The ancestor of the Bulgarians living now in Banat are the Bulgarians converted to Christianism in the ninth century, by bishop Pavel, and have remained faithful to the Vatican (therefore Roman-Catholic).
In 1683, the Roman-Catholic Bulgarians in the Ciprovet citadel (in the North-West of Bulgaria) organized an unsuccessful revolt against the Ottoman occupation. The survivors of the bloody massacre, considered spies for the Austrian Empire because of their religion, took refuge in Walachia, where they were welcomed by Constantin Brancoveanu, a Romanian king, and settled in Campulung, Targoviste, Craiova, Ramnic, and Bradiceni. After the tartar invasion in 1690, they fled to Banat, which was a swampy, less populated area. In 1738, after battles against the Ottomans, the first Bulgarians settled in Banat , founding their first village-Besenova Veche (today Dudestii Vechi). In 1741, another group of Catholic Bulgarians settled in Banat , founding another village-Vinga. Later, several groups of Bulgarians from Besenova Veche, migrated and started other villages in the Romanian and Serbian Banat (Brestea, Denta, Modos, Belo Blato, Colonia Bulgara, etc.).
The Catholic Bulgarians from Banat have contributed not only to the development of their local communities, but also to the development of society in general: Eusebius Fermendjin of Vinga, member of the Zagreb Academy, wrote the first history of Bulgaria; Jozu Rill, a teacher from Vinga, wrote textbooks that received prizes in Paris during the Eiffel Tower inauguration; Dr. Karol Telbis, from Besenova Veche, was the mayor of Timisoara for 29 years and transformed the town from a medieval one into a modern European city.
The Bulgarian Union from Banat-Romania, founded immediately after December 1989 is the organization that represents the Bulgarian minority from Romania in the Romanian Parliament. Through the B.U.B.-R. publications -the Nasa Glas bimonthly newspaper and the Literaturna Miseli magazine- the voice of the Bulgarians from Banat can be heard by the all Bulgarians living in, and through the B.U.B.-R. Newsletter, written in Romanian, it can be heard also by Romanians. The Bulgarians from Banat are famous for their folk costume (you can see pictures at www.mariakatarov.com). Their groups have performed in Romania and abroad: Slaviak, Paluchenka, Balgarce, Bisnuvenka, Breschianschi glas. B.U.B.-R . also has in Dudestii Vechi a museum of the Bulgarian minority from Romania.