the blood—at gas—at steamboats—at railways', so the world laughs at 'preachers of peace', such as those at the Peace Congress Universal Peace Congress (1850), Frankfurt
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.



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Issue 479 (14 September 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 113.

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The Homeopathic System of Rewards

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary

Subjects:

Government, Patronage, Engineers, Railways, Nationalism, Status


    Responding to Robert Stephenson's Stephenson, Robert (1803–59) ODNB
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refusal of a knighthood, attacks the English reward system for giving peerages to bankers and only a knighthood to 'an Engineer, who occupies the first rank in his noble profession in England'. This reward is only suitable for such accomplishments as being the 'Complete Letter-Writer of some grateful minister'. Glad that Stephenson has, by his action, prevented the 'science he honours' from being 'looked down upon'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 113.

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Britannia Ruling the Waves

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary

Subjects:

Telegraphy, Nationalism, Government, Imperialism


    Believes that Britannia's dominance of the waves is demonstrated by the Dover-Calais submarine telegraph. Reports that she will soon extend her rule with 'twenty or thirty lines' and hopes that science will 'always guide' her hand in 'ruling the waves'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 113.

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A "Perfect" Joke

Anon

Genre:

Notes, Drollery

Subjects:

Medical Treatment, Medical Practitioners

Publications cited:

Bell's Life in London Bell's Life in London and Sporting Chronicle (1822–86) Waterloo Directory
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    Claims that the reason why a blow leaves 'a blue mark after it' is because 'Blow in the perfect makes Blew'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 115.

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First Appearance this Season of the American Serpent

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Monstrosities, Zoology, Cultural Geography, Superstition


    Discusses an 'Irish correspondent's report of the astonishing leaping abilities of the alleged 'American Sea Serpent'. Believes the beast, on hearing of the 'Irishman's love of the marvellous', paid him a visit 'to see how he can enlarge upon his dimensions'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 115.

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Rupture Between England and France

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary

Subjects:

Telegraphy, Accidents, Engineering, Internationalism, Politics


    Reports on the breakage and subsequent restoration of the submarine telegraph connection between England and France. Believes that it is not the first time that the cause of the rupture—the softness of 'leaden conductors'—has weakened Anglo-French relations.



Punch,  19 (1850), 116.

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The Mermaid's Last New Song

Anon

Genre:

Poetry, Drollery

Subjects:

Telegraphy, Cultural Geography, Nationalism, War


    A mermaid regards the submarine telegraph as 'an enchanted wire' connecting 'nations that were foes of yore'. It is an invention that lies among the relics of 'wars of hoary centuries' and sends 'an electric breath / Warm like the grasp of a friendly hand'. Believes a 'kindly spirit guides its aim' and that there is 'language in that social flame', by which France and England can talk. The 'sea-sprites' sporting along the wire sing the mermaid's song for Anglo-French harmony.



Punch,  19 (1850), 117.

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Effect of the Submarine Telegraph; or, Peace and Good-Will Between England and France

John Leech Leech, John (1817–64) ODNB
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Genre:

Illustration

Relevant illustrations:

wdct.

Illustrators:

J L, pseud.  [John Leech] Leech, John (1817–64) ODNB
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Spielmann, Marion Harry Alexander 1895. The History of "Punch", London: Cassell
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Subjects:

Telegraphy, Nationalism, Cultural Geography, War


    Continuing the theme of Anon, 'The Mermaid's Last New Song', Punch, 19 (1850), 116, shows two mermaids carrying an olive branch, while following the submarine telegraph cable between England and France. The telegraph is surrounded by the relics of past wars between these countries.



Punch,  19 (1850), 121.

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To the Laughers

Anon

Genre:

Essay

Subjects:

Travel, Exploration, Government, Internationalism


    Reports on Alexander von Humboldt's Humboldt, Alexander von (Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von) (1769–1859) DSB
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reflections on European peace at the Universal Peace Congress Universal Peace Congress (1850), Frankfurt
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in Frankfurt. Notes Humboldt's honest claim that the 'long accumulated elements of animosity' between nations may be weakened by Governments 'fostering the progressive and legitimate development and perfectibility of free institutions'. Regards him as a 'Visionary Enthusiast' for insisting that 'under the protection of a superior power, a long-nourished yearning after a noble aim in the life of nations' will be consummated.



Punch,  19 (1850), 120.

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British and Foreign Industry

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Exhibitions, Telegraphy, Nationalism


    Reporting on the likely presence of a 'continental invention' for improving 'international communication' at the Great Exhibition Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations (1851)
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, observes that John Bull will be able to show the 'Submarine Electric Telegraph'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 120.

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The Sub-Marine Telegraph. Protection for the Electric Eel

Gymnotus Electricus Electricus, Gymnotus
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Genre:

Letter, Spoof; Afterword

Subjects:

Telegraphy, Commerce, Natural History, Imperialism, Cruelty


    Speaking on behalf of the 'sub-marine population' who live on the 'exertion of electric power', the gymnotus seeks protection from the Dover-Calais submarine electric telegraph, which is the result of 'the grasping spirit of Commerce perverting to its own purposes the might of unfeeling Science'. Insists that telegraphs will eventually 'annihilate our vocation' and, stressing its inability to produce the same amount of electricity as 'mercantile companies', asks Punch to request Britannia to protect those of her subjects 'on whom the stability of her Empire most essentially depends'. Punch points out that protection is supplied by gutta-percha insulation of the cable and the difficulty of receiving a shock from the invention.



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Issue 480 (21 September 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 126.

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A Very Deep Trap

Anon

Genre:

Reportage, Drollery

Subjects:

Telegraphy, Monstrosities, Natural History


    Claims that 'the more intelligent class of fishes' regard the submarine telegraph as a trap for the 'American Sea Serpent'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 126.

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A Meteorological Phenomenon

Anon

Genre:

Notes, Drollery

Subjects:

Meteorology


    Argues that in the case of 'Raising the Wind', 'if a man has accepted a bill, he is pretty sure to evaporate on the very same day that his bill becomes dew'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 129.

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Barclay and Perkins's Draymen to Punch

Barclay and Perkins's Draymen Barclay and Perkins's Draymen
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Genre:

Letter, Spoof

Subjects:

Telegraphy, Electricity


    An employee of the leading firm of brewers, Barclay and Perkins Barclay and Perkins, firm
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, expresses ignorance of the reason why 'the 'lectric fluid carries a message through the bottom of the sea, without being put out'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 131.

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Alarming Ravages of Mice in the Parks

Anon

Genre:

Essay, Drollery

Subjects:

Natural History, Zoology, Monstrosities, Superstition


    Reports remarkable occurrences in the vegetable and animal kingdoms, including 'shooting stars', the reappearance of the sea serpent despite Richard Owen's Owen, Richard (1804–92) DSB
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scepticism, and the ravaging of Green Park by mice.



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Issue 481 (28 September 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 135.

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Headless Hoax

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Monstrosities, Electricity, Charlatanry


    Reports on an 'Irish gentleman' who reasoned that the sea serpent was an electric eel because he had received an electric shock from a sprat gorged by the beast. Points out that the same person might expect to be shot by the charge in a bird recently shot.



Punch,  19 (1850), 136.

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Manners and Customs of ye Englyshe (New Series) No. 10: A Scientific Institution—During ye Lecture of an Eminent 'Savan'

R D, pseud.  [Richard Doyle] Doyle, Richard (1824–83) ODNB
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Genre:

Illustration, Drollery

Relevant illustrations:

wdct.

Illustrators:

R D, pseud.  [Richard Doyle] Doyle, Richard (1824–83) ODNB
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Spielmann, Marion Harry Alexander 1895. The History of "Punch", London: Cassell
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Subjects:

Comparative Anatomy, Lecturing


    Shows Richard Owen Owen, Richard (1804–92) DSB
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lecturing to a packed and apparently attentive Royal Institution Royal Institution of Great Britain
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audience.



Punch,  19 (1850), 140.

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The Celestial Family

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Astronomy, Observation, Periodicals


    Following John R Hind's Hind, John Russell (1823–95) DSB
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announcement in The Times The Times (1777–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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of a new star, urges newspapers to open a new 'BIRTHS' column for newl-born stars. Having visited the Royal Observatory, Greenwich Royal Observatory, Greenwich
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, reports on the good health of the star and its 'parent' constellation. Notes that 'astronomical observers' are complaining that their 'celestial apparatus' cannot cope with the rising number of stars.



Punch,  19 (1850), 141.

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The Irish Sea Serpent

Anon

Genre:

Reportage, Spoof

Subjects:

Monstrosities, Taxonomy, Natural History, Comparative Anatomy, Charlatanry


    Report from 'Punch's Own Correspondent' concerning his observations of the Irish sea serpent. Insists that 'zoological knowledge proved inadequate to its exact classification, that its 'conformation [...] sets every cannon of natural history at defiance', that 'comparative anatomy is all a delusion', and that Richard Owen Owen, Richard (1804–92) DSB
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has deceived himself by regarding the serpent as an imposture. Having described the appearance of the beast, concludes that it is an hybrid of several different animals including the lizard, elephant, ape, and cockatoo.



Punch,  19 (1850), 142.

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The Lungs of London

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Pollution, Display, Disease, Public Health


    Reports on fears that 'certain proceedings in Parks' threaten 'the lungs of the Metropolis'. Denies that the imminent Great Exhibition Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations (1851)
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will cause such an 'inflammation' of the city's lungs, but is concerned about the lung of St James' Park. Notes John Bull's susceptibility to consumption.



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Issue 482 (5 October 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 143.

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Entomology and Therapeutics

Anon

Genre:

Notes, Drollery

Subjects:

Entomology, Medical Treatment, Quackery

Publications cited:

Notes and Queries Notes and Queries (1849–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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    Explains that using spiders to cure ague rests on the 'scientific principle' that 'a crawling in the stomach' cures the 'creeping of the skin'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 149.

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Leading article on the Admiralty and their Iron Steamers

Anon

Genre:

Essay

Subjects:

Military Technology, Steamships, Government, Invention


    Criticises the Admiralty Admiralty
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for believing in the feasibility of the 'iron war-steamer', an invention which it thinks 'cannot exist a moment before any gun but a pop-gun'. Thinks the architect of the scheme must have been the 'son of a sea-cook' and hopes such schemes are consigned 'to the devouring element'. Rebukes the Royal Navy Royal Navy
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for having 'sunk a mint of capital' into the scheme and regrets that they cannot 'convert their ironmongery back into gold'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 150.

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A Testimonial to Mr Walker at Last!

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary

Subjects:

Sanitation, Medical Practitioners, Disease, Pollution, Public Health, Patronage


    Praises 'Sanitary heros' as 'men of intrepid souls and indomitable stomachs, who face typhus and nose sulphuretted hydrogen, who brave Death in the mouth of his own gravepit', and who deserve to be honoured by such awards as the 'Order of the Bath and Washhouse'. The Mr Walker Walker, Mr (fl. 1848) PU1/14/3/4
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of the title is possibly an allusion to the Manchester surgeon who was killed on duty by fever (Anon, 'Sanitary Victims', Punch, 14 (1848), 24).



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Issue 483 (12 October 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 155.

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Murray or Mac Hale

Anon

Genre:

Essay, Polemic

Subjects:

Cultural Geography, Education, Anti-Scientism, Religious Authority, Astronomy, Medical Practitioners, Surgery, Charlatanry, Mathematics, Race


    Answering a question from an Irish Correspondent, attacks Patrick A Murray Murray, Patrick Aloysius (1811–82) ODNB
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for cursing those who study such subjects as mathematics and astronomy 'with Protestants and heathens'. Oblique attack on the curriculum at Maynooth College St Patrick's College, Maynooth
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, where the teaching of science, mathematics, and medicine is mixed with theology. Cynically advises 'you poor ragged PADDY' not to 'look at the stars through that villain, LORD ROSSE'S Parsons, William, 3rd Earl of Rosse (1800–67) DSB
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glass' but 'ask FATHER TIM to lend you a peep through his dirty old telescope'. In a similar cynical vein, regards the best medical advice to come from a 'chap from Maynooth who has learnt a little surgery along with his humanities'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 155.

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A New Shell

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Military Technology


    Responding to news that a shell can swiftly sink a 120-gun vessel, hopes the shell will be 'exhibited in 1851' (a reference to the Great Exhibition Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations (1851)
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) to 'hatch the dove' of 'perpetual peace'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 160.

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American Electricity

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Physics, Electricity, Instruments, Domestic Economy, Societies

People mentioned:

Benjamin Franklin Franklin, Benjamin (1706–90) DSB
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Institutions mentioned:

British Association for the Advancement of Science British Association for the Advancement of Science
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    Introduces the American Association for the Advancement of Science American Association for the Advancement of Science
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as a 'learned body' which indulges in 'seasonable tomfoolery'. Discusses an Athenaeum Athenaeum (1828–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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report of Elias Loomis Loomis, Elias (1811–99) DSB
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, who addressed the association with a paper on the electrical sparks received from doorknobs and other parts of a house. Ridicules Loomis's idea that the phenomenon is caused by 'friction of the shoes' and concludes that if Loomis 'can electrify any house but an insulated one' by walking, 'Mr. Punch will eat him, boots and all'.



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Issue 484 (19 October 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 165.

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Lights and Shadows of Scottish Journalism

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary

Subjects:

Phrenology, Class

People mentioned:

George Combe Combe, George (1788–1858) ODNB
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    Notes that in phrenology a 'tender solicitude [...] for the diversion of the younger branches of the Royal Family' implies 'excessive philoprogentiveness and prodigious veneration, with a development of the organs of the intellect', but wishes no more to be said on this subject.



Punch,  19 (1850), 169.

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"Very Sorry, but we have no Room"

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Aeronautics, Invention


    Reports on French developments in 'that fugitive department of science'—ballooning. Believing that Dominique F J Arago Arago, Dominique François Jean (1786–1853) DSB
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and M Bixio Bixio, M (fl. 1850) PU1/19/18/2
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intend to build a balloon for the Great Exhibition Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations (1851)
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, discusses the problems of accommodating and securing such an invention within the exhibition building. Notes that Bixio's new invention, a 'large bunch of balloons tied together', would not leave much room for anything else in the exhibition. Urges that a separate exhibition building be used for the balloons.



Punch,  19 (1850), 171.

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Alarming Balloon Accident

Anon

Genre:

Reportage, Spoof

Subjects:

Aeronautics, Accidents, Ornithology, Medical Treatment


    Describes a collision between Mme Poitevin Poitevin, Mme. (fl. 1850) http://www.balloonlife.com/publications/balloon_life/9512/history.htm
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, the famous balloonist who was flying an ostrich, and Mme Epinard, the wife of an eminent Parisian banker. Later reveals how, at an inquest into the accidents, Mme Epinard was struck on the head by an egg falling from the ostrich.



Punch,  19 (1850), 171.

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Punch's Railway Traveller

Your Railway Traveller Your Railway Traveller
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Genre:

Introduction; Letter, Spoof

Subjects:

Railways, Transport, Travel


    Introduces a letter from a disgruntled railway traveller who insists that third-class travel is superior to second, in terms of space and ventilation.



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Issue 485 (26 October 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 173.

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Brougham Himself Again

Anon

Genre:

Illustration, Caricature; Essay, Drollery

Relevant illustrations:

wdct.

Illustrators:

R D, pseud.  [Richard Doyle] Doyle, Richard (1824–83) ODNB
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Spielmann, Marion Harry Alexander 1895. The History of "Punch", London: Cassell
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Subjects:

Monstrosities, Politics


    Responding to news of the imminent visit to America by the statesman Henry P Brougham (1st Baron Brougham and Vaux) Brougham, Henry Peter, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux (1778–1868) ODNB
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, anticipates reports of 'a most extraordinary animal at sea' which 'shows such a wondrous power of self-adaptation to all circumstances'. The illustration shows Brougham as 'The Sea Serpent Crossing the Atlantic, as seen from the Yacht "Toby"—Capt. Punch'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 173.

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Mr Punch to Pio Nono

Punch Punch
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Genre:

Letter, Spoof

Subjects:

Religious Authority, Education, Astronomy, Anti-Scientism


    Responds to the resolution of the Thurles Synod in favour of a Catholic University of Ireland Catholic University of Ireland, Dublin
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. Tells 'Pio Nono' (Pope Pius IX Pius IX, Pope (1792–1878) CBD
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) that his bishops want 'to cook the accounts of science and philosophy' to please 'orthodox taste'—a 'CULLENARY Cullen, Paul (1803–78) ODNB
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' process which will lead to the sun having a diameter of 'two yards'. Believes those who cook facts come from 'the antipodes to Heaven'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 179–80.

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From an Ex-Lunatic to the Duke of Atholl

An Ex-Lunatic Ex-Lunatic, An
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Genre:

Letter, Spoof

Subjects:

Mental Illness


    Identifies himself as 'a man of large landed property', and likens the difference between the 'noble brain' and the 'vulgar brain' to that between 'the finest cambric and the finest towelling'. Briefly describes his treatment at 'DOCTOR STRAIT'S Asylum, Clapton Dr Strait's Asylum, Clapton
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'.(179) Explains how his violent behaviour was controlled by 'the system perfected by the noble DOCTOR CONOLLY' Conolly, John (1794–1866) ODNB
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and describes the rituals and diet he had to endure on his 'return to reason'.(180)



Punch,  19 (1850), 181.

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The Fire Annihilator

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Invention, Technology


    Describes Mr Philips's Philips, Mr (fl. 1850) PU1/19/19/4
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'Fire-Annihilator' and recommends that it be used to extinguish the 'combustible' diocese of Exeter.



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Issue 486 (2 November 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 191.

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British and American Electric Fluid

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Telegraphy, Electricity, Engineering, Commerce


    Compares the 'tardiness' of the British telegraph to the superior American 'mode of transmitting messages'. Would have identified the 'electric fluid' used on American telegraphs as 'greased lightning' were it not for the greater activity and liberality of American telegraph companies.



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Issue 487 (9 November 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 199.

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Puseyite Cosmetics

Anon

Genre:

Essay, Drollery

Subjects:

Religious Authority, Medical Treatment, Quackery


    Mr Punch offers his range of medicines to 'PUSEYITE CLERGYMEN', including his 'ILLUMINATIVE DROPS, for communicating that peculiar GLOW to the EYE which is the natural result of enthusiasm exalted by frequent vigils, meditation, &c.' and which will enable 'an Oxford graduate' to 'pass easily [...] for a zealous Roman ecclesiastic'.



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Issue 488 (16 November 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 205.

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Astronomical Examination Paper for the Catholic University

Primate Cullen Cullen, Primate
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Genre:

Catechism, Spoof

Subjects:

Religious Authority, Education, Astronomy, Anti-Scientism

People mentioned:

Paul Cullen Cullen, Paul (1803–78) ODNB
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    Cynical dig at plans for a Catholic University of Ireland Catholic University of Ireland, Dublin
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. Makes absurd claims about celestial bodies such as 'The Sun is two yards in diameter' and the Moon is 'made of green cheese'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 209.

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Kindred Quacks

Anon

Genre:

Poetry, Drollery

Subjects:

Religious Authority, Medical Practitioners, Charlatanry, Quackery, Hospitals, Commerce, Mesmerism, Homeopathy


    '[T]wo matrons', 'PHYSIC' and 'DIVINITY', discuss their reasons for feeling ashamed of their children who have turned into 'sad deceivers'. Physic, for example, complains of the way her children cure 'gout and stomach-ache by pawing and by flourishing' and are 'taken up with mesmerism, or joined the homeopathists', while Divinity laments the fact that her children 'pursue a system of gimcrackery, / Called Pusey Pusey, Edward Bouverie (1800–82) ODNB
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ism, a pack of stuff, and quite as arrant quackery'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 209.

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All up with the Pope

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Aeronautics, Natural History


    Claims that Mme Poitevin Poitevin, Mme. (fl. 1850) http://www.balloonlife.com/publications/balloon_life/9512/history.htm
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, the French Aeronaut, 'has almost exhausted Buffon's Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc, comte de (1707–88) DSB
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Natural History Buffon, Georges Louis Leclerc, comte de 1749–67. Histoire Naturelle Générale et Particulière, avec la Description de Cabinet Roi, 15 vols, Paris: De l'Imprimerie Royale
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' for the types of animals on which she sits whilst making a balloon ascent, and notes that Poitevin is about to turn to the 'Papal Bull'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 210.

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On Birds, Balloon, and Boluses

Anon

Genre:

Essay, Drollery

Subjects:

Quackery, Aeronautics


    Believing 'Quack, quack, quack' to be the 'great motto of medicine', describes some aspects of quackery including 'one professor who invents an ointment for other people's bad legs'. Adds that quackery can be successful because the 'public will swallow anything from a puff to a pill', including Phineas T Barnum Barnum, Phineas Taylor (1810–91) CBD
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. Believes that the 'puff and quack malady will cure itself' and that the public will lose interest in such humbugs as the 'balloon mania'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 211.

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The Patent Passenger Register

Bus Conducter Bus Conducter
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Genre:

Letter, Spoof

Subjects:

Transport, Invention, Technology


    Written in a Cockney dialect, describes the shortcomings of a 'machine [...] as tells any time a passenger gets in and hout wich is ment for a check upon hus condukters'.



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Issue 489 (23 November 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 215.

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The Real Clerk of the Weather

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Meteorology, Instruments, Observation


    Identifies the 'Clerk of the Weather', a figure reporting meteorological observations in The Times The Times (1777–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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, as a real person who sits all day and night watching a barometer and thermometer 'for the purpose of noting the results'. Presents meteorological 'data' using such crude methods as the temperature of the nose.



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Issue 490 (30 November 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 229.

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Climates for all Nations

Anon

Genre:

Essay, Drollery

Subjects:

Physics, Architecture, Climatology, Heat, Physiology, Human Species, Development, Race, Controversy


    Suggests that Joseph Paxton's Paxton, Sir Joseph (1803–65) ODNB
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solution to the problem of providing lodgings for foreign visitors to the Great Exhibition Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations (1851)
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would be to build conservatories that mimic the climates to which visitors are accustomed. Thinks arctic conditions could exploit Michael Faraday's Faraday, Michael (1791–1867) DSB
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work on freezing. Adds that physiologists might use Paxton's contrivances to resolve the controversy over whether 'climate produces the diversities of the human race'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 230.

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The New "Cullen's Practice of Physic"

Anon

Genre:

Essay, Drollery

Subjects:

Medical Treatment, Christianity, Pharmaceuticals, Astronomy, Religious Authority, Anti-Scientism


    Responding to news that the Royal College of Physicians Royal College of Physicians
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has prayed for Queen Victoria Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and Empress of India (1819–1901) ODNB
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to repel 'Papal aggression', speculates on the contents of a new edition of William Cullen's Cullen, William (1710–90) DSB
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'renowned' Practice of Physic Cullen, William 1778–84. First Lines of the Practice of Physic: For the Use of the Students at the University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh: William Creech
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—deliberately confusing the names of the eighteenth-century medical writer and the Catholic Primate of Ireland, Paul Cullen Cullen, Paul (1803–78) ODNB
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. Argues that the assertion that 'the sun is but two yards in diameter' will result in the materia medica consisting entirely of such remedies as 'holy shin and other bones' and 'canonised rags'.



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Issue 491 (7 December 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 233.

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Sir John Ross's Pigeons

Anon

Genre:

Essay, Drollery

Subjects:

Ornithology, Breeding


    Reports on John Ross's Ross, Sir John (1777–1856) ODNB
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pigeons which, according to 'PROFESSOR MACTARTANCLAN, the distinguished Glasgow philosopher', show symptoms of having been 'domesticated with the Esquimaux' and have become 'national pets'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 239.

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Rules for the Prevention of the Promised Plague Next Year

Anon

Genre:

Essay, Drollery

Subjects:

Disease, Cultural Geography, Sanitation, Public Health, Vaccination, Quackery, Exhibitions


    Describes some of the measures being taken to deal with the anticipated 'second Plague of London' which will follow the 'invasion of foreigners' in the Great Exhibition Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations (1851)
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. Insists that these measures will ensure that 'foreigners' are thoroughly cleaned, have a 'certificate of good health', and possess the 'authentic marks' of a vaccination.



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Issue 492 (14 December 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 250.

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Something Very Patent

Anon

Genre:

Notes

Subjects:

Invention, Technology, Politics, Government


    Argues that reforming the 'absurd' laws on patents is 'something very patent'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 252.

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The Index Expurgatorius

Anon

Genre:

Reportage, Spoof

Subjects:

Religious Authority, Engineers, Vaccination, Railways, Engineering, Telegraphy

People mentioned:

Alexander von Humboldt Humboldt, Alexander von (Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von) (1769–1859) DSB
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    Claims that 'people and things' which are to appear on this list include Isaac Newton Newton, Sir Isaac (1642–1727) DSB
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, William Harvey Harvey, William (1578–1657) DSB
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, James Watt Watt, James (1736–1819) DSB
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, 'Vaccination, Railways, the Tubular Bridge and the Electric Telegraph'.



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Issue 493 (21 December 1850)Expand    Contract

Punch,  19 (1850), 254.

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Baron von Reichenbach's Philosophy of a Kiss

Anon

Genre:

Essay, Drollery

Subjects:

Electricity, Magnetism, Physiology, Mesmerism, Spiritualism


    Subtitled 'A Lecture for the Ladies' College Ladies' College, Bedford Square
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', explains that Karl L Reichenbach Reichenbach, Karl (or Carl) Ludwig ()1788–1869 DSB
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has, in John Ashburner's Ashburner, John (1793–1878) WBI
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translation of his Physico-Physiological Researches Reichenbach, Karl L 1850. Physico-Physiological Researches on the Dynamics of Magnetism, Electricity, Heat, Light, Crystallisation, and Chemistry in their Relations to the Vital Force, ed. and trans. by John Ashburner, London: H. Baillère
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, explained the kiss in terms of 'a new force or principle in Nature' which Reichenbach calls 'Od'. Interprets Reichenbach's claim that a kiss is 'not a negation, but a physical and moral negativity' as meaning that a kiss is 'not conferring a favour, but taking a liberty', but presents Mr Punch's case against a kiss being 'negativity in all cases'. Concludes that Reichenbach's theory shows that he is 'little versed in the practice' of kissing.



Punch,  19 (1850), 256.

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Complaints of Questions

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Light, Electricity, Religion, Technology, Controversy


    Claims that 'Electric Light' has declared that it has been 'quite snuffed out in the ecclesiastical controversy about candles'.



Punch,  19 (1850), 262.

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Bare Probability

Anon

Genre:

News-Commentary, Drollery

Subjects:

Surgery, Medical Treatment, Anaesthesia


    Reports on a successful attempt to operate on a bear's eyes in which the animal was 'regaled with a draught of chloroform'.



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Issue 494 (28 December 1850)Expand    Contract

No Articles Indexed

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