Etruscan-English Dictionary

Sources:
dep: Damien ErwanPerrotin's Etruscan Etymological Dictionary.
pcr: Patrick C Ryan's Etruscan Glossary.
pa: Paolo Agostino's Etruscan Glossary.
dhs: Dieter H. Steinbauer's Etruscan Vocabulary.

A C E V Z H TH I L M N P R S SH T U PH X F

A

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
aberasAprildhs
acto make, to offer, to actpcr
acaleJune (month)dep, pcr, pa
acalvein Junedhs
acasto make, to sacrifice
to make, to present, to offer
dep
pa
acathurboypa
acazrobjects offered in the tomb
offers
pcr
pa
axaprijugdhs
acilproducer, potterdhs
aclusJunedhs
acnanasbegot, boredhs
aisgoddep, pcr, pa, dhs
aisiudivine, of the godspcr
aisnadivine, of the gods
sacrifice, ritual
pcr, pa
dhs
alto make (e.g. a vase)
to give, to offer
to give, to offer, to donate
dep
pcr
pa
alicegave, dedicateddhs
alixagift, presentdhs
alpangladly, willingly (syn. of alpnu)
gift, offering, willingly
dep
pcr, pa, dhs
alphazetype of magistrate
offering
dep
pcr, pa
alpnugladly, willingly (syn. of alpan)
gift, offering, willingly
dep
pcr, pa
alumnathesacred societypcr
amto bedep, pcr, pa, dhs
ametype of offeringdep
ampileMay (month)dep, pa
anhe, shedep, pcr, pa
anpiliein Maydhs
*anthaeagledep, pa
apafatherdep, pcr, pa, dhs
apanapaternalpcr, dhs
apcarabacusdep, pcr, pa
apirasein Aprildhs
ar-to make, to move, to buildpcr, pa
*arachawkdep, pcr, pa
arceraised (children)
*arimmonkeydep, pcr, pa
arsto turn away, to remove
to push away
dep, pa
pcr
asto offer, to givedep
askaleather container (loanword from Gk. askos)
type of vase
dep, pa
pcr
atto make a ritual action, to offerdep
athemicarelativesdhs
athreatrium (loanword to Latin)
building
atrium, hall
dep
pcr
pa
athumicarelativesdhs
atimotherdep, pcr, pa, dhs
ativumother, 'mummy'
stepmother
pcr
dhs
ati nacnagrandmotherpcr, pa
atrantype of priestdep
avilyear
years
dep, pcr, pa
dhs
avilxayearly, annualdep, pa

C

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
-canddep, pcr, pa
-cathedep
cathisdep, pcr, pa
calusuexcellent, bestdhs
camthimagistracy titledep, pcr, pa
canaconsecrated objectsdhs
capto take awaydep
capevase, container (syn. of capi)pcr, pa
capercloakdhs
capivase, container (syn. of cape)pcr, pa
caprApril (month)dep, pcr, pa
capraurn
coffin
dep, pcr
dhs
*capuhawkdep, pcr, pa
carto build, to make (syn. of cer)dep, pcr, pa
cauthasun, sun-goddep, pa
cealxthirty (30)dep, pa
cexaritual, sacred things
to carry out a ritual
treaty
dep, pcr
dep
dhs
cexasemagistracy titlepcr
celearth, ground, soildhs
celaroom, celldep, pcr, pa
celiSeptember
in September
dep, pcr, pa
dhs
celiusSeptemberdhs
celusacred offering, holy
priestly title
dep
pcr, pa
celucaintermentdhs
ceppriestly titledep, pcr, pa
cepenpriestly titlepcr, pa
cerixunceerected, built, had erecteddhs
cerinu(was) erected, built
cesto lay, to set down, to establishdep, pcr, pa
cesuwas/were interreddhs
cithree (3)dep, pcr, pa, dhs
cizthree times, thricepcr, pa, dhs
clansondep, pcr, pa, dhs
clantiadopted sondhs
cletrambasket, tray
table?
dep, pcr, pa
dhs
clevaoffer, offeringdep, pcr, pa
crealmagistratedep, pcr
culixnavase
bowl
dep, pcr, pa
dhs
cupecupdep, pcr
cvergiftdep, pcr
cverawork of art, sculpturedhs

E

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
einthem, they
no, not
dep
pa
eisgodpcr, dep, pa
eisnadivinepa
eleivanaof oil, oily
container of oil
pcr, dep
dhs
eluto offer, to praypa
enatoday, now?dhs
enacthen, afterwardspcr
enaxthen, afterwardspcr
eplin, to, up topcr, pa
ersto turn away, to remove (syn. of ars)dep
esaltwo (syn. of zal)pa
eshvitafollowing, later day (syn. of ishveita)dhs
eslztwicepcr
etathispa
eteraslave, foreigner, client
member of a class of citizens
pcr, dep, pa
dhs
eteraurelated to strangerspa
eterislave, foreigner, clientpcr
etnamand, alsopcr, dep, pa
etrto ? (verb assoc. with sacred actions?)pa
etvathispa

V

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
vacallibationpcr, dep, pa
velcitnaMarchpcr, pa
velitnaMarchdep, pa
versfirepcr, dep, pa
vertuntype of vasedep, pa
vinumwinepcr, dep, pa, dhs

Z

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
zanenacuppcr
zavenadrinking vasedep, pa
zathrumtwentydep, pcr, pa, dhs
zaltwodep, pa, dhs
zatlathcompaniondep, pa, pha
zelarnichedhs
zeririte
legal action
serene, unclouded
free (person), accessible (water)
dep, pcr, pa
pcr
dhs
dhs
zilto practise a magistracy
to rule, magistrate
dep
pcr
zilacmagistracy
magistrate
dep
pcr
zilathcultural functionarydhs
zicto paint, to write, to incisedep
zinaceproduced (pottery)dhs
zivhaving livedpcr
zivahaving lived
the dead, deceased
relationships, kinship
dep
pcr
dhs
zixto paint, to write, to incise
book, letter
pcr, pa
dhs
zixuscribe, writerpa
dhs
zixuxewas written, incised or carveddhs
zusleoffer, victim, animalpa

H

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
hampharight sidedhs
hampheMay (variant of ampile)dep, pa
hantebeforepa
hanthinin front of (cf. Latin ante)dep, pcr
hathnahappydhs
hecto put, place in front of, to adddep, pcr, pa
hexto put, to addpa
heramassacred statuedep
hermaplace, statuepcr
hermesacred society dedicated to Hermesdep
hermiAugustpa
hevaall, everyonedhs
hilarmarked offdhs
hinthabelowdep, pcr
hinthialsoul, ghost, reflection
soul of the deceased, shade
dep, pcr, pa
dhs
hinthinto depose (down), belowdep
hinthubelow
infernal
pcr
pa
hiulsowlpa, dhs
huinspring, welldhs
hupnisepulchral environmentpa
hupninasepulchral environment
coffin
pa
dhs
husboy, young mandep, pcr, pa
hushiurchildrendhs
hushlnamug, amphoredhs
husinayoung personpa
huznatregroup of youthspcr
huthsix
five
pcr, pa
dhs
huthzarfifteendhs

TH

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
thafnacuppcr
thamto build, to lay, to foundpcr, pa
thamnahorsepa
thapto consecrate, to dedicatedep, pa
thapnavase (for offerings?)pcr, pa
thaurtombdep, pa
thaurxsepulchral, funerarydep, pcr, pa
theurubulldep
thevrubullpa, dhs
thesto bringdep
thesandawn, sunrise
morning, day
dep, dhs
pa, dhs
theshvitito/in the Eastdhs
thezto sacrifice, to make an offeringdep, pcr, pa
thipronounpcr
thinakind of vase
ewer
dep, pcr, pa
dhs
thrunapower, rule, governmentpa
thutwo
one
dep
pcr, pa, dhs
thuctename of month
in July/August?
pcr
dhs
thuihere, now
inside
pcr, pa
dhs
thunibeforepcr
thunxulthastep? (as in clan thunxultha "step son")
private
dhs
dhs
thunzoncepcr, pa
thuvto erectdep
thuvabrotherpa
thvainterior, innerdhs

I

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
iaitdep
icit
how
like, as, and
dep
pcr
pa
icathis, thatpa, dhs
iluto offer, to praydep, pcr, pa
ilucua period, part of a monthdhs
init
demonstrative and relative pronoun
dep, pcr
pcr
ipathis
relative pronoun
whoever, whatever
dep
pcr
pcr
ipuwhatever, whoeverpcr
ishveitafollowing, later day (syn. of eshvita)dhs
isteractorpcr
itathis, thatdep, paita tmia "this temple" (Pyrgi Tablets)
ituto divide
this
dep, pcr, pa
pcr
ixit
how
like, as, and
dep
pcr
pa
ixnachowdep, pcr

L

=
Etruscantranslationsourceexample
laivaleft sidedhs
lantneterifreedman, clientpa
lasabride, nymphdhs
laucofficial titlepa
lautunfamily, people, nationpa
lautnfamily, freedman
possession
dep
dhs
lautniof the family, freedman
slave
dep, pcr, pa, dhs
dhs
lautnithafemale slave, freedwomandhs
lauxumkingdep, pcr
lauxumeofficial titlepa
lauxumnaroyal, palacepcr, pa
lextumkind of vase
vase for oil
dep, pa
pcr
lextumuzavase, little jugpa, dhs
leinto diedep, pcr, pa
leineat the age of dhs
leinthold age, old womandhs
lesto offer, to give, to sacrificedep, pcr
leuliondep, pcr, pa, dhs
lucairto ruledep, pcr, pa
lupto die
to have lived
dep, pcr, pa
dep
luputo die
dead, deceased
pcr, dhs
pa
luribrightness (of the stars), adornmentdhs
luxumofficial titlepa

M

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
macfivepa
macstrevname of magistracydep, pcr, pa
macstrna"aide de camp"dhs
malto give, to dedicatedep, pcr, pa
malakvotive offering, dedicationpcr
malenamirror (made of bronze)pcr, pa, dhs
malstriamirrordep, pcr, pa
mantomb, grave, gravestone, monument
the dead
dep, dhs
pcr, pa
manithe deadpcr, pa
maninto offer to the deadpcr
marish(male) boy, baby, youth, bridegroom, servant, slavedhs
maruname of a magistracy
chairman of a cultural society
dep, pcr, pa
dhs
marununame of a magistracypcr, pa
masanname of a monthdep, pcr, pa
masculinenamirrorpa
masnname of a monthpcr
matakind of vasedep, pa
matamabove, beforepcr, pa
matanin front, over
above, before
dep, pa
pcr
mathhoneyed winepcr
maxfive
four
dep, pcr, pa
dhs
meanchildhood, youthdhs
menofferpcr
methlumpeople
district, township
nation
dep
pcr, dhs
pa
mexpeople
league
nation
lady, queen
dep, pcr
pcr
pa
dhs
miIdep, pcr, pa, dhs
minimepcr, pa
mirwedep
mlacvotive offeringdep, pa
mlacagood, beautifuldhs
mlaxvotive offering, dedication
good, beautiful
pcr
dhs
multo offer
to make a vow
dep, pcr, pa
pa
mulaxvotive offering, dedicationpcr, pa
mulugift, presentpa
muluvanecegave, dedicateddhs
mulxbeautiful
nice
dep, pa
pa
muntomb
underground place
dep, pcr, pa
pcr
munisto endow, to have the charge ofdep
murto stay, to remain (intransitive), reside
to put, to depose (transitive)
dep, pcr, pa
dep
mursurn
sarcophagus
dep, pa
dep, pcr, pa
murshcoffin, urndhs
mutanasarcophagusdep, pcr, pa
mutnasarcophagus
coffin, casket
pcr, pa
dhs
mututhymedep, pa
muvalxfifty
fourty
pa
dhs

N

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
nacthen
how, as, because
why
dep
pcr, pa
pa
napunit of measurement for surfacedep
naperborderstonedhs
naplankind of vase, wine vasedep, pa
neftsnephew
grandson
dep, pa, dhs
dep, pcr, pa
nenewet-nursepcr
neriwaterpcr
nesdead person
to die
dead, defunct
dep
dep
pa
nesnabelonging to the deaddep, pcr, pa
neteimother-in-lawdhs
nethshracharuspexdep, pa
netshvisharuspexdhs
nunaofferingsdep, pcr
nurphninedep, pcr
nurphzinine timespa

P

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
papagrandfather
ancestor, forefather
dep, pcr, pa
pa
papacsgrandfatherpcr
papalsof the grandfather
grandson
granddaughter
pcr, pa
pcr, dhs
dhs
parxattribute of a magistracydep, pa
parxisattribute of a magistracypa
parlakind of vasedep, pa
parnixmagistratepcr
patnakind of vasedep, pcr, pa
penthnastonepa
penthunastonedep, pcr, pa, dhs
penzalower part, lower piecedhs
perahousedhs
piat, in, throughpcr
prumathigreat-grandsonpcr
prumathsgreat-grandsondhs
prumatsgreat-grandsondep, pcr
prumtsgreat-grandsonpa
pruxlugpcr
pruxumpitcher
jug
dep, pa
pcr, dhs
puiawife
woman?
dep, pcr, dhs
dhs
pulat, in, throughpcr
pulumxvastarsdep, pcr, dhs
puplunapeoplepcr
purxdictatordep
purthdictatorpcr
purthnedictatorpcr
putto accomplish a ritual action
cup, vase
well
dep
pcr
pcr, pa
puthwell, fountain
cup, vase
dep, pcr, pa
pcr

R

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
raxto preparepcr
rasennaEtruscan, of Etruriapcr
rasnaEtruscan, of Etruria
public, belonging to the state
pcr, dhs
rashnaEtruscanpa
ratumaccording to the lawpcr
rilin the age of
at the age of, aged
dep, pa
pcr
rumaxRoman, from Romepcr
ruvabrotherdep, pcr, pa

S

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
safour
self
pcr
dhs
sacto consecratedep, pcr, pa
sacnisanctuary
citizen
dep, pcr, pa
dhs
sacniusanctuarypa
sacnisato consecrate?pcr
sanancestordep, pa
santikind of offering
priestly/funerary title
dep
pa
sartenpcr, dhs
satto put, to be putpcr
sathto put, to be putdep, pcr, pa
scunaplace, roomdhs
sealxfortypcr
secdaughterdep, pcr, pa
selto do, to makedep
sexdaughterpcr, pa, dhs
sempheight?
seven?
dep, pa
dep, pcr, pa
sempalxseventy?
eighty?
dep, pcr, pa
pa
snenathmaid
mate/companion
dep, pcr, pa, dhs
dep, pcr, pa
snuiaphsacred offering
as much, as many as
dep
dhs
spanlowlanddep
spantikind of vase
dish/plate
dep, pa
pa, dhs
spetto drinkdep, pa
spurcitydep, pcr, pa, dhs
spuranacivic, to do with the citypcr, pa
spurenicivic, to do with the citydep, pcr, pa
spuriazepublicdep, pa
sranornament, figurepcr
sranczaupper part/piecedhs
srenornament, figurepcr
srencabove, upperdhs
srencvedecorated with figurespcr
sucto declarepcr
sutto stay, to placepcr, pa
suthto stay, to placedep, pcr, pa
suthitombdep, pcr
suthinasepulchraldep, pcr
suplupiper, flautistdep, pcr, pa
svalto live
alive
dep, pcr, pa, dhs
pcr, pa
svesimilarlypcr

SH

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
shasix?
four?
dep, pa, dhs
pa
shartendep, pa
shealxforty
sixty
pa
dhs
shiansbeginning, scheme, plandhs
shranfiguredep, pa
shrenfigurepa
shrencvedecorateddep
shuntheruzaround clay boxdhs
shurnuorder?, testament?pcr
shuthto putdhs
shuthitombpa, dhs
shuthinasepulchral
grave gift
pa
dhs

T

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
tathisdep, pcr, pa, dhs
tamto builddep
tameratype/level of priest
name of a magistracy
grave chamber
dep
pcr, pa
dhs
tamnahorsedep, pa
tanasaactordep, pa
tento practice a public office
to act as
dep, pa
pcr
testo take care ofpcr
teshamburialdhs
tetagrandmotherpcr, dhs
tetalsgrandchild (in relation to grandmother)dhs
tevto put, to place, to set
to show
to see
dep, pcr
pcr, pa
pa
tevarathwatcher, onlooker
umpire/referee/arbiter
dep, pcr, pa
dep, pcr, pa, dhs
teshto bring
to cure
dep
pa
teshamto curepa
tesinthcurator, caretakerdep, pa, pcr
teurjudgement, panel, awarddhs
tezanway, roaddhs
tindaydep, pcr, pa
tiniadaydhs
tinscvilconsecrated objectsdhs
tiumoon, monthpcr, pa
tiurmoon
month
pcr
dhs
tivmoon, monthpcr, pa
tivrmoondep, pa
tmiaholy building, templedep, pcr, pa, dhs
tnamseepcr
trepuworkman, carpenterdhs
trinto plead, to supplicate, to invokedep, pcr, pa
trunapower, ruledep, pa
trutto do a sacred action
libation
lightning bolt?
dep, pa
pcr
dhs
truthto cast, to throwdhs
trutnutfortune teller, oracle
priest
dep, pa
pcr
trutnuthpriest
seer
pcr
dhs
tunurone at a time, singlypcr
tuthistate, community
to give
dep, pa
dep
tuthinpublicdep, pa
tulstonepcr
tularstone
border, limits
dep
dep, pa, dhs
tularuborder, limitspa
tupistone
punishment
pa
dhs
turto give, to dedicatedep, pcr, pa
turaincensepcr
turaneJulydep, pa
turzaoffer, offeringdep, pcr, pa
turngiven, offered, dedicateddep, pa
tusniche
coffin, place in vault
dep, pcr, pa
dhs
tusnaswandhs
tusurthirmarried couple?pcr
tuticommunity, statepcr
tuthicommunity, statepcr
tuthiupledge, vowdhs
tuthinof the state, publicpcr
tuthinaof the state, public
the people
votive object?
pcr
pcr
pcr, dhs
tvto show, to seepa

U

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
ulpaiakind of vase, jugdep, pcr, pa
upaiakind of vasepa
unaflowing streamdhs
unethenpcr
usilsundep, pcr, pa
ushilsun
south
noon
dhs
dhs
dhs
uslaneat noonpcr
utto give
to carry out, perform
dep, pa
pcr

PH

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
phersumask, actor (loanword to Latin as personna)dep, pa

X

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
xulixnacuppa

F

Etruscantranslationsourceexample
fasrelative pronoundep
falatuskydep, pcr, pa
fanto consecratedep, pcr, pa
fanusacred placedep, pcr, pa
farthto bringdep
farthanastep? (as in sex farthana "step daughter")dhs
faselibationdhs
fasherelative pronoun
type of sacrifice
dep
pa
fasletype of vasepa
favigrave, ditchdep, pa
firto bringdep
flersacred statue
offering, sacrifice, libation
dep
pcr, pa, dhs
fleresacred statue
deity, god
dep
pa
fleressacred statuedep, pcr
flerxvaceremony, sacrificial ritepa
frontacfortune teller, seer, interpreter of lightningdep, pcr, pa
fulumxvastarsdep
fuflunapeoplepcr
furthangeniuspa


This dictionary collated by Neil Gratton, 2002-2003