The Colonial Period (1600-1800)
Bringing Music to the New World
• Pilgrim separatists established
the Plymouth Colony and brought with them Henry Ainsworth's Book of Psalms
containing 39 psalm tunes.
• The Puritans established
the Massachusetts Bay Colony and brought Stemhold and Hopkin's Whole
Book of Psalms. Began the practice of "lining out."
• Dissatisfied with some
of the translations and number of meters in the Sternhold and Hopkins,
the Puritans publish The Bay Psalm Book.
• Massachusetts passed
first laws to establish public schools.
Note vs. Rote - Shaped Notes
and the Singing Schools
• Thomas Symmes wrote a
pamphlet entitled The Reasonableness of Regular Singing, or Singing
• John Tufts published
Introduction to the Singing of Psalm Tunes Using Non-Traditional Notation.
• Symmes suggested the
establishment of singing schools to improve the musical skills of the church-going
• The singing
school movement flourished during the "Great Awakening."